Manuscripts: Quesenberry - Rutherfoord
Quesenberry family papers, 1827–1913. 209 items. Mss1Q375a. Microfilm reel C578.
These papers mainly consist of financial and legal records of the business firm of W. L. and J. S. Quesenberry of King George
County and of William L. Quesenberry and James S. Quesenberry as individuals. The papers concern their assumption of
outstanding debts, settlement of accounts, and James S. Quesenberry's role as a guardian, trustee, and executor for numerous
estates. Other financial and legal papers relate to several Stiff family drygoods merchants in King George County and
possibly Westmoreland County. Two bonds (an 1830 bond in section 2 and an 1826 bond in section 4) concern the
hire of slaves. The bond in section 4 specifies that a deduction will be made if the hired slave's expected infant nurses
(instead of requiring food from the kitchen).
Quioccasin School, Henrico County, roll book and attendance register, 1937–1938.  pp. Mss4Q467a1.
Includes records of African American children in the third grade class at Quioccasin School, taught by Mrs. Mamie M. Brown.
Ragland, William, inventory, 1851. 5 pp. Mss2R1277a1.
Inventory, 1851, of the estate of William Ragland of Louisa County records slaves according to which farm the slaves worked and
to whom the slaves were sold. Also includes an 1858 inventory of Uriah Harris of Louisa County.
Randolph, John (1773–1833), diary, 1819. 48 pp. Mss5:1R1554:2. Microfilm reel C72.
Contains a list of slave births; on the verso of the list is a note on a slave's case of frostbite. For a related item, see the typescript
copy of the 1797 will of Richard Randolph (1770–1796), probated in Prince Edward County, in which John Randolph's brother
emancipates his slaves and discusses the matter of slavery generally (Mss2R1572a1).
Randolph, John (1773–1833), note, 1832. 1 p. Mss2R1554a28.
Extract from a letter, 1832, concerning a mulatto woman's attempt to influence Randolph.
Randolph, John (1773–1833), papers, 1806–1819. 23 items. Mss1R1554a.
U. S. congressman and horseman of Roanoke, Charlotte County, Va., and Washington, D.C. Two letters briefly mention slaves:
one, written in 1806 from Washington, concerns Randolph's desire to return home as soon as possible so that the slaves would
behave better, and the other written 1815 to Edward Cunningham in Richmond arranges for clothing for several slaves (item a14).
Randolph, Martha (Jefferson) (1772–1836), letter, [1826?]. 6 pp. Mss2R1562a1.
Written from Monticello, Albemarle County, to Ellen Wayles (Randolph) Coolidge, in part concerning Thomas Jefferson's
ownership of slaves and his attitude toward their treatment and work regimens.
Randolph, Richard (1757?–1799), deed, 1790. 1 p. Mss2R15715a1.
Deed executed in Henrico County on 17 July 1790 to David Buchanan for an African American slave named Jenny.
Randolph, Thomas Jefferson (1792–1875), papers, 1819–1939. 15 items. Mss2R1574b.
Thomas Jefferson Randolph of Albemarle County served in the Virginia House of Delegates. In settling the estate of his
grandfather, Thomas Jefferson, he arranged payment of a debt to the Bank of the United States. Several slaves were part
of the debt settlement proposed in 1838—Billy, Rob, and Biddy and her daughter (see folder marked "Accounts, 1838–1839").
Randolph, Thomas Mann (1768–1828), papers, 1815–1819. 9 items. Mss2R15745b.
Among the papers are letters written by Randolph from Monticello, Albemarle County, to Thomas Taylor concerning the sale
of Varina, Henrico County, and slaves on that and other plantations.
Raper, Arthur Jarrell (1934–1984), papers, 1940–1976. 437 items. Mss1R181a.
Correspondence, writings, newspaper and journal articles, and papers of the Citizens for Excellent Public Schools (CEPS)
written and collected by Doctor A. Jarrell Raper, a Richmond, Va., cardiologist. The materials concern Dr. Raper's interest
in school integration and busing in Richmond in the 1970s. Section 1 in particular contains correspondence, 1960–1976, of
Dr. Raper with journalists, political figures, friends and others sharing his concerns about school integration and busing at both
the local and national levels. Included are letters written to Raper and drafts of letters written by him, many to the editors of
local and New York newspapers. Correspondents of note include John Kifner (of the New York Times), U.S. Senator
Edward M. Kennedy, and Doctor Thomas Pettigrew (of Harvard University). The records of CEPS, a local organization
aiming to raise public awareness about school integration (section 4) consist of correspondence, by-laws, reports, and
Rawlings family papers, 1856–1987. 192 items. Mss1R1988a.
This collection contains the correspondence and accounts for three generations of the Rawlings and related families of Orange
and Culpeper counties. Section 3 contains legal papers, 1858–1861, of Thomas E. McVeigh (of Culpeper County), brother
to Martha Ann (McVeigh) Rawlings. Included in this section are legal papers concerning the hiring of slaves.
Rector, Alfred (d. 1868?), account book, 1857–1861.  leaves. Mss5:3R2457:1.
This volume, kept near Rectortown in Fauquier County, contains records of funds distributed to Rector’s children prior to his death, as well as statements regarding his intentions concerning the distribution of his personal estate. It also includes accounts, 1832–1834, of William Rector (1769–1834) covering transactions at a mill operated by Alfred Rector and slave hiring.
Redwell Furnace, Shenandoah County, account books, 1791–1816. 2 vols. Mss5:3R2495:1–2. Microfilm reels C529–530.
Accounts concerning iron smelting operations; some concern the African American Moses and hired slaves.
Rennolds, Elizabeth Gordon, recollections, ca. 1860–1863. 4 pp. Mss5:1R2955:1.
Concern the activities of Elizabeth Gordon Rennolds in Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg. Included are recollections
of Yankee occupation, the end of slavery, and her father's imprisonment.
Republican Party of Virginia, records, 1896–1926. 852 items. Mss3R2997a.
The records, which largely consist of the correspondence of party officers, concern party operations, leadership, political
conventions, and elections in Virginia. Included in the collection are scattered broadsides and pamphlets that reflect African
American participation in the voting process.
Reynolds, Willis M., account, 1835–1837. 2 pp. Mss2H9705a2.
Contemporary copy of a report to the Amherst County court concerning the hiring out of male and female slaves belonging
to the heirs of the estate of John Hutcherson.
Rice, Marie, reminiscences, 1855–1885. 24 pp. Mss5:1R3652:1. Typescript.
Anecdotes of antebellum and wartime Southside Virginia plantation life, in particular at South Isle in Charlotte County, along with
a description of the Reconstruction period. The narrative includes descriptions of individual slaves and freedmen associated with
South Isle. These are the weaver, the laundress, the major domo, the gardener, the shoemaker, and several sharecroppers.
Rice recounts daily living and seasonal work routines both before and after the Civil War. The account also concerns music,
singing hymns, and the tradition of serenading the "big house"; language and dialect; how the announcement of emancipation
was received by the new freedmen; communities of freedmen and relations with whites who had not been slaveowners; Christmas
celebrations, toys for the children, and the practice of "keeping" (not working between Christmas and New Year's); the education
of a slave of mixed blood; morality, religious practice, remarriage, weddings and revivals, church politics, the building of a
Presbyterian church for the freedmen after the war, and religious education; secular politics, voting, and elections; and the
migration of African Americans to northern states and the West Virginia coal mines.
Richmond, City Sergeant, register, 1841–1846. 2 vols. Mss3R4156b. Microfilm reels A12 (incomplete) and C365–366.
These records were kept by John M. Fergusson in his capacity as the city sergeant and by various deputies. The first volume primarily
contains entries for fugitive slaves and free blacks who were unable to present their freedom papers. Each entry contains information
on date committed, date discharged, number of days maintained in the jail and the charge for maintenance, charges for "turning the
key," apprehending fee, total charge to the prisoner or slaveowner, and arrangements (usually by public auction in the old market)
for hiring out discharged inmates to pay jail charges. (When a free black was discharged after proving his freedom, he was
sometimes unable to pay his maintenance fee at the jail. In such cases he would be sold at public auction for such time as it
would take to pay off the charges. The time period ranged from several months to fifty-nine years.)
The second volume contains entries covering commitments for inability to provide security or bail, in particular for breach
of the peace and "going at large contrary to an act of the General Assembly." Entries are itemized according to maintenance fees
(at thirty cents a day), charges for clothing, shoes, and other articles furnished to the inmate while in jail, and charges for whipping
(thirty-nine lashes at fifty cents). The back page contains notes concerning physical maintenance for the building (water in the pipes
Several loose items are appended to the collection—accounts for beef, affidavits, and charges for putting on and
taking off irons.
Richmond, District Superior Court of Chancery, papers, 1817–1820. 12 pp. Mss4V8a15. Typescript copies.
Concern the emancipation of slaves by the will of Izard Bacon of Henrico County and include petition of the slaves, answer of the
estate executor, court decree, accounts, and a list of the slaves.
Roach, Mahala Perkins Harding Eggleston (1825–1905), diaries, 1851–1852 and 1864–1865. 3 v. Mss5:1R5306:1–3. Microfilm reel C507.
The parents of Mahala Eggleston Roach emigrated from Virginia to Mississippi about 1821. Entries for the 1850s contain information
on the acquisition of slaves by Roach's husband.
Roberts, George J., account book, 1835–1850. 50 pp. Mss5:3R5423:1. Microfilm reels C427 and C578.
In part, concerns the hiring of slaves from the estate of James Hamblett of Charlotte County by George J. Roberts and Thomas
Roberts family papers, 1832–1919. 146 items. Mss1R5446a. Microfilm reel C476.
Collection contains correspondence, accounts, and other records of members of the Burwell and Roberts families of Charlotte,
Mecklenburg, and Powhatan counties. Lewis S. Burwell writes to his mother in Virginia in 1855 about the work and health
of slaves on his plantation, Makeshift, in Marengo County, Ala. (section 2). Section 9 contains unexecuted bonds, 1847, to
Ann Eliza (Burwell) Roberts for the hire of Adelaide and Guy.
Robertson, Archibald Gerard (1889–1985), papers, 1787–1986. 3,134 items. Mss1R5453a.
Includes a fourteen-page speech delivered by Samuel Joseph May (1797–1871) of Syracuse, N.Y., entitled "The Rescue of Jerry."
The speech provides a synopsis of the events and reactions of the population of Syracuse from the passage of the Compromise
of 1850 until their staunch antislavery stand was put to the test in October 1852, when a fugitive slave was arrested. A large
group of citizens demanded the slave's release, a street chase ensued, and Jerry was unshackled, treated, and guided to
Canada, where he continued to make his living as a cooper until his death a year later (item a2).
Robertson, Doris Virginia Parker (b. 1916), memoirs, 1916–1925. 10 pp. Mss5:1R5454:1.
Robertson mentions an African American who operated her father's farm in Cumberland County and describes the relationship
that she and her siblings had with him.
Robertson, Littleton Tazewell (1825?–1862), papers, 1846–1869. 95 items. Mss2R5474b.
Collection includes correspondence, 1860–1862, of Littleton Robertson (of Nottoway County and as a member of C Company,
18th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Confederate States Army), primarily with his wife and an unidentified brother concerning camp
life, farming and local politics, and a murder committed by slaves. Also included are financial records, some of which concern
the hiring out of slaves.
Robertson family papers, 1786–1930. 1,051 items. Mss1R5498b.
Collection consists primarily of the professional papers of attorneys and the educational records of female members of the Cochran,
Robertson, and Stuart families of Staunton. It includes a deed, 1860, of Joseph S. Deputy of Phillips County, Ark., to Asa Pool
for a slave named George (section 38).
Robey family papers, 1820–1893. 59 items. Mss1R5497a.
Concerns members of the Brownlow and Robey families of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County. Section 3 contains
a letter written to Susan Frances (Brownlow) Robey ([1823–1865] of Hopewell Nursery, Spotsylvania County) from
Sarah H. Jenkins Purcell, concerning a slave insurrection near Pembroke, Ky., in December 1856.
Robins family papers, 1784–1939. 4,290 items. Mss1R5595a.
Members of the Robins family of Gloucester County were planters of cotton and tobacco, as well as grains and other traditional
agricultural products. The collection contains a number of deeds and notes pertaining to estate divisions, in addition to accounts
Deeds to slaves appear in section 3 (1802, John Robins to Jesse White), section 14 (1808–1810, mostly to or from
Thomas Robins), and section 67 (1830–1840, to Thomas Robins). Lists and estate division notes are in section 6 (1808–1817,
estate of Thomas Robins [1746–1808], including names, values, and hiring out information for thirty-two slaves and recording
several births and deaths during that period) and section 17 (estate of Thomas Robins [1771–1821]).
In section 15, an 1804 agreement of William Vaughan employs Thomas Robins as overseer and lists responsibilities, one
being to find ten "working hands." In the same section are instructions indicating which laborers are to work timber and make
shoes and distribution lists for corn. Section 16 contains affidavits attesting to standard hiring prices for harvest work, specifying
cutting, pitching, stacking, raking, and carting.
Section 35 contains correspondence of Thomas Coleman Robins (1804–1888) of Point Lookout and The Glebe, both in
Gloucester County. Of particular note is a letter from Thomas Henry Bayly with an enclosure of Philip Richard Fendall of
Washington, concerning slaves (Mary Bell and her six children) for whom Robert Armistead made provisions to emancipate.
After Armistead's death, Mary Bell petitioned for her freedom in court; some of the children were carried off to Baltimore by
a schooner and brought back; Mary Bell's husband bought Mary's freedom.
Sections 58 and 59 consist of loose accounts and an account book kept from 1836 to 1849 by Thomas Robins as guardian
for the children of John Ransome. John Ransome's estate contained a number of slaves who were hired out. Notes appended
to the accounts reveal that Nancy was given care for Roseann's three young children on Roseann's death. The accounts also
note the death of several children of Roseann and Nancy; midwife's fees for Roseann, Nancy, and Judy; other medical fees;
clothing; and the cost of coffins. Freedmen's agreements are in sections 67 and 108. Two nearly identical 1866 agreements
call for arbitration by respected white men in the event of a contract dispute. The work agreement in section 108 was never
Robinson, Bill (1878–1949), letter, 1937. 1 p. Mss2R5607a1.
Letter, dated 15 January 1937, New York City, to William B. Layton, superintendent of the Virginia Manual Labor School
for Colored Boys, Hanover. The letter concerns a potential visit with the young men at the school, which later became the
Hanover Learning Center.
Robinson family papers, 1732–1921. 317 items. Mss1R5685d.
Personal, business, and legal records of members of the Powell, Robinson, and Russell families of Richmond and Williamsburg.
Section 4 includes the will of Thomas Russell of Williamsburg, in part concerning the distribution of slaves, accompanied by
receipts for money derived from the sale of slaves. A 1790 deed of trust of Henry Tazewell for the benefit of Benjamin Powell
covers eight slaves in Williamsburg (section 7). Materials concerning the estate of Jane Hunter Charlton of Williamsburg include
an 1801 will providing for the emancipation of four female slaves and accounts kept by the estate executor (section 20).
An 1827 deed of Philip Smith of Surry County to Anthony Robinson of Richmond concerns the sale of Olivia (section 21).
Thomas L. Hundley's 1853 affidavit concerns the sale of Charlton to William Armistead Robinson (section 27). Materials,
1842–1845, concerning the estate of Eliza S. Robinson of Richmond include a will concerning the distribution of slaves and
executor's accounts concerning their care (section 28). An 1855 deed of trust of J. W. Harrison of Caroline County for the
benefit of Edwin H. Clarke concerns the sale of five slaves hired out to employers in Chesterfield County (section 34). Finally,
a deed of John Burwell of Dinwiddie County, executed in 1787, concerns the sale of eighteen slaves to Lewis Burwell
of Mecklenburg County (section 40).
Robinson family papers, 1740–1887. 1,642 items. Mss1R5685b.
Primarily the papers of Richmond court clerk John Robinson and his son Conway Robinson, Richmond and Washington, D.C.,
lawyer and author. Among Conway Robinson's correspondence (section 17) are a number of letters concerning slavery and
African Americans in general. Charles Campbell writes in 1849 from Petersburg enclosing an undated draft resolution in the hand
of Dr. Theodorick Bland while a member of the Continental Congress concerning the return of fugitive slaves to their rightful
owners as recovered property. Lawyer Robert Thruston Hubard of Buckingham County sought Robinson's views in 1870 on
the legal right of Congress to abolish slavery without compensation to slaveholders. Robinson himself writes to his friend and
former governor of Virginia Wyndham Robertson in 1860 concerning the election of Abraham Lincoln and encloses extracts
from a number of Lincoln's speeches concerning the institution of slavery and the requirement that free states return runaways
to their owners.
Several letters written to Robinson in 1840–1841 concern his "Essay on the Constitutional Rights as to Slave Property" that
appeared in the Southern Literary Messenger and then in pamphlet form. Chancellor James Kent gave Robinson a positive review
and lauded his candid approach to the issue. Clergyman Thomas C. Thornton of Washington, D.C., wrote two letters about the
essay and also discussed the African colonization movement, abolition, and the slave trade. Richard Cox McMurtrie of Philadelphia
sent a letter to Robinson in 1860 following publication of another essay on slave property and discussed the laws covering the
recapture of fugitive slaves in Pennsylvania and the case of Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842) in the U.S. Supreme Court. Judge
J. Tremper of New York addressed an undated [1841?] letter to Thomas W. White, publisher of the Southern Literary
Messenger, concerning Robinson's "Essay" and the right to slave property (section 44).
Roller family papers, 1837–1917. ca. 850 items. Mss1R6498FA2. Microfilm reels C131–133.
Include papers of members of three generations of the Roller family of Rockingham County. Box 10 contains papers of John
Edwin Roller (1844–1918), a Harrisonburg attorney. The folder of "Civil War Recollections" contains a volume that makes
occasional references to slaves and in particular African American soldiers in the Union army (pages 27–28). The "Miscellany"
section consists of three folders, the first of which includes a rosy reminiscence of antebellum slavery and concern for the future
of African Americans.
Roots, Samantha Hukeless, papers, 1932–2004. 57 items. Mss1R6797a.
This collection consists of scattered correspondence and other materials of Richmond native Samantha (Hukeless) Roots (1917–2004), reflecting her education, her relationships with extended family in New York State and New Jersey, her work with the Juvenile Circle, Independent Order of St. Luke, and her work in the public schools of Richmond. Section 1 contains correspondence with, among others, her aunt Cora (Huckless) Footman (of Flushing, N.Y.; letter of 1932 June 24 recommends that Samantha finish school so that she will have a trade and not have to support herself as her mother does, by taking in laundry), her aunt Jennie Harris Huckless (of Long Branch, N.J.; letter of 1941 July 1 refers to having moved to a new government funded apartment), her brother Robert Hukeless (while at the U.S. Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Ill.; letter of 1944 April 7 tells of a trip to Chicago); Hazel Hunt (of Los Angeles, Calif.; letter of 1948 August 22 gives reasons why she and her husband do not intend to return home to Virginia), and George W. Witt (of Richmond; letter of 1938 October 31 congratulates Samantha on her marriage and refers to sending a gift of money so that she and her husband may attend the movie Alexander's Ragtime Band). Section 2 contains materials concerning Mrs. Roots's attendance at Van De Vyver Institute, Richmond, a private Catholic high school for African Americans. These include a program and partial script for the annual; a diploma; and a program for a class reunion. Lastly, section 3 contains materials concerning Mrs. Roots's membership in the "Paynes Volunteers" Juvenile Circle, Independent Order of St. Luke, an African American fraternal organization. These include a copy of the Ritual (annotated with "Samantha Hukeless, pres."); passwords for 1932 June–December 1 and 1932 December 1–1933 June 1; and a printed letter, 1940 March 20, concerning a "Rainbow Wedding."
Rose family papers, 1850–1992. 142 items. Mss1R7208a.
Consists of the correspondence of three generations of the Rose and Rutherfoord families of Amelia County and
Richmond. Section 2 contains the correspondence of Charles Alexander Rose (of Richmond) and Mary Eliza
(Rutherfoord) Rose, in part, concerning the sale of slaves and Charles's need for a servant during his service in
the Confederate States Army.
Ross, David (1740?–1817), letterbook, 1812–1813. 256 pp. Mss5:2R7338:1. Microfilm reels A20 and C530.
Includes information pertaining to the operation of the Oxford Iron Works in Campbell County, which employed slave labor.
One letter, April 1812, concerns Fanny, accused of neglect and exposure of her infant child. Letters of January 1813 refer to
Peter's character; July and August 1813 correspondence provides information about the treatment of Pattsey, a slave woman
who stopped a fight; and August 1813 letters concern the boatman Anthony. The letters in general concern the slaves' treatment
with respect to diet, clothing, provisions, and work duties.
Round family papers, 1828–1876. 128 items. Mss1R7607a.
Personal and business papers of family members in New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Manassas, Va., including
Methodist minister William Round. A. H. Schoonmaker addresses Round in July 1860 concerning antislavery sentiments in
the Methodist Episcopal church and the duties of ministers (section 2). Susan H. Benham, a missionary in Monrovia, Liberia,
writes two lengthy letters, 1846–1847, to Sarah Ann Round of Montrose, Pa., in part concerning African American immigrants
to the colony (section 3).
Rousseau, B. C., account book, 1855–1857. 116 pp. Mss5:3R7628:1. Microfilm reel C578.
This account book was kept for a Fairfax County general store. Several accounts with slaves are indicated by name of the slave
and the plantation with which he is associated. Of particular interest are accounts of James King of Loudoun County (page 101)
and Jane Lewis for a servant's pay (on a supplemental leaf attached to page 5).
Rowe, William H. (b. 1818?), account book, 1853. 26 pp. Mss5:3R7944:1. Photocopy.
Kept as administrator of the estate of Wade Ellis Stubblefield of Gloucester County and includes an appraisal of slaves belonging
to the estate and records of the hiring out of selected slaves.
Ruffin, Edmund (1794–1865), papers, 1818–1865. 826 items. Mss1R8385a. Microfilm reels C40 and C366–369.
Primarily the correspondence, diaries, and other writings of the famous agricultural reformer, journalist, and states' rights advocate
of Petersburg and Prince George County. Because of the nature of Ruffin's career and political activism, much of this collection
holds potential for researchers in African American history. Of particular note are an 1843 diary kept as agricultural surveyor for
the state of South Carolina, including notes on the feeding of African American children (item a1), printed as Agriculture, Geology,
and Society in Antebellum South Carolina: The Private Diary of Edmund Ruffin, 1843, edited by William M. Mathew (1992);
Ruffin's "Incidents of My Life" covering the period of 1845–1855, concerning agricultural operations, slavery, and speeches (a3),
printed as Incidents of My Life: Edmund Ruffin's Autobiographical Essays, edited by David F. Allmendinger, Jr. (1990); and essays
and speeches on such topics as domestic slavery (1853), opposition to African colonization (1859), the political economy of slavery
(1860), and southern rights and secession politics (section 4).
The collection also includes Ruffin's correspondence in 1859 (60 items) concerning his African Colonization Unveiled
(section 18) and a group of letters written to Ruffin in 1860–1861 (35 items) concerning agriculture, slavery, and secession
Russell, Olga Moore (1904–1993), papers, 1924–1941. 4 items. Mss2R9155b oversize.
Born in Tuskegee, Alabama, Olga Moore Russell obtained a certificate in piano from Hartshorn Memorial College, School of Music, in Richmond in 1924; a Bachelor of Arts degree in Education from Virginia Union University in 1927; a Master of Science in Education degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1941; and a masters from Howard University in 1931. Her father was Charles T. Russell (1875–1952), the first Richmond-based African American architect.
Rutherfoord, Samuel Jordan (1806–1880), papers, 1833–1872. 36 items. Mss1R9337a.
Contain materials concerning the leasing and repair of houses in Richmond and Henrico County; mercantile operations in Richmond,
and farming in Amelia County. Include an 1863 affidavit of George Perkins concerning the gift of a slave, Ned, from Rutherfoord,
for whom Perkins promises to care for the rest of his natural life (section 6).
Rutherfoord family papers, 1811–1946. 200 items. Mss1R9337b. Microfilm reel B36.
Primarily consists of the papers of John Coles Rutherfoord, attorney of Rock Castle, Goochland County, and member of the
Virginia House of Delegates. Rutherfoord's commonplace book, 1844–1849, includes a negative essay on the free black
population in Virginia, ca. 1847, containing comments on character, habits, and living conditions (b14). A second commonplace
book, 18521856, carries this theme further with a handwritten copy of Rutherfoord's 1853 speech in the House of Delegates
concerning the "Removal from the Commonwealth of the Free Colored Population" (b17).
Robert S. Saunders's 1854 diary, kept in a copy of the Plantation and Farm Instruction, Regulation, Records, Inventory
and Account Book (Richmond, 1852), not only covers agricultural operations at Rock Castle on behalf of Rutherfoord but
also includes lists of slaves during the years 1854–1863 (b18). Rutherfoord's diary, 1859–1861, includes copies of his speeches
in Goochland County and the Virginia House of Delegates concerning secession and notes on a speech of James Henry
Hammond of South Carolina concerning slavery (b21).
Section 14 contains extensive, undated notes, ca. 1861, concerning secession and slavery. An undated draft set of rules
prepared for Andrew K. Smith concerns the management of slaves at Rock Castle (section 17), while notes concerning the
plantation include lists of children of slaves Rachel and Fanny, with birthdates (section 20).
Updated June 4, 2009
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