"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
Next event
Featured Promotion

Learn more about items related to commencement exercises in the VHS collections.

Van de Vyver Institute Diploma
Be sure to use the new Weinstein Learning Center entrance when you visit the Virginia Historical Society. #vahistory t.co/0bGVb7qvuJ

Volume 1, 1861 April 12–1862 May 5

A Guide to the Robert Knox Sneden Diary
Volume 1, 1861 April 12–1862 May 5.
Collection Number Mss5:1 Sn237:1 v. 1

Volume I of Sneden's diary covers the period of the Civil War from the bombardment of Fort Sumter in April 1861 to the eve of the battle of Williamsburg on 5 May 1862.

The period 1861 April 12–August 29 (pp. 1–199) concerns the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston, S.C., early recruiting efforts in the North, the battles of Big Bethel and First Bull Run, and the organization of the 40th New York Infantry Regiment in April through its arrival at Washington, D.C., in August.

The period 1861 September 1–1862 February 6 (pp. 200–399) concerns camp life of the 40th New York Infantry in northern Virginia, scouting along the Potomac River, the battles of Ball's Bluff and Dranesville, Va., a description of "Mount Vernon," Fairfax County, Va., the battle of Mill Springs, Ky., Union observation balloons in northern Virginia, and the capture of Fort Henry, Tenn.

The period 1862 February 10–April 23 (pp. 400–599) concerns the battle of Roanoke Island, N.C., skirmishes in Fairfax County, Va., the battle between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia at Hampton Roads, Va., the movement of the U.S. Army of the Potomac from Washington, D.C., to Fort Monroe, Va., and the opening stages of the siege of Yorktown, Va.

The period 1862 April 13–May 4 (pp. 600–800) concerns the siege of Yorktown, and the battles of Lee's Mill and Kernstown, Va., Fort Donelson, Tenn., and New Bern, N.C.

The period 1862 April [?]–May 4 (pp. 801–886) concerns the march of the U.S. Army of the Potomac from Yorktown to Williamsburg, Va., in early May, the capture by U.S. forces of Fort Pulaski, Ga., a description of Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C., and the battle of Shiloh, Tenn.

List of Illustrations

*In the publications column, EOS refers to Eye of the Storm (2000) and IFS refers to Images From the Storm (2001).

Vol Page Image Title or Text Description Publications*
1 1 Army Diary of the War of The Rebellion, 1861-5. By R. K. Sneden of the 40th N. Y. Vols. (Mozart Regt.) And Topographical Engineer of the 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. Title page IFS, frontispiece (detail); EOS, frontispiece (detail) and p. x
1 3 E. PLURIBUS UNUM Illustration of an eagle.  
1 4 3rd Corps Heintzelman. War Record pf R. K. Sneeden of the 40th New York Vols. (Mozart Regiment), First Division, Gen'l. Phil Kearny Samuel Peter Heintzelman (1805-1880), Union general, commander III Corps, U.S. Army of the Potomac.  
1 5 The Army and Navy Forever! Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) holding the American flag flanked by a soldier and a sailor shaking hands.  
1 7 Volume No. 1 - Note Illustration of woman and child. Note explains that original volumes were badly damaged in a fire, and the volume 2 was entirely destroyed.  
1 8 Contents Vol. 1 Illustration of a pedestal with carving: Maps and Sketches of the War of the Rebellion 1861 to 1865.  
1 11 Abraham Lincoln Artist, Frank B. Carpenter; engraver, F. Halprin.  
1 12 Panorama of the Fort. - Fortress Monroe [1865] Hampton, Va.  
1 13 The National Badge Grand Army of the Republic. 1861 Veteran 1866. Includes notation that R. K. Sneden joined the "Rankin Post," No. 10, Brooklyn, L.I., A.D. 1872.  
1 14 Knapsack and Rifle U.S. Army issue.  
1 17 Deserted Picket Post, Pohick Road, Va., January 1862.   IFS, p. 17
1 18 View of Fort Lafayette at "The Narrows," New York Harbor, where Confederate Prisoners of War were confined. Burnt 1863. Held political prisoners and Confederate prisoners of war.  
1 19 Fort Warren, Boston Harbor. Col. J. Dimick, 1st U.S. Artillery Commander. Rebel Officers were Confined here as Prisoners of War. [1862]. Justin Dimick (ca. 1800-1871), Union officer. Commander, Fort Warren, October 1861-December 1863.  
1 20 Battlefield of Bull Run. A Fence Corner. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 21 Nailing the Flag. Fort Sumter. April 1861. Charleston Harbor, South Carolina  
1 22 Fort Johnson, James Island, S.C. 1862.    
1 23 Sudley Springs Church. Battlefield of Bull Run, Va. Hospital for Union Army. July 21st 1861. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 24 View of Fort Washington, opposite Mt. Vernon, Potomac River, Va. Sketched from onboard Steamer "Kent". March 22nd 1862. Army flotilla "en route" to Fortress Monroe, Va. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.. IFS, p. 25
1 25 Stone House, Warrenton Pike, Bull Run. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 26 McLean's House, Head-Quarters of Gen. Johnston, C.S.A., at Manassas. July 1861. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.

House of Confederate Major Wilmer McLean, shelled during the Battle of Bull Run

 
1 27 Little Bethel, beyond Hampton, Virginia. HeadQurs at House April 4th 1862 of Gen'l McClellan on the Advance of "Army of the Potomac." Sketched April 4/62. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

Illustration of typical farm house and yard, with outbuildings destroyed. Little Bethel is a town between Hampton and Big Bethel on the Middle Peninsula of Virginia; skirmish 10 June 1861 considered first land battle of the war; involved New York troops

 
1 28 Geo. B. McClellan. George Brinton McClellan (1826-1885), commander of the U.S. Army of the Potomac  
1 29 General Benjamin F. Butler. Benjamin Franklin Butler (1819-1893), Union general.  
1 30 Uniform of the 40th New York Vols.    
1 31 War Diary A.D. 1861-1865. Title page. Includes illustration of eagle.  
1 32 Bombing of a Fort. Most likely Fort Sumter, Charleston Harbor, S.C., as fort is surrounded by water.  
1 33 Charleston Harbor, S.C. Bombardment of Fort Sumter [Map]. Confederate Army under Beauregard bombarded Union forces at Fort Sumter, 12-13 April 1861. Fort was surrendered 14 April.  
1 34 [At]tack on Fort Sumter from Morris Island. From a sketch taken by an Eye Witness. Charleston Harbor, S.C.  
1 35 Interior of Fort Sumter April 15th 1861 in Ruins.    
1 37 General Abner Doubleday. / Interior of Fort Sumter after Bombardment. Abner Doubleday (1819-1893), Union general. Was among Union forces at Fort Sumter in 1861 and fired one of the first shots in defense of the fort.  
1 38 Just Before the Battle. Sketch of troops preparing to launch an assault.  
1 39 Soldiers' Graves, Bull Run Battlefield, 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 40 Rebel Batteries firing on the "Star of the West" off Charleston Harbor, Jany 9th, 1861. 7 a.m. "Star of the West" was sent to reinforce Union forces at Fort Sumter. Confederate batteries on nearby Morris Island kept the ship from reaching its goal.  
1 42 Lincoln in 1864. Abraham Lincoln.  
1 64 The Rebel Iron Clad floating Battery    
1 76 The Bombardment of Fort Sumter, The Sallyport Entrance to Fort Sumter showing the Stone Wharf, The Machi[coulas] on the Parapet [illegible] by Capt. Doubleday, and The Effect of Shot from Fort Johnson and Batteries.    
1 77 Castle Pinckney, Charleston Harbor. Confederate military prison, Charleston, S.C.  
1 78 G. T. Beauregard, Gen'l Comdr. 1862. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893), Confederate general in charge of defenses of Charleston during the attack on Fort Sumter in April 1861.  
1 79 Maj. Robt. Anderson, U.S.A. Commander U.S. forces at Fort Sumter, Charleston April 1861. Robert Anderson (1805-1871), Union officer in charge of Forts Sumter and Wagner, Charleston Harbor, S.C.  
1 80 Bombardment of Fort Sumter from Morris Island, Charleston Harbor, S.C.    
1 82 Facsimile of General Dix's Famous Dispatch John Adams Dix (1798-1879), Union general, at this time in charge of the Dept. of the Treasury, issued his "American Flag Dispatch" calling for the arrest of the commander of the U.S. revenue cutter "McClelland" (who refused to turn the ship over to the Federal government at New Orleans) and that anyone attempting to strike the ship's American flag be shot on sight.  
1 83 John A. Dix John Adams Dix (1798-1879), Union general.  
1 84 The First Flag on Sumter Newspaper article  
1 85 Fairfax Court-House Fairfax County, Va.  
1 86 Christ Church, Alexandria, [Va.].    
1 109 The Marshall House, King Street, Alexandria, Virginia, where Col. Ellsworth was shot. E[phraim] Elmer Ellsworth (1837-1861), Union officer who was shot by the proprietor of the Marshall House Tavern for removing a Confederate flag from the building's roof.  
1 110 Cub Run, below Centreville, Virginia, Ruins of Bridges. Aug. 1862 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861; Union troops retreated toward Centreville, Va., over the Cub Run Bridge  
1 117 Union Line of Pickets ... Map 2 Shows the Pohick Bay region of Fairfax County, Va.  
1 118 Remains of Rebel Fortifications at Manassas Junction, Virginia. Evacuated March 1862.   IFS, p. 24
1 119 Mill and Hotel, Sudley Springs near Bull Run, Va. 1862. Small town on the southern side of Bull Run; Battle of 1st Bull Run  
1 120 Matthew's House, Bull Run. Pickett's and Randolph's Batteries opened fire from here and began Battle of Bull Run while Hunter's Division made the attack. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 121 Encampment of the Mozart Regiment at Yonkers, N.Y. Known as "Camp Wood." July 3rd 1861. 40th New York Volunteers, U.S.A. EOS, p. xv, IFS, p. 3
1 122 View of Barracks of the Mozart Regiment at Yonkers, N.Y. June 1861. 40th New York Volunteers, U.S.A. EOS, p. xiv; IFS, p. 2
1 123 Slave Pen, Alexandria, Virginia, 1862. Sign reads "Pierce, Birch & Co. Dealers in Slaves" IFS, p. 134
1 124 Alexandria and Fort Lyon, Virginia. From Camp of the 40th N.Y. Vols. Oct 1861.    
1 125 Sudley's Springs, Bull Run., [Virginia]
 
1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 126 [Map of the First Battle of Bull Run] 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 127 Plan of the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. Fought Sunday 21st July 1861. The Lewis House, Headquarters of Genl. Beauregard C.S.A. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 129 Union Mills on Bull Run, Va. Extreme right of Rebel Troops during the Battle 21st July 1861. (Rail Road Bridge Destroyed). Shows sawmill to left and earthworks on island in the middle of the Run.  
1 144 View of Manassas Gap R.R., Blue Ridge Mountains, Va. 1862 Manassas Gap Railroad ran from Manassas Junction to Mt. Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley.  
1 145 Battle of Bull Run, Virginia, 1861. Skeleton Map of Battlefield of Bull Run, Virginia. Showing 1st Battle at Blackburn's Ford.    
1 156 Blackburn's Ford on Bull Run, Virginia. 1862. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861. IFS, p. 25
1 158 Plan of the 1st Battle of Bull Run, Virginia. 21st July 1861. Topography from U.S. Engineers Official Map.    
1 159 Map of Part of Battlefield of Bull Run, Virginia, 1861, Showing positions of each army at opening of Battle. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 160 Confederate Fortifications at Manassas Junction.    
1 161 Ruins of Henry House, Bull Run. Includes notation: The tree in foreground was shot thru by bullets.  
1 162 Stone Bridge, Bull Run, 1861. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 163 Thorburn's House, Bull Run 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 164 Moe's Stonehouse. Head Qurs of Johnston and Beauregard at Manassas Junction Va., July and August 1861. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 165 Thorburn's House, Battlefield of Bull Run, Va. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 166 The Robinson House. Battlefield of Bull Run, Virginia. Sketched Aug 29th 1862. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 167 The Henry House. Near the Warrenton Turnpike, Battlefield of Bull Run, Virginia. July 1861. Burnt during the Battle 21st July. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 168 The Matthew's House. Battlefield of Bull Run, Va., where Pickett's Battery first opened fire. July 21st 1861. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 169 View of Centreville, Virginia, from Cub Run. Sketched Aug 1862. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 170 The Robinson House, Battlefield of Bull Run, July 1861. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 171 Deserted Rebel Earthworks at Manassas, Va. August 1862. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 188 Mrs. Spinner's House, near Centreville, Va., Aug 1862. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 189 Grigsby's House, Centreville, Virginia. Headquarters of Johnston and Beauregard after the Battle of Bull Run. 1862. Joseph Eggleston Johnston (1807-1891) and Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893), Confederate generals. 1st Battle of Bull Run, Va., 21 July 1861.  
1 200 Map Showing Positions of Union and Rebel Forces Sept. 1861 Vicinity of Alexandria, Arlington County, Va. IFS, p. 7
1 208 Plan of Fort Lyon near Alexandria, Virginia.    
1 214 Claremont. Residence of Commodore Forrest, Rebel Navy. Sketched Sept. 26th 1861.    
1 215 Mount Christ Church, Old Fairfax Road, Virginia. Sketched Sept. 1861.    
1 220 The Old Carlyle House, Alexandria, Va.    
1 222 Revolutionary Hospital, Alexandria, Virginia, 1776.    
1 223 Braddock's Head Quarters at Alexandria, Va., in 1767.    
1 224 Stout's Farm on the Louden [sic] [Loudoun] and Hampshire R.R. Virginia. Sketched Octr. 15, 1861.   IFS, p. 8
1 225 Marshall House, Alexandria, Va. 1862.    
1 226 Mrs. Scott's, Old Fairfax Road, Va. October 28th 1861.    
1 227 Edsall's Hill, Virginia. October 1861.    
1 228 Stone Church, Centreville, [Virginia].    
1 229 Block House near Aqueduct Bridge, Potomac River.    
1 230 The Stockade through Streets of Alexandria, Va.    
1 231 Fort Corcoran. - Loading Big Gun One of the many Union forts in the vicinity of Washington, D.C.  
1 232 View of Mount Everon. Telegraph Road and earthwork built by the 38th and 40th N.Y. Regts. Octr. 1861.    
1 233 View from Stout's Farm, Virginia, Showing "The Seminary," Fort Ward, etc. Oct. 1861. The Episcopal Seminary at Alexandria, Va.  
1 234 Aqueduct Bridge, Potomac River.    
1 235 Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon. (From photograph by Brady) Nathaniel Lyon (1818-1861), Union officer, died at Wilson's Creek, Mo., 10 August 1861.  
1 239 [Sketch of Fort Ellsworth] Located on Shuter's Hill, near the Reservoir, Alexandria, Virginia.  
1 250 View of Munson's Hill from Baileys' Cross Roads, Va. Sept. 1861.   IFS, p. 9
1 251 Encampment of the 40th NY Vols. (Mozart Regt.), Leesburg Turnpike, Va.   EOS, p. 2, IFS, p. 4– 5 (detail)
1 252 The Octagon House, Head Quarters of Brig. Genl. John Sedgwick on Leesburg Turnpike, Va. John Sedgwick (1813-1864), Union general.  
1 253 Signal Tower near camp of the 14th N.Y. Infantry (14th Brooklyn)    
1 254 Major Chas. Zagonyi. U.S. Cavalry. Genl. Fremont's Body Guard.    
1 255 Gen. Orders #19 October 1, 1861. Concerns reports of attacks on persons and property of citizens in Virginia.  
1 260 Gen. McClellan's Order #18 Naming the Forts defending Washington, [D.C.].    
1 261 Map No. 1 Union positions in Arlington County, Virginia, vicinity of the city of Alexandria.  
1 262 View from the Camp of the 40th NY Regt. Nov. 1861. Shows Fort Ellsworth, Camp of 40th Maine Regt., Alexandria, Fort Lyon, and Head Quarters of Gen. Samuel P. Heintzelman.  
1 263 The Episcopal Seminary near Alexandria, Va. Head Qurs of Maj. Genl. McClellan and Sumner. Octr. 1862. Edwin Vose Sumner (1797-1863), commander of the II Corps, Army of the Potomac.  
1 264 View of Edward's Ferry, Upper Potomac River, Virginia. Octr. 1861. Genl. Banks' Head Qurs. Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (1816-1894), Union general.  
1 265 Conrad's Ferry, Upper Potomac River, Maryland. Head Quarters of Genl. Gorman, USA. Octr. 1861. Willis Arnold Gorman (1816-1876), Union general.  
1 282 Plan of the Battle of Ball's Bluff, Va. Fought 21 October 1861; Confederate victory.  
1 283 Battle of Ball's Bluff, Va. Battle of Ball's Bluff, Va., 21 October 1861.  
1 287 Plan of the Redoubt and Rifle Trenches on the Leesburg Turnpike Va. Built by the 38th and 40th New York Vols. during October and November 1861.    
1 295 Blockhouse and Stockade near Aqueduct Bridge.    
1 296 Shippen Point Batteries, Potomac River.    
1 297 Quantico Creek, Potomac River, Va. Shows Evansport Wharf, Rebel Earthworks, Rebel Battery, Rebel Steamer Geo. Page, Cockpit Point. IFS, p. 26
1 310 Rebel Battery at Budd's Ferry, Va., Potomac River. February 1862. / Blockade of the Potomac. Map showing Union and Rebel Batteries. January 1862.   IFS, p. 19 (both watercolor and map)
1 311 Artillery of Hooker's Division shelling the Rebel Battery at Cockpit Point, Va. January 1862./ Shippen Point Rebel Battery, Potomac River, February 1862.   IFS, p. 20 (both watercolors)
1 312 Washington's Private Seal From Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 314 View of Mount Vernon, Potomac River, Virginia. Sketched Decr. 23rd 1861. Estate of George Washington. IFS, p. 15
1 315 The Old Gate Lodges, Rear Entrance to Mount Vernon, Virginia (in Ruins). Sketched Decr. 1861. Estate of George Washington.  
1 318 Key of the Bastile From Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 319 Louis Seize Portrait of French King Louis XVI, from Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 320 The Bastile. Paris, France. A.D. 1789. Illustration of French prison.  
1 321 Summer-House At Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 323 Washington's Coffin From Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 324 Mount Vernon Photograph of estate of George Washington.  
1 326 George Washington's Birthplace / Washington's Tomb - 1860 Pope's Creek or Wakefield, Westmoreland County, birthplace of George Washington; tomb of George Washington at Mount Vernon.  
1 327 Washington's Coach at Mount Vernon From Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 334 Plan of the Battle of Dranesville, Va. Decr. 20th 1861.    
1 338 Chimney Piece, Mount Vernon Mansion From Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 339 Fort Washington, Potomac River, Virginia, from the beach at Mt. Vernon. Decr. 1861.    
1 340 Fort Washington, Potomac River, Virginia, from the beach below Mount Vernon. Sept. 1861.    
1 341 Seedhouse in Garden [at] Mount Vernon At Mount Vernon, estate of George Washington.  
1 342 Headquarters of Brig. Gen. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., on the Leesburg Turnpike, Virginia. January 1st 1862.    
1 354 Gen. George McClellan and Staff, March 1862.    
1 356 Fort Lyon on Eagle Hill near Alexandria, Va. March 1862.   IFS, p. 18
1 357 View of Head Quarters of Brig. Genl. John Sedgwick, U.S.A., Leesburg Turnpike, Virginia. Jany. 1862.   IFS, p. 16
1 358 Lewinsville near Scotts Run, Virginia. Cavalry outpost of 3rd Penna. (Averill) March 1862.    
1 359 Headquarters of Maj. Genl. S. P. Heintzelman, U.S.A., at Ballenger's House, Fort Lyon, Va. March 1862.   EOS, p. 25; IFS, p. 17
1 361 Plan of the Battle of Mill Spring or Logan's Cross Roads, fought January 19th 1862. Kentucky; Confederate defeat.  
1 368 Headquarters of Maj. Genl. S. P. Heintzelman at Ballenger's House, Fort Lyon above Alexandria, Virginia, March 1862.    
1 370 Official Map of the Lower Potomac River Shows picket lines in January 1862 in the vicinity of Pohick Bay, Fairfax County, Virginia.  
1 371 Pohick Church, 1862. Fairfax County, Virginia. IFS, p. 21
1 378 Winter Camp of 5th Michigan Regt. U.S. Vols. below Fort Lyon, Va. Feby. 1862.   IFS, p. 21
1 379 Military Road near Chain Bridge, Potomac River. Built over Pimmit Run [Virginia]. Nov. 1862.    
1 382 Village of Accotink, from the Pohick Road, Virginia. 1862.    
1 383.A Falls Church, Virginia 1862.   IFS, p. 22
1 383.B Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia, Oct. 30 1861.   IFS, p. 11
1 406 Map of Roanoke Island [North Carolina], showing Rebel Forts, etc. Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C., 8 February 1862; Confederate defeat opened way for Union's invasion from the coast.  
1 408 Porter at Roanoke, 8th Feby 1862.    
1 409 Plan of the Battle of Roanoke Island, North Carolina. Feby 8th 1862. Battle of Roanoke Island, N.C., 8 February 1862.  
1 436 Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac Hampton Roads, Va., 9 March 1862. First battle between ironclad ships was a draw.  
1 437 Big Bethel and Church, Virginia, after evacuation by the Rebels, 4 April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 438 Lieut. John L. Worden, The Commander of the "Monitor." John Lorimer Worden (1818-1897), Union naval officer.  
1 439 The Encounter at Short Range Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimac, Hampton Roads, Va., 9 March 1862.  
1 440 The Confederate Iron Plated [C.S.S. Virginia] Running down the Federal Frigate "Cumberland." The ironclad Virginia [Merrimac]arrived in Hampton Roads on 8 March 1862 and succeeded in ramming the Cumberland, which soon sank. The Monitor arrived the next day.  
1 441 The "Merrimac," or "Virginia."    
1 442 e Fortress Monroe, at Hampton Roads, Virginia. March 1862.    
1 443 Officers on Deck of "Monitor."    
1 444 Major-General Geo. B. McClellan, April 1862.    
1 446 Lt. John L. Worden, Commanding the "Monitor."    
1 447 Turret and Part of Deck of Original "Monitor," showing dents made by pointed shot from the guns of the "Merrimac."    
1 448 Commander Samuel Dana Green, U.S.N. Executive Officer of the "Monitor."    
1 449 Transverse section of "The Monitor"    
1 462 The Iron Clad Steam Battery "Monitor"    
1 463 The Rebel Ram "Virginia" or "Manassas."    
1 476 Old St. Paul's Church, Norfolk, Virginia. 1862.    
1 478 View of Christ Church, Alexandria, Virginia. Sketched March 18th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 22
1 479 Village of Fairfax Court House, Virginia. July 1861. / Arms of Fairfax impaled by Carey. A.D. 1792.    
1 480 Chain Bridge, Potomac River.    
1 481 Headquarters of General M'Clellan. With notation, "Also used by General Beauregard at Fairfax Court House, Virginia."  
1 483 Maj. Gen. Wm. F. Smith, 4th Army Corps. A.P. 2nd Division. William Farrar Smith (1824-1903), Union general.  
1 507 The Ruins of Hampton, Va., on Hampton Creek. Sketch made March 24th 1862. Genl. Butler's Earthworks of 1861. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 508 Hampton, Va., 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 509 S.S. Pensacola, off Alexandria, Va.    
1 512 Head Quarters of Genl. Heintzelman, 3rd Army Corps, amid the ruins of Hampton, Va. March 24th 1861.   IFS, p. 29
1 513 Views of St. John's Church, Hampton, Va. A.D. 1860. Built A.D. 1660. Destroyed by Rebels 1861.    
1 517 Some old Tombstones, St. John's Church Peter Hayman, d. 29 April 1700.  
1 518 [Tombstones in St. John's Churchyard at Hampton, Virginia] Thomas Garte, d. 30 May 1700.  
1 519 [Tombstones in St. John's Churchyard at Hampton, Virginia] Ann T. Davis, d. 13 July 1602.  
1 520 Ruins of St. John's Episcopal Church at Hampton, Virginia, April 1862.    
1 521 Rear View of Ruins of St. John's Church at Hampton, Virginia. March 25th 1862, shewing fortified graveyard, etc.   IFS, p. 32
1 522 Fortress Monroe, 1862 Shows Merrimac at Craney Island; Newport News; Rip Rap Battery; Mill Creek and Water Batteries; and Hampton, Virginia.  
1 524 General Map Showing Fortress Monroe Hampton, Virginia.  
1 526 Hampton, Virginia.    
1 527 General View, Harper's Ferry West Virginia.  
1 528 View of the Ruins of Hampton, Virginia. Burnt by orders of Genl. Magruder, C.S.A., August 7th 1861. John Bankhead Magruder (1807-1871), Confederate general. He ordered the burning of Hampton to keep it out of Union hands. IFS, p. 30-31
1 529 Plan of Fortress Monroe, Old Point Comfort, Virginia Hampton, Virginia. IFS, p. 28
1 546 Plan from Fortress Monroe to Big Bethel, Va., showing Union and Rebel position April 1st 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 33
1 559 The Rebel Steamer "Virginia" ("Merrimac"). - Drawn by an Officer of the "Roanoke."    
1 560 Howard's Bridge and Ruins of Morrell Mill. Pognosin [sic] {Poquosin] River, Virginia. April 4th 1862. Advance of Union Army up the Peninsula. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. EOS, p. 38; IFS, p. 37
1 561 The Rebel Works at Howard's Bridge, Virginia, April 4th, 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 38
1 562 Position of Union Army, April 5th and 6th 1862 March of 3rd Army from Howard's Bridge to Yorktown, Virginia. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 564 On the Road to Yorktown [Virginia]. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 565 Grave of Union Soldiers who were killed at Battle of Big Bethel, June 10th 1861. Battle of Big Bethel, Va., 1861 June 10th. IFS, p. 35
1 584 Plan of Union and Rebel Position at Yorktown, Va. ... April 12th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 586 Yorktown, Virginia, on the York River - The Union Gunboats shelling Gloucester Point, Water Batteries Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 43
1 587 View of Yorktown, Va., from rear of Howe's Sawmill, Head Qurs, 3rd Corps AP. April 1862 Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. EOS, p. 44; IFS, p. 40– 41
1 598 Plan of the Rebel Redoubt and Barracks, "Camp Misery," April 12, 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

"Camp Misery" was located on the Ship Point Road.

 
1 607 Tombstone of Majr. Wm. Gooch. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 612 Sally Port , or The Entrance to Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 52
1 613 The Union Assault on the Rebel Works. Lee's Mills, Va. April 16, 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 45
1 622 Signal Corps Flags Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 634 Tabb's House, Yorktown [Virginia] Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 635 Union Battery No. 1, Yorktown, Va. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 636 Siege of Yorktown [Virginia] Photograph of a canon.  
1 638 Map showing from Fortress Monroe to Williamsburg and the Union and Rebel entrenchments up to May 3rd 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 639 Map of the Lower Peninsula of Virginia, April 1862. Shows the area between the York and James rivers from Williamsburg southeast to Old Point Comfort. IFS, p. 39
1 640 The Battle of Winchester or Kernstown, Va. March 23rd 1862.    
1 641 View of Front Royal, Shenandoah Valley, Va., 1864.    
1 650 Interior of Water Battery, Fort Donelson [Tennessee]    
1 654 Attack and Capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., by Genl. U.S. Grant, U.S.A. Fought 14-15th February 1862. Ulysses Simpson Grant (1822-1885), Union general. Battle was fought 12-16 February 1862.  
1 655.A Mrs. Crisp's House, Head Quarters of Gen. Grant during attack on Fort Donelson, Tenn. Battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn., 12-16 February 1862.  
1 655.B Rowlett's Mill on Eddyvill Road, Battlefield of Fort Donelson, Tenn. Battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn., 12-16 February 1862.  
1 676 Some Engineering Terms Explained. Includes illustrations of facines, traverses, richochet, and abatis.  
1 677 Some Engineering Terms Explained. Includes illustrations of curtains, gabion, flying sap, double sap, and bastion.  
1 678 Plan of a Regular Siege by Approaches.   IFS, p. 44
1 679 Some Engineering Terms Explained. Includes illustrations of various shapes of forts.  
1 680 A Bomb-Proof.    
1 681 "Gopher Hole." - Bomb-Proof.    
1 682 Head Quarters of Maj. Genl. S. P. Heintzelman ... at Howe's Sawmill before Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 49
1 683 Union Hospital at "Clarke's House" - near "The Sawmill" at Yorktown, Virginia, April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 50
1 684 Wormsley Creek, affluent of York River, Virginia, April 11th, 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 685 View of Yorktown, York River, Virginia, skewing Rebel Water Batteries etc. April 11th 1862 Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 686 Plan of the Battle of New Berne, North Carolina. Fought March 14th 1862. Following their victory at Roanoke Island, Union forces continued their assault on the Carolina coast.  
1 687 Some War Relics (in the possession of the Loyal Legion) Includes Confederate pistol and key to the Capitol at Richmond, Virginia.  
1 700 Plan of Battle of South Mills, Dismal Swamp Canal, N.C. 19th April 1862    
1 702 Sally Port, Yorktown, Va. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 703 Assault on the "Red Battery" April 25th 1862, Yorktown, Va. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 708 The French Officers at Dinner (From a photograph) Includes Capt. Le Clerc, Duc de Chartres, Comte de Paris, Prince de Joinville, and Capt. Mohain.  
1 709 No. 7 Union Battery before Yorktown, Va. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 51
1 742 Yorktown, Virginia, 1780. From an old engraving of 1789.    
1 743 Gloucester Point, York River, Virginia, opposite Yorktown. May 4th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 744 Major-General John B. Magruder, Rebel Commander at Yorktown Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 745 View from Battery No. 9 ... looking towards Yorktown, Va. Sketched 16th April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 746 A Street in Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 747 A Fifteen Inch Smooth Bore Gun.    
1 748 Evacuation of Yorktown. Sunday May 4th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 749 Farnhold's House, near The Moore House, Yorktown, Va., used by U.S. Signal Corps, April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 54
1 766 Siege of Yorktown [Virginia] [map] Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 42
1 769 "The Nelson House," Yorktown, Virginia, May 4th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 56
1 770 Old House, Yorktown, Virginia. Lafayette's Head Quarters after the Surrender AD 1761. Sketched Mar 4 1862.   IFS, p. 57
1 771 Rebel Magazines in the Ravines inside Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 772 View along the Lines of 3rd Army Corps from Howe's Sawmill towards Warwick Court House on the right. Yorktown, Virginia. April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 777 Sketch of the lines at Yorktown, Virginia, April 30th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 778 An Angle of the Ramparts at Yorktown [Virginia] after the evacuation. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 779 Plan of Yorktown, Virginia, shewing the Rebel Works etc. after the Evacuation May 4th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 780 Yorktown, Virginia. After the Evacuation. From the York River. Sketched May 4th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.

Shows Genl. McClellan's Head Quarters, Nelson House, Water Battery, Magazine, Custom House, U.S. Gunboat.

IFS, p. 59
1 781 The Cornwallis Cave in the Bluff at Yorktown, Virginia, used by the Rebels for a Magazine. April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 58
1 782 Howe's Sawmill before Yorktown, Va. Head Quarters, Maj. Genl. S. P. Heintzelman, 3rd Army Corps. AP. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 784 Union Army Marching into Yorktown, Va., after the Evacuation. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 785 Interior of Mortar Battery No. 4, Yorktown, Va. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 51
1 786 Battery No. 1 in front of Yorktown, Va. April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 787 Ramparts of Yorktown, Va., after the Evacuation. May 4th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 788.A The Old Custom House, Yorktown, Virginia. Used for Rebel Hospital May 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 788.B Ruins of Magruder's Head Quarters, Yorktown, Virginia. May 4th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 799 The Duc de Chartres at the Time of our Civil War.    
1 800 The Comte de Paris when he served with the Union Army.    
1 801 Brig-Gen. Rufus Ingalls, Chief, Quartermaster of Army of the Potomac, 1862. Rufus Ingalls (1820-1893), Union general.  
1 803 Attack on York Town, 1781. Old print cut out of an old book taken from Genl. R. E. Lee's Library, Arlington House, Va.  
1 804 Head Quarters of Maj. Genl. Geo. B. McClellan, Yorktown, Va., April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 48
1 811 Map of Country between Yorktown and Williamsburg in Virginia. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, p. 62
1 812 The Court House Yorktown, Virginia, 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 820 Copy of Official Plan of the Siege of Fort Pulaski, Cockspur Island, Savannah, Georgia. April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 821 Capture of Fort Pulaski, Savannah, Georgia. April 1862.    
1 823 Fort Pulaski During Bombardment, April 11, 1862.    
1 824 Map of Siege of Fort Pulaski, Savannah River, Georgia, 1862.    
1 825 Martello Tower and Lighthouse, Tybee Island, Georgia. April 1862. Tybee Island, across the Savannah River from Fort Pulaski, was the source of the Union bombardment of that Confederate-held site.  
1 835 The Ramparts of Fort Pulaski after the Surrender. From a photograph.    
1 838 The Intelligent Contraband Portrait of an Afro-American man.  
1 839 Fort Pulaski, After the Surrender, April 11th, 1862.    
1 840 The Military Prisons of the United States during the War. Chapter heading  
1 841 Forest Hall Prison, Washington.    
1 842 The Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C. Built AD 1817. April 1863.    
1 843 A Group of Contrabands A group of Afro-Americans.  
1 855 Rear View of Fort Lafayette, New York Harbor. Rebel Prisoners of War were confined here during the Rebellion.    
1 856 The Battle of Pittsburg Landing or Shiloh, Tennessee. April 6th-7th, 1862. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., 6-7 April 1862.  
1 857 Brig.-Gen. W. H. L. Wallace, killed at the Battle of Shiloh. William Harvey Lamb Wallace (1821-1862), Union general, commander of the 2nd Division, Army of Tennessee.  
1 858 Major-General S. A. Hurlburt, U.S.A. Stephen Augustus Hurlbut (1815-1882), Union general, led 4th Division, Army of Tennessee.  
1 859 Map Showing Position of Union Army at Pittsburg Landing before and after the Battle, 6th and 7th April 1862. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., 6-7 April 1862. Inset: Shiloh Church, Tennessee, 1862.  
1 861 The Battle of Pittsburg Landing or Shiloh, Tennessee. Fought 6th and 7th April 1862. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., 6-7 April 1862.  
1 878 Battle of Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., 6-7 April 1862.  
1 879 Camp at General Andrew Porter's, in front of Yorktown, 1862. Andrew Porter (1820-1872), Union general. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 880 Rebel Headquarters in Ravine, Yorktown, Va., During the Siege. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 881 Rebel Naval Battery in front of Yorktown [Virginia] Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 882 Battery No. 4 in front of Yorktown [Virginia] (Union) Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 883 "The Moore House," Yorktown, Va. Built 1663. Used as a Signal Station by Union Army, April 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 884 View of the Right Front Line of the 3rd Army Corps before Yorktown from the Plateau in front of Sawmill. Sketched April 11th 1862. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862.  
1 885 View of Yorktown, Virginia. Rebel Batteries Shelling Balloon and Head Qrs. 3d Corps. Peninsula Campaign, March-July 1862. IFS, Cover; IFS, p. 46-47