"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
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Cabell Family – Currie, Lydia G. Hinckley

Cabell Family Papers, 1808–1935. ca. 1,500 items. Mss1C1118cFA2.
Chiefly correspondence, financial, legal, and miscellaneous papers of the Cabell family of Inglewood, Nelson County, concerning, in part, agricultural operations and the buying and hiring of slaves; the education of children at Emory and Henry College, Farmville Normal School, Roanoke College, the University of Virginia, and the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Patrick Henry Cabell's (1837–1907) work as a teacher and school board official for Nelson County; the running of a school and summer boarding house at Inglewood; and marriages, births, illnesses, and deaths among family members.

Series 1 includes the correspondence of Patrick Cabell (while away from Inglewood teaching and working for the railroad in Lynchburg, Va.) and his wife Elizabeth Willis (Eubank) Cabell (1843–1907) with each other and with their children concerning news of illnesses, births, deaths, marriages, and local events, home life, and discussing their children's attendance at various Virginia colleges, including Roanoke College, the University of Virginia, and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, and teaching in various locations in Virginia and North Carolina. Additional topics include the running of the school at Inglewood by Mary Caroline Cabell (1866–1942) and the taking in of summer boarders, and Patrick Henry Carey Cabell's (1864–1920) stay in May 1896 at the Keeley Institute, Greensboro, N.C., for the treatment of "nervous exhaustion". Also included is the correspondence of Patrick Henry Carey Cabell and Royal Eubank Cabell (1878–1950) while living in Richmond with their siblings following the deaths, in 1907, of both of their parents. Of particular interest is a letter, 1876 January 18–February 14, from missionary Lottie Moon in Sun Chow, China, describing her life, mission work, and local customs.

Series 3 includes legal documents concerning land ownership and other matters (folders 53–54; box 2). Of particular interest are wills, 1850 and 1854, of Anne Woolston (Couch) Anthony; materials relating to Elizabeth Willis (Eubank) Cabell's share of the estate of Caroline E. Eubank; and an agreement, 1907, of the heirs of Patrick Henry Cabell and Elizabeth Willis (Eubank) Cabell concerning the house and property at Inglewood (folder 53). Series 4 contains certificates received by Elizabeth Willis (Eubank) Cabell while attending the Albemarle Female Institute (folder 63). Series 5 contains miscellaneous materials (folders 64–76; box 3). Of note are scrapbooks documenting the years Royal Eubank Cabell and his wife, Lillian H. (Lorraine) Cabell, spent living Washington, D.C., while Royal was Commissioner of Internal Revenue (folders 74–76).

Series 7 includes papers of the related Robinson family, in particular concerning a trust fund set up to manage the estate of Rebecca Price (Keim) Robinson (1821–1888) (folders 80–100; box 3). Rebecca Robinson's son William Russell Robinson (1842–1907) married Evelyn Carter Byrd Cabell (1844–1910), daughter of Clifford Cabell (1810–1871) and Margaret Couch (Anthony) Cabell (1814–1882). Margaret Couch (Anthony) Cabell was the sister of Mary Anne (Anthony) Cabell, mentioned above. William Russell Robinson and Evelyn Carter Byrd (Cabell) Robinson had two sons, Wirt Robinson (1864–1929) and Clifford Cabell Robinson (1866–1934). After the death of Cabell Robinson, his wife Emma (Simpson) Glover Robinson contacted her cousin-in-law, lawyer Royal Eubank Cabell, for legal advice concerning her husband's portion of Rebecca Robinson's estate. Of particular interest is the correspondence, 1903, documenting the removal of trustee Charles Urquhart Williams ([1840–1910] of the law firm of Williams and Boulware) and his replacement by Clifford Cabell Robinson. Other materials include scattered financial and legal papers of William Russell Robinson, son of Wirt and Rebecca Price (Keim) Robinson, and his wife Evelyn Carter Byrd (Cabell) Robinson (1842–1910) (folders 93–94); and of their sons Wirt Robinson and Clifford Cabell Robinson, and Cabell's wife Emma Robinson (folder 98). In the miscellaneous folder are tax receipts relating to Nelson County land owned by Mrs. W. P. Echolls, Henry Scott (possibly African American), and William Woody, as well as materials relating to land in Richmond owned by the heirs of Adolphus Beirne (folder 100).

Cadwallader, John N., Papers, 1860–1892. 43 items. Mss1C1158a.
Primarily consist of letters, 1861–1864, written by Anna Bell Cadwallader (later Gregory) of Newtown (later Stephens City), Frederick County, to her brother John N. Cadwallader (1839–1876) while he served in the Confederate States Army. Letters largely concern life on the home front, particularly economic concerns, reports of Union and Confederate army movements and skirmishes in and around Newtown, and general war news. Also, include mentions of the vote for secession in Newtown and the mustering of militia forces (24 May 1861), slaves running away to Union forces (30 March 1863), and news of their brother James M. Cadwallader, who served with the 1st Virginia Cavalry, was captured in 1862, and later exchanged. Anna supported the Union initially and thought it was too much to give up simply to continue the system of slavery; she later sewed shirts for her brothers and made knapsacks at 8 cents a piece. She writes from Retirement House and later Locust Grove.

Cammack, Angeline Elizabeth Eiland, Memoir, 1810–1884. 9 pp. Typescript. Mss5:1C1482:1.
Angeline Elizabeth (Eiland) Cammack (1810–1896) probably dictated these reminiscences in the last year of her life. Born in Georgia, she was the youngest of seven children, and her memoir emphasizes her disappointment at the lack of educational opportunities afforded her. It also chronicles her moves to Mississippi and later, after the death of husband, Joseph Addison Cammack, to Louisiana. Only two of Cammack's six children survived the Civil War, and after the war she moved to Texas to be near her son. The memoir concludes with a rendition of Cammack's religious philosophy of life.

Campbell, Helen Elrick Jones, The Case for Mrs. Surratt, 1943. 1 volume. Mss5:9C1526:1.
Helen Elrick (Jones) Campbell (1894–1979) donated this printer's copy of the typescript of The Case for Mrs. Surratt (New York, 1943) at the request of the VHS. Her study of Mary Eugenia (Jenkins) Surratt (1820?–1865), who was convicted of plotting to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln, is undocumented, but the typescript includes an extensive bibliography of sources that she used to support her contention that Surratt was innocent of the charges. G. P. Putnam's Sons also published Campbell's other book, Diary of a Williamsburg Hostess.

Caperton, Margaret Melinda, Scrapbook, ca. 1870. 1 volume. Mss5:7C1715:1.
Margaret Melinda Caperton's scrapbook contains miscellaneous news stories, anecdotes, and engravings of people and places deemed historically significant clipped from newspapers and magazines.

Carrington, Tucker, Account Book, 1868–1878. 1 volume. Mss5:3C23584:1.
Tucker Carrington's wife, Mary (Watkins) Carrington (1803–1887), actually kept these household and farm accounts in Mecklenburg County; they list items supplied to and payments for services to freed blacks and include entries concerning the exchange and sale of grain, tobacco, and flour. Tucker Carrington added a few entries in ink to his wife's pencilled accounts. Carter, Moore Fauntleroy, Account Book, 1801–1804. 1 volume. Mss5:3C2464:1. Early portions of this account book record payments to and by Moore Fauntleroy Carter (1771–1820) of Fauquier County in money, tobacco, notes, and kind. Included are payments to African American men for fowls, shoes, and onions; free and slave midwife's fees; and details concerning the sale of Carter's estate in 1826. The remainder of the volume was kept by Judith Lee (Edmonds) Carter, who served as administrator of her husband's estate. Her accounts include payments and receipts for rent, slave hires, and sales of wood, agricultural products, and horses. A few accounts pertain to her daughter, Judith F. Carter.

Carter, Sarah S., Diary, 1866. 15 pp. Typescript. Mss5:1C2467:1.
This diary describes a journey from Philadelphia to Richmond by Rebecca and Sarah S. Carter and three friends, one of whom, Sarah Cadbury, was en route to Yorktown to teach at a school for freedmen. Journal entries discuss traveling conditions, scenery, and various historic sites, including Old Point Comfort, the College of William and Mary, the Seven Pines battlefield, Fort Stedman, and the U.S. Capitol. The Carters visited freedmen's schools, churches, and neighborhoods, especially Slab Town and Acre Town in York County, and recorded their impressions of the people and the conditions in which they lived. In Richmond they toured an African American church and a hospital, the burned district, the Capitol, and several Civil War sites. In Washington, D.C., they toured the White House and observed a funeral in the Senate Chamber. The journal includes drawings by Rebecca (Carter) Evans and an account of expenses incurred on the trip.

Carter, Robert, Account Book, 1769–1783. 1 volume. Mss5:3C2466:1.
This volume contains incomplete accounts of sales from the estate—including household furnishings, tools, and slaves—of Benjamin Tasker, Jr., of Belair in Maryland. Anne (Tasker) Ogle (1723–1817) is listed as a trustee of the estate, but Robert Carter (1728–1804) appears to have kept most of the accounts. The volume includes a few auctioneer's accounts and information on collecting payment for sales made on credit.

Carter, Thomas Henry, Papers, 1902. 3 items. Mss2C2468d.
Contains letters, 1902, written to Thomas Henry Carter (1831–1908) of Pampatike, King William County, by George Washington Custis Lee (1832–1913) and Thomas Nelson Page (1853–1922) expressing condolences on the death of Carter's wife, Susan Elizabeth (Roy) Carter (1833–1902) (d1–2); and a letter of James Alexander Seddon (1850–1938) of Washington, D.C., to Ann Seddon (Roy) Rutherfoord (1831–1908) expressing condolences on the death of her sister, Susan. All three correspondents reflect on the character of Susan Elizabeth (Roy) Carter and how much she was the embodiment of Southern womanhood.

Caruthers, Mary Ann, Album, 1832–1840. 1 volume. Mss5:5C2524:1.
Kept by Mary Ann Caruthers, this album contains poems signed by friends and several pencil sketches of generic scenes—a house, a fisherman, and a pastoral view.

Cary Family Papers, 1844–1968. 1,360 items. Mss1C2597b.
This collection focuses on the Cary family of Hampton and Richmond. Section 6 contains correspondence, 1857–1898, of Columbia H. (Hudgins) Cary of Woodlawn in Hampton, wife of Colonel John Baytop Cary, with daughter-in-law Maria Barry (Abert) Cary of Westland, Lancaster County, brother-in-law Richard Miles "Dick" Cary of Round Hill, Isle of Wight County (an 1862 letter from Richard concerns family and war news), mother-in-law, Sarah Elizabeth "Sallie" Smith (Baytop) Cary (containing a Civil War letter Columbia wrote while visiting John B. Cary at Yorktown), Susan Cary of Concord, Northampton County (letter of 1866 concerns her loneliness, dishonest Northerners, and the death of Ellen Sheild), son Thomas Archibald "Archie" Cary of Richmond (letter of March 1888 describes Columbia's trip to Florida), daughter Sallie Campbell (Cary) Knowles (Civil War letter concerns Sallie caring for the family in her mother's absence), daughter Gillienna Armistead "Gillie" (Cary) McCabe (concerning Columbia's absence during the Civil War; a postwar letter concerns family news), William H. Richardson, Sr., of Windsor Farms in Richmond, William H. Richardson, Jr., also of Windsor Farms (concerning a gamecock named Stonewall Jackson), Julia Gardiner Tyler (concerning the health of John B. Cary, Jr.), and daughter Elfie May (Cary) White.

Section 9 contains correspondence of Maria Barry (Abert) Cary of Richmond, chiefly concerning her work with the Presbyterian Church and her support of missionary activities, as well as discussion of family news and her travels in the United States, Europe, and the Middle East. Section 11 consists of correspondence, 1871–1933, of Gillienna Armistead "Gillie" (Cary) McCabe, chiefly with extended family members concerning her relationship with, and the death of, her husband W. Gordon McCabe. Correspondence, 1912–1955, of Martha Abert "Pattie" (Cary) Cecil of Richmond (section 15) chiefly contains communications with her brother George Abert Cary (written while George was a student at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, and Pattie was living in Richmond). Collection also includes correspondence (section 18) of Sallie Campbell "Cammie" Cary of Richmond, and a diary, 1953–1954, of Jane Abert Cecil.

Cary, Lottie B. Henderson, Papers, 1920–1961. 317 items. Mss1C2593a.
The collection consists primarily of unpublished poems by Lottie B. (Henderson) Cary of Ashland, Norfolk, and Staunton (mostly in section 5). They appear on loose sheets and in fourteen commonplace books, many with blank pages. The papers also include an account book, 1933–1948, of household expenses kept by Cary in Norfolk (section 2); a commonplace book, ca. 1920–1940, containing chemistry notes (section 3); and another, 1936–1961, with prose notes on life and poetry (section 4). Correspondence, 1937–1957, mostly concerns Cary's unsuccessful attempts to publish her poetry, although a dozen or so published poems also appear in the collection (section 1).

Central Coca-Cola Bottling Company, Inc., Richmond, Records, 1906–2003. 86 linear feet. Mss3C3332a FA2.
This collection follows the founding of the company by James E. Crass in South Carolina in 1899 through its move to Richmond, extensive expansion under Crass and then his son-in-law, W. L. Sams, and eventually under the leadership of Sams's son-in-law, Langdon T. Christian. The focus of part two of this large collection is administration of the company by Betty Sams Christian (1922–2006) as the first female president and CEO, following her husband's retirement in 1982 through her own retirement in 2003. The company held soda production and supply franchises in Maryland, Ohio, West Virginia, and Virginia. Part two includes series 6: administrative materials; series 7: financial materials; series 8: human resources and labor materials; series 9: legal materials; series 10: operational records; series 11: marketing and sales promotions materials; series 12: publications; series 13: associations and conference records; series 14: sponsorships and corporate philanthropy; and series 15: historical materials.

The collection also contains personal papers of Betty Sams Christian (series 18) and her mother, Lottie Crass Sams (series 17), who after her husband's death in 1965 became the majority stockholder in the family's business. A detailed finding aid for this collection is available online.

Chaffin Family Papers, 1814–1953. 26,728 items. Mss1C3467a.
This collection primarily consists of correspondence, 1874–1902, financial and land records, and related materials of Richard Booker Chaffin (1844–1902) concerning the real estate firms of Chaffin, Staples & Co. and R. B. Chaffin & Co. of Richmond. The records illuminate sales and rentals of land and the construction of dwellings and other buildings on behalf of male and female clients at locations in Chesterfield and Henrico counties and in Richmond. The collection also includes personal accounts, 1846–1875, of Richard Chaffin's mother, Susan Adeline (Willson) Chaffin (1815–1883) of Amelia County and Richmond (section 2), and accounts regarding her activities as executor of the estates of her husband, John Booker Chaffin (1811–1849), and his uncle, Richard Booker (d. 1836) of Amelia County (section 1). Many of the accounts from the 1860s document Susan Chaffin's purchase of household goods and clothing, farm operations, and the sale of wheat.

Chaffin, Susan Adeline Willson, Account Book, 1849–1866. 1 volume. Mss5:3C3468:1. Microfilm reel C451.
Susan Adeline (Willson) Chaffin (1815–1883) of Amelia County kept this account book as executor of her husband's estate. It includes information on debts owed to or by the estate and on her service as guardian of the couple's children. Additional information on Chaffin appears in the Susan Adeline (Willson) Chaffin Papers (Mss2C3468b) and the Chaffin Family Papers (Mss1C3468a).

Chamberlayne Family Papers, 1849–1954. ca. 3,000 items. Mss1C3552eFA2. Microfilm reels C293–294.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of Churchill Gibson Chamberlayne (1876–1939), Episcopal minister, author, educator, and founder of the Chamberlayne School for boys (later St. Christopher's School) in Richmond. Chamberlayne's correspondence, 1904–1939, contains letters from his siblings, especially his brother, Lewis Parke Chamberlayne (1879–1917), and from a network of college and secondary school teachers in Virginia and beyond that shed light on the history of masculinity—including fatherhood and the education of boys—and of the teaching profession in the first third of the twentieth century (boxes 1–3; series IX). Also included are letters, 1897–1904, to Chamberlayne's mother, Mary Walker (Gibson) Chamberlayne (1849–1905), from her children (box 1; series VIII); letters, ca. 1922–1936, to his son, Edward Pye Chamberlayne (b. 1915), from relatives and girl friends (box 6; series XIII); and the correspondence, 1922–1937, of C. G. Chamberlayne's sister, Lucy Atkinson (Chamberlayne) Scott Maynard (1875–1944), who accompanied her husband to Liberia and the Philippines (box 6; series XII). Correspondence, 1912–1939, of Chamberlayne's wife, Elizabeth Breckinridge (Bolling) Chamberlayne (1887–1978), includes letters from female friends and relatives and correspondence with her son Edward and his wife (box 6, series X). The collection also contains Chamberlayne's notes for Ham Chamberlayne: Virginian, and transcripts of several Virginia parish vestry books, which he edited for publication (boxes 5–6, series IX). A finding aid is available in the repository.

Chamberlayne Family Papers, 1821–1938. 2,940 items. Mss1C3552c. Microfilm reels C291–293.
The collection centers on John Hampden "Ham" Chamberlayne (1838–1882), Confederate soldier, Virginia newspaper editor, and politician, and his wife, Mary Walker (Gibson) Chamberlayne (1849–1905), but it also contains correspondence of their parents and a network of Chamberlayne and Gibson siblings and other kin. These papers offer insights into the dynamics of family relationships in the nineteenth century and reveal much about the business and personal lives of family members during Reconstruction. Included are letters, 1872–1881, between "Ham" Chamberlayne and his wife before and after their marriage (section 2); correspondence, 1865–1896, of Mary Chamberlayne (section 18) and some accounts, 1874–1892, from her widowhood (section 25); business correspondence, 1866–1871, and accounts, 1847–1879, of her mother-in-law, Martha Burwell (Dabney) Chamberlayne (1802–1883), kept during her widowhood (sections 26 and 28); a small amount of correspondence, 1856–1875, and accounts, 1850–1876, of her deaf son, Edward Pye Chamberlayne (1821–1877) (sections 29 and 32); correspondence, 1836–1892, of Mary Chamberlayne's father, Churchill Jones Gibson (1819–1892), an Episcopal minister (section 37); correspondence, 1837–1893, of his wife, Lucy Fitzhugh (Atkinson) Gibson (1815–1894), throughout the various stages of her life (sections 41–44), as well as her commonplace book, ca. 1835 (section 45); the correspondence, 1839–1896, diary, 1874, and commonplace book, ca. 1862–1891, of her sister, Ann Elizabeth Jones (Gibson) Barlett Gibson (1817–1897) (sections 48–53); and some correspondence, 1882–1939, of Mary and "Ham" Chamberlayne's son, Churchill Gibson Chamberlayne (1876–1939), and his wife, Elizabeth Breckinridge (Bolling) Chamberlayne (1887–1978), including twenty-five of her letters to him (sections 34–35). There are also three unattributed student notebooks and two commonplace books.

This collection also contains Civil War correspondence of members of the Waller family, including William Waller's (1821–1870) correspondence, 1863–1868, with his wife, Jane Henry Meredith (Waller) Waller (1829–1912) (section 62), and, 1860–1861, with their son, William Griffin Waller (1843–1894), while he attended West Point (section 63).

Chancellor, Penelope Abbett, Album, 1857–1872. 1 volume. Mss5:6C3607:1. Microfilm reel C451.
Penelope Abbett Chancellor (1841–1864) of Forest Hall in Spotsylvania County received this volume from her brother Charles William Chancellor (1832–1915) while attending the Virginia Female Academy in Staunton in 1857. It primarily contains poems and autographs of school friends and a few addresses.

Chancellor, Frances Douglas, Album, 1859–1864. 1 volume. Mss5:6C3605:1. Microfilm reel C452.
Kept at Forest Hall in Spotsylvania County by Frances Douglas Chancellor (1840–1864), this volume contains verses signed by siblings, cousins, and friends. Chancellor died while nursing Confederate soldiers in Charlottesville.

Chappelear, Amanda Virginia Edmonds, Papers, 1857–1960. 28 items. Mss1C3684a. Microfilm reels C451–452.
This collection consists primarily of three diaries, 1857–1867, kept by Amanda Virginia "Tee" (Edmonds) Chappelear (1839–1921) as a young, single woman living with her family at Belle Grove in Fauquier County (sections 1–4). The diaries contain Chappelear's reaction to John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry and an account of the sale of her family's slaves (section 2), as well as her perspective on social life and military activities in northern Virginia during the Civil War and Reconstruction (sections 2–4). The papers also include a typescript of the diaries with an index of people and places; an account book, 1876–1885, of George Warren Chappelear (1842–1922), whom she later married (section 8); and a few photographs (section 7). Diaries have been published in Nancy Chappelear Baird, ed., Journals of Amanda Virginia Edmonds: Lass of the Mosby Confederacy, 1857–1867 (Delaplane, Va., 1984).

Chevallie, Virginia Wilhelmina Watkins, Scrapbook, 1868–1886. 1 volume. Mss5:7C4273:1.
Virginia Wilhelmina (Watkins) Chevallie (1824–1893) of Richmond compiled this scrapbook of miscellaneous clippings, some of which pertain to Civil War events and African Americans.

Christian, Ann Webster Gordon, Diary, ca. 1860–1867. 1 volume. Mss5:1C4626:1. Microfilm reel C452.
Ann Webster (Gordon) Christian's (1831–1894) diary discusses the daily activities of a young, single woman in Richmond and documents her religious life. Gordon describes a visit to Staunton in 1860 to see kin and tour the Female Academy, the Institute for the Blind, and the "Lunatic" Hospital (now Western State Hospital), as well as a subsequent journey as governess of the Hunt children with that family to their plantations in Georgiane and Huntley, Miss. She includes observations on cotton culture and slavery in the Lower South. After a three-year hiatus, 1862–1865, the diary resumes with a description of the destruction of the Gordon family's house in Richmond at the end of the Civil War. Information on Gordon's religious life includes descriptions of sermons and prayer meetings and conducting a Sunday school for slave children in Richmond. A list of the children and their masters is included. Gordon, a Presbyterian, became a devotee of the cult of Stonewall Jackson after the war and her diary discusses him at length.

Christian, Harriet Cary, Album, 1854–1858. 1 volume. Mss5:6C427:1. Microfilm reel C294.
The album of Harriet (Cary) Christian (1838–1930) of Williamsburg, inscribed "Presented to Miss Harriet Cary by her Uncle J. R. Coupland," contains lines of verse dedicated to her by male and female friends, autographs, and an engraving of the Chesapeake Female College in Hampton.

Christian, Harriet Cary, Scrapbook, 1854–1894. 1 volume. Mss5:7C4625:1. Microfilm reel C294.
Harriet (Cary) Christian (1838–1930) collected newspaper and magazine clippings on the death of Robert E. Lee and the Virginia Capitol disaster of 1870 and preserved them in this scrapbook.

Chrystie, Thomas, Papers, 1783–1818. 421 items. Mss1C4695a.
The papers of Thomas Chrystie (1753?–1812), a Scottish physician living in Hanover County, include accounts, 1785–1812, concerning his medical practice (section 2) and some correspondence, 1783–1816, requesting or discussing treatment (section 1). Chrystie treated both men and women in his practice. The collection also contains the will, 1796, of his mother, Janet Chrystie, a widow living in Edinburgh, Scotland (section 9), as well as papers pertaining to his own estate, including a list of medical and other books (section 6).

Church Hill Garden Club, Records, 1926–1951. 63 items. Mss3C4757a.
Records of the Church Hill Garden Club in Richmond include five volumes of membership lists and minutes of meetings from the club's founding in 1926 through 1951; a few committee and officers' annual reports, 1935–1942; and copies of the constitution and by-laws. Three historical sketches, 1936, 1941, and 1951, summarize the civic activities of this women's club. In addition to conservation and beautification projects in Richmond, club subcommittees supported a shop to assist needy families during the Great Depression, provided school lunches for poor children, and renovated a building to serve as a community center. The group coordinated its efforts with other civic organizations in the city, including the East End Business Men's Club, and became affiliated with the Virginia Federation of Women's Clubs in 1932.

Claiborne Family Papers, 1665–1922. 3,671 items. Mss1C5217b. Microfilm reels C295–297 and C586–589.
The papers of Herbert Augustine Claiborne (1819–1902) account for more than two-thirds of this collection, but the remainder includes papers of women in the Claiborne, Alston, and McGuire families who were connected to him. The correspondence, 1809–1837, of Claiborne's mother, Delia (Hayes) Claiborne (1794–1838) of Powhatan County contains letters from a network of adolescent female friends during the War of 1812, as well as letters, 1828–1829, from her sister-in-law Judith (Claiborne) Hill concerning her legal separation from her husband (section 14). Herbert Augustine Claiborne married Mary Anna McGuire (1819–1864), daughter of a Fredericksburg minister, in 1844, and three generations of women from the McGuire family appear in this collection. A few items, including her will, pertain to the marriage and death of Mary Anna's maternal grandmother, Judith Walker (Browne) Lewis (1773–1830) (section 17). The correspondence, 1839–1863, of her daughter, Judith Carter (Lewis) McGuire (1794–1882), consists primarily of letters to her daughter Mary Anna (McGuire) Claiborne (section 22). The earlier ones offer advice on conduct to a young, single woman living as a tutor in the house of her uncle; later letters discuss the social dislocations accompanying the Civil War. The collection also contains letters, 1849–1857, from Edward Charles McGuire (1793–1858) to his adult daughters, Mary Anna and Betty Burnett (McGuire) Ambler (1827–1856) (section 20). Mary Anna (McGuire) Claiborne's correspondence, 1835–1863, contains letters from friends and siblings, as well as other kin, including a cousin who emigrated to California in 1849 (section 46). A small amount of correspondence, 1844–1880, and two cookbooks, ca. 1880, belonging to Jane Charity (Alston) Cabell (1828?–1884), mother of Claiborne's second wife, also appear in this collection (sections 25–26), as do letters, 1838–1848, to James Alston (1774–1850) of Abbeville, S.C. (section 18).

Claiborne Family Papers, 1803–1954. 1,060 items. Mss1C5217a. Microfilm reels C294–295 and C585–586.
This diverse collection contains papers of various members of the Archer, Claiborne, Cabell, and Watson families and addresses a range of subjects including marriage and family life and business and financial affairs. The papers of Herbert Augustine Claiborne (1819–1902), an attorney in Richmond, include business and personal correspondence, ca. 1833–1889, as well as correspondence concerning his work for the Commissary Department of the Confederate States of America (section 2 and 3); a lawyer's commonplace book, 1871; a letterbook, 1877–1892; and an album containing photographs of houses (section 39). A small number of letters from various correspondents of his first wife, Mary Anna (McGuire) Claiborne (1819–1864), also survive (section 6), as do nine diaries, 1903–1923, kept by his second wife, Catherine Hamilton (Cabell) Claiborne Cox (1854–1925) (section 38). The diaries discuss Cox's social obligations, including meetings of the Colonial Dames, the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, and the Woman's Club of Richmond.

Other Cabell family papers include the correspondence, ca. 1841–1874, and accounts, 1852–1876, of Henry Coalter Cabell (1820–1889) concerning his law practice in Richmond and the family farm of his wife, Jane Charity (Alston) Cabell (1828?–1884), in Abbeville, S.C. (sections 11 and 25). Papers of the Watson family include the correspondence, 1819–1829, of George Watson (1784–1853), a Richmond physician, which contains letters to and from his wife, Anne (Riddle) Watson (1791–1882) (section 8). Their daughter, Anne Virginia (Watson) Archer (1826–1920), married Robert Samuel Archer (1828?–1901), director of the Tredegar Ironworks in Richmond; after his death in 1901, she became his executrix. Their papers contain information on the operation of the ironworks, including stockholders' names and production reports, 1900–1901 (section 29). Her papers also include a cookbook (section 39) and copies of her wills, 1902–1911 (section 30). Both of the Archers left family memoirs. The collection also contains a scrapbook, 1907–1909, (section 39) and a small amount of correspondence (section 7) of their granddaughter, Virginia Watson (Christian) Claiborne (1894–1960), as well as a few papers of other family members.

Claiborne, Mary Anna McGuire, Album, 1834–1836. 1 volume. Mss5:5C5253:1.
Although the cover is stamped "Betty Burnett Bassett," Mary Anna (McGuire) Claiborne (1819–1864) kept this album as a young woman. It contains dried leaves and lines of verse dedicated to Claiborne by unidentified friends.

[Claiborne, ?], Clover Nook, 1860. 1 volume. Mss5:9C5216:1.
This unpublished manuscript of a romantic novel by Miss Claiborne concerns members of the Cole, Grant, and Grafton families.

Clark Family Papers, 1841–1934. 211 items. Mss1C5495a.
The collection consists primarily of personal correspondence, 1885–1930, of Elise Thomson Clark (1881–1950) with family members and a network of female friends (section 7). Also included are the correspondence, 1898–1912, of Anita Grace (Clark) White of Halifax County and Richmond with her sister, mother, and friends (section 9), and correspondence, 1901–1902 and 1887–1919, of Thomas Baker Clark (1851–1919) and his wife, Grace Willis (Thomson) Clark (1856–1940), with their daughters (sections 4 and 5). Subjects addressed include courtship and marriage and the education of girls in the early twentieth century.

Clark, Adéle, Papers, 1855–1976. ca. 900 items. Mss1C5472aFA2.
The collection contains diverse papers of Adéle Clark (1882–1983), artist and political activist of Richmond. Included are scattered business and personal correspondence, ca. 1916–1950, as well as newspaper clippings, organizational minutes, notes and other published and manuscript materials pertaining to a wide array of Clark's political and artistic interests (boxes 1–2; series IV). Correspondence, 1916–1940 and 1926–1939, with Nora Houston (1883–1942) and Willoughby Ions (1881–1977) illuminates the relationship between women's personal and professional networks and their political activities. The correspondence, 1906–1929, of Estelle (Goodman) Clark (1847–1893) with her three daughters offers insights into relationships between mothers and their adult children (box 1; series II). The collection also contains information on teaching art and art history in a variety of contexts, on woman suffrage and women's rights, and on other civic and political activities (box 2; series IV). Included are two sketchbooks. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Cochran, Catherine Mary Powell Noland, Memoir, 1861–1865. 2 volumes. Mss5:1C6433:1–2. Microfilm reel C589.
Created by Catherine Mary Powell (Noland) Cochran (1814–1895) of Middleburg, Loudoun County, and Richmond, this volume combines elements of a memoir, a commonplace book, and a scrapbook. The first volume, kept in a manuscript arithmetic book, contains newspaper clippings concerning the Civil War, two passes, and reminiscences of the author's "Yankee Experiences." The second volume, kept in a notebook containing John Henry Cochran's (d. 1896) Latin exercises, covers the period from 1863 until the end of the war; it includes Confederate currency, as well as newspaper clippings.

Cocke Family Papers, 1770–1860. 1,840 items. Mss1C6458b. Microfilm reels C395–399.
This collection contains papers of two generations of planters at Woodland plantation in Amelia County. The personal and business correspondence, 1772–1794, of Stephen Cocke (1754–1794) primarily discuss plantation operations (section 1), while several of his account books, 1777–1784, detail horse breeding on the farm (sections 3–5). Other materials concern African American slaves and Cocke's estate, including accounts, 1794–1823, of its settlement kept by his widow, Jane Segar (Eggleston) Cocke (1756–1835) (section 7). Personal and business letters, 1790–1823, written to Jane Cocke as well as her accounts, 1792–1835, primarily concern the education of their sons and plantation operations during her widowhood (sections 10 and 11). Her son, James Powell Cocke (1781–1861) inherited the plantation. His family and business correspondence, 1796–1859, discusses farming and politics, as well as his education at Hampden-Sydney College (section 17). His diaries, 1836 and 1851–1857, also document agricultural operations (section 18). Loose accounts, and two account books, illuminate blacksmithing operations in Amelia County (sections 20–21). Letters, 1806–1824, written to his first wife, Caroline Matilda (Lewis) Cocke (d. 1841?), primarily relate to family matters (section 31). Scattered materials pertain to other members of the Cocke family.

Cocke Family Papers, 1794–1981. ca. 2,950 items. Mss1C6458dFA2. Microfilm reel C452.
This collection contains the papers of four generations of members of the Preston family of Rockbridge, Cumberland, and Powhatan counties, and Richmond, but the papers of Elizabeth Preston Cocke (1891–1981) constitute nearly one-half of it. Considered as whole, the collection provides insights into the education of men and women, gender roles and expectations, and the dynamics of family life during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

The papers, 1794–1812, of Thomas Lewis Preston (1781–1812) include correspondence with his adult siblings and other family members, and contain information on the establishment of the Ann Smyth Academy for girls in Rockbridge County, as well as on the sale of Preston's estate after his death (box 1). The papers, 1893–1914, of his daughter, Elizabeth Randolph (Preston) Cocke (1808–1889), primarily concern the sale of land in Kentucky by her children after her death (boxes 2–3). The papers, 1883–1916, of her son, John Preston Cocke (1845–1917), a Richmond attorney, contain a diary, 1912, of his travels in western Europe and ten memoranda books, 1883–1916 (box 5). Also included are a small amount of correspondence with his wife and young daughters (box 5), as well as information compiled for a history of Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond and a memoir concerning the role of cadets at the Virginia Military Institute in the Battle of New Market (box 6).

Publications, her own administrative records, and correspondence document the activities of John Cocke's daughter, Elizabeth Preston Cocke, a single woman involved in numerous civic and benevolent organizations, including the Girls' Auxiliary of the Instructive Visiting Nurse Association, 1913–1924; the Reconstructive Aids at Parker Hill Hospital in Boston, Mass., 1918–1919 (box 14); the Junior League, 1925–1935; the Richmond Volunteer Services Bureau (box 15), the Richmond Aircraft Warning Filter System, and the Nurses Aids of McGuire Hospital in Richmond during World War II; and the United World Federalists, 1948–1956 (box 16). Documentation on her training and work as a Reconstructive Aid includes letters to her mother and letters from some of the handicapped World War I soldiers at Parker Hill Hospital. The collection also contains Cocke's correspondence with friends and family members (boxes 12–13); six travel diaries, 1903–1957, including one of a trip to California kept as a twelve-year old; and a commonplace book on "The Art of Thinking" (box 11). Cocke's correspondence with institutions reflects her interest in historic preservation and in her own family's past. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Cogbill Family Papers, 1852–1889. 47 items. Mss1C6553a. Microfilm reel C453.
The collection contains testimonial letters, 1863–1889, and affidavits, 1887–1889, concerning the medicinal properties of Whoobry water, which came from a spring on the property of the Cogbill family in Mecklenburg County (sections 1–2). Also included is the correspondence, 1852–1869, of Harriet Randolph (Boyd) Dodson Cogbill (1824–1885), mostly regarding the death of her son, John Edward Dodson (1845–1863), in North Carolina during the Civil War (section 4). A few items pertain to his education at Hillsboro Military Academy in Hillsboro, N.C. (section 6).

Cole, Elizabeth Rucker Labby, Cookbook, ca. 1850. 1 volume. Mss5:5C6743:1.
This copy of Eliza Leslie's popular cookbook, Directions for Cookery (Philadelphia, 1837), owned by Elizabeth Rucker (Labby) Cole (1820–1885) of Williamsburg, includes some annotations and over fifty loose printed and holograph recipes.

Coles, Elizabeth, Diary, 1829. 1 volume. Mss5:1C6795:1. Microfilm reel C453.
This diary, kept at Enniscorthy in Albemarle County by Elizabeth Coles (1791–1865) in a copy of David Richardson's Virginia and North Carolina Almanack (Richmond, 1829), notes arrivals and departures of various friends and family members, as well as the household's use of sugar loafs and a few other foods.

Collins, Frances Cornelia Barbour, Scrapbook, 1827–1833. 1 volume. Mss5:7C6933:1. Microfilm reel C499.
This volume, kept primarily in London by Frances Cornelia (Barbour) Collins (1812–1893) while her father served as minister to Great Britain, combines characteristics of a scrapbook, a commonplace book and an autograph album. It includes poetry in Barbour's hand, engravings that illustrate the poems, and notes with autographs from notable British and French persons.

Comfort Family Papers, 1848–1900. 178 items. Mss1C7345a. Microfilm reels C499–500.
The collection consists primarily of correspondence, 1857–1885, among members of three generations of the Comfort family. Although geographically mobile, this family of ministers and teachers retained a base at Greenfield and Moldavia in Charlotte County. The collection centers on David Comfort III (1837–1873), teacher, Presbyterian minister, and Confederate veteran, and his widow, Charlotte (McIntosh) Comfort, of Boston, Ga. It includes letters to David from his parents, aunts, and siblings, primarily after his emigration to Georgia in 1864 (section 4), and to his widow and young children after his death (section 6). In addition, the collection contains correspondence among members of the McIntosh, Comfort, and Read families during the Civil War (sections 8–11). Typed transcripts exist for some of the Civil War letters. The papers provide information on the education of both men and women, religion, the effect of the Civil War on families and on Southside Virginia, childhood, especially boyhood, family relationships, gender roles, and gender-role expectations in the last half of the nineteenth century.

Compton Family Papers, 1850–1924. 102 items. Mss1C7398a.
Consist of family correspondence, 1850–1924 of Thomas A. Compton ([1802?–1861] of Vicksburg, Miss.), his wife, Eliza (Shaw) Compton ( b. 1805?), and their children: Eleanora V. Compton (b. 1830?), Mary E. Compton (b. 1833?), William Compton (b. 1842?), Julia E. Compton (b. 1833?), and Miss Charles C. Compton. Of greatest interest is the correspondence of Eleanora "Nora" V. Compton, 1851–1861, concerning issues of young women in the pre-Civil War South. Letters discuss courting, marriage, health, and family news. The correspondence of Mary "Mollie" E. Compton, 1852–1889, similarly concerns pre and post-Civil War issues of young women in the South. Letters also including information concerning life in the Reconstruction-era South.

Confederate Memorial Association (Richmond, Va.), Records, 1896–1947. 1,600 items. Mss3C7602aFA1.
The Confederate Memorial Association was established in Richmond to build a Confederate Memorial Institute to house records and artifacts commemorating the Confederacy. The Board of Trustees created a Board of Lady Managers in 1919 and charged them with management of the grounds and the building (known popularly as Battle Abbey).

Records include two volumes of minutes, 1920 and 1923 and 1924–1939, kept by Dorothea Bankhead (Lee) Antrim Antrim (1874–1959) and Elizabeth Strother (Scott) Bocock (1901–1985); loose minutes and reports, 1922, 1926, and 1935–1940; and rules and regulations (box 11). There is also correspondence, 1921–1940, primarily of presidents of the board, Elizabeth Carter (Minor) Funsten (1870–1946) and Katherine Douglas (White) Ferrell, and of Irene Christian Harris, the Battle Abbey custodian (i.e., site supervisor) (box 12). Subjects discussed include inquiries from the public, public relations, and efforts to secure a state appropriation. Account books, 1940–1942 and 1945–1946, contain information on disbursements, admissions, and staff salaries (box 12). A scrapbook, 1896–1925, kept by Lora Effie (Hotchkiss) Ellyson (1848–1935) documents the construction of the Battle Abbey, its early years of operation, and the Charles Hoffbauer murals (box 13).

Congregation Rodof Sholom (Petersburg, Va.), Records, 1930–1976. 200 items. Mss3C7609a.
Congregation Rodof Sholom was founded in 1858 in Petersburg and served as a religious organization until 1974. At times it was known as Congregation Rodof Sholem and its building as Temple Rodof Sholom. Records of the congregation primarily consist of board of trustees meeting minutes and correspondence regarding its operations, relocation to 1855 S. Sycamore Street in 1949, and its ultimate dissolution in 1974. Women's roles in the Congregation are documented in the minutes, 1960–1974, of Rodof Sholom Auxiliary (a64–72). Their recorded activities consist of cleaning the Temple, maintaining the cemetery, fund-raising, arranging for Passover celebrations, and philanthropy.

Conrad, Holmes, Papers, 1794–1959. 392 items. Mss1C7637a. Microfilm reel B13.
The collection centers on the parents of Holmes Conrad (1840–1915), Elizabeth Whiting (Powell) Conrad (1809–1872) and Robert Young Conrad (1805–1875), an attorney in Winchester and a delegate to the Secession Convention in 1861, and offers insights into family relationships, gender roles and expectations, and education during the nineteenth century. Elizabeth Conrad's papers include correspondence, ca. 1823–1840, with her father, Burr Powell (1768–1839), and her mother, Catherine (Brooke) Powell (1770–1851), both before and after her marriage (section 2), as well as nearly one hundred letters, 1829–1867, from her husband (section 3). There is also correspondence with her sons and other kin (section 4). Robert Conrad's papers contain correspondence with his children, with his mother, Rebecca (Holmes) Conrad (1779–1833), and with his brothers and other family members (sections 5–8). Also included are a few speeches, a copy of the secession resolutions, and notes concerning his arrest during the Civil War (sections 29). A small amount of correspondence among earlier and later generations of the Holmes and Conrad families also survives, as well as a few legal papers. Georgia Bryan (Forman) Conrad (1846–1925) and Kate B. Conrad (1836–1902) both supplied essays on slavery for The Southern Workman 30 (1901), published by Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, and a copy of this issue is included in the collection (section 32).

Conrad, Holmes, Papers, 1812–1950. 408 items. Mss1C7637b.
The papers of Holmes Conrad (1840–1915), of Winchester and Washington, D.C., account for about half of this collection; the remainder includes correspondence of his parents, Robert Young Conrad (1805–1875) and Elizabeth Whiting (Powell) Conrad (1809–1872), and his wife, Georgia Bryan (Forman) Conrad (1846–1925). Holmes Conrad's correspondence, 1854–1915, contains letters, 1854–1874, from his parents and siblings written while he attended the Virginia Military Institute and the University of Virginia and served in the Confederate army, as well as letters of congratulations upon his appointment as assistant attorney general of the United States in 1895 (section 1). The correspondence, 1861–1870, of Robert Conrad includes letters to his wife and children written during the Secession Convention in Richmond in 1861 and while he was imprisoned at Fort McHenry, Md., in 1864 (sections 4–5). Letters by Elizabeth Conrad to various family members appear scattered throughout the collection. Georgia Conrad's correspondence, 1868–1920, includes letters concerning the publication of "Reminiscences of a Southern Woman" and letters of condolence at the death of her husband in 1915 (sections 7 and 8). A few papers of other members of the Conrad and Forman families appear in the collection.

[Cotton, John], History of Bacon's and Ingram's Rebellion, 1675–1676. 1 volume. Mss2C8295a1.
This literary account of Bacon's Rebellion, written shortly after the event, is usually attributed to John Cotton (fl. 1660–1678) of York and Northampton counties. It includes references to Bacon's use of women at Jamestown to protect his supporters from the opposition. Nathaniel Burwell acquired the manuscript from an unidentified Virginia family in the late eighteenth century. Loaned to the Massachusetts Historical Society to facilitate publication in 1814, it remained there until 1866, when it was returned to Virginia and given to the VHS. The so-called Burwell Manuscript was published several times in the nineteenth century, often in conjunction with a parallel, streamlined account usually attributed to John's wife Ann. The Ann Cotton narrative first appeared in the Richmond Enquirer in 1804; later publishers, including Peter Force, failed to locate the original manuscript and relied on the 1804 edition.

Cottrell, Mary Jerdone Denton, Diary, 1867 and 1869. 1 volume. Photocopy. Mss5:1C8297:1.
The diary of Mary Jerdone (Denton) Cottrell (1823–1892) of Ellerslie in Henrico County provides a married woman's account of her daily routines, including running a household and social activities, just after the Civil War. Cottrell also records the state of her health and her emotions, as well as her reactions to events in the neighborhood.

Cottrell, Nannie, Album, 1865–1869. 1 volume. Mss5:6C8295:1. Microfilm reel C297.
This volume contains lines of verse dedicated to Nannie Cottrell by classmates at the Southern Female Institute in Richmond.

Coutts, Sophia, Album, 1836–1873. 1 volume. Mss5:5C8377:1. Microfilm reel C297.
This album kept by Sophia Coutts (1835–1863) contains poems on love, friendship, and religion signed by friends, children, and Episcopal rectors. A painted rose and calligraphy decorate the volume, which also includes a cross-stitched bookmark "For my aunt S.C."

Craig House Art Center, Records, 1938–1941. 250 items. Mss3C8443a.
Established with partial funding from the Works Progress Administration of Virginia in 1939 in the Adam Craig House, a restored APVA property in Richmond, to promote African American interest in the fine arts, the Craig House Art Center offered lessons in painting, drawing, music, drama, and sculpture. Anglo American and African American women participated in all aspects of the center—as members of the board of directors, as lecturers and instructors, and as patrons. The records, compiled by the treasurer, Emily Thomason, include correspondence, treasurers' reports, annual summaries, exhibit guides, schedules of art classes, minutes, organizational charts, and newspaper clippings. Correspondents include Adle Clark (1882–1983), Zenobia Gilpin, and Lettice Lee Woodward (Whitlock) Smith. When the center closed in 1941, its assets were transferred to the Art Department of Virginia Union University.

Crickenberger Family Papers, 1868–1951. 1,305 items. Mss1C8676a.
This rich collection of family papers centers on the lives of two sisters, Molly V. Crickenberger (1849–1923) of Salem, Va., and Baltimore, Md., and Anna Elizabeth (Crickenberger) Brown Rutherford (1853–1940) of Salem. The correspondence reveals the dynamics of family life among a geographically dispersed kinship network in the period from the end of the Civil War through the Great Depression. It also illuminates courtship and marriage customs, as well as practices of caring for elderly parents in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The correspondence, 1868–1923, of Molly Crickenberger, who never married, contains letters from her brother Frank Crickenberger (1847–1939), who emigrated from Southwest Virginia to Illinois in 1871, and more than one hundred of her own letters, 1918–1923, from Baltimore to her sister Anna Elizabeth in Salem (section 2). Anna Elizabeth's correspondence, 1886–1939, contains eighty letters exchanged between her and her first husband before their marriage and more than three hundred letters from her daughter Lurline Elizabeth (Brown) Griffith (b. 1889) after she left Salem (section 7). Also included are letters from Frank Crickenberger, as well as other siblings, nieces, and nephews. A small amount of correspondence of Anna Elizabeth's husbands and in-laws in the Brown and Rutherford families also appears in the collection. The correspondence, 1881–1928, of David Philip Theodore Crickenberger (d. 1929), brother of Molly and Anna Elizabeth who became a Lutheran minister and worked in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia, includes several sets of courtship letters, as well as correspondence with family members and friends (section 8). The correspondence of Anna Elizabeth Rutherford's daughters, Lurline Griffith and Ethel Janiola (Brown) Rife (b. 1893), provide insights into life in Baltimore for young, single women during World War I and the 1920s (sections 10 and 11); their correspondence with cousins discusses the circumstances under which their elderly parents lived.

Custis Family Papers, 1683–1858. 909 items. Mss1C9698a. Microfilm reels C223–224.
This collection contains papers pertaining to five generations of Parke and Custis family members in Virginia; it illuminates agricultural practices, the trans-Atlantic economy, and family relationships in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Virginia. Documents dating from the colonial period concern complex family estate settlements. A number of them relate to the affairs of Virginia-born Daniel Parke (1669–1710), who later served as governor of the Leeward Islands. Parke's papers include a lengthy letter, 1705, from his wife, Jane (Ludwell) Parke (1668–1708), discussing plans for their daughters, business affairs in Virginia, and her demands for proper financial support (published in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 54 [1946], 306–315) (section 1). There are also letters, 1708–1747, written to planter and colonial official John Custis (1678–1749) of Williamsburg; some by his wife's brother-in-law, William Byrd II . Correspondence, 1731–1733, of Charles Higgs of Hampstead, England, and attorney John Holloway of Williamsburg, discusses a lawsuit between Lucy (Chester) Parke and Thomas Dunbar Parke, mistress and illegitimate child (respectively) of Daniel Parke, and Byrd and Custis (section 2). The collection also includes deeds and agreements, 1712, signed by Byrd and Custis and their wives, Frances (Parke) Custis and Lucy (Parke) Byrd, the daughters of Daniel and Jane Parke (section 7).

Among the materials concerning the estate of John Custis is the incomplete answer of Anne and Matthew Moody to a bill of complaint issued by Custis's son and executor, Daniel Parke Custis (1711–1757) (section 9). This document reviews John Custis's gifts of property to the Moodys, suggests his dissatisfaction with his son's marriage to Martha Dandridge, and contains information on the assumption of the administration of his estate by his daughter-in-law, Martha (Dandridge) Custis (1731–1802) after the death of her husband.

Materials relating to Daniel Parke Custis of White House in New Kent County, include letters, 1739–1757, written to him (section 10). One from his sister, Frances Parke (Custis) Winch Dansie (1710–1744?), conveys instructions from her seafaring husband to Custis regarding a shipment of tobacco and other local and family business. Accounts, 1751–1773, of Daniel Parke Custis's estate, were kept initially by his widow, Martha (Dandridge) Custis, and later by her second husband, George Washington (1732–1799) (sections 13–15). Correspondence, 1757–1759, and accounts of Martha (Dandridge) Custis illuminate her financial affairs during widowhood (sections 16–18). George Washington's correspondence, 1759–1799, covers a variety of subjects, including plantation operations at White House and at Mount Vernon in Fairfax County (section 19) . It also contains numerous letters to and from his step-grandson, George Washington Parke Custis (1781–1857), while the younger man attended school. Accounts, inventories, and other materials of Washington concern tobacco, slaves, and farming activities generally (sections 20–23).

Correspondence, 1763–1781, and accounts of Daniel and Martha Custis's son John Parke Custis (1755–1781) largely pertain to plantation operations in New Kent County, payments to local physicians, and dealings with merchants in Virginia and England (sections 24–25). Accounts, 1761–1772, of his sister Martha Parke Custis (1757–1773), kept at Mount Vernon, concern clothing and medical care (section 27). Correspondence, 1799–1853, and accounts, 1808–1853, of John Parke Custis's son, George W. P. Custis (1781–1857), illuminate plantation operations at Arlington, then part of Alexandria County, White House, and Romancoke in King William County (sections 29 and 30).

Cutherell, Margaret Annie Blanchard Downing, Papers, 1913–1993. 5 items. Mss2C9727b.
Collection concerns Margaret Cutherell's (1894–1993) education, her employment as a teacher of young Polish immigrants in the Homestead School in Norfolk County (now Chesapeake), and her work as a bookkeeper with Standard Oil Company [now Exxon] after the death of her husband. Enclosed with Cutherell's papers is a biography written by her granddaughter Margaret Downing Acquarulo.

Crump, Nancy Carter, Tabb Family Genealogical Notes. ca. 100 items. Mss6:1T1121:2.
Compiled by Nancy Carter Crump, these genealogical notes primarily concern the Tabb family of Gloucester County. Individuals and subjects researched by Carter include John Tabb (b. 1784) of Whitemarsh (folder 1); John Prosser Tabb (1822–1884) (folder 2); John Tabb (1846–1921) of Summerville (folders 3–4; include a will and reminiscences of Mary James Tabb); Mary Lee Tabb (1887–1980) (folder 5; include poetry and prose and genealogical materials); Warner Throckmorton Tabb (1888–1978) (folders 6–7); Hester Eliza Henrietta (Van Bibber) Tabb (1800–1823) of North End, Mathews County (folder 8; include her correspondence, 1816–1822, with school friends and others); excerpts from the diary, 1861–1864, of Sally Nivison (Lyons) Taliaferro (1829–1899) concerning the Taliaferro family (folder 9); Summerville, Gloucester County (folder 10); Gloucester Academy for Boys and Summerville School for Girls (folder 11); correspondence, 1981–1983, of Nancy Carter Crump (folder 12); Ware Graveyard records for the Bouldin, Corr, Dabney, Duvall, Jones, Lee, Sanders and Vaughn families (folder 13); and miscellany concerning, among others, Mary James Tabb (folder 14).

Curd, Samuella Hart, Diary, 1860–1863. 53 pp. Photocopy of typescript. Mss5:1C9228:1.
Curd began her diary shortly after moving to Fulton, Mo., in 1860. She describes her wedding in Richmond and a trip to Philadelphia with her husband, Thomas Curd (d. 1862), shortly thereafter. The diary discusses her homesickness and sense of isolation at finding herself in a Unionist county in Missouri. She records her church activities, social visits, health, and the weather. While visiting in Richmond, she notes the firing on Fort Sumter. Curd returned to Missouri with her husband for the birth of their first child. Her husband's death in 1862 produced a hiatus in the diary's record, which ends with a brief notation of the death of Curd's daughter in 1863.

Currie, Lydia G. Hinckley, Album, 1856–1891. 1 volume. Mss5:6C9365:1. Microfilm reel C297.
Lydia G. (Hinckley) Currie (1840?–1907) kept this album, presented to her by her brother, in Richmond, Va., and South Dennis, Mass. It contains illustrations of European scenes, lines of verse copied by her male and female friends, and newspaper clippings concerning Robert and George L. Currie.

Updated January 13, 2010