"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
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Rachal, Mary Baskerville Carrington – Rust, Maria Hawkes

Rachal, Mary Baskerville Carrington, Autograph Album, 1876–1877. 1 volume. Mss5:6R1146:1. Microfilm reel C474.
Kept at Sunnyside School in Mecklenburg County by Mary Baskerville (Carrington) Rachal (1869–1904), this small volume contains signatures and initials.

Raine, Frances Rebecca Bouldin Spraggins Brown, Memoir, 1903. 14 pp. Typescript. Mss5:1R1346:1.
In this memoir Frances Rebecca Bouldin (Spraggins) Brown Raine (1816–1907) recalls her childhood in Virginia and recounts the story of her marriage to ship's captain Jeremiah Brown and their emigration to Texas. During the war between Mexico and the Republic of Texas, she fled to her husband's family in Rhode Island; the memoir describes this journey and her subsequent one down the east coast to Virginia. Brown returned to Texas in 1837, and her husband died there two years later. In 1844, she travelled through the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys on her return to Virginia, where she married Charles Anderson Raine (1806–1875) of Charlotte County. The memoir concludes with her brief reflections on the Civil War.

Randall, Laura Henrietta Wirt, Papers, 1819–1857. 74 items. Mss2R1516b. Microfilm reel C507.
This collection consists primarily of letters, 1819–1831, from Laura Henrietta (Wirt) Randall (1803–1834) of Richmond, Washington, D.C., and Jefferson County, Fla., to her friend, Louisa Elizabeth (Cabell) Carrington (1798–1865) of Montevideo in Buckingham County and Singleside (later known as Ingleside) in Charlotte County. Bound in a single volume, most of the letters date from before Laura's marriage in 1827 and chronicle social life in Washington, D.C., where her father served as attorney general of the United States. Later letters discuss her marriage, emigration to Florida, and her children. The collection illuminates the history of girlhood, courtship, motherhood, and migration in antebellum America. Typed excerpts of letters, 1829–1837, by various Cabell and Gamble family members appear in the same volume and document the later lives of Laura and her daughters. A separate volume (Mss2R1516a1) contains typed transcripts of Laura's correspondence and includes genealogical information on the Cabell and Wirt families, as well as transcripts of the wills, 1831 and 1851, of her parents, William Wirt (1772–1834) and Elizabeth Washington (Gamble) Wirt (1784–1857).

Randolph Family Papers, 1838–1926. 46 items. Mss1R1586c.
This collection centers on Janet Cleland (Horner) Weaver (1822–1895) of Warrenton and her daughter Janet Henderson (Weaver) Randolph (1848–1927) of Warrenton and Richmond. Letters, ca. 1843–1876, to Weaver from family members and others discuss family news, her work as a nurse during the Civil War, and the estates of her father and husband (section 2). Letters, 1860–1926, to Randolph concern family matters and genealogy (section 3). Also included is her essay, "A Perfect Woman," written at age fourteen. A few papers pertain to other family members.

Randolph Family Papers, 1786–1970. 217 items. Mss1R1586b.
This diverse collection consists primarily of the papers of three generations of the Randolph family of northern Virginia. The letters, 1843–1889, of Mary Buckner Thruston (Magill) Randolph (1809–1890) discuss family news, financial matters, and the effect of the Civil War on Eastern View in Fauquier County (section 5). The papers of her son Buckner Magill Randolph (1842–1903) include diaries, 1862–1865, documenting his service in the Confederate army (sections 9–10); an account book, 1874–1877, of student records kept while he conducted a school for boys at Eastern View (section 12); and an autobiographical sketch, 1893, describing his wartime service (section 13). Diaries, 1910–1927, kept by his wife, Mary Semmes (Hoxton) Randolph (1846–1930), describe daily events at Redlands in Fauquier County (section 14). The papers of their daughter, Roberta Lee Randolph (1873–1978), include diaries, 1899–1970 (section 17); a farm account book, 1916–1941 (section 19); and a commonplace book, 1928–1961, containing lists of personal property, all kept at Redlands (section 22). Letters, 1860–1865, to Sarah Griffith (Hoxton) Randolph (1840–1923) from her sister, Mary Semmes (Hoxton) Randolph, and her brother, William Hoxton (1844–1876), describe social life in Richmond and Alexandria during the Civil War, and his service in the Confederate army (section 8). The correspondence, 1807–1864, of Sarah's aunt, Sally Winslow Griffith (d. 1864), concerns her speculation in Alexandria town lots, and includes letters from her niece, Eliza Llewelyn (Griffith) Hoxton (1817–1854), describing cooking, fashion, and social life at West Point, N. Y. (section 4). The collection also contains correspondence, 1817–1840, of Mary Braxton (Randolph) Carter (1800–1864) of Shirley in Charles City County that discusses family news and her religious views (section 3), and genealogical notes regarding the Randolph family (section 23).

Randolph, Mary Jefferson, Commonplace Book, 1826. 1 volume. Mss5:5R1564:1. Microfilm reel C303.
Mary Jefferson Randolph (1803–1876) composed this series of brief essays while living in Richmond. Topics addressed include amusements, friendship, honor, revenge, vanity, deportment, lying, reading, and "what constitutes a lady."

Randolph Family Papers, 1858–1961. 113 items. Mss1R1586d.
This collection centers on Roberta Lee Randolph (1873–1978) of Redlands in Fauquier County, although it contains some papers of her parents, Mary Semmes (Hoxton) Randolph (1846–1930) and Buckner Magill Randolph (1842–1903), and a few other family members. Mary (Hoxton) Randolph's papers include a fourteen-volume diary, 1905–1929, that chronicles daily events and farm operations and expenditures at Redlands (section 3), and an account book, 1870–1871, containing financial records, lists of books, china and silverware, and recipes (section 5). Papers of her husband, Buckner Magill Randolph (1842–1903), consist of undated notes regarding his service in the Confederate army (section 1), and a commonplace book, 1900–1901, of assorted verse (section 2). The papers of their daughter, Roberta Lee Randolph, include a fifteen-volume diary, 1902–1961, of daily events and financial expenses at Redlands (section 7); correspondence, 1923–1950, with friends concerning family history (section 8); four commonplace books, 1910–1949, containing detailed records of daily expenditures, notes on poetry and art, and extracts from various histories of colonial Virginia (sections 11–14); and a scrapbook, 1908, of postcards and souvenirs collected on a trip to Belgium and the Netherlands (section 15). Other items in the collection include the will, 1858, of Sally Winslow Griffith (1784?–1864), aunt of Mary (Hoxton) Randolph, and genealogical notes on the Carter, Isham, Magill, and Randolph families (section 18).

Rankin, J. Dunkin, Papers, 1861–1865. 2 items. Photocopies. Mss2R1679b.
Consist of correspondence, 1861–1865, of J. Dunkin Rankin of Centre County, Pa. Include a letter written by Jane C. (Rankin) Armstrong to her brother concerning family matters, life in Richmond at the opening of the Civil War, and her southern sympathies; and a letter of Rankin to his niece, Mary Armstrong, discussing activities of family members and her work as a schoolteacher. Transcriptions are filed with the collection.

Read, Paulina Edmonia Carrington, Scrapbook, 1874–1904. 1 volume. Mss5:7R2207:1. Microfilm reel C474.
This volume, kept at Greenfield in Charlotte County, belonged successively to several women in the Read family. It falls into two parts. The older section contains handwritten and printed clippings of poems. The more recent part consists of genealogies, biographies, and obituaries for assorted members of the Read, Cabell, and Carrington families, including two of the book's three owners. There are also copies of a few letters by various Read and Carrington family members. Paulina Edmonia (Carrington) Read (1825–1904) received the book from her mother. In 1874 it came into the hands of her sister-in-law, Anne Venable Read, who passed it on to her niece, Edmonia Blair Martin (1878–1923), in 1904.

[Reed, Ann], Virginia Collector of Customs, Certificate of Importation, 1756. 1 item. Mss4V819a4.
This document, issued by the Collector of the Customs for the James River Upper District of Virginia, certifies that Christopher Stephenson, master of the ship Duke, put ashore the convicted felon, Ann Reed.

Rennolds, Elizabeth Gordon, Memoir, 1860–1863. 4 pp. Mss5:1R2955:1.
The memoir of Elizabeth (Gordon) Rennolds recalls the Civil War and Reconstruction, which she lived through as a child in Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg. Included are recollections of "yankee" occupation, the end of slavery, and her father's imprisonment.

Retreat for the Sick, Richmond, Records, 1877–1992. 447 items. Mss3R3157a.
Retreat for the Sick, now known as Retreat Hospital, was founded by Annabelle Ravenscroft (Gibson) Jenkins in 1877. Jenkins held an organizational meeting with prominent ladies from Richmond and with various church groups. Each group appointed four representatives to the Board of Managers. In addition to the Board of Managers, a male Board of Incorporators or Board of Directors was created to advise the Board of Managers on financial issues. Their original building was loaned to the Board of Managers by the Medical College of Virginia and was located at 1225 East Marshall Street. Patients, if able, paid for board and treatment, but many were treated for free. In 1883, Retreat moved into its own building on 12th Street. Contributions came from businesses and churches. In addition, the Board offered plays and musicals to the public for fund-raising purposes. Individuals were approached to endow "cots." A special room known as "The Children's Ward" was provided for the youngest patients, with books, pictures and toys. In 1896 a School of Nursing was established in connection with the hospital, but was discontinued in 1935 because of the then existing overproduction of graduate nurses and the increased cost of operating such a school. In 1920, following a successful fund drive, Retreat moved into its present location at 2621 Grove Avenue.

Records in this collection include corporate records and minute books of the hospital's Board of Directors and Board of Managers (sections 1 and 2); annual reports; miscellany concerning the history of Retreat for the Sick, including pamphlets and printed materials (section 6); and materials concerning the School of Nursing (section 7). Also, include commonplace books of Mary Washington Ball (Minor) Lightfoot as president of the Board of Managers (section 4) and miscellaneous materials regarding the capital campaign of 1917–1921 (section 5).

Rice, Marie Gordon Pryor, Memoir, ca. 1855–1885. 24 pp. Typescript. Mss5:1R3652:1.
Written in 1920, the reminiscences of Marie Gordon (Pryor) Rice focus on postbellum race relations at South Isle in Charlotte County. Rice discusses the Emancipation Proclamation, the return of former slaves to the plantation, and the emergence of tenantry, as well as the later exodus of young African Americans to the urban North and the West Virginia coal mines. There is some discussion of the relationship between white women and the African American women they hired as domestic help, as well as information on African American music, language, communities, churches, political participation, and holiday traditions from an outsider's perspective.

Richards, Gertrude Randolph Bramlette, The Ladies Speak, 1928–1945. 322 pp. Mss5:9R3908:1.
Most of this novel, featuring Mary Chestnut, Varina Davis, Emily Randolph Mason, Phoebe Yates Pember, and Sally Tompkins (among others) was set in Washington, D.C., in 1861 and 1862, but it includes scenes in military hospitals in Richmond. Gertrude Randolph Bramlette Richards (1886–1963), who held a doctorate in medieval history from Johns Hopkins University, published other works, but never this one.

Richmond Ice and Milk Mission Papers, 1888–1929. 44 items. Mss3R41567a.
Lucy Parke (Chamberlayne) Bagby (1842–1927) founded this charitable organization, run by women volunteers, in 1888 to provide milk and ice for ice boxes to Richmond's poor. Her daughter, Parke Chamberlayne (Bagby) Bolling (1874–1947), served as chair ca. 1917–1929. Annual reports, 1911–1929, and account books, 1888–1929, provide information on methods of soliciting contributions and distributing goods, as well as the names of donors and recipients. The latter group included an interracial clientele comprising the elderly, the sick, the disabled, and malnourished children. Members of the group took a personal interest in their beneficiaries and occasionally provided clothing in addition to ice and milk. More information on the association may be found in the Bagby Family Papers (Mss1B1463b).

Richmond Female Institute, Records, 1860–1863. 1 item. Mss4W8402a1. Microfilm reelC303.
This collection consists of a list of graduates of the Richmond Female Institute, now Westhampton College of the University of Richmond, for the years 1860–1861, 1861–1862, and 1863–1864; it includes the academic discipline in which each candidate received her degree.

Richmond Education Association, Papers, 1903. 84 items. Mss3R41564a.
In April 1903, the Richmond Education Association, under the leadership of Lila Hardaway (Meade) Valentine (1865–1921), sponsored a conference in Richmond intended to generate community support for education and educators in the South. This collection contains letters of response to invitations issued by the REA to college professors and administrators, city and county education officials, and philanthropists in all parts of the United States (folders 2–5). A small amount of correspondence pertains to planning and organizing the conference (folder 1).

Richmond School Board, Certificates, 1899–1930. 4 items. Mss4R4147b.
This collection contains certificates awarded to students upon completion of various programs of study at institutions under the supervision of the Richmond School Board. Lily Menzel finished the grammar school course at Central School in 1899. Emily Johanna Waldbauer received certification in seventh grade music in 1917, and Pairesade Waldbauer graduated from Fairmount Elementary School in 1913, and completed a stenographic course in 1930 at John Marshall Night High School.

Richmond Female Institute, Diplomas, 1869–1872. 2 items. Mss2M7441b oversize.
Consist of diplomas, 1869–1872, issued to Annie J. (Gaskins) Moncure by the Richmond Female Institute (now Westhampton College of the University of Richmond).

Richmond Female Institute, Records, 1856–1937. 33 items. Mss4W8402b. Microfilm reel C303.
This collection contains a historical sketch by Maude Howlett Woodfin (1891–1948), associate professor of history and president of the Westhampton Alumnae Association, that traces the evolution of the Richmond Female Institute to the Woman's College of Richmond and, finally, to the Westhampton College coordinate of Richmond College, now the University of Richmond, between 1853 and 1916. Also included are selected programs for commencement exercises and musical performances, 1856–1901, scattered invitations to commencement ceremonies and alumnae luncheons, 1871–1928, a copy of the Richmond Female Institute's bylaws, and a few financial papers from the 1870s.

Richmond Gay and Lesbian Alliance Papers, 1982–1988. 40 items. Mss3R41585a.
Founded as the Richmond chapter of the Virginia Gay Alliance, the Richmond Gay and Lesbian Alliance became independent when the state organization disbanded in the mid-1980s. Records include scattered minutes, 1985; newsletters, 1985–1986; and programs and broadsides, 1984–1986, promoting special events. Correspondence, 1982–1988, consists of general communications to the membership. Activities sponsored by the group included the Richmond Aids Information Network (RAIN), a gay and lesbian hotline, an attempt to repeal Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control laws containing derogatory references to gays, and a Richmond Lesbian/Gay Pride Festival. The membership included women, but most officeholders were male and the association targeted the needs of gay men. The group coordinated community outreach efforts with the Richmond Lesbian Feminists and the Virginia Commonwealth University Gay Student Alliance.

Richmond Chamber of Commerce, Papers, 1957. 1 item. Mss4R4189a1.
This document, compiled in 1957 by the Richmond Chamber of Commerce, lists over 150 women's organizations in Richmond. Entries include the name and address of at least one officer for each organization.

Rickman, Edith Young, Papers, 1965–1966. 29 items. Mss2R4115b.
Chiefly notes and letters of condolence, November 1965–December 1966, written to Edith (Young) Rickman (of Farmville) on the death of her father, Bernard Young (d. 1966), a merchant of Greenwood, whom she had nursed during his final illness. Letters from her daughter Barbara (Rickman) Vought (of Norfolk) concern her family life and social activities as the wife of a member of the faculty of Old Dominion University. Also, included are letters from Rickman's sister Sara Young and brother Charles Young, discussing the deaths of their parents.

Ridley Family Papers, 1776–1897. 45 items. Mss1R4377b. Microfilm reel C288.
This collection consists primarily of papers of William Goodwyn Ridley (1842–1862) and his sister, Elizabeth Norfleet (Ridley) Neely (b. 1847?) of Southampton County. It illuminates the education of boys and girls in antebellum Virginia and camp life during the Civil War. William's correspondence, 1858–1862, is with his parents and sisters while he attended Brookland School in Albemarle County and the University of Virginia and served in the Confederate army at Craney Island (sections 3 and 4). Elizabeth's papers contain correspondence, 1861–1867, with her mother (section 7) and a commonplace book, 1863, kept while attending Miss Pegram's School in Richmond (section 8). There are a few letters, 1863, from her sister, Louisa B. (Ridley) Drewry, at Miss Pegram's School, to their mother (section 6).

Ridley Family Papers, 1853–1863. 30 items. Mss1R4377a. Microfilm reel C288.
About two-thirds of this collection consists of letters, 1861–1862, from William Goodwin Ridley (1842–1862), serving in the Confederate army at Craney Island and Richmond, to his mother, father, and sister, in Southampton County (section 2). He discusses family news and camp life. The remainder contains letters, 1853–1863, written to his mother, Elizabeth Norfleet (Goodwyn) Ridley (b. 1821?), from women family members and friends (section 1). They include a letter, 1863, from her daughter, Louisa B. (Ridley) Drewry at Miss Pegram's School in Richmond; letters from relatives in St. Louis, Mo.; and a letter of condolence upon the death of her son, William.

Rind, Clementina, Deed, 1774. 1 item. Mss2R4715a1.
This deed of trust made by Clementina Rind (d. 1774), owner and editor of the Williamsburg Virginia Gazette, shortly after the death of her husband, William Rind, conveys the contents of her printing office and other personal property to John Blair and three other men as security for two loans.

Rives Family Papers, 1818–1951. 529 items. Mss1R5247c.
Papers of the Rives family of Albemarle County consist primarily of accounts, photographs, and miscellaneous materials relating to the family and their home, Castle Hill. Notable women represented are Judith Page (Walker) Rives (1802–1882), Sarah Catherine (Macmurdo) Rives (1833–1909), Sarah Landon Rives (1874–1957), and author Amélie Louise (Rives) Chanler Troubetzkoy (1863–1945).

Section 1 of the collection contains the papers of Sarah "Landon" Rives, the youngest daughter of Alfred Landon Rives (1830–1903) and Sarah Catherine (Macmurdo) Rives. Her papers include personal property inventories from the family estate at Castle Hill, receipts, stock records, tax materials, and other miscellaneous items. Section 2 contains miscellaneous materials, 1818–1951, of the Rives family, which include artwork, mementos, and an obituary of Judith Page (Walker) Rives and artwork, photographs, and other items of Amélie Louise (Rives) Chanler Troubetzkoy. Sections 3 and 4 of the collection contain photographs of these women, some of which are attributed to Sarah "Landon" Rives, an early woman photographer, as well as photographs of artwork depicting Amélie Louise (Rives) Chanler Troubetzkoy.

Rives Family Papers, 1844–1962. 891 items. Mss1R5247a. Microfilm reels C474–476.
Three generations of an artistic Virginia family are represented in this collection. The papers, 1857–1878, of Judith Page (Walker) Rives (1802–1882) of Castle Hill, Albemarle County, published antebellum author and wife of the politician and diplomat William Cabell Rives (1793–1868), display her talent as a writer, as well as shed light on her role as manager of the Rives family farm (section 3). Included are a typescript copy of an autobiography written in 1861 for her grandchildren describing her life in Virginia and in Europe (section 4), and correspondence, 1870, concerning agricultural operations at Castle Hill (section 5). Papers of her daughter-in-law, Sarah Catherine (Macmurdo) Rives (1833–1909), compose one-quarter of the collection and consist of a commonplace book, 1849–1854, containing verse (section 8), and materials, 1908–1934, regarding the settlement of her estate (section 9–11). The third generation of Rives family members represented in this collection include the writer, Amélie Louise (Rives) Chanler Troubetzkoy (1863–1945), wife of portrait painter Prince Pierre Troubetzkoy (1864–1936), and her sister, Sarah Landon Rives (1874–1957). Troubetzkoy's papers include her correspondence, 1873–1941, with friends and family regarding family news and activities (section 13); a sketch book and miscellaneous drawings, 1874–1880, done as a student of mechanical drawing at the Academy of Design in Mobile, Ala. (section 14); a copy, 1937, of her will (section 15); and legal documents concerning the mental state of her first husband, John Armstrong Chanler (1862–1935) (section 17). The papers of Sarah Landon Rives account for more than one-third of the collection and consist of correspondence, 1881–1957, with family and friends primarily concerning family news and the disposition of personal property at Castle Hill (section 20); two German language exercise notebooks, 1888–1890, tests in English, Mathematics, and Geography, and miscellaneous materials from the Keswick School, Albemarle County (section 22); and assorted sketches and lists, 1923–1947, of portraits painted by Sarah Rives (section 23). The collection also includes genealogical notes on the Macmurdo, Potts, Rives, and Walker families, and materials on Castle Hill (section 25).

Roach, Mahala Perkins Harding Eggleston, Diary, 1851–1852, 1864–1865. 3 volumes. Mss5:1R5306:1–3. Microfilm reel C507.
The parents of Mahala Perkins Harding (Eggleston) Roach (1825–1905) emigrated from Virginia to Mississippi ca. 1821. These three volumes represent all that remains of a series of diaries kept by Roach; she claims to have destroyed the others to prevent them from falling into Union hands during the siege of Vicksburg. Entries for the 1850s center on childrearing; social activities, including a states' rights barbecue; and domestic chores. There is also information on the acquisition of slaves by Roach's husband. Entries for 1864–1865 began after the siege and provide Roach's observations on the Federal occupation of the city.

Roberts, Amanda Jane Cooley, Diary, 1842–1854. 1 volume. Mss5:1R5412:1.
Entries record the experiences of Amanda Jane (Cooley) Roberts (1820–1854), a schoolteacher in Grayson and Carroll counties. One of eleven children, Roberts discusses life with her parents and expresses her resentment at having to teach. She and several other women in the household sew and weave and may have sold what they produced. Roberts records a growing sense of loneliness and despair and expresses anxiety about her mental and physical state. She died in 1854, three weeks after marrying Logan Roberts. The VHS also holds the diary, 1842–1848, of her sister, Elizabeth Ann (Cooley) McClure (1825–1848).

Roberts, Amanda Jane Cooley, Commonplace Books, 1843–1854 and 1846–1848. 2 volumes. Mss5:5R5412:1–2.
Volume one contains lines of verse on love, friendship, and death composed by Amanda Jane (Cooley) Roberts (1820–1854) while teaching school in Grayson and Carroll counties. Her record of students' names and attendance at Mrs. Roberts' school in Carroll County constitutes volume two. The VHS also holds her diary (Mss5:1R5412:1).

Roberts Family Papers, 1832–1919. 146 items. Mss1R5446a. Microfilm reel C476.
This collection contains papers of various members of the Burwell and Roberts families, but the correspondence, 1840–1874, of Ann Eliza (Burwell) Roberts (1832–1919) of Charlotte and Mecklenburg counties make up half of the collection (section 8). Letters from family members and friends discuss family news, social life, the Civil War, the education of women, and farming in Alabama; there are also a few financial papers concerning slaves (section 9). Papers of her husband, Theoderic M. Roberts, include correspondence, 1847–1866, with female family members regarding family news and farming (section 5); an account book, 1841–1854, containing farm accounts along with recipes and directions for making paint and soap (section 6); and a few loose accounts, 1850–1860 (section 7). Among the scattered correspondence of other family members are two letters, 1853–1855, from Lewis S. Burwell (b. 1816), who emigrated to Marengo County, Ala., to his mother, Sally Edwards (Green) Burwell (b. 1785), and brother, William Armistead Burwell (b. 1827), of Mecklenburg County, Va. (section 2).

Robertson, Margaret Briscoe Stuart, Scrapbook, 1881–1968. 1 item. Mss5:7R5475:1.
Scrapbook, compiled by Margaret Briscoe (Stuart) Robertson (1855–1932), containing correspondence, photographs, and newclippings. Articles concern her wedding to Alexander Farish Robertson (1853–1938), the political career and death of her father, Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart (1807–1891), her son Archibald Gerard Robertson (1889–1985), and Stuart and Baldwin family genealogy.

Robertson Family Papers, 1825–1936. 4,489 items. Mss1R5498a.
Kate Tabb (Harrison) Davis and Elizabeth (Harrison) White served as the last family custodians for this collection, which illuminates the lives of three generations of their Robertson and Tabb ancestors, including their mother, grandmother, and two great grandmothers. Correspondence, 1874–1882, of Anne Frances (Trent) Robertson (d. 1887) discusses legal affairs surrounding the sale of Mount Athos in Campbell County (section 1). Papers of her son, Powhatan Robertson (1820–1882), include correspondence, 1856–1882, legal papers, and accounts, 1848–1882, and document the operation and sale of Mount Athos and Marlborough in Stafford County (sections 2–7 and 12–14). Correspondence, 1866–1915, of Powhatan Robertson's second wife, Kate Harrison (Tabb) Robertson (1847–1915) of Woodstock in Mathews County, constitutes nearly one-third of the collection and consists primarily of letters exchanged with her daughter, Ellen Harrison (Robertson) Harrison (1880–1969) of Richmond, East Aurora, N.Y., and Brook Hill, Va. (section 20). They discuss daily life and the affection of the two women for each other. An account book, 1882–1893, and accounts, 1881–1913, document Kate's service as executor of her husband's estate (sections 21 and 22). Ellen's correspondence, 1901–1936, includes many letters, 1930–1936, from her half-sister, Gay Bernard (Robertson) Fleming (1866–1936) of Blue Ridge Summit, Pa. (section 23). They discuss social life, family news, and mutual friends. The collection also contains some personal accounts, 1883–1904, of Ellen's maternal grandmother, Mary Harrison (Randolph) Tabb (1819–1907) (section 31), as well as legal documents, 1883–1885, pertaining to Mary's administration of the estate of her husband, George Edward Tabb (1810–1862) (section 29).

Robertson, Doris Virginia Parker, Memoir, 1916–1925. 10 pp. Photocopy of typescript. Mss5:1R5454:1.
Doris Virginia (Parker) Robertson (b. 1916) recalls her childhood in Cumberland County for her granddaughter, Doris DeVaun Robertson. The memoir, written ca. 1975, discusses school, grandparents, Christmas celebrations, and rural life in the early twentieth century. Robertson mentions an African American who operated her father's farm and draws upon the representation of Uncle Remus in the Disney movie "Song of the South" to characterize the relationship that she and her siblings had with him.

Robins Family Papers, 1784–1939. 4,290 items. Mss1R5595a.
The collection contains the papers of four generations of the Robins family of Gloucester County. Chiefly represented are Thomas Robins (1746–1808) of Point Lookout; his son Thomas Robins (1771–1821) of Point Lookout; his grandson Thomas Coleman Robins (1804–1888), planter, of The Glebe and Point Lookout; and great-grandson Thomas Armistead Robins (1831–1864), merchant. Also, include accounts, 1819–1858 (sections 18 and 22), bonds (section 23), and land records (section 24) of the Thomas Robins's (1771–1821) wife, Ann Watkins (Hudson) Robins (1777–1858); personal and business correspondence, 1823–1886, of Thomas Coleman Robins, in part concerning the education of women and Gloucester Charity School, Gloucester County (section 35); accounts, 1845–1863, of Thomas Coleman Robins kept as guardian of Ann Maria Robins, including educational fees (section 63); letters, 1835–1885, written to Thomas C. Robins's wife, Amelia (Armistead) Robins (1800–1885) (section 73); accounts, 1859–1862, kept at The Glebe by Amelia (Armistead) Robins (section 74); a certificate of merit issued to Flora Hope Robins (1880–1969) of Washington, D.C., for service in the Bureau of Naturalization of the Department of Labor (section 98); and an agreement, 1877, of Lelia W. (Buford) Robins (1839–1906) and Thomas Seddon Taliaferro (1831–1911) regarding the employment of Mrs. Robins as a school teacher in Gloucester County (section 95).

Robinson Family Papers, 1732–1921. 317 items. Mss1R5685d.
This collection contains papers of members of the Russell and Robinson families of Williamsburg, Yorktown, and Richmond. Papers of William Russell (d. 1812) of Williamsburg include materials regarding his estate, the estate of Benjamin Powell of Williamsburg, and legal papers, ca. 1780–1800, concerning the affairs of Ann (Powell) Burwell and Susanna Riddle (also Riddell), of Yorktown and Williamsburg (sections 4 and 7). Correspondence, 1783–1802, of Jane (Hunter) Charlton of Williamsburg includes letters regarding her benevolence toward female relatives in England (section 19), as well as a copy of her will (section 20). The papers of Anthony Robinson (1771–1851), a court clerk in Richmond, and his wife, Elizabeth (Russell) Robinson (1778–1852), pertain to their property and estates of other family members (sections 12–17).

Robinson, Ann Poitiaux, Album, 1834. 1 volume. Mss5:5R5606:1.
This album, kept by Ann Poitiaux Robinson of Portsmouth in 1834, contains verses signed or initialed by male and female friends. Her niece, Elizabeth B. (Archer) Robinson received the volume in 1916, shortly after the death of her husband; she added lines of verse, letters concerning her husband, and other information about him.

Rodes, Mary Betty, Papers, 1927–1980. 584 items. Mss1R6157a.
Chiefly letters (some enclosing photographs and other materials) written to Mary Betty Rodes (1913– ), a teacher of Greenwood and Charlottesville, by various United States servicemen during World War II. Letters discuss military life and training, transportation problems, religious life, plans for peacetime, and personal and family relationships, and often comment on Rodes's life in Virginia during the war. Also, include letters written to Mary Betty Rodes while a student at the State Teachers College, Harrisonburg (now James Madison University) by various male friends; financial accounts and other materials kept as a student; materials concerning Rodes's service during World War II as a member of the U.S. Army Air Forces' Aircraft Warning Service, Albemarle Civilian Ground Observer Corps, and the Albemarle County Chapter of the American Red Cross; and miscellany.

Roller Family Papers, 1828–1974. 3,400 items. Mss1R6498bFA2.
This collection contains papers of three generations of members of the Cabell family of Inglewood and Variety Mills in Nelson County and two generations of Roller family members of Harrisonburg and Richmond. The papers of Elizabeth Willis (Eubank) Cabell and her daughters, Mary Caroline Cabell and Lucy Brown (Cabell) Roller, and her granddaughter, Elizabeth Henry (Roller) Bottimore, account for the bulk of the collection.

The earliest documents in the collection are an account book, 1833–1839, of George Washington Cabell (1802–1869) that illuminates farming and lumber operations at Inglewood (series 1) and includes short stories by his daughter Lucy Brown Cabell (1836–1911), who never married, and the commonplace book, 1828–1834, of his wife, Mary Anne (Anthony) Cabell (1808–1868), that contains essays and poetry, chiefly on religious topics (series 2). Lucy Brown Cabell's papers include personal correspondence, 1854–1906, accounts, 1882–1893, a commonplace book, 1849–1859, containing poetry; and materials, 1887–1888, relating to time spent by her sister, Margaret Clifford Cabell (1835–1888), as an inmate at the Western Lunatic Asylum (now Western State Hospital) in Staunton (series 4).

Correspondence, 1859–1906, of Lucy Cabell's brother, Patrick Henry Cabell (1837–1907), is primarily with his wife, Elizabeth Willis (Eubank) Cabell (1843–1907), and daughters, and was written while he served as superintendent of schools in Nelson County and as an employee of the Southern Railway Company in Lynchburg; there are also five student notebooks (series 5). Correspondence, 1897–1907, of Elizabeth Cabell is mostly with her children and other female relatives and discusses their educations, work, and social lives (series 6).

The remainder of the collection consists primarily of papers of the children of Patrick and Elizabeth Cabell. Correspondence, 1896–1920, of Patrick Henry "Carey" Cabell is chiefly with his siblings (series 7). His sister, Mary Caroline "Callie" Cabell (1853–1940), who never married, ran a school at Inglewood. Her papers include correspondence, 1899–1940, with family members and friends and an account book, 1915–1916, for the school (series 8). Correspondence, 1890–1951, of their sister Anne Woolston (Cabell) Flowers (1869–1958) is primarily with her sisters and describes her teaching in Virginia, Kentucky, and North Carolina (series 9). Papers of her sister Lucy Brown "Lily" (Cabell) Roller (1871–1914) contain correspondence, 1888–1914, with family members and female friends documenting family news and social activities; there is also information on her activities as a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Colonial Dames of Virginia (series 11). Correspondence, 1870–1916, of her husband, John Edwin Roller (1844–1918), concerns his plans to run for re-election to the Virginia House of Delegates, 1872, his marriage to Lucy (Brown) Cabell in 1896, and thereafter his family life (series 10). Correspondence of Margaret "Etta" (Cabell) Mathews (1876–1969) contains a few letters from the period, ca. 1905–1910, when she and her husband were missionaries to Liberia (series 13). A few papers pertain to other children of Patrick and Elizabeth Cabell.

Papers of the children of "Lily" Cabell and John Edwin Roller include correspondence, 1899–1947, of Lucy Cabell Roller (1899–1949) with her sisters (series 18), and correspondence, 1927–1960, of Elizabeth Henry (Roller) Bottimore (1902–1993) of Richmond and Glens Falls, N.Y., with various family members and friends (series 19). The collection also contains scattered papers of other Cabell, Micklem, and Roller family members. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, Letter, 1905. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2R6772a1.
Letter, 11 October 1905, written by Edith Kermit (Carow) Roosevelt (1861–1948), second wife of President Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919), to Elizabeth Lyne (Hoskins) Montague (1868–1951), wife of Governor Andrew Jackson Montague (1862–1937), discussing plans for a luncheon in Richmond the following week.

Roots, Samantha Hukeless, Papers, 1932–2004. 57 items. Mss1R6797a.
Scattered correspondence and other materials of Richmond native Samantha (Hukeless) Roots (1917–2004) reflecting her education, her relationships with extended family in New York State and New Jersey, her work with the Juvenile Circles, Independent Order of St. Luke, and her work in the public schools of Richmond. Section 1 contains correspondence with, among others, her aunt Cora (Huckless) Footman of Flushing, N.Y. (letter of 1932 June 24 recommends that Samantha finish school so that she will have a trade and not have to support herself, as her mother does, by taking in laundry), her aunt Jennie Harris Huckless of Long Branch, N.J. (letter of 1941 July 1 refers to having moved to a new government funded apartment), brother Robert Hukeless, while at the Naval Training Station, Great Lakes, Ill. (letter of 1944 April 7 tells of a trip to Chicago), Hazel Hunt of Los Angeles, Calif. (letter of 1948 August 22 gives reasons why she and her husband do not intend to return to Virginia), and George W. Witt of Richmond (letter of 1938 October 31 congratulates Samantha on her marriage and refers to sending a gift of money so that she and her husband may attend the movie "Alexander's Ragtime Band"). Section 2 contains materials concerning Mrs. Roots's attendance at Van De Vyver Institute, Richmond, a private Catholic high school for African Americans. These records include a program and partial script for the annual; a diploma; and a program for a class reunion. In section three, materials may be found concerning Mrs. Roots's membership in the "Paynes Volunteers" Juvenile Circle, Independent Order of St. Luke, an African American fraternal organization. These include a copy of the Ritual (annotated with "Samantha Hukeless, pres."); pass words for 1932 June–December 1 and 1932 December 1–1933 June 1; and a printed letter, 1940 March 20, concerning a "Rainbow Wedding."

Rosemary Public Library, Papers, 1898–1914. 80 items. Mss4R7225b.
Although it was founded by Thomas Nelson Page, a group of women civic leaders soon took over operation of the Rosemary Public Library in Richmond; Lucy Parke (Chamberlayne) Bagby (1842–1927) served as president of the Board of Managers. This collection contains a minute book, 1905–1910, of the board's monthly meetings; a short history of the library; fire insurance policies, 1898–1914; and a few other miscellaneous papers.

Rosier Family Papers, 1828–1928. 766 items. Mss1R7305a.
This collection contains the correspondence and other papers of the Rosier family of London, England, and New York, N.Y. Most of the correspondence is between Fitz William Rosier (1808–1882), a music instructor and translator of German, French, and Italian music who came to Richmond from New York, and his pupil and later wife, Sarah Catherine (Walthall) Rosier (1838–1928). Early correspondence between Fitz William and Sarah was on a friendly level and covered topics such as music, health, work, and money. Sarah was employed at the Hollins Institute [now Hollins University] from approximately 1868 to 1875 and during this time regularly corresponded with Rosier to acquire advice on music and other matters. She later returned to Richmond to live with her parents and work as a private music teacher. By 1877, the nature of Fitz William and Sarah's letters had changed to reflect their romantic relationship; the correspondence effectively ended with their marriage in 1880. At that time Sarah was 42 and Fitz William was 72. After Fitz William's death in 1882 and the death of Sarah's sister, Mary Jane (Walthall) Armistead, in 1883, Sarah, also known as Aunt Kate, devoted herself to the care of her Armistead nieces and nephews.

Sections 1 and 3 contain correspondence between Fitz William and Sarah and sections 4–6 include Sarah's accounts, commonplace books, and miscellaneous papers. Section 7 includes some other notable correspondence between Sarah's sister Mary Jane (Walthall) Armistead of Gloucester County and their mother, Sarah Frances (Wilson) Walthall of Richmond, discussing money, Mary Jane's children, and family issues.

Rudasill, Alice Edmonds, Diary, 1861. 20pp. Photocopy of typescript. Mss5:1R8307:1.
A typed transcript of a diary, 1861 July 4–December 31, kept primarily at Wayside Cottage, Fauquier County, by Alice (Edmonds) Rudasill (1835–1875), concerning life on the home front during the Civil War.

Rudolph, Winona Fay Chittum, Memoir, 1991. 2 pp. Photocopy of typescript. Mss5:1R8356:1.
In this memoir Winona Fay (Chittum) Rudolph recalls her work and co-workers at the Norfolk Navy Yard in Portsmouth during World War II. Hers is one of several recollections of shipyard work collected by Nancy Chappelear Baird.

Runyon, Emily Earl Chenault, Papers, 1857–1956. 729 items. Mss1R8766a.
This collection primarily contains correspondence (section 1), 1880–1947, of physician Emily Earl (Chenault) Runyon (reportedly the first woman to practice medicine on her own in Richmond). Most is with her mother, Henrietta (Bronston) Chenault of Lexington and Versailles, Ky., and Richmond, Va., and daughter, Henrietta Bronston (Runyon) Winfrey of Richmond and while attending Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, Pa., although communications with or from other persons reflect on her education and early work outside of Virginia. The letters with relatives concern daily life and family life. Also, the collection includes correspondence, 1907–1908, regarding Runyon's acceptance by the Woman's Board of Foreign Missions, Methodist Episcopal Church, South (Kansas City, Mo.) for mission work in China, the toll the voyage from San Francisco, Calif., to China took on her own health, and her subsequent dismissal from the mission. Materials concerning her Richmond practice (section 2) include a commonplace book, 1894–1895, containing medical exam questions, notes on various medical ailments, and an account of expenses; a "Physician's Visiting List," 1893–1911, containing a list of patients treated by Dr. Runyon; and some related pieces.

Rust, Maria Hawkes, Account Book, 1858–1867. 1 volume. Photocopy. Mss5:3R9263:1.
This account book kept in Richmond by Maria (Hawkes) Rust (1828–1910) lists expenditures, 1858–1867, and receipts, 1858–1866. Payments include a few to individual women and unnamed dressmakers; expenditures are primarily for articles of dress or personal grooming, as well as opera tickets, presents, and postage. Receipts for some years amount to hundreds of dollars, but for others run to much less, and are given under names of individuals of both sexes.

Updated January 13, 2010