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Haile, Robert Gaines - Hutchison Family Papers

Haile, Robert Gaines, Diary, 1862. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1H1252:1.
A photocopy of a typed transcript of a diary, 1–23 June 1862, kept by Robert Gaines Haile (1832–1862) of Company F of the 55th Virginia Infantry Regiment. The diary contains daily entries describing life in camp, picket duty east of Richmond, and instances of fraternization between Union and Confederate pickets.

Hamilton, J. R., Letter, 1865. 1 item. Mss2H1805a1.
A letter, 28 March 1865, from J. R. Hamilton, a field reporter for the New York Times, to William Swinton (1833–1892) reporting on a council of war held by Ulysses S. Grant (and attended by William Tecumseh Sherman, Philip Henry Sheridan, and David Dixon Porter [1813–1891]) to plan the final assaults against the Confederate armies, and speculating on Grant's possible replacement of George Gordon Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac with Sherman.

Hamner Family Papers, 1860–1979. 35 items. Mss1H1845a.
This collection contains the papers of the Hamner family of Virginia. Included is a photocopy of a diary, 1 October 1860–22 May 1862, kept by Nimrod Bramham Hamner (1844–1862) while a student at the University of Virginia and a member of Company G of the 59th Virginia Infantry Regiment, concerning his enlistment and his service in western Virginia (now W.Va.) in the fall of 1861. The diary contains copies of letters from Hamner to his parents relating details of marches, camp life, and his experiences at Gauley Bridge and Big Sewell Mountain (now W.Va.).

Hankins Family Papers, 1820–1928. 742 items. Mss1H1946a. Microfilm reels C275–277.
Contains the papers of the Hankins family of Bacon's Castle, Surry County. Civil War items include the correspondence of John Henry Hankins (1804?–1870) with his son, James DeWitt Hankins (1841–1866) of the Surry Light Artillery Battery, concerning Union raids in Surry County in the fall of 1864 and John Hankins's efforts to get his family members and slaves to safety, James's possible candidacy for the Virginia legislature, a murder of white Surry County men by fugitive slaves on Jamestown Island (28 October 1862), the Peninsula campaign, and camp life around Richmond (section 6); an account, 1862, for medical care of black and white persons at Bacon's Castle and a receipt for taxes paid in 1864 (section 7); and the correspondence of Louisiana (Wilson) Hankins (1819–1865) with her son, James Hankins, and her daughter, Virginia Wilson Hankins, regarding camp life in the Surry Light Artillery on the outer defenses of Richmond in 1863, a Union raid on Bacon's Castle in September 1864 by African-American troops, and family and social life in wartime Surry County (section 12).

Also includes the correspondence of James DeWitt Hankins with Williams R. Barham (concerning recruiting for the Surry Light Artillery in February 1863), George Duffield (concerning secession and South Carolina's view of Virginia in the national crisis), Virginia Wilson Hankins (concerning defending Port Walthall and the James River in May 1862, the Seven Days' battles, her impression of soldiers in the Confederate Signal Corps stationed near Bacon's Castle, a Union expedition against Smithfield on 11–12 April 1864, and Union cavalry at Bacon's Castle in July 1864), and William Gordon McCabe ([1841–1920] concerning reviews and inspections of troops on the Richmond outer defense lines in the spring of 1863) (section 13); miscellaneous materials of James D. Hankins including a speech, 1861, by Hankins accepting a flag for his battery from the women of Surry County, General Order No. 15, 12 December 1862, issued by Gustavus Woodson Smith concerning Arnold Elzey as commander of Richmond's defenses, and a receipt, 1864, for payment of taxes in Surry County (section 14).

Other wartime items include an incomplete diary, May-July 1863, kept by Virginia Hankins primarily concerning her private life and her friendship with poet Sidney Lanier (1842–1881) and his brother Clifford while they were stationed near Bacon's Castle (section 17); and letters to Virginia Hankins from Loulie P. Davidson (concerning the death of Leigh Richmond Terrell [1835–1864] of the 47th Alabama Infantry Regiment), from John Henry Hankins and Louisiana Hankins (concerning their fears over potential Union raids into Surry County in September 1862), from John Henry Hankins ([b. 1846] concerning his service in the Confederate Signal Corps), and from John Vaughan Willcox (1836–1875) of the Signal Corps of Jubal A. Early's Division (concerning their courtship and raids on his mother's home at Flower de Hundred) (section 18).

Harlow Family Papers, 1858–1864. 88 items. Mss1H2275a. Microfilm reel C597.
The Harlow family papers, 1858–1864, consist primarily of letters, 1861–1864, to family members from George K. Harlow (d. 1865), concerning his service in Company D of the 23d Virginia Infantry Regiment. Harlow's letters home describe, in minimal detail, his health, an encounter with Jefferson Davis, camp life, and religious and farming advice for his family. Also in the letters are Harlow's brief descriptions of his regiment's participation in the Shenandoah Valley campaign of 1862 and the battles of Corricks Ford, Cheat Mountain, Cedar Mountain, the Seven Days, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Mine Run.

Harlow, Reuben, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2H2275a1.
A letter, 30 December 1863, from Reuben Harlow of the 20th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment to his wife concerning his confinement in Richmond as a prisoner of war and the possibility of her drawing his pay while he remained a prisoner.

Harrison, Elizabeth Gatewood (Williamson), Commonplace Book, 1865. 1 volume. Mss5:5H2456:1.
This collection consists of a commonplace book, 1865, kept by Elizabeth Gatewood (Williamson) Harrison (1835–1918) of Elk Hill, Goochland County. The book contains verse relating to the war and signatures of the following Confederate officers: Robert E. Lee, Richard Stoddert Ewell, Jubal A. Early, Robert Emmett Rodes, Stephen Dodson Ramseur, and John Bell Gordon.

Harrison Family Papers, 1756–1893. 445 items. Mss1H2485d. Microfilm reels C411–412.
Contains the papers of the Harrison family of Virginia. Included is the correspondence, 1861, of Carter Henry Harrison (1831–1861) of the 18th and 11th Virginia Infantry Regiments with his wife, Alice Burwell (Williams) Harrison (1827–1895), discussing camp life in Richmond and in northern Virginia, and her efforts in making tents for her husband (section 15).

Harrison Family Papers, 1771–1931. 42 items. Mss1H2485g.
Contains the papers of the Harrison family of Virginia. Civil War items consist of Special Order No. 159, 2 June 1861, issued by Robert Selden Garnett, concerning duty assignments for Carter Henry Harrison and Robert P. Anderson with the 18th and 20th Virginia Infantry Regiments ; Special Order No. 478, 4 December 1864, issued by Henry Alexander Wise, regarding a detail of men from the 4th, 26th, and 46th Virginia Infantry Regiments to work on fortifications near Chaffin's Bluff; and an undated list of blankets and shoes issued to Company E of the 18th Virginia Infantry (section 5).

Harrison Family Papers, 1802–1869. 130 items. Mss1H2485e. Microfilm reel C412.
Contains the papers of the Harrison family of Loudoun County. Civil War items include letters, 1862, to Burr William Harrison (1793–1865) from his son, William Ellzey Harrison (1832–1873) of the Confederate Engineers Corps, concerning the battle of Malvern Hill (section 1); letters, 1861–1862, from William E. Harrison to his brother, Matthew Harrison (1822–1875), seeking advice as to whether he should remain an engineer or transfer to the infantry; and a letter, 25 January 1864, from Powell Harrison (1833–1878) of the 18th Virginia Cavalry Regiment concerning military operations in the Shenandoah Valley (section 9).

Harrison, Randolph, Papers, 1860–1865. 48 items. Mss2H24774b.
This collection consists primarily of the letters, 1861–1865, of Randolph Harrison (1831–1894) of the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his wife, Elizabeth Gatewood (Williamson) Harrison (1835–1918). Harrison's letters discuss family news and camp life in western Virginia (now W.Va.), North Carolina, and Virginia. The collection includes transcripts of the letters.

Harrison, Walter Hamilton, Letter, 1861. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2H2486a1.
A photocopy of a letter, 27 August 1861, from Walter Hamilton Harrison (1827–1871) to William Henry Fitzhugh Payne (1830–1904) of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment concerning the gift of a pair of spurs to Payne from an unknown admirer in New York City for Payne's service at the first battle of Bull Run.

Harrison, William F., Letter, 1861. 1 item. Mss2H24875a1.
A letter, 13 June 1861, from William F. Harrison of Company F of the 23d Virginia Infantry Regiment to his wife, Maria L. Harrison, concerning his regiment's march across Randolph County (now W.Va.).

Harrison, William Southall, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2H24885a1.
A letter, 8 May 1863, from William Southall Harrison of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his mother offering a description of the unit's role in the battle of Chancellorsville and of the effect of Robert E. Lee's presence on Union and Confederate soldiers following the battle. The collection includes a transcription of the letter.

Harrold, James A., Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss2H2496a1.
A letter, 30 April 1864, from James A. Harrold to William H. Wesson of Summerville, S.C., concerning, in part, Harrold's service as a surgeon at the Confederate army hospital in Monticello, Fla.

Harvie Family Papers, 1810–1913. 115 items. Mss1H2636d. Microfilm reel C467.
This collection consists primarily of the correspondence of Sarah (Blair) Harvie (1814–1890) and her daughter Josephine Blair Harvie (1848–1913), both of Amelia County, Va. Wartime items include letters written to Sarah (Blair) Harvie by her son Charles Irving Harvie ([1842–1864] while serving in the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment and on the staff of Albert Gallatin Jenkins) describing a march in the Shenandoah Valley in July 1861, an inspection tour in the Valley with Jenkins in February 1864, and the battle of Cloyd's Mountain; her son James Seddon Harvie ([1846–1915] while a cadet at the Virginia Military Institute) regarding his request for new shoes after a march of the cadets in the Valley in December 1863 wore his old shoes out, and news of Joseph Eggleston Johnston's elevation to command of the Army of Tennessee; and William Old Harvie ([b. 1839] while serving in the Confederate States Army) discussing the poor performance of Jeb Stuart and the Confederate cavalry in the battle of Brandy Station and news of the wounding and capture of his brother Charles Irving Harvie (Section 2). Other items include letters, 1864, written by Edwin James Harvie (1835–1911) to his mother, Sarah (Blair) Harvie, concerning the death of his brother, Charles Irving Harvie, and the battle of Nashville, Tenn. (Section 3); and a commission, 8 January 1864, of Charles Irving Harvie appointing him assistant adjutant general on the staff of Albert Gallatin Jenkins (Section 5).

Haskell, John Cheves, Reminiscences, 1903. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:3E605H2738:1.
Contains a typescript copy of the reminiscences of John Cheves Haskell (1841–1906). Haskell offers detailed descriptions of his service in the 1st South Carolina Artillery Battery, on the staffs of Gustavus Woodson Smith, David Rumph Jones, Alexander Robert Lawton, and James Longstreet, and as commander of a battalion of artillery in the Army of Northern Virginia. The reminiscences have been published as The Haskell Memoirs (New York, 1960), edited by Gilbert E. Govan and James W. Livingood.

Hatcher, Oranie Virginia (Snead), Recollections, ca. 1910. 1 item. Mss5:1H2825:1.
This collection contains the recollections of Oranie Virginia (Snead) Hatcher (1843–1925) of Fluvanna County. Hatcher offers a detailed account of a Union cavalry raid into Fluvanna County led by Philip Henry Sheridan in March 1865.

Hatton, Robert Hopkins, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2H28958a1.
A letter, 23 May 1862, from Robert Hopkins Hatton to Gustavus Woodson Smith reporting on the position and deployment of Hatton's brigade and on Union troop movements on the eve of the battle of Seven Pines.

Haw, Richardson Wallace, Papers, 1832–1881. 16 items. Mss1H3104a. Microfilm reel C598.
This collection consists primarily of items relating to service of Richardson Wallace Haw (1838–1901) in the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Materials relating to his Confederate service include a diary, 15 June 1861–9 July 1862, with brief notes regarding daily duties and the regiment's participation in the Peninsula campaign and the Seven Days' battles (a1); a letter, 1863, from Haw to his sister concerning the Suffolk campaign (a2); military passes, 1862–1865, and Haw's Appomattox parole (a3–9); and a roster, 1865, of soldiers in the 15th Virginia present at the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House (a10).

Hawes, Katharine Heath, Papers, 1789–1931. 120 items. Mss1H3112a. Microfilm reel C468.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Hawes and Smith families of Virginia. Civil War materials consist of the correspondence of Samuel Horace Hawes (1836–1922) of the 2d Company of Richmond Howitzers with family members discussing secession and military events in the spring of 1861 (folder 5), and a diary, 7 May 1861–1 June 1865, kept in three volumes by Samuel Hawes, with entries concerning the battery's movements throughout Virginia, the battle of Big Bethel, the 1862 Maryland, Gettysburg, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania Court House campaigns, and his experiences as a prisoner of war at Morris Island, S.C., and Fort Pulaski, Ga. (folder 6). Included in folder 6 is a typed transcript of Hawes's diary. A separate typescript copy of the diary is available in the following collection: Samuel Horace Hawes Diary (Mss5:1H3115:1).

Hay, Samuel J., Letter, 1865. 1 item. Mss2H3233a1.
A letter, 20 January 1865, from Samuel J. Hay to Philip Haxall (1840–1897), of Beverly Holcombe Robertson's staff, discussing the Confederate withdrawal from Pocotaligo, S.C., the fall of Fort Fisher, N.C., and Hay's opinion of Confederate leadership in the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

Hayes, John S., Letterbook, 1862. 1 volume. Mss5:2H3275:1. Microfilm reel C598.
The letterbook, 8 February–3 December 1862, of John S. Hayes (1835–1913) of the Confederate Subsistence Department contains copies of official letters to individuals concerning the acquisition and disposition of food supplies (particularly cattle). Correspondents in the letterbook include Hayes, Lucius Ballinger Northrop, and Joseph Reid Anderson.

Hays, James, Papers, 1861–1865. 12 items. Mss2H3344b.
This collection consists primarily of letters, 1861–1864, from James Hays (1839–1888) of Company I of the 12th Mississippi Infantry Regiment to his mother, Emily Thompson (West) Hays (1820–1897) of Holmes County, Miss. Topics include camp life in northern Virginia in 1861 (including living conditions and the building of breastworks), the retreat of the Confederate army from Manassas in March 1862, fighting along Mine Run in late November 1863, and his experiences at the battle of the Wilderness (as a member of Nathaniel Harrison Harris's staff). Other items in the collection include photocopies of Hays's commission, 1863, from the Confederate Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, and an oath of allegiance, 1865, to the United States government sworn by Emily Hays.

Healy, J., Receipt, 1862. 1 item. Mss2H3499a1.
A pay voucher, 30 November 1862, issued to J. Healy of Company H of the 6th Louisiana Infantry Regiment. The document indicates that Healy had suffered a wound at the battle of Antietam.

Henninghausen, Charles August, Letter, 1865. 1 item. Photocopy of translation. Mss2H3932a1.
A photocopy of a translation of a letter, 24 April 1865, from Charles August Henninghausen (1835–1926) of Company K of the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his mother offering a brief summary of his service. Included in the summary are descriptions of camp life on the Peninsula in the fall of 1861, the siege of Yorktown, the disbanding of Company K, his service in a local reserve company in Richmond, prices in the city in 1864, and the evacuation fire.

Henninghausen, Charles August, Papers, 1851–1906. 27 items. Photocopies. Mss2H3932b.
This collection contains photocopies of materials primarily relating to the Civil War service of Charles August Henninghausen (1835–1926) of Richmond. Items include a diary, 24 May 1861–19 May 1862, kept by Henninghausen, recording, in brief entries, his service in the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment on the Peninsula (b1); a memoir, 1906, of his service in the 15th Virginia (with descriptions of camp life at Williamsburg in the summer of 1861) (b2); an undated memoir containing a detailed sketch of his experience as a member of the 19th Virginia Militia Regiment in the 1 October 1864 fighting east of Richmond (b3); an undated memoir that contains brief mention of his service in the 15th Virginia and 19th Militia (b4); affidavits, 1864, relating to Henninghausen's militia service (b7–8); a letter, 17 May 1862, from Henninghausen to the commander of the 15th Virginia in which he expresses his desire to gain a discharge from the service (b9); a discharge, 12 July 1862, issued to Henninghausen (b10); an exemption certificate, 18 June 1862, issued to Henninghausen allowing him to manufacture surgical instruments for the Confederate army (b11); a commission, 16 July 1864, as second lieutenant in the 19th Militia (b13); muster rolls, compiled by Henninghausen in 1903 of Company K of the 15th Virginia (b14–16); a muster roll, 14 June 1864, of Company H of the 19th Militia (b17); muster rolls, compiled in 1884, of Company K of the 15th Virginia (b20); and a notice, 12 March 1864, concerning enlistment in the Virginia militia (b21).

Henrico County, Enrolling Office, Report, 1864. 1 item. Mss4H3946a1.
Consists of a report, 1864, listing thirteen conscripts arrested in Henrico County between the first and twenty-first of April.

Henrico County, Poll Book, 1862. 1 item. Mss4H3942a1.
A Henrico County poll book, 10 February 1862, containing votes for the election of a member to the Congress of the Confederate States of America.

Henry, Arthur R., Report, 1865. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss7:2R4155:60.
A photocopy of a report, 3 April 1865, filed with the New York Tribune by Arthur R. Henry. The report offers a detailed description of the fall of Richmond to Union forces under the command of Godfrey Weitzel.

Herbert Family Papers, 1793–1933. 67 items. Mss1H4155a.
This collection contains the papers of the Herbert family of Alexandria. Included are the Civil War reminiscences, 1905, of Arthur Herbert (1829–1919), printed in the Fairfax Herald, concerning his service throughout the war in the 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment (section 4).

Higginbotham, Clifton V., Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss2H5354a1.
A letter, 11 July 1864, from Clifton V. Higginbotham (d. 1865) of Company H of the 19th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his uncle concerning fighting near Chester Station, Union shelling at Petersburg, and news of Jubal A. Early's raid on Washington, D.C. The letter is printed in the William and Mary Quarterly, 2d ser., 12 (1932): 278.

Higginbotham, Paul M., Papers, 1862–1882. 15 items. Mss2H53588b.
Contain the papers of Paul M. Higginbotham ([1831–1864] of Buffalo Springs, Amherst County, Va.) primarily concerning his service in the 19th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Include letters, 1864, written by Paul Higginbotham to his brother Aaron L. Higginbotham (1826–1886) discussing life in camp near Chester Station in the summer of 1864, Union and Confederate military activities near Petersburg and Richmond (including the battle of the Crater), the rising prices of goods purchased by soldiers, a Union raid into Amherst County in June 1864, and the morale of Paul Higginbotham and his fellow Confederates (b1-10); a letter, 1–2 January 1864, written by Paul Higginbotham and his brother Aaron Higginbotham to their brother Benjamin S. Higginbotham concerning military operations in Charleston, S.C., and camp life near Richmond (b11); a letter, 18 September 1863, written by Paul Higginbotham to his cousin Hettie R. Gibson regarding news of military operations along the Rappahannock River, camp life at Chaffin's Farm, Henrico County, and the wedding of George Edward Pickett and La Salle Corbell (1848–1931) in Petersburg (b12); and a diary, 3 May–13 June 1862, kept by Paul M. Higginbotham (while serving in the 19th Virginia Infantry) containing brief descriptions of troop movements during the Peninsula Campaign, camp life, and the battles of Williamsburg and Seven Pines (b13).

Hill, Ambrose Powell, Papers, 1843–1864. 29 items. Mss1H5503a. Microfilm reel C598.
This collection contains materials concerning the military career of A. P. Hill. Items in the papers include diaries, 1849–1850, kept while serving with the 1st United States Artillery Regiment in Florida, and letters, 1843–1864, written to family members while a cadet at the United States Military Academy and while serving in the United States and Confederate armies. Those items relating to Hill's Confederate service include regimental orders, 17 May 1861–3 March 1862, issued by Hill as colonel of the 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment and letters, 1861–1864, to his sister, Lucy Russell (Hill) Saunders (b. 1836), briefly describing the military situation along the Rapidan River in December 1863 and the Hicksford raid in December 1864.

Hill, Daniel Harvey, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2H5512a1.
A photocopy of a letter, 27 May 1862, from Daniel Harvey Hill to Winfield Scott Featherston concerning the deployment of Featherston's brigade on the eve of the battle of Seven Pines.

Hill Family Papers, 1787–1945. ca. 4,375 items. Mss1H5565aFA2. Microfilm reels C334–337.
Contains the papers of the Hill family of Culpeper and Madison counties and Richmond. The correspondence of William Alexander Hill (1817–1890), physician and Baptist minister of Glendalough, Madison County, includes letters to or from the following individuals: William Sinclair Booton of Company A of the 8th Georgia Infantry Regiment (concerning the first battle of Bull Run), James Gaven Field ([1826–1902] regarding the Madison County Militia), John Booton Hill (1841–1913) of the Confederate Quartermaster's Office in Richmond (concerning the purchase of agricultural supplies in Richmond, re-enlistments in the Confederate army, a military exemption for his father, William A. Hill, and news of friends in Confederate service), William Powell Hill ([1844–1929] describing cavalry skirmishes with Union troops following the battle of Bristoe Station), and Anna Lee (Hill) Major ([1847–1935] concerning military operations in and around Culpeper and Madison counties and a visit by Dr. Hill to the Army of Northern Virginia after the battle of Spotsylvania Court House) (box 7).

The correspondence of William A. Hill’s wife, Judith Frances (Booton) Hill (1822–1909), contains letters from John Hill Booton concerning the raising of a company of infantry in Madison County and camp life in July 1861, his commission, 1 October 1861, in the Confederate Quartermaster's Corps, and his 1864 promotion in the Quartermaster's Corps; from William Powell Hill discussing operations of the quartermaster's office in Richmond; and to Anna Lee Major concerning servants from Glendalough who fled to the North in 1864 (box 9).

The papers of John Hill Booton concern his service in Company C of the 82d Infantry Regiment of Virginia Militia in 1861 and in the Paymaster Department of Virginia State Forces and the Confederate army from 1861 to 1864. Letters, 1861–1865, to his sister, Anna Lee Major, discuss his service in the Paymaster Department of the United States and Confederate armies, and his observation of a visit to New York City in February 1861 by Abraham and Robert Todd Lincoln (box 10). Included in several of the letters, 1864–1865, are messages to Anna from John Booton's wife, Virginia Byrd (Hudgins) Hill (1842–1925), concerning her travels with her husband to his posts in the Carolinas and at Petersburg. Also included among John Booton's papers are his reminiscences, 1898, offering a description of his service throughout the war (with special emphasis on the retreat to Appomattox Court House).

The letters, 1862–1865, of William Powell Hill of the Hospital Division of the Quartermaster's Department in Richmond, and of Company C of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his sister, Anna Lee Major, discuss a Union raid in Madison County in September 1862, Hill's opinion of Robert E. Lee as a military planner, the battles of Kelly's Ford and Spotsylvania Court House, and a funeral sermon for Thomas J. Jackson in Richmond (box 11).

The correspondence of Anna Lee Major includes a letter, 11 July 1864, from Anna Eloise (otherwise unidentified) concerning a Union raid in Louisa County; a letter, 2 February 1863, from Frances Henry (Hill) Twyman regarding food supplies for the Confederate army and Baptist religious services in Madison County; and an undated letter from Luna Willis discussing her work with the linen service at Delavan Hospital in Charlottesville (boxes 15–16). A finding aid for this collection is available in the Society's library.

Hill, James Christian, Recollections, 1878. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1H5532:1.
This collection contains a typed transcript of the recollections of James Christian Hill (1833–1906) of Company E of the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Written for his children in 1878, Hill's recollections concern the life and qualities of the Confederate soldier and the battles of Malvern Hill, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg.

Hill, John Booton, Letter, 1861. 1 item. Mss2H5531a1.
Letter, 1 October 1861, written by John Booton Hill (1841–1913) to his mother, Judith Frances (Booton) Hill, regarding his application for duty in the Confederate States Quartermaster General's Office. Also, includes mention of the decision of Confederate authorities to pay the 82nd Virginia Militia Regiment for its brief service with the Confederate Army in Virginia, and Hill's comment on the high cost of having clothes washed in Richmond.

Hill, John Lyon, Diary, 1861. 1 volume. Mss5:1H5533:1. Microfilm reel C598.
The diary, 1 May–2 December 1861, of John Lyon Hill (1838–1909) contains entries describing, in detail, Hill's enlistment in the "Churchill Cavalry Company" (later Company I of the 14th Virginia Cavalry Regiment), incidents of camp life, and the battles of Rich Mountain and Cheat Mountain (now W.Va.).

Hill, Mary Emory (Lamb), Letter, 1909. 1 item. Typescript. Mss2R3932a1.
A transcript of a letter, 18 December 1909, from Mary Emory (Lamb) Hill (b. 1844) to Lucy Lee (Richardson) Garland recounting the capture by Union soldiers of Andrew Richardson at his New Kent County home in February 1865. Also included is a copy of the official report of the incident submitted by William R. Hedges of the 16th New York Heavy Artillery. Hedges's report is printed in the Official Records, ser. 1, 46: pt. i, 472–73.

Hill, Rowland, Diary, 1864. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss5:1H5553:1.
A photocopy of a diary, 13 January–25 December 1864, kept by Rowland Hill in Washington, D.C., Norfolk, and Petersburg. The diary contains entries concerning Hill's activities as a sutler with the Union army at Fort Monroe, Bermuda Hundred, and around Petersburg.

Hill, Sarah H., Autograph Album, 1864–1865. 1 volume. Mss5:6H5555:1.
Consists of an autograph album, kept by Sarah H. Hill, containing the signatures of 201 Confederate officers imprisoned at Norfolk, Va., and Point Lookout, Md.

Hinman, S. N., Papers, 1891–1894. 13 items. Mss2H5935b.
This collection contains letters, 1891–1894, from S. N. Hinman (b. 1840) of Belmond, Iowa, to Austin M. Locke of Charles Town, W.Va., concerning, in part, the death of Locke's brother, William J. Locke (d. 1864) of the 12th Virginia Cavalry Regiment in a cavalry fight at Ashland on 1 June 1864. Hinman describes, in detail, his participation as a member of the 1st Connecticut Cavalry Regiment in the events surrounding Locke's death.

Hobson, Anne Jennings Wise, Diary, 1863–1865. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1H6537:1.
Kept at Eastwood, Goochland County, by Anne Jennings Wise Hobson (1837–1914), this diary, 11 October 1864–14 May 1865, primarily concerns family events and religious thought. Included are brief accounts of Union soldiers in the area during Dahlgren's raid, a raid along the James River and Kanawha Canal led by Philip Henry Sheridan in February 1865, and news of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House.

Hobson Family Papers, 1776–1974. 433 items. Mss1H6538a.
Contains the papers of the Hobson family of Alabama and Richmond. Wartime items include General Order No. 5, 19 March 1862, issued by Joseph Reid Anderson, announcing his assumption to the command of the Confederate Department of North Carolina (section 2); a letter, 23 October 1864, from Edwin Lafayette Hobson (1835–1901) of the 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment to his wife, Fannie Archer (Anderson) Hobson (1846–1939), concerning the battle of Cedar Creek; a commission, 12 January 1865, issued to Edwin Hobson as colonel of the 5th Alabama Infantry; an incomplete report, 19 July 1862, filed by Henry Augustine Whiting (1832–1907) of Robert Emmett Rodes's staff, concerning the 5th Alabama Infantry at the battle of Gaines' Mill (section 4); commissions, 1861, issued to Edwin Hobson by the State of Alabama as a second lieutenant in the state artillery and as captain in the "Greensborough Light Artillery Guards"; Special Order No. 137, 27 March 1861, appointing Edwin Hobson and William H. Fowler as recruiting agents at Tuscaloosa, Ala.; General Order No. 17, 24 September 1862, issued by Daniel Harvey Hill, announcing the promotions of Edwin Hobson to colonel and Eugene Blackford (1839–1908) to major of the 5th Alabama Infantry; an incomplete report, 1864, by Edwin Hobson, concerning Cullen Andrew Battle's brigade at the battle of Cedar Creek (section 5); a photocopy of General Order No. 9; a photocopy of a special order, 10 April 1865, concerning the passage of paroled Confederates through Union lines around Appomattox Court House; and a pay account, 1863, of Wiley C. Tunstall of the 5th Alabama Infantry (section 20).

Hoge, Achilles Whitlocke, Diary, 1861–1863. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss5:1H6792:1.
This collection consists of a photocopy of a diary, 11 July 1861–23 November 1863, kept by Achilles Whitlocke Hoge (d. 1864). Included are detailed descriptions of Hoge's service in Company G of the 20th Virginia Infantry Regiment at the battle of Rich Mountain (now W.Va.) and with the Ringgold Artillery Battery in West Virginia.

Hoge, Moses Drury, Papers, 1861–1876. 6 items. Mss2H6794a.
This collection contains the papers of Moses Drury Hoge (1818–1899) of Richmond. Wartime items include a photocopy of Hoge's commission, 27 May 1861, as chaplain in the Confederate army (a3), and letters, 17 April 1865, to Benjamin Stoddert Ewell (1810–1894) and Robert E. Lee concerning his intention to join Lee's army as a missionary chaplain and requesting advice regarding his return to Richmond following its surrender (a4–5).

Hohn, Heinrich, Papers, 1849–1893. 43 items. Mss1H6868a.
This collection contains correspondence, and financial and military records of Heinrich Hohn (b. 1839?), a German immigrant to New York City, mercantile clerk, and a member of the 41st New York Infantry Regiment. Correspondence, 1860–1893, of Hohn concerns his mercantile career in New York, his service in the 41st New York, and his return to Germany in 1863. Letters written to Hohn that relate to the war include those by Heinrich “Henry” Arens (b. 1835?) (of the 41st New York Infantry) in part regarding the regiment’s occupation of Folly Island, S.C., and skirmishes around Charleston, S.C.; John H. Manahan (of New York City) discussing the North’s perception of the war, the appointment of George B. McClellan to the command the U.S. Army of the Potomac, the Union capture of Beaufort, S.C., and New York City politics and elections; and an unidentified young woman concerning social life in New York City in 1862 and general war news (section 1). Also in the collection is a visiting card of Heinrich Hohn’s bearing handwritten identification of his service in Company A of the 41st New York; a song (printed), “A Rainy Day in Camp,” published by the American Tract Society (No. 26); “Battle-Hymn of the German Volunteer Regiments of the United States of America in the War Against the Rebels, 1861,” by Wilhelm Spitznassky (printed in German as a broadside with an English translation); and an unidentified flag, possibly captured in North Carolina by members of the 41st New York Infantry (section 3). Many of the letters in this collection are written in German, with partial typed translations provided by volunteer staff of the Virginia Historical Society.

Holladay Family Papers, 1794–1855. 12 items. Mss2H7188c.
This collection primarily consisting of land records includes a copy made by James Minor Holladay of a court order (presumably Spotsylvania County Court), ca. 1861, appointing commissioners to see to the needs of the families of "all those from the county who are engaged in the military service of the state" and to supply companies of soldiers raised in the county for state service.

Holland Family Papers, 1831–1862. 51 items. Mss2H7195b.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Holland family of Franklin County. Included is a letter, [?] June 1861, from Mark D. Holland (b. 1839) of Company D of the 2d Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his father concerning his bout with the measles and a skirmish near Fairfax Court House (b3–5).

Holloway, John William, Papers, 1861–1872. 21 items. Mss1H72865a.
This collection consists primarily of letters, 1861–1864, from John William Holloway (1833–1910) of the 1st Georgia Infantry Regiment and the 2d Georgia Cavalry Regiment to Bettie Susan (Raines) Holloway (b. 1844) of Caroline County concerning the battle of Cheat Mountain, his opinion on the possibility of foreign recognition of the Confederacy, his imprisonment at Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill., and the Atlanta campaign (a1–18). Also included are letters, 1863–1864, to Bettie Holloway from J. A. Jeter of Company B of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment discussing the battle of Gettysburg and the Petersburg campaign (a20–21).

Hollywood Cemetery Company, Richmond, Records, 1856–1963. 1,257 items. Mss3H7298b.
This large collection consists of business records of Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond. Civil War materials include photocopies of Confederate bonds, 1863–1864, purchased by the cemetery company (section 5).

Holt Family Papers, 1827–1946. 17 items. Mss1H7425a.
This collection contains the papers of the Holt family of Charles City County. Included is a diary, 1857–1864, kept by Anna Elizabeth Holt (1836–1872), offering brief descriptions of military operations throughout the state in 1861 and 1864 (section 4).

Hopkins, Abner Crump, Diary, 1862–1863. 1 volume. Mss5:1H7742:1. Microfilm reel C598.
Kept by a chaplain of the 2d Virginia Infantry Regiment, this diary, 28 April 1862–19 December 1863, contains a brief record of the unit's military operations. In minimal detail, Abner Crump Hopkins (1835–1911) describes daily duties and the regiment's participation in the battles of the Seven Days, Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Fredericksburg, and Bristoe Station and the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign.

Hopkins, Abner Crump, Memoir, n.d. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss5:1H7742:2.
This postwar memoir by Abner Crump Hopkins (1835–1911) concerns his role as chaplain to John Brown Gordon, commander of the 2d Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, during the siege and evacuation of Petersburg and the retreat to Appomattox Court House.

Horne Family Papers, 1840–1878. 25 items. Mss2H7839b.
This collection contains the papers of the Horne family of Hanover County. Included are the wartime letters, 1864–1865, of Robert Ryland Horne (1843–1865) of Company I of the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment. In the letters, Horne describes camp life on the Bermuda Hundred line, Jubal A. Early's raid on Washington, D.C., in July 1864 and his defeat in the Shenandoah Valley in October 1864, and a rumor concerning the death of Jefferson Davis in December 1864 (section 1). Also included is a letter, 6 June 1865, from R. Rufus Griffin, while imprisoned at Point Lookout, Md., to Ralph R. Horne (1834–1909) regarding the death of Robert Horne from measles (section 3).

Hotchkiss, Jedediah, Papers, 1868–1895. 18 items. Mss2H7973b.
This collection consists of papers removed from the personal copy of The Battlefields of Virginia: Chancellorsville (New York, 1867) belonging to Jedediah Hotchkiss (1828–1899). Included is a letter, 4 May 1885, from Alexander Wilson Drake (1843–1916) of the Century Company regarding Hotchkiss's map of the battle of Chancellorsville for the magazine (b1); a letter, 24 March 1868, from Jubal A. Early concerning Hotchkiss's book on Chancellorsville, Early's role in the battle, and his plans to write his reminiscences of the war (b2); letters, 1886–1888, from James Power Smith (1837–1923) discussing the substance of messages passed between Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. Jackson following Jackson's wounding at Chancellorsville and the location of the monument marking the site of Jackson's wounding on the battlefield (b3–4); a copy of a letter, 4 May 1886, from Samuel Sprigg Carroll to Francis Amasa Walker (1840–1897) describing, in detail, Carroll's brigade's attack during the battle of Chancellorsville (includes a map) (b7); and an undated map, drawn by Hotchkiss, of the Chancellorsville vicinity (b8). The personal copy of Hotchkiss's book is in the Society's rare book collection (Rare E475.35 H83 copy 3).

Houchens, Moses L., Papers, 1862. 2 items. Mss2H8128b.
Consist of materials relating to the service of Moses L. Houchens (d. 1862) in the Orange Light Artillery Battery. Items include a descriptive list and pay account, 30 September 1862, issued to Moses Houchens at Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond; and a railroad pass, 29 September 1862, issued by the Confederate States Quartermaster's Department, permitting Moses Houchens to travel from Richmond to Lynchburg (via the Southside Railroad) and from Lynchburg to Christiansburg (via the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad).

Howard, Conway Robinson, Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss2H8316a1.
A letter, 20 March 1864, from Conway Robinson Howard (1832–1895) to Margaret Henderson Lee (1838–1915) of Richmond, concerning Robinson's trip through western Virginia on a map-making mission for the Confederate army and including comments on the local population and Confederate commanders in the region.

Howard, Conway Robinson, Papers, 1853–1919. 19 items. Mss2H8316b.
Contains materials primarily relating to wartime service of Conway Robinson Howard (1832–1895) as an engineer on the staff of A. P. Hill. Items include Howard's commissions, 1862–1864, as first lieutenant, captain, and major of Confederate engineers (b1–3); a letter, 17 December 1864, from James McHenry Howard (1839–1916) of Walter Husted Stevens's staff temporarily placing Conway Howard in command of 2d Corps Engineers (b4); a letter, 4 March 1865, to James McHenry Howard regarding the construction of earthworks near Petersburg (b5); a telegram, 21 November 1862, from Robert E. Lee to A. P. Hill concerning the temporary transfer of Conway Howard to assist Lee at Fredericksburg (b6); a copy, signed by Robert E. Lee, of General Order No. 9 (b7); a letter, 12 May 1865, from John A. Williams, a former Confederate engineer, regarding Howard's character and qualities as an engineer (bears an endorsement of Robert E. Lee) (b8); a commission, 23 May 1861, as captain in the Confederate army (b14); and a parole of honor, 4 May 1863, and Appomattox parole, 10 April 1865, issued to Conway Howard (b16–17).

Howell, L. W., Diary, 1864. 1 volume. Mss5:1H8394:1.
Consists of a diary, 4–6 May 1864, kept in a Bible by L. W. Howell (d. 1864) of Morris County, N.J. This New Testament was taken from Howell's body following his death at the battle of the Wilderness. His brief diary entries concern the movement of his unidentified Union unit into that battle.

Hubard, Maria Mason (Tabb), Diary, 1860–1862. 1 volume. Mss5:1H8614:1. Microfilm reel C469.
This collection consists of a diary, 10 May 1860–16 August 1862, kept at Rose Cottage, Henrico County (now Richmond) by Maria Mason (Tabb) Hubard (1813–1888). Entries concern family and social life, cannon casting operations of her husband, William James Hubard (1807–1862), and her efforts to supplement her family's income through the sale of strawberries and the manufacture of clothing for Confederate soldiers.

Huddleston, Daniel Young, Letters, 1862. 2 items. Copies. Mss2H8665a1–2.
This collection contains wartime letters between two brothers, Daniel Young Huddleston (b. 1838) and John W. Huddleston (1841–1862). A letter, 15 March 1862, from Daniel, while serving under Albert Pike, to John offers a brief description of the battle of Pea Ridge, Ark. (a1). A transcript of a letter, 1 June 1862, from John, serving with the Fredericksburg Artillery Battery, to Daniel contains a detailed account of the battle of Seven Pines (a2).

Hundley Family Papers, 1817–1900. 80 items. Photocopies. Mss1H8928a.
Contains photocopies of the papers of the Hundley family of Essex County. Civil War items in the collection consist of a letter, 13 March 1863, from Robert E. Lee to Larkin Hundley (1795–1872) concerning a request for the use as laborers on the fortifications around Richmond of fifty free African Americans from Essex County (section 1) and a Confederate tax-in-kind receipt, 8 October 1864, issued to James Harvey Hundley (1830–1903) for the payment of taxes with wool and wheat (section 8).

Hundley, George Jefferson, Reminiscences, 1896. 1 item. Mss9:3E472.18H8924:1.
This collection consists of a clipping, 26 January 1896, from an unidentified Richmond newspaper containing the Civil War reminiscences of George Jefferson Hundley (b. 1838). Hundley's reminiscences discuss the outbreak of the war, camp life, and his experiences as a member of the 19th Virginia Infantry Regiment at the first battle of Bull Run.

Hunt & James, Richmond, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss4H9158a1.
A letter, 15 December 1862, from Hunt & James of Richmond to William Beverley Towles concerning the sale of tobacco and the battle of Fredericksburg.

Hunt, Sallie Venable (Cunningham) Hunt, Letter, 1865. 1 item. Mss2H9145a1.
A letter, 20 March 1865, from Sallie Venable (Cunningham) Hunt (d. 1885) to her husband, George Hunt (1836–1909) of the 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment, expressing her desire for his release from prison at Fort Delaware, Del., and describing the condition of their farm in Virginia.

Hunter, Alexander, Reminiscences, 1866. 193 pp. Mss5:1H9162:1.
Contains the wartime reminiscences of Alexander Hunter (1843–1914). Hunter’s reminiscences concern his service in the 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment and include descriptions of camp life, of the battles of First and Second Bull Run, Antietam, and the Wilderness, and of his experiences while a prisoner of war at the Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C., and at Harpers Ferry and Wheeling, W.Va. The reminiscences are printed, in a different version, as Johnny Reb and Billy Yank (New York, 1905).

Hunter Family Papers, 1766–1918. ca. 4,070 items. Mss1H9196aFA2. Microfilm reels C251–258.
This collection contains the papers of the Hunter family of Norfolk and Fonthill, Essex County. Civil War items appear throughout the collection. The papers of Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809–1887), Essex County lawyer, United States congressman and senator, Confederate secretary of state, and Confederate senator from Virginia, include his correspondence with the following individuals: J. D. Andrews of Maine (concerning Hunter's plan for constitutional reform and his speech on "Invasion of the States," early 1861), Benjamin R. Baird ([b. 1815?] regarding Hunter's nomination as Essex County representative in the State Convention of 1861), Robert Woodward Barnwell ([1801–1882] discussing the secession of South Carolina and the formation of the Confederate government), William Montague Browne ([1823–1883] concerning an enclosed letter of Theophilus Hunter Holmes regarding claims of espionage in the Confederate State Department), Ann Spotswood (Dandridge) Buchanan ([1813–1880] seeking positions for her sons in Confederate military service), John Archibald Campbell ([1811–1889] concerning a review of United States statutory law, 1861–1863, military conscription laws in the Confederacy, and his role in the Confederate government and the Hampton Roads Peace Conference), Howell Cobb ([1815–1868] regarding the decision of Virginia on secession and the formation of the Confederate government), Samuel Greenhow Daniel ([1810–1865] concerning a clerkship in the Confederate Treasury Department), Charles Fenton Mercer Garnett ([1810–1886] concerning the sale of meal to the Confederate army, politics in Hanover County, and obtaining cotton and oznaburg in 1864), Samuel S. Gresham ([1817–1897] regarding the Confederate government purchase of wheat and flour at Aylett's), Nathaniel Boush Hill ([1806–1892] concerning the failure of Democrats to be appointed to posts in the Confederate government), Edmund Wilcox Hubard ([1806–1878] offering a safe haven for Hunter's family in Buckingham County during the Peninsula campaign), Mary Evelina (Dandridge) Hunter ([1817–1893] concerning Hunter's service in the Confederate senate and plantation operations at Fonthill and Makeshift, Essex County, from 1862 to 1864), Herschel Vespasian Johnson ([1812–1880] discussing relations of the Confederacy with states in the western United States in 1862), Robert Ward Johnson ([1814–1892] concerning the strategic importance of Columbus and Memphis, Tenn., on the Mississippi River in 1862), Joseph E. Johnston (discussing winter quarters at Centreville and decisions in Richmond to reinforce Thomas J. Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley in November 1861), Samuel Wicliff Melton ([b. 1830] concerning the defense of the northern Tidewater of Virginia in 1862), Christopher Gustavus Memminger ([1803–1888] regarding the issuing of Confederate currency and financing of the war effort), Lucius Bellinger Northrop ([1811–1894] concerning the best means of shipping flour to military units in 1862), William Old ([b. 1818] seeking a post in the Confederate government), L. P. Sale (discussing a robbery of Treasury Department checks in Richmond in 1864), Littleton Dennis Quinton Washington ([1825–1902] concerning Braxton Bragg, Albert Sidney Johnston, English attitudes toward the Confederacy, Roger Atkinson Pryor, and military campaigns in Virginia in 1864) (boxes 7–12).

Other wartime items relating to Robert M. T. Hunter include 1863 Confederate tax-in-kind documents (box 14); a letter, 1861, to Maria (Hunter) Garnett from James Mercer Garnett McGuire concerning a commission as assistant surgeon in the Confederate army; an undated letter from E. de Bellot to [?] Ellis regarding transatlantic shipping, especially to France; a draft of a presidential inaugural address, ca. February 1862, prepared by Hunter for Jefferson Davis; Hunter's notes on relations between England, France, and the Confederacy; and newspaper clippings concerning the capture of Romney (now W.Va.) (box 15).

The correspondence of Hunter's wife, Mary Evelina (Dandridge) Hunter, includes wartime letters with the following individuals: Banjamin R. Baird (concerning the 1863 corn crop), Philip Pendleton Dandridge ([1817–1881] concerning an appointment for his son in the Confederate army and his own service under John Daniel Imboden in the "Border Guard" in 1862), Ellen Douglas (Morris) Hunter (discussing the Seven Days' battles), James Dandridge Hunter ([1844–1915] concerning the battle of Seven Pines), and John Saunders (regarding money raised in support of Essex County volunteers in 1861) (boxes 16–17).

Also included in the collection are the papers of Robert M. T. Hunter's sisters. The correspondence of Martha Fenton Hunter [1800–1866] include letters from Charles Fenton Mercer Garnett (concerning social life in Richmond in 1864, getting Martha's writings published in the Southern Literary Messenger, and the sale of agricultural products), Theodore Stanford Garnett ([1844–1915] concerning economic conditions in the Confederacy in 1863, and the hiring out of slaves in 1864), and William Garnett ([1786–1866] Confederate artillery exchanges with Union ships on the Potomac River in the fall of 1861, the death of two sons in Confederate service, and Thomas J. Jackson at the battle of Kernstown) (boxes 20–22). The correspondence of Jane Swann Hunter (1804–1880) includes a letter, 1865, from Newton Martin Curtis (1835–1910) discussing R. M. T. Hunter's confinement by the Union army following the war, and letters, 1862–1864, from James Dandridge Hunter concerning the Virginia Military Institute in 1862 and the defense of the Staunton River Bridge in 1864 (box 23). The correspondence of Sarah Harriet Apphia Hunter (1822–1874) includes a letter, 1865, from Charles Goldsborough Dandridge concerning his service aboard the Confederate steamer Charleston, a letter, 1862, from Robert B. Rennolds discussing the spring military campaign in Virginia, and a letter, 1864, from Mary Frances (Micou) Stark (1817–1864) concerning the confinement of her sons in Union prisoner of war camps (box 25).

Other wartime items in the collection include passes, 1862, issued to Hunter family slaves to have cloth woven (box 19); an account book, 1837–1863, with records of hiring slaves out and lists of blankets and clothing distributed to slaves (box 26); and Confederate tax-in-kind forms (box 28). A separate finding aid for this collection is available in the Society's library.

Hunter Family Papers, 1768–1928. 1,072 items. Mss1H9196b.
The Hunter family collection includes correspondence, accounts, legal papers, commonplace books, school notebooks and miscellany of the Hunter and related Garnett families of Essex County and the Stevens family of Hoboken, N.J. The collection contains scattered references to the Civil War.

In section 15, the correspondence of Confederate legislator and statesman Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter contains an 1863 dinner invitation from Jefferson Davis and a letter from Thomas Green Clemson relating a story about the removal of John C. Calhoun's remains to an undisclosed location during the war at the request of Calhoun’s widow. Section 23, consisting of the correspondence of Hunter's wife, Mary Evelina (Dandridge) Hunter, contains a letter from Colonel Nathaniel Monroe concerning the appointment of her son James Dandridge Hunter as a cadet at the Virginia Military Institute in 1862. In section 27, the correspondence of Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett includes letters from his mother, Maria (Hunter) Garnett, about the war at home. Also, includes letters from his wife, Mary Picton (Stevens) Garnett Lewis, which discuss sightings of Federal troops near their home in Essex County, runaway slaves and the rumor of slave uprisings, hiding valuables to protect them from theft, Stonewall Jackson's victories in the Shenandoah Valley, and a neighbor's suspicions of her since she was a native of New Jersey.

Hunter Family Papers, 1802–1907. 330 items. Mss1H9196c.
Papers of the Moses T. Hunter family of Winchester and the related Alfred C. Weeks family of Bell Grove, near New Iberia, St. Martin’s Parish, La. Section 3 primarily contains correspondence (arranged chronologically) between Alfred C. Weeks (d. 1864), a Louisiana sugar planter, and members of his family. In 1862, Weeks, in order to avoid the Northern armies, moved most of his slaves to Texas, where he worked in the government service, hiring out slaves to businesses and merchants (letter of 9 July 1863 from A. M. Gentry, president of the Texas and New Orleans Railroad, authorizes Weeks to use 250 slaves for work on the railroad). Letters contain detailed descriptions of Weeks's wartime experiences and discuss topics such as Confederate recruitment (letter of 1861 mentions his efforts to raise a company of troops; letter of 25 February 1862 describes Native American warriors attached to the First Texas Lancers); conscription (letter of 7 May 1864 mentions his being subject to the draft under the 1864 conscription bill); slavery (letter of 7 May 1864 describes the loss of slaves but also expresses his confidence in the Confederacy's ability to protect slavery in the future), and military campaigns (letter of 19 May 1864 discusses Robert E. Lee's ability to sway the November election; letter of 14 August 1864 mentions John Bell Hood's actions in Georgia). While in Texas, Weeks received letters from Louisiana from his family, including his wife, Nancy Snickers (Hunter) Weeks (undated letter of early 1862 mentions the Confederate surrender at Fort Donelson and troop movements in the Shenandoah Valley), and daughters Mary E. Weeks (letter of 19 May 1863 discusses the Confederate victory at Chancellorsville and Stonewall Jackson's wounding, as well as actions at Port Hudson, La.; an undated letter discusses slaves' behavior and her hope that they will remain loyal), and Frances Weeks (letter of 27 December 1863 discusses a Yankee foraging party coming to the house; letter of 25 July 1864 mentions the capture of the CSS Alabama).

A thirty-six-page account book kept in 1862 by Weeks while in Texas contains brief diary entries that record the weather and his whereabouts, as well as financial transactions (section 5). May also contain the names of the slaves Weeks took with him to Texas. Covers expenses such as mules, food, and boat transportation incurred during his journey, as well as money paid to him from other parties, in part for the hire of his slaves.

Hunton, Eppa, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2H9267a1.
A letter, 2 March 1862, from Eppa Hunton of the 8th Virginia Infantry Regiment to Judah Philip Benjamin (1811–1884) concerning Hunton's recommendation regarding F. A. Tucker's application to serve in the Confederate army.

Hunton Family Papers, 1809–1935. 325 items. Mss1H9267a.

This collection contains the papers of members of the Payne and Hunton families of Virginia. Civil War materials consist of a letter, 19 June 1862, from William Henry Fitzhugh Payne (1830–1904) of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his father, Arthur Alexander Morson Payne (1804–1868), describing his wounding at the battle of Williamsburg and his subsequent capture and imprisonment at Fort Monroe (section 5); an 1862 map of the James River between Richmond and Williamsburg drawn by William H. F. Payne to aid him in escaping following his wounding and capture at the battle of Williamsburg (section 6); an affidavit, 28 May 1862, of William H. F. Payne concerning the conditions of parole for Confederate wounded captured at Williamsburg; a discharge, 24 June 1862, of William H. F. Payne from the Chesapeake General Hospital near Fort Monroe; a parole of honor, 24 June 1862, sworn by William H. F. Payne (section 7); passes, 1862–1863, issued to William H. F. Payne and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Winston (Payne) Payne (1831–1920) by the Union army (section 8); a letter, 30 May 1862, to Mary Payne from Evelyn A. (McLean) Taylor (d. 1887) regarding her husband's medical condition following his wounding; a letter, 6 May 1862, to Mary Payne from John McLean Taylor (d. 1875) concerning her efforts to secure a parole for her husband (section 9); a typed essay, 1910, entitled "Search for My Wounded Husband," written by Mary Payne (section 10); a letter, 1 June 1862, to Mary Payne from Charles William Thomas (1833–1883) granting her permission to visit her wounded husband in a Union hospital at Williamsburg; and a letter, 31 May 1862, to Mary Payne from Edward Davis Townsend (1817–1893) allowing Mary Payne to travel to Fort Monroe to visit her husband (section 14).

Also in the collection is the correspondence of Eppa Hunton of the 8th Virginia Infantry Regiment and later as brigadier general (section 12). Correspondents include Thomas Gordon (concerning Gordon's gratitude toward Hunton for his willingness to transfer troops under his command to a Major Evans in June 1861), Eppa Hunton, Jr. ([1855–1932] concerning, in part, the battle of Fort Harrison), Lucy Caroline (Weir) Hunton ([1825–1899] concerning the Suffolk campaign, Eppa Hunton's capture at the battle of Sailor's Creek, and his life while a prisoner of war at Fort Warren, Mass.), T. Benton Hutchison (concerning his expression of gratitude toward Hunton for Hunton's command abilities as colonel of the 8th Virginia), and Joseph E. Johnston (concerning the presentation of a flag to the 8th Virginia in November 1861).

Hutchison Family Papers, 1807–1918. 1,408 items. Mss1H9754a.
This collection contains primarily the papers of George Washington Hutchison (b. 1820) and Daniel Taney Hutchison (1819–1861) of Giles and Craig counties. Civil War materials include correspondence, 1861, of George Washington Hutchison (while serving in the 1st Virginia Regiment of Wise's Legion [later the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment]) with his wife Sarah Jane Hutchison (describing skirmishing near Sewell Mountain, Fayette County, W.Va., life in camp at Sewell Mountain and at Meadow Bluff, Greenbrier County, W.Va., and poor health in the regiment) and William Gaines Miller (of the 1st Virginia Regiment of Wise's Legion, regarding men from the regiment recovering from illness at a Confederate hospital at White Sulphur Springs, W.Va.) (Section 2); letters, 1861–1865, written to George W. Hutchison by Charles L. Duncan (of the 46th Virginia Infantry, discussing camp life), George Pratt Foote ([1837?–1862] concerning George W. Hutchison's relief from duty with the 46th Virginia Infantry), Guy D. Huffman ([d. 1910] of the 46th Virginia Infantry, concerning George's absence from the regiment in April 1862, and news of events near Charleston, S.C., in February 1864 and of legislation before the Confederate Congress regarding enlistment and currency), John F. Hutchison ([b. 1832] of the 28th Virginia Infantry Regiment, concerning the Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid on Richmond and guard duty there in April 1864), Mathew W. McPherson ([1839–1909] of the 46th Virginia Infantry regarding Wise’s Legion at the battle of Roanoke Island, N.C.), William Gaines Miller (of the 46th Virginia Infantry, concerning men absent from the regiment in April 1862, and life in camp near New Kent Court House in February 1863), and Jacob Smith (of the 46th Virginia Infantry, concerning the deaths of over thirty women as a result of an explosion at the Confederate Ordnance Laboratory on Brown's Island at Richmond on 13 March 1863) (Section 3); a letter, 1862, written by James J. Hutchison (while serving in the 1st Virginia Regiment of Wise's Legion) to his brothers George Washington Hutchison and Martin Van Buren Hutchison (1838–1863) discussing camp life in Richmond (bears a letter written by Jacob Smith to his wife regarding the same) (Section 4); letters, 1864, written by Benjamin B. Duncan (of the 46th Virginia Infantry, concerning a request for pay for his military service) and Jacob Smith (of the 46th Virginia Infantry, concerning the battle of Peebles's Farm near Petersburg) (Section 10); accounts, 1863–1865, of several individuals with the Confederate States Tax in Kind Bureau (Section 20); an order, 1864, issued by the Circuit Court of Botetourt County, concerning George Washington Hutchison's release from the custody of Confederate States military authorities on the grounds that he was then serving as justice of the peace of Craig County (Section 30); a list, 1865, of individuals in Craig County pledging food for the support of the Army of Northern Virginia; and a report, 1 October 1861, of the guard mounted at Meadow Bluff, Greenbrier County, W.Va., by members of Wise's Legion (Section 33).

Updated December 17, 2009