"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
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Kearns, Watkins - Klag, Henry

Kearns, Watkins, Diaries, 1861–1864. 3 volumes. Mss5:1K2143:1–3. Microfilm reel C598.
The diary, 21 May 1861–29 February 1864, of Watkins Kearns (1837–1893) provides a detailed record of his service in Company G of the 27th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Kept in three volumes, Kearns's diary is filled with descriptions of routine duties, marches across Virginia, his enlistment and early experiences in and around Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.), and the 27th Virginia's participation in the battles of First Bull Run, the Seven Days, Gettysburg, and Mine Run and the Valley campaign of 1862.

Keiley Family Papers, 1844–1874. 23 items. Mss1K2656a. Microfilm reel B18.
Contains the papers of the Keiley family of Petersburg. Included is a register, 1859–1863, of the members of Company E of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment with a brief history of the unit from John Brown's raid through the battle of Chancellorsville (section 11).

Keiley Family Papers, 1861–1902. 58 items. Mss1K2656b.
This collection focuses on John Denis Keiley (1839–1901) of New York, N.Y. Civil War items include a photocopy of a letter, 23 July 1861, from John Keiley, while serving in Company C of the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment, to his mother, Margaret (Cullen) Keiley (1809–1887), offering a detailed description of his experiences at the first battle of Bull Run (section 2), and a letter, 1 April 1862, from William Carvel Hall, while a member of Isaac Ridgeway Trimble's staff, concerning the procurement of 500 pairs of shoes for Trimble's brigade (section 5).

Keith Family Papers, 1710–1865. 193 items. Mss1K2694a. Microfilm reel C599.
This collection contains the papers of the Keith family of Woodburn, Fauquier County. Civil War-related materials include Confederate States bonds, 1862-1863, issued to Lucy Steptoe Chilton (1811–1904), Ann Smith (Chilton) Johnston (1810–1893), and Isham Keith (1801–1863) (Section 10); a list, 1862, compiled by Isham Keith, of livestock, crops, and slaves at Woodburn confiscated or damaged by occupying Union troops (section 14); a receipt, 1861, for the purchase of Confederate stock (section 23); a pass, 1863, issued by Rufus Scott (1838–1896) of the 19th New York Cavalry Regiment to Juliet (Chilton) Keith (1800–1887) allowing her to visit a sick brother; a letter, 1864, from James Keith (1839–1918) of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment concerning fighting at the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House (section 24); and a parole of honor and a pardon, 1865, for James Keith (section 26).

Keith Family Papers, 1830–1979. 1,264 items. Mss1K2694cFA2. Microfilm reels C599–601.
This collection contains the papers of five generations of members of the Keith, Scott, and Carter families of Warrenton and Fauquier County. The papers of Robert Taylor Scott (1834–1897) and his wife, Fanny Scott (Carter) Scott (1838–1923), represent the largest portion of the collection. Robert Scott's letters to his wife largely concern his service in the 8th Virginia Infantry Regiment and on the staff of George Edward Pickett. Topics in his letters include the Virginia secession convention of 1861, camp life, his duties as regimental quartermaster, wartime economic conditions in Richmond, and descriptions of the battles of Malvern Hill, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg and the Peninsula and Petersburg campaigns. Letters from Fanny Scott to her husband concern family news and Union military activities in Fauquier County. Other items in the collection concerning Scott's Confederate service include orders, muster rolls, and quartermaster's pay records for Company K of the 8th Virginia. A separate finding aid for this collection is available in the Society's library.

Keith Family Papers, 1831–1916. 46 items. Mss1K2694b. Microfilm reel C599.
This collection of Keith family papers consists primarily of the letters, 1861–1865, of James Keith (1839–1918) while serving in the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment (the Black Horse Troop). Section 1 contains a letter from Keith to his father, Isham Keith (1801–1863), offering a description of the battle of Gettysburg; a letter to his brother, Isham Keith (1833–1902), regarding a dispute between Generals Ambrose Powell Hill and James Longstreet in July 1862, and the removal from command in the Army of Northern Virginia of Generals John Bankhead Magruder and Benjamin Huger; letters to his mother, Juliet (Chilton) Keith (1800–1887), concerning the battles of Seven Pines and Haw's Shop, physical descriptions of Robert E. Lee and Richard Stoddert Ewell, and news of Confederate military operations in the West; and letters to his sister-in-law, Sarah Agnes (Blackwell) Keith (1837–1912), regarding the battle of Cedar Creek and news from other parts of the Confederacy. Other Civil War items in the collection include a letter, 1862, from Sarah Keith to her aunt, Lucy [?], concerning the May 1862 action at Drewry's Bluff and the subsequent presence in Danville of refugees from Richmond (section 3); a letter, 1862, from James Keith Boswell (1838–1863) to his cousin, James Keith, describing the battle of Fredericksburg; and a letter, 1861, from Boswell to his aunt, Juliet Keith, in which he expresses his hope that Virginia will secede from the Union (section 4).

Kellam, Sadie (Scott), Papers, 1861–1967. ca. 4,000 items. Mss1K2805a.
This collection contains primarily genealogical notes concerning families from Princess Anne County, compiled by Sadie (Scott) Kellam (d. 1971) of Norfolk. Civil War-related materials consist of typescript copies of the rosters, 1861–1865, of Company F of the 6th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Company C of the 15th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, and Company G of the 16th Virginia Infantry Regiment (section 4).

Kemper, James Lawson, Papers, 1837–1903. 142 items. Mss1K3235a.
This collection contains the papers of James Lawson Kemper, member of the Virginia House of Delegates, Confederate general, and governor of Virginia. Section 1 consists of Kemper's correspondence and includes a letter, 25 June 1862, to Sarah Margaret (Kemper) Bocock (1827–1916) regarding an inquiry concerning a possible position on Kemper's staff, and a letter, 4 February 1886, to W. H. Swallow describing his experiences at the battle of Gettysburg.

Kendall, Henry C., Letter, 1927. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2K3338a.
A photocopy of a letter, 5 October 1927, from Henry C. Kendall to Frederick Atherton Stevens regarding a flag of the provost marshal of the Army of Northern Virginia found in Petersburg on 3 April 1865, and carried off by Charles L. Nightingale of Company H of the 29th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment.

Kennedy Family Papers, 1813–1884. 79 items. Mss1K3895a.
Contains the papers of members of the Kennedy and Pendleton families of Maryland and Virginia. Included is a letter, 3 April 1864, from Nathaniel Spotswood Dandridge Pendleton (1851–1931) of Martinsburg, W.Va., to his mother, Maria Lucinda (Tutt) Pendleton (1821–1887), concerning the capture of bushwackers by Union troops and an increase in military activity in the Martinsburg area (section 9).

Kennedy, William, Papers, 1853–1870. 33 items. Mss1K3884a.
This collection contains the papers of William Kennedy, a free black resident of Henrico County. Included is a pass, 1862, issued to Kennedy by Parker's Artillery Battery (section 6).

Kent, Nannie E., Scrapbook, ca. 1861–1913. 1 volume. Mss5:7K4173:1. Microfilm reel C469.
This collection consists of a scrapbook, kept by Nannie E. Kent (b. 1828). Included in the scrapbook are newspaper clippings of wartime verse, articles on the wounding and death of Thomas J. Jackson (pp. 66–67), and handwritten copies of orders, May 1861, issued by Daniel Allen Langhorne (1825–1908) of the 42d Virginia Infantry Regiment concerning daily duties in and the naming of "Camp Smith" at Lynchburg (pp. 350–51, 353).

Kepner, John Price, Papers, 1854–1867. 1 item. Typescript. Mss2K4455b.
This small collection consists of a transcript of the diary and letters of John Price Kepner (d. 1881) of the 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment. The diary, 26 February–31 December 1864, offers, in brief entries, descriptions of the weather, incidents of camp life, and Kepner's observations concerning the Spotsylvania, 1864 Shenandoah Valley, and Petersburg campaigns and the battles of the Wilderness and Cold Harbor. The letters, 1861–1865, of Kepner to family and friends concern his regiment's training in camp near Washington, D.C., his attitude toward southern sympathizers in the North, and his experiences in the Peninsula, the 1862 Maryland, and Appomattox campaigns and in the battles of Williamsburg and Malvern Hill.

Kidd, William Boutwell, Diary, 1861–1862. 1 volume. Mss5:1K5375:1.
Kept by William Boutwell Kidd (1835–1875) of Company H of the 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment, this diary, 24 April 1861–23 April 1862, contains entries offering descriptions of military training, the weather, and camp life near Fredericksburg, Va., and New Bern and Goldsboro, N.C. Also in the collection is an undated handwritten list of the members of Company H who surrendered at Appomattox Court House. A typescript copy of the diary is included in this collection.

King, Clinton M., Papers, 1861–1862. 2 items. Mss2K5810b.
Contain materials concerning the service of Clinton M. King (1834–1862) of Waynesboro in the 32nd Regiment of Virginia Militia and in the 52nd Virginia Infantry Regiment. Items include King's commission, 1 August1861, as a second lieutenant in the militia (signed by John Letcher [1813–1884]); and a letter, ca. March 1862, written by King to his wife regarding his recovery from illness, his opinion of Abraham Lincoln, news of Union troops in western Virginia [now W. Va.], and his concern over his wife's ability to maintain their farm (including King's suggestion that she hire a slave).

Kingsley, Charles, Letter, 1864. 2 items. Mss2K6144a1.
A letter, 6 August 1864, to Frank E. Kingsley of Leroy, Pa., from his brother, Charles Kingsley of Company L of the 3d Pennsylvania Artillery Battery (Graham's Naval Brigade), recounting an expedition up the Rappahannock River that resulted in the destruction by fire of Snowden, the Stafford County home of John Seddon (1826–1863), in retaliation for the destruction by Confederate forces of the Silver Spring, Md., home of Montgomery Blair (1813–1883). Also included in the collection is a photocopy of an article in the 12 August 1864 issue of the Richmond Dispatch, entitled "Retaliation," concerning the Union expedition.

Kinzer, William T., Diary, 1856–1862. 5 volumes. Typescript. Mss5:1K6275:1–5.
This collection contains a five-volume diary, 1856–1862, kept by William T. Kinzer (1837?–1864) while a student at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa. , a law student in Montgomery County, Va., and serving in Company L of the 4th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Volume 5, 1 September 1861–3 April 1862, concerns his Civil War service and includes descriptions of camp life in northern Virginia (drill, inspections, reviews, and picket duty), the 4th Virginia's journey from Fairfax Court House to Winchester in November 1861, and the Romney campaign.

Klag, Henry, Diary, 1861–1862. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1K6618:1.
A typed transcript of a diary, 14 September 1861–26 August 1862, kept by Henry Klag of the 95th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. Klag, who served as a musician in the regimental band, offers descriptions of life in camp at Alexandria in the fall and winter of 1861–62 and during the Peninsula campaign and of numerous reviews and band performances.

Updated February 25, 2003