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Cabell Family Papers - Cuthbert, C. A.

Cabell Family Papers, 1774–1941. 886 items. Mss1C1118a. Microfilm reels C543–545.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Cabell family of Richmond. Civil War items in the collection relate primarily to service of Henry Coalter Cabell (1820–1889) as commander of a battalion of artillery and later as commander of artillery in Lafayette McLaws's Division of the Army of Northern Virginia. Included are letters to Cabell from A. H. McLaws concerning the relief from command of Lafayette McLaws by James Longstreet in December 1863; from Preston M. Quarles (1831–1863) regarding Cabell's promotion to lieutenant colonel in September 1861; from George Wythe Randolph (1818–1867) concerning ammunition and training for Cabell's battery while serving on the Peninsula in 1861; and from Robert Augustus Stiles (1836–1905) informing Cabell of orders reorganizing artillery batteries in his battalion before the battle of the Wilderness, and offering reasons why Cabell will not be promoted to brigadier general in March 1865 (section 18). Other items include an essay, 1887, by Henry Cabell on 1st Corps artillery at the battle of Gettysburg and an undated postwar speech by Robert Stiles concerning Cabell's character and war service (section 35).

Cabell, John Grattan, Certificate of Disability, 1864. 1 item. Mss2W3256a1.
A certificate of disability, 16 July 1864, issued for John Grattan Cabell (1817–1896) of the South Carolina Palmetto Sharpshooters Regiment.

Cadwallader, John N. (1839–1876), Papers, 1860–1892. 43 items. Mss1C1158a.
Primarily consist of letters, 1861–1864, written by Anna Bell Cadwallader (later Gregory) of Newtown (later Stephens City), Frederick County, to her brother John N. Cadwallader while he served in the Confederate States Army (Wilfred E. Cutshaw's Winchester Artillery and later John C. Carpenter's Alleghany Artillery), primarily stationed in Fairfax County. Letters largely concern life on the homefront, particularly economic concerns, reports of Union and Confederate army movements and skirmishes in and around Newtown, and general war news. In particular, letters mention the battles of First Bull Run (5 and 21 August 1861), Fredericksburg (17 December 1862), and Chancellorsville (17 May 1863). Also, include mentions of the vote for secession in Newtown and the mustering of militia forces (24 May 1861), slaves running away to Union forces (30 March 1863), and news of their brother James M. Cadwallader, who served with the 1st Virginia Cavalry, was captured in 1862, and was later exchanged. Anna supported the Union initially and thought it was too much to give up simply to continue the system of slavery; she later sewed shirts for her brothers and made knapsacks at 8 cents a piece. She writes from Retirement House and later Locust Grove. (Letter of 10 October 1861 includes a message from their father, Ezra Cadwallader.)

Also, include letters written to John N. Cadwallader (of Stephensburg [later Stephens City]) by Robert Spiker (concerning family news) and his brother James Marcel Cadwallader (written in 1861 and in 1864 when serving with the Confederate Army around Richmond); letters (perhaps captured?), 1862, of Silas Pierce Richmond (of Freetown, Mass.) to J. N. Shaw (concerning his Union Army service at Fort Monroe in 1861 and raising troops for the 28th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment) and of Mrs. Lydia Ann Hilton (of Pendleton, N.Y.) written on Union stationary to her son Emerson Hilton (then serving with the Union Army) concerning money sent home by him and his brothers and his mother's desire to build a house; and a list of names of local persons compiled by Anna Bell (Cadwallader) Gregory, ca. 1862.

Camp Chase papers, 1862–1863. 112 items. Mss3C1505a. Microfilm reel C584.
This collection consists of correspondence, 1862–1863, of Confederate prisoners of war incarcerated at Camp Chase near Columbus, Ohio. The letters, written by soldiers captured at the battles of Mill Springs, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and New Madrid (Island No. 10), discuss living conditions at the prison (including diseases and clothing and food supplies), the possibility of prisoner exchanges, and the circumstances of their capture. Also in the collection are letters to prisoners from family and friends that concern family news, describe efforts to gain release for prisoners, and offer religious comfort.

Campbell, John William, Papers, 1861–1862. 7 items. Mss2C15273b.
Contains letters, 1861–1862, from John William Campbell (1841–1862) of Company D of the 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment to Joseph W. Anderson and Mary Lunny (Campbell) Roberts (1836–1904) concerning camp life in northern Virginia (particularly the building of winter quarters), sickness in the unit, and a review of the regiment conducted by Joseph E. Johnston.

Campbell, Virginia Eppes (Dance), Papers, 1858–1865. 13 items. Mss2C1538b.
This collection consists primarily of wartime letters to Virginia Eppes (Dance) Campbell (1831–1918) from her husband, William Addison Campbell (1829–1896) of the Powhatan Artillery Battery, describing camp life in Orange County in 1863 and near Chaffin's Bluff in 1865 and his experiences preaching to units in the Army of Northern Virginia (b1–5); and from her brother, Willis Jefferson Dance (1821–1887) of the Powhatan Artillery, concerning camp life near Centreville, in 1861, the Seven Days' battles, and an engagement near Rappahannock Station in 1863 (b6–10). Also in the collection is an undated list of female members of a soldier's aid society in Powhatan County (b12).

Caperton Family Papers, 1729–1973. 1,004 items. Mss1C1716a.
Contains the papers of the Caperton family of Monroe County, W.Va. The correspondence of Harriet Boswell (Alexander) Caperton (1820–1899) includes a letter, 15 May 1864, from a Union officer, John Lawrence Botsford (d. 1898), notifying her that a guard will be posted to protect her property; letters, 1861, from her son, John Caperton (1844–1867), concerning his life in camp at the Hermitage Fair Grounds in Richmond; a letter, 9 April 1865, from Harriet Caperton to her son John discussing the fall of Richmond and the Confederate cause in general; and letters, 1861–1862, from Harriet Caperton to her sister, Sarah Ann (Caperton) Preston (1826–1908), regarding the secession crisis and the general course of the war (section 6). The correspondence of George Henry Caperton (1828–1895) contains letters to him from his wife, Mary Eliza (Henderson) Caperton (1836–1900), discussing secession sentiment and general war news from Montgomery County in May 1861; from John Echols regarding Echols's duty as a recruiting officer at Staunton in 1861 and wounds he received during the 1862 Valley campaign; from Walter Henderson (1813–1887) concerning an attack by pro-Confederates in Maryland on the 7th New York Infantry Regiment as it marched toward Washington, D.C., in the spring of 1861, and regarding Confederate bonds; from John Francis Preston (1813–1862) offering advice to Caperton on his desire to join the Confederate army; and from George Wythe Randolph (1818–1867) concerning Caperton's commission as aide-de-camp to John Echols (section 8). Other items relating to George H. Caperton's service in the war include a typescript copy of his diary, 25 December 1861–17 January 1862, kept while a member of Company G of the 2d Virginia Cavalry Regiment containing entries concerning camp life in winter quarters near the Bull Run battlefield and the capture of Confederate diplomats James Murray Mason (1798–1871) and John Slidell (1793–1871) by the Union navy (section 7); and photocopies of furloughs and leaves of absence, 1861–1862, an honorable discharge, 1862, from the 2d Virginia Cavalry, a special order, 1863, assigning Caperton to duty as an assistant surgeon, and a pass, 1865, for a servant to cross Robert E. Lee's lines around Petersburg to join his master, John Caperton (section 10).

Carlton, Cornelius Hart, Diary, 1864–1869. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1C1974:2.
A typed transcript of a diary, [?] April 1864–1 July 1869, kept by Cornelius Hart Carlton (1826–1887) of Company F of the 24th Virginia Cavalry Regiment. The diary contains brief daily entries primarily concerning the weather and camp life near Richmond. Also included are brief entries describing cavalry action east of Richmond in August and September 1864, the chaotic activity in the city on 3 April 1865, and the retreat toward Appomattox Court House. The wartime portions of the diary are printed in the Bulletin of the King and Queen County Historical Society of Virginia 24 (January 1968).

Carmichael, T. G., Affidavit, 1863. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2J3844a1.
An affidavit, 11 September 1863, attesting to the qualifications of Joseph A. Jeffries to be a hospital steward at Second Division Hospital No. 1 at Danville. Signed by T. G. Carmichael, surgeon in charge of the hospital.

Carneal, Lafayette J., Papers, 1862–1864. 5 items. Mss2C2147b.
Contains letters of Lafayette J. Carneal (1844–1900) of Company B of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his father and sister concerning camp life, a cavalry raid on Chambersburg, Pa., under J. E. B. Stuart in October 1862, cavalry action during the Gettysburg campaign, and a brief record of rides in the Shenandoah Valley in December 1863.

Caroline County, Enrolling Office, Certificate, 1864. 1 item. Mss4C22144a1.
A certificate, 26 October 1864, issued to John Roy Baylor (1821–1897) of Caroline County by the county Enrolling Office for the impressment of two slaves.

Carrington Family Papers, 1744–1940. 5,068 items. Mss1C2358d. Microfilm reels B10–12.
Contains the papers of members of the Carrington family of Charlotte County. The correspondence of John Blair McPhail (1835–1904) of the 56th Virginia Infantry Regiment includes letters, 1865, concerning his imprisonment at Johnson's Island, Ohio (section 44). Correspondents include George F. Anderson, Sarah Hatton (McPhail) Anderson, Andrew Johnson, and Benjamin Grigsby McPhail. Also in the collection are Confederate tax-in-kind receipts for 1864 (section 29).

Carrington Family Papers, 1761–1954. 167 items. Mss1C2358c.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Carrington family of Charlotte County. The correspondence of Henry Alexander Carrington (1832–1885) of the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment includes letters, 1862–1864, to his wife, Charlotte Elizabeth (Cullen) Carrington, concerning camp life in northern Virginia in 1861, the suicide of Philip St. George Cocke, the first battle of Bull Run, general war news, the battle of Williamsburg, a recommendation for his promotion by George Edward Pickett, rumors regarding Union desertions following the Emancipation Proclamation, the Suffolk and Bermuda Hundred campaigns, and Carrington's arrival at Point Lookout, Md., as a prisoner of war; a letter, 18 September 1863, to Maria Louisa (Dabney) Carrington (1825–1902) regarding his life as a prisoner at Johnson's Island, Ohio; a letter, 23 May 1864, from Montgomery Dent Corse praising the conduct of Eppa Hunton's brigade; a letter, 19 March 1864, from Eppa Hunton concerning the reorganization of his brigade and Carrington's return from prison in the North; letters, 1863, from Clement Carrington Read (1805–1872) of Montreal, Canada, offering assistance to Carrington while a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island, Ohio; and a letter, 23 December 1862, from Robert Enoch Withers (1821–1907) discussing the battle of Fredericksburg and the price of food items in Danville (section 9). Other Civil War-related materials in the collection include a report, 1867, sent to Edward Porter Alexander from Henry Carrington listing the officers of and engagements fought in by the 18th Virginia (includes typescript copies), affidavits, 1863–1900, concerning Carrington's qualities as a soldier and attesting to the fact that he commanded the 18th Virginia during Pickett's Charge, and an undated roster of officers who served in the 18th Virginia, compiled by John Cullen Carrington (1860–1917) (section 10); letters, 1862–1864, to Charlotte Carrington from William Allen Carrington (1830–1866) concerning an election for colonel held by the 18th Virginia near Yorktown, from John Syng Dorsey Cullen (1832–1893) regarding the wounding and capture of Henry Carrington during Pickett's Charge, and from Betty L. Saunders discussing the threat of Union raids in Charlotte County (section 11); and letters and notes, 1909, to John Cullen Carrington from W. R. Lipscomb concerning Company B of the 1st Virginia Regiment of Reserves (section 12).

Carrington Family Papers, 1781–1939. 280 items. Mss1C2358h.
This collection contains the papers of the Carrington family of Charlotte and Prince Edward counties. Civil War items include a letter, 22 October 1861, from Eliza Henry (Preston) Carrington (1796–1877) to her brother, Paul Sydenham Carrington (1798–1866), concerning her need to sell all of her slaves because of financial insecurity; undated notes of Paul Carrington regarding the death of his son, Edgar Wirt Carrington (1835–1862) of the 38th Virginia Infantry Regiment, at the battle of Seven Pines (section 4); letters, 1861–1862, from Andrew Reid Venable (1830–1913) of Company K of the 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his wife, Louisa Cabell (Carrington) Venable (1837–1902), discussing camp life and skirmishes during the Peninsula campaign (section 10); letters to Adaline Mayo Carrington (1839–1915) from William Allan Carrington (1830–1866) concerning his service as a Confederate surgeon at Richardson's and Dooley's Hospital in Richmond in 1862, the death of his brother, Abram Cabell Carrington of Company D of the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment, at the battle of Frazier's Farm, and the possible parole of sick Union prisoners of war to alleviate the expense of care; a letter, 19 March 1896, to Adaline Carrington from Charles Clifton Penick (1843–1914) concerning Edgar Wirt Carrington's death at the battle of Seven Pines; and an undated letter from Adaline Carrington to Mrs. Rice regarding Mrs. Rice's son's part in the battle of Rich Mountain (section 11).

Carrington Family Papers, 1817–1895. 334 items. Mss1C2358g.
This collection contains the papers of the Carrington family of Charlotte County. Civil War items include a handwritten copy of an affidavit, 11 February 1863, of George Edward Pickett regarding qualities as a soldier of Henry Alexander Carrington (1832–1885), and a Richmond Dispatch extra, 4 March 1861, containing a copy of Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address (section 13).

Carrington Family Papers, 1862–1863. 2 items. Mss2C2359b.
This small collection consists of a portion of a letter, 24 July 1863, from an unidentified Confederate soldier in which he describes, in detail, his participation in the battle of Champion's Hill, Miss., and the Vicksburg campaign, and a letter, 15 October 1864, from James McDowell Carrington (1838–1911) of the Charlottesville Artillery Battery to his mother, Eliza Henry (Preston) Carrington (1796–1877), discussing the general military situation in Virginia in October 1862.

Carson, Robert Preston, Memoir, 1915. 1 item. Photocopy of typescript. Mss5:1C2394:1.
A photocopy of a typed transcript of a memoir, 1832–1915, written by Robert Preston Carson (1832–1924). Included in the memoir is a brief account of Carson's service in Company F of the 37th Virginia Infantry Regiment at the battles of Rich Mountain and Cheat Mountain and in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign.

Carter Family Papers, 1856–1931. 186 items. Mss1C2468b.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of two brothers, John William Carter (1837–1879) and Henry Clay Carter (1841–1931), of Appomattox County. John W. Carter's correspondence includes letters from Henry C. Carter, while serving in the 3d Company of Richmond Howitzers (discussing camp life, Henry's observations of the CSS Virginia in action on 5 May 1862, the election of officers in his unit, the carnage on the battlefield following the second battle of Bull Run, a court martial of his captain in February 1864, and the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg); to his wife, Mary Eliza (McGhee) Isbell Carter (concerning his service in the Confederate Quartermaster's Department and in the 2d Virginia Infantry Regiment, financial advice for his wife, living conditions at Danville in 1862, and his comments on the stockpiling of scarce resources and its effect on prices); from Washington L. Harvey (concerning the first battle of Bull Run and the poor performance of South Carolina troops during the battle); from George Washington Custis Lee (regarding the possibility of Lee's being assigned a division of African-American troops); and from E. Clement Sulivane (1838–1920) of the 2d Battalion of Local Defense Troops (concerning an engagement west of Richmond on 1 March 1864, and instructions on troop movements from Custis Lee) (section 1).

Other war-related items in the collection include a parole of honor, 18 April 1865, issued to John Carter; an affidavit, 9 June 1865, concerning the oath of allegiance of John Carter (section 2); letters, 1862–1864, concerning reports of Union troop movements near Fort Harrison in December 1864, the construction of outer defenses east of Richmond, and shoes for Alabama soldiers in December 1862 (section 4); orders, 1863–1865, regarding the poor conduct of Local Defense Troops in Richmond in 1864, and John Carter's appointments in the 2d Virginia Regiment, Local Defense Troops (section 5); letters, 1862–1863, to and from Henry Carter concerning an inspection of the 3d Company of Richmond Howitzers held in October 1863 and the payment of bounties to new recruits (section 7); orders and accounts, 1861–1863, concerning members of the 3d Company of Richmond Howitzers (section 8); and an undated map, drawn by Henry Carter, of Elizabeth City, Warwick, and York counties (section 9).

Carter, Robert G., Papers, 1900–1934. 28 items. Mss2C2467b.
This collection contains materials generated and collected by Robert G. Carter concerning the war in Virginia. Particular items include letters, 1930–1934, from Carter discussing the wounding of Thomas J. Jackson at the battle of Chancellorsville; letters, 1900–1932, to Carter from Union veterans describing their participation in the battle of Chancellorsville; typed undated papers by Carter on Jackson's wounding and a postwar visit to the battlefield at Spotsylvania Court House; and hand-drawn maps of the battlefields of Chancellorsville and Spotsylvania Court House.

Carter, Thomas Henry, Papers, 1861–1896. 124 items. Mss1C2466a.
This collection primarily contains papers relating to service of Thomas Henry Carter (1831–1908) in the King William Artillery Battery and as chief of artillery to Daniel Harvey Hill and Jubal A. Early. Section 1 consists of letters, 1861–1865, from Carter to his wife, Susan Elizabeth (Roy) Carter (1833–1902), in which he offers interesting commentary on life in the Confederate army throughout the war, descriptions of military operations (including the battles of Malvern Hill, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania Court House, and Cedar Creek and the Peninsula and Gettysburg campaigns), and his candid opinions of Confederate commanders (including Pierre G. T. Beauregard, Jubal A. Early, Richard Stoddert Ewell, John Brown Gordon, A. P. Hill, Daniel Harvey Hill, Albert Sidney Johnston, Joseph E. Johnston, Robert E. Lee, Armistead Lindsay Long, Robert Emmett Rodes, Gustavus Woodson Smith, and Earl Van Dorn). Section 2 contains Carter's wartime and postwar correspondence with various individuals. Correspondents include Eugene Blackford ([1839–1908] regarding charges against Blackford for misconduct during the battle of Cedar Creek); Anne Willing (Page) Carter ([1815–1891] concerning George B. McClellan and Carter's acceptance of the position of chief of artillery to Daniel Harvey Hill); Charles Shirley Carter ([1840–1922] concerning Thomas Carter's wound received at the battle of Antietam); R. H. Fitzhugh (regarding the gift of a horse to Carter); Armistead Lindsay Long (discussing the transfer of artillery from the Army of the Valley to the Army of Northern Virginia in January 1865); Samuel Johnston Cramer Moore ([1826–1908] requesting Carter to appear at Jubal Early's quarters); Robert Powel Page ([1846–1930] concerning Carter's postwar request for information on the operations of Confederate artillery at Appomattox Court House on 9 April 1865 and a detailed reminiscence of the retreat to Appomattox); James Wylie Ratchford ([1840–1910] regarding Carter's request to go to Richmond and secure artillery horses); Robert Emmett Rodes (concerning Daniel Harvey Hill's departure from the Army of Northern Virginia in March 1863); E. Worthen (briefly mentioning the arrival of the King William Artillery Battery at Richmond); and an unidentified author (describing events surrounding the surrender at Appomattox Court House).

Carter, Thomas Henry, Papers, 1865–1909. 4 items. Mss2C2468c.
This collection contains materials relating to service of Thomas Henry Carter (1831–1908) in the 2d Corps Artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia. Items include a letter, 18 March 1865, from Carter to William Nelson (1808–1892) concerning the reorganization of the artillery of the 2d Corps; the Appomattox parole, 1865, of Carter and fifty-eight members of the artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia; and a handwritten copy, 1865, of General Order No. 9.

Carter, Thomas Henry, Correspondence, 1898. 3 items. Mss2C2468b.
This small collection includes a letter, 15 May 1898, from F. A. Dearborn to Thomas Henry Carter (1831–1908) concerning the strength and composition of Carter's battalion of Confederate artillery at the battle of Cedar Creek.

Cary Family Papers, 1844–1968. 1,360 items. Mss1C2597b.
Papers of John Baytop Cary (of Hampton and Richmond) concern his Civil War service on the staff of Confederate general John B. Magruder, as colonel of the 32d Virginia Infantry Regiment, and his activities with Confederate veterans groups. Section 1 includes letters written to his wife, Columbia H. (Hudgins) Cary (of Hampton), concerning the Yorktown campaign, the battle of Big Bethel, Cary's camp servant, Cooper, Cary's motivations for fighting, soldier recreation, the fall of Fort Donelson, the 1862 election of officers, and the fall of New Orleans. Letters also make frequent reference to religious subjects. Letters from Columbia Cary discuss family news, her taking of laudanum and the need for servant help, and her criticism of Magruder.

Other correspondents in this section include Benjamin F. Butler (concerning Butler's policy toward Southern refugees, the naval blockade, and Colonel Cary's concern for his library at Hampton Academy, where he had taught before the war), daughter Elizabeth Earle "Lizzie" (Cary) Daniel (of New Kent County; letter of 9 July 1861 discusses Cary's promotion and his inability to remove his servants from Hampton), A. G. Dickinson (concerning a photograph of John B. Magruder and Magruder's service in Texas during the Civil War), Thomas Ellett (of Richmond, concerning the reinterment of Jefferson Davis), Benjamin S. Ewell (concerning the safety of Hampton), Henry Heth (of Washington, D.C., concerning his inability to ride a horse at an upcoming Confederate reunion because of illness), John Bell Hood (of New Orleans, concerning his banking work after the Civil War), George A. Magruder, Jr. (regarding a citizen's desire to reclaim slaves from Fort Monroe), John B. Magruder (concerning the Yorktown campaign), Robert Northen (of Richmond, concerning Northen's experiences in the Confederate army), Charles Broadway Rouss (concerning a reception at the Museum of the Confederacy), G. William Semple (of Richmond, concerning Semple's appointment as General Magruder's medical director), Agnes Harwood Marshall Taliaferro (of Annandale, concerning Southern women), Peyton Wise (of Richmond, concerning a Confederate veteran stranded in North Carolina with no money), and the George E. Pickett Camp of United Confederate Veterans (containing an application form and meeting information).

Casey, William Thomas, Papers, 1861–1864. 110 items. Mss1C2686a.
This collection consists entirely of the wartime letters of William Thomas Casey (1843–1864) of Caroline County. Casey's letters home concern his service in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina as a member of Company K of the 4th Virginia Heavy Artillery Regiment (later the 34th Virginia Infantry Regiment). Topics include camp life, religion, and family news. Of particular note is a letter, 10 February 1864, in which Casey asks a family member to try to catch a deserter and to send Casey a certificate proving the capture in return for which Casey will receive a fifteen-day furlough. The collection includes a bound volume of typed transcripts of Casey's letters.

Cave Family Papers, 1728–1881. 888 items. Mss1C3154a.
This collection contains the papers of the Cave family of Montebello, Orange County. Wartime materials include letters, 1861–1862, from Felix H. Cave to his father, Richard Cave (1780–1863), concerning the sale of his father's crops of wheat and tobacco in Richmond (section 2); letters, 1863, from John Philip Thompson (b. 1832) to Katy [?] and Cornelia (Cave) Thompson (b. 1842) assuring them of his safe condition while imprisoned at Fort Delaware, Del., and Johnson's Island, Ohio; and an affidavit and a pass, 1865, concerning John Thompson's having taken the oath of allegiance and granting him permission to travel to Kentucky (section 5).

Cazenove Family Papers, 1824–1937. 32 items. Mss1C3194a.
Contains the papers of the Cazenove and related Minor and Plummer families of Virginia. Civil War materials include a letter, 19 September 1863, from Charles Landon Carter Minor (1835–1903), while a member of Samuel Jones's staff, to Launcelot Minor Blackford (1837–1914) concerning Minor's hatred of Yankees, military operations near Abingdon, his fears for the safety of his wife (who is with him in the field), and his experiences while on a raid at Wytheville (section 3), and a letter, 28 April 1862, from Robert E. Lee to Charles Minor's wife, Frances Ansley (Cazenove) Minor (1839–1884), regarding her husband's efforts to gain appointment as a staff officer (section 4).

Chamberlayne Family Papers, 1821–1938. 2,940 items. Mss1C3552c. Microfilm reels C291–293.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Chamberlayne family of Virginia. Civil War-related materials include a letter, 4 May 1875, from Samuel Davis Preston (1834–1888) to John Hampden Chamberlayne (1838–1882) describing the position of the 34th Virginia Infantry Regiment at the battle of the Crater (section 1); letters, 1864, from William Waller (1821–1870) to his wife, Jane Henry Meredith (Waller) Waller (1829–1912), concerning his service in the Confederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, Union attacks against Charleston, S.C., and news of the war in Virginia in May 1864 (section 62); a special order, 18 March 1864, extending William Waller's leave of absence twenty days (section 65); and a letter, 15 March 1864, from Benjamin Stoddert Ewell (1810–1894) to John M. Speed (1815–1866) of Lynchburg requesting that the bearer of the letter, a slave formerly attached to Joseph E. Johnston's headquarters, be hired in Lynchburg (section 69).

Chamberlayne Family Papers, 1835–1921. 167 items. Mss1C3552b.
This collection contains the papers of the Chamberlayne family of Richmond. Civil War materials consist primarily of letters from John Hampden Chamberlayne (1838–1882) of the Purcell, Crenshaw, and Davidson Artillery batteries to his mother, Martha Burwell (Dabney) Chamberlayne (1802–1883), concerning Joseph E. Johnston's recuperation in Richmond following his wounding at the battle of Seven Pines, Martha Chamberlayne's experiences in the city in 1862, Ham Chamberlayne's life while a prisoner at Johnson's Island, Ohio, and Point Lookout, Md., following his capture at the battle of Gettysburg, the battle of the Wilderness, skirmishes near Hanover Junction, Meadow Bridge, and Gaines' Mill in May-June 1864, and Chamberlayne's experiences around Petersburg in the fall of 1864 (section 4). Also in the collection is a letter, 7 May 1864, from Frederick Yeamans Dabney (1842–1899) while a prisoner of war at Johnson's Island to his aunt, Martha Chamberlayne, discussing his hopes for obtaining an exchange and relating news concerning other prisoners (section 3).

Chamberlayne Family Papers, 1861–1957. 24 items. Mss1C3552d.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of Francis West Chamberlayne (1832–1904) of Richmond and his son, Crenshaw Chamberlayne (1879–1963). Section 2 contains memoirs, ca. 1900, written by Francis Chamberlayne concerning his service in Company I of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment and includes his service in Richmond and in northern Virginia in 1861, camp life, and the first battle of Bull Run. Section 3 contains a memoir, ca. 1900, by Francis Chamberlayne offering a description of the burning of Chambersburg, Pa., on 30 July 1864. Also included is a commission, 21 September 1861, of Chamberlayne as a captain in the 4th Cavalry Regiment of Virginia Militia (section 4); and letters, 1861, written to Garland Hanes by his son Henry C. Hanes ([d. 1861] of the 4th Virginia Cavalry, concerning a cavalry skirmish at Fairfax Court House on 1 June and the death in that skirmish of John Quincy Marr [1825–1861]) and John Grattan Cabell ([1817–1896] describing the death of Henry C. Hanes in a cavalry skirmish in late June) (Section 10).

Chamberlayne Family Papers, 1861–1963. 21 items. Mss2C3558b.
This collection contains the papers of several generations of the Chamberlayne family of Virginia. Wartime items consist of a commission, 8 May 1861, signed by John Letcher (1813–1884), issued to Francis West Chamberlayne (1832–1904) as a second lieutenant in the 4th Cavalry Regiment of Virginia Militia (b1), and a letter, 26 October 1864, from Daniel Kerr Stewart (1809–1889) to Francis W. Chamberlayne (while a prisoner at Camp Chase, Ohio) concerning family news and attempts to send Chamberlayne money (b2). The letter includes a newspaper clipping advising Virginia Hanes Chamberlayne of the prisoner of war status of Francis Chamberlayne.

Chamberlayne, John Hampden, Papers, 1858–1877. 111 items. Mss1C3552a. Microfilm reel C584.
This collection contains materials concerning the service of John Hampden Chamberlayne (1838–1882) in the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment and in the Purcell, Crenshaw, and Davidson Virginia Artillery batteries. The bulk of the collection consists of letters, 1861–1865, from Chamberlayne to family members describing, in great detail, camp life, the state of morale in the Confederate army throughout the war, and the following military engagements: the Romney, 1862 Maryland, Fredericksburg, and Petersburg campaigns and the battles of Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, and Chancellorsville (section 1). Also in the collection are copies of official letters, 1864, regarding Chamberlayne's promotion to captain of Davidson's Battery (section 2). The wartime letters are printed in Churchill Gibson Chamberlayne, ed., Ham Chamberlayne–Virginian (Richmond, 1932).

Chandler, Algernon Bertrand, Reminiscence, 1906. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss2C3612a1.
Contains a typescript copy of the Civil War reminiscence, 1906, of Algernon Bertrand Chandler (b. 1843) of the 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Chandler briefly describes the war's effect on his parents, his 1861 service in northern Virginia, the retreat up the Peninsula in the spring of 1862, and his experience as a prisoner of war at Point Lookout, Md.

Channell, Chester F., Papers, 1862–1864. 3 items. Mss2C3627b.
This collection contains letters, 1862–1864, from Chester F. Channell (1841–1864) of Company D of the 24th Iowa Infantry Regiment of the Union army, Department of the Gulf, to his family concerning camp life in Arkansas and in Iowa.

Chapman, William Henry, Letter, 1887. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss2C3675a1.
A letter, 27 August 1887, from William Henry Chapman (1840–1929) to James Longstreet concerning the Dixie (Page County) Artillery Battery at the second battle of Bull Run.

Chappelear, Amanda Virginia (Edmonds), Papers, 1857–1960. 28 items. Mss1C3684a. Microfilm reels C451–452.
This collection contains the papers of Amanda Virginia (Edmonds) Chappelear (1839–1921) of Belle Grove, Fauquier County. Of note are three diaries, 8 June 1862–6 February 1867, kept by Amanda Chappelear with entries concerning war news from Fauquier County and northern Virginia, visits from Confederate soldiers and southern travelers, encounters with Union soldiers encamped at Belle Grove, and information on the activities of the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion (sections 2–4). The collection includes a one-volume typescript copy of the three diaries.

Chappell, John Taylor, Poem, 1865. 1 item. Mss2C3683a1.
A poem, 1865, written by John Taylor Chappell (1845–1915) while serving aboard the CSS Virginia concerning Chappell and two friends, Robert Rankin and "Paul."

Chappell, John Taylor, Recollections, ca. 1890. 1 item. Mss5:1C3685:2.
Recollections, written by John Taylor Chappell (1845–1915), concerning primarily his experiences while serving in Company H of the 23d Virginia Infantry Regiment during the Confederate retreat following the battle of Rich Mountain. Also included is a brief sketch of his service in Company A of the 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment during the siege of Yorktown and at the battle of Williamsburg.

Chappell, John Taylor, Recollections, ca. 1890. 1 item. Mss5:1C3685:1.
Recollections, entitled "From Yorktown to Williamsburg," written by John Taylor Chappell (1845–1915), formerly a member of Company A of the 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, concerning his experiences during the siege of Yorktown and at the battle of Williamsburg. The collection includes a small photograph of Chappell.

Chappell, John Taylor, Recollections, ca. 1890. 1 item. Mss5:1C3685:3.
Recollections, written by John Taylor Chappell (1845–1915), formerly of Company A of the 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, recounting his role as a scout-courier for Benjamin Huger at the battle of Malvern Hill.

Chappell, John Taylor, Recollection, 1908. 1 item. Mss5:1C3685:4.
A recollection, written by John Taylor Chappell (1845–1915), concerning an event that occurred on 25 December 1864 involving a member of Parker's Artillery Battery and a northern civilian in a Union observation tower near Dutch Gap in Henrico County. The recollection is entitled "A Christmas Salute."

Charlotte County, Board of Exemption, Records, 1862. 16 items. Mss3C3815a728–743.
Contains affidavits and petitions, 1862, to the Charlotte County Board of Exemptions requesting exemption from service in the Confederate army (section 136). This section is a part of a larger collection of Charlotte County records.

Chelf, C. F., Agreement, 1883. 10 items. Mss2C4175b.
An agreement, 1883, of C. F. Chelf, as representative of Smith & Chelf of Culpeper County, with C. B. Hank regarding a claim against the United States government for cotton destroyed at East Macon, Ga., in 1864. Also includes receipts, 1862–1864, of Lightfoot & Flanders, East Macon, for cotton.

Chenoweth, Joseph Hart, Papers, 1857–1862. 5 items. Photocopies. Mss2C4215b.
Contains the papers of Joseph Hart Chenoweth (1837–1862) of the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment. The papers consist of a copy of a letter, 12 January 1862, from Chenoweth to his mother, Nancy Ann (Hart) Chenoweth of Beverly, Randolph County (now W.Va.), concerning religious sentiments; a copy of a diary, 29 May–9 June 1862, kept by Chenoweth during the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic; and a copy of an undated memoir by Joseph F. Harding concerning Joseph Chenoweth's service in the 31st Virginia at the battles of McDowell, Cross Keys, and Port Republic.

Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, Account, 1865. 1 item. Mss4C440a2.
An account, 23 March 1865, for food supplies purchased for Chimborazo Hospital by G. L. Gates, a hospital steward.

Chisholm Family Papers, 1861–1862. 18 items. Mss2C4476b.
This collection contains the papers of two members of the Chisholm family of Hanover County. Letters, 1861–1862, from James Oscar Chisholm (1843–1862) of the Morris Artillery Battery to his sister, Ann M. Chisholm (b. 1836), and father, Oscar F. Chisholm (b. 1804), discuss camp life in northern Virginia in the fall and winter of 1861 and the battle of Ball's Bluff. A letter, 2 February 1862, from William J. Chisholm (b. 1833) of the Morris Artillery to Ann Chisholm concerns camp life and the Furlough and Bounty Act of 1862. Also in the collection are two passes, 12 February 1862, issued to James Chisholm at Manassas by the Confederate Quartermaster's Department permitting him to travel to and from Richmond aboard the Orange and Alexandria and the Virginia Central Railroad.

Chisolm, William Garnett, Papers, 1749–1955. 1,784 items. Mss1C4485a.
This collection, compiled by William Garnett Chisolm (1890–1955), contains primarily correspondence, notes, genealogical charts, and newspaper clippings concerning the Garnett, Hunter, and Mercer families of Virginia. Civil War items consist of a letter, 21 June 1861, from Robert Selden Garnett to Muscoe Russell Hunter Garnett (1821–1864) regarding Muscoe Garnett's request to serve on his staff (folder 18); letters, 1861, to Robert S. Garnett from Michael G. Harman concerning troops, equipment, and food collected by Harman for Garnett, and from Daniel Ruggles reporting on the landing of a large Union force in Stafford County and asking for reinforcements; orders, 1861, signed by Robert S. Garnett, concerning the assignment of Confederate artillery batteries, the spending of public money, and the assignment of an agent at Suffolk to purchase supplies for newly arriving troops (folder 19); a letter, 14 August 1861, to the relatives of Robert S. Garnett from J. W. Gordon of New York describing Garnett's death (folder 20); a typescript copy of Richard Brooke Garnett's official report, 30 March 1862, of the battle of Kernstown (folder 23); letters, 1865, from Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter (1809–1887) to Andrew Johnson and William Henry Seward (1801–1872) concerning Hunter's request for a pardon (folder 30); and a letter, 18 July 1863, from Elliot Johnston (b. 1824) to Elizabeth (Taylor) Bliss Dandridge concerning the death of Richard B. Garnett at the battle of Gettysburg (folder 38).

Christian, Ann Webster (Gordon), Diary, 1860–1867. 1 volume. Mss5:1C4626:1.
Kept by Ann Webster (Gordon) Christian (1837–1894) of Richmond, this diary, 1 January 1860–1 May 1867, contains entries concerning her religious life and her visits to educational institutions and friends and family in Virginia and Mississippi. The diary includes a brief description of the destruction by fire of the Gordon family home in Richmond on 3 April 1865 and notes on the life and character of Thomas J. Jackson.

Christian Family Papers, 1854–1990. 15 items. Mss2C4629b.
This collection contains the papers of the Christian family of Richmond. War-related materials include letters, 1862–1863, from Heath Jones Christian (1844–1864) of Company D of the 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his parents discussing camp life and cavalry operations in the Shenandoah Valley in December 1863 (section 1) and a brief undated memoir by Garland Harwood Clarke (1847–1916) of Company G of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment concerning the unit's role in the Appomattox campaign (section 2).

Claiborne Family Papers, 1665–1911. 3,671 items. Mss1C5217b. Microfilm reels C586–589.
The papers of Herbert Augustine Claiborne (1819–1902) of Richmond account for more than two-thirds of this collection. Civil War-related materials in the Claiborne family papers include letters, 1860–1863, of Judith Carter (Lewis) McGuire (1794–1882) to her daughter, Mary Anna (McGuire) Claiborne (1819–1864), describing the effect of the war on the family (section 22); letters, 1862, from Virginius Howard Claiborne (1833–1897) to Herbert A. Claiborne regarding Virginius's duties in the army and Confederate attacks on Baton Rouge, La. (section 27); Confederate Subsistence Department records, 1861–1862, consisting of correspondence, accounts, requisitions, receipts, and invoices for supplies for the Confederate Army of the Potomac (section 44); a letter, 4 January 1863, from Catharine Thom (1816?–1886) to Mary Anna Claiborne discussing the damage to her Fredericksburg home and a nearby church suffered during the battle of Fredericksburg; and letters, 1863, from Mary Thom (d. 1894) to Mary Anna Claiborne concerning the fighting in the town of Fredericksburg during the battle and the use of a church as a Union hospital after the battle (section 46). Also in the Subsistence Department records are provision returns for the Fluvanna, Nelson, Powhatan, and Staunton Hill artillery batteries.

Claiborne Family Papers, 1739–1938. 115 items. Mss1C5217c. Microfilm reel C297.
Contains the papers of the Claiborne and related families of Richmond. Civil War materials include a diary, 1 January–31 December 1863, kept in Richmond by Herbert Augustine Claiborne (1819–1902), with brief entries on the weather, news of battles and skirmishes and sessions of Congress, and rumors of troop movements (section 4); a letter, 8 June 1861, from James William Claiborne (1825–1906) of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his brother, Herbert A. Claiborne, concerning James's duties as regimental physician and news of fighting around Hampton and Newport News (section 5); and a notebook, 7 June 1861–3 April 1862, kept by Herbert A. Claiborne in Richmond while serving in the Confederate Commissary Department, containing the following information: daily rations allowed per soldier, prices of food, beef allotted to different camps around the city, rations for prisoners, and an estimate of rations needed for 2,000 patients at Chimborazo Hospital (section 6).

Claiborne Family Papers, 1803–1954. 1,060 items. Mss1C5217a. Microfilm reels C585–586.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Archer, Claiborne, Cabell, and Watson families. Civil War items in the collection consist of letters, 1861–1862, sent to Herbert Augustine Claiborne (1819–1902) of the Confederate Commissary Department in Richmond concerning requests for subsistence stores and commissary supplies (section 3). Also in this section are letters from Claiborne's brothers, James William Claiborne (1825–1906) of Mahone's division and Virginius Howard Claiborne (1833–1897), describing camp life near Petersburg in 1865 and recruiting duty in Scott County in 1861. Correspondents in section 3 include, among others, Lucius Bellinger Northrop (1811–1894), James Brown McCaw (1823–1906), and James Henry Winder.

Claiborne, John Herbert, Papers, 1861–1865. 36 items. Mss2C5214b. Microfilm reel C584.
This collection contains materials relating to service of John Herbert Claiborne (1828–1905) as surgeon in the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Claiborne's papers include correspondence, 1861–1862, concerning requests for medical supplies and personnel (section 1); orders, 1861–1863, regarding Claiborne's appointment as surgeon in the Confederate army (section 2); and requisitions, 1861–1862, for medical and food supplies (section 3).

Clark, George, Memoir, 1920. 1 item. Photocopy of typescript. Mss5:1C5476:1.
A photocopy of a typed transcript of a memoir, entitled "The History of My Life," written by George Clark (1846–1925) of Spotsylvania County concerning, in part, his service in the Fredericksburg Artillery Battery at the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and North Anna and in the Petersburg campaign.

Clark, Meriwether Lewis, Letter, 1865. 1 item. Mss2C5487a1.
A letter, 6 February 1865, from Meriwether Lewis Clark concerning his withdrawal of charges of disobedience of orders against William H. Fry (1821–1902) of the 11th Battalion Virginia Reserves.

Clarke, Arthur Bell, Papers, 1784–1930. 637 items. Mss1C5503a.
Contains primarily genealogical materials compiled by Arthur Bell Clarke (1854–1923) of Richmond. Civil War-related items consist of notes, 1903, concerning service of Charles Hammet Clarke (1827–1903) in Company G of the 15th Virginia Infantry Regiment and the battles in which he fought (section 3).

Clarke Family Papers, 1815–1938. 761 items. Mss1C5587a.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of George Harvey Clarke (1852–1931) of Richmond. The correspondence of Edward Bagby (1843–1864) of Company K of the 34th Virginia Infantry Regiment includes letters to his mother, Elizabeth (Lumpkin) Motley Bagby (1799–1872), discussing the rising tensions in Washington, D.C., in April 1861, camp life near Adams Run, S.C., and the movement of Bagby's regiment to near Petersburg in May 1864; to his father, John Bagby (1792–1880), describing a skirmish at Fort Johnson near Charleston, S.C., in November 1863, Dahlgren's raid in King and Queen County and life in the trenches at Petersburg in 1864; to his sister, Sue Etta Bagby (d. 1923), concerning camp life at Gloucester Point in June 1861, the effects of Dahlgren's raid on King and Queen County, a religious revival in camp, and the initial Union assaults against Petersburg of 15–18 June 1864; and to his sister, Virginia (Bagby) Pollard (1839–1918), 30 June 1862, describing the devastation caused by the battles of Mechanicsville and Gaines' Mill (section 49). Other war related items in the collection include a letter, 5 March 1861, from Virginia Pollard to Sue Etta Bagby discussing, in part, Virginia's reluctance to secede following Abraham Lincoln's inauguration (section 50) and a typed account, ca. 1895, of Dahlgren's raid by George Harvey Clarke (section 58).

Clay Family Papers, 1769–1951. 181 items. Mss1C5795a.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Clay family of Virginia. Civil War materials include receipts, 1864, for slaves of Odin Green Clay (1795?–1882) impressed by Confederate authorities to build fortifications around Lynchburg (section 3), and a letter, 11 December 1862, from Calhoun Green Clay of the 2d Virginia Cavalry Regiment to his brother concerning life in camp near Fredericksburg (section 5).

Clayton Family Papers, 1852–1865 (bulk 1861–1865). 104 items. Mss1C5796a.
Papers of the Clayton and related Semmes families of Georgia include letters (section 1), 1862–1863, of Paul Jones Semmes (of Wilkes County, Ga., a brigade commander in the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia) chiefly to his sister, Caroline Maria (Semmes) Clayton (of Atlanta, Ga.). An undated letter [perhaps June 1863] says the Army of Northern Virginia should take the war into the North, where it could subsist on local supplies and livestock; letter of 11 May 1862 addresses Clayton's promotion to brigadier general and the problem of straggling among recruits; letter of 4 June 1862 discusses the fighting around Richmond and Semmes’s devotion to the Confederate cause; letter of 22 November 1862 discusses Federal forces outside Fredericksburg and relates news of his family's dangerous crossing of the Mississippi River, as well as of the Federals stealing some of his slaves in Georgia; and letter of 19 May 1863, to his brother-in-law William Wirt Clayton (of Atlanta, Ga.), says he had to abandon operations on his plantation because of Federal harassment and discusses his participation in the battle of Chancellorsville.

The collection also includes correspondence (section 2), 1859–1864, of Sergeant [later Lieutenant] William Harris Clayton, a soldier in the 7th Georgia Infantry Regiment, with family members, chiefly concerning daily life in the Confederate army and military campaigns, including the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Knoxville, and Spotsylvania Court House. Letter of 13 June 1861 gives his impressions of Harpers Ferry and discusses his recent journey to Richmond from Georgia; letter of 9 December 1861 describes his witnessing the execution of two Confederate soldiers in camp for the attempted killing of their officer; letter of 25 June 1862 tells of his arrest for fraternizing with an enemy picket; letter of 10 February 1863 notes his desire for a transfer and that his family must send him a servant; letter of 17 April 1863 mentions his capture of a free African American Unionist and Clayton's regret in not executing him. An additional letter of 29 February 1864 says he wishes the war would end, but vows he will remain in the army for the duration; letter of 9 April 1864 says that as long as men like Abraham Lincoln and Georgia governor Joseph E. Brown are in power, the war will continue. A faded letter, dated 8 February 1863, apparently concerns Clayton's request for a transfer and that his servant, Othello, be sent to camp; another nearly illegible letter, dated 14 March 1863, apparently concerns his request for a transfer, the upcoming gubernatorial election, and the explosion at the Richmond Ordnance Laboratory the previous day.

Cleary, William Walter, Diary, 1862–1864. 1 reel. Microfilm copy. Mss10: no. 74.
This collection consists of a microfilm copy of a diary, 15 June 1862–25 April 1864, kept by William Walter Cleary (1831–1897) while employed as a clerk in the Second Auditor's Office of the Confederate Treasury Department in Richmond. Entries in the diary discuss family news, Cleary's journey through Kentucky and Tennessee in the fall of 1862, the Richmond Bread Riots in March 1863, local reaction to George Stoneman's cavalry raid on Richmond in May 1863 (3–4 May 1863), his brief service in Company D of the 3d Infantry, Local Defense Troops, the arrival of Confederate wounded following battle of Chancellorsville, and news of the Vicksburg and Gettysburg campaigns.

Cloyd Family Papers, 1777–1887. 445 items. Mss1C6264a.
This collection contains the papers of the Cloyd family of Montgomery and Pulaski counties. Included are drawings of the battle of Cloyd's Mountain, enclosed in a letter, 26 November 1887, from E. C. Arthur, formerly of the 23d Ohio Infantry Regiment, to David McNutt Cloyd (1855–1911) ("E. C. Arthur" folder).

Cobb, Daniel William, Diary, 1843–1872. 24 volumes. Mss5:1C6334:1–24. Microfilm reels C238–240.
This collection contains the multi-volume diary of a Southampton County planter, Daniel William Cobb (1811–1872). In volumes kept during the war years (1861, 1863, and 1864), Cobb describes the initial reaction in the county to secession, the enlistment of local men in the Confederate army, his own involvement with the local Home Guard unit, military events (particularly cavalry operations during the Petersburg campaign), food shortages and rising prices, and his changing attitudes toward the Confederate cause (volumes 16, 17, and 18). Excerpts of the diary have been published as Cobb's Ordeal: The Diaries of a Virginia Farmer, 1842–1872 (Athens, Ga., and London, 1998), edited by Daniel W. Crofts.

Cochran, Catherine Mary Powell (Noland), Memoir, n.d. 2 volumes. Mss5:1C6433:1–2. Microfilm reel C589.
This collection consists of the two-volume handwritten memoir of Catherine Mary Powell (Noland) Cochran (1814–1895) of Middleburg. The recollections describe, in great detail, Cochran's life in Loudoun County during the war. Included in her account are descriptions of the conduct of Union soldiers during periods of occupation, frequent mention of the activities of John S. Mosby (1833–1916), comments on the economic impact of the war, and discussions of the northern political situation. Of particular note are her descriptions of the following military operations: the first and second battles of Bull Run, the Bermuda Hundred campaign, the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign, and the Petersburg campaign. Other items in the volumes include newspaper clippings concerning Robert E. Lee, J. E. B. Stuart, and military engagements; military passes; and orders, 1863–1865, concerning the service of John Henry Cochran (d. 1896) in the artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia.

Cochran, Leonidas B., Letter, 1865. 1 item. Mss2C6435a1.
A letter, 25 April 1865, from Alonzo L. Harrod, while serving in North Carolina with the Union Army of the Tennessee, to Leonidas B. Cochran concerning the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia and the impending surrender of the Confederate Army of Tennessee.

Cocke Family Papers, 1742–1976. 245 items. Mss1C6458c. Microfilm reel C399.
Contains the papers of the Cocke family of Petersburg, Dinwiddie, and Prince George counties. The correspondence, May-June 1861, of Harrison Henry Cocke (1794–1873), while serving in the Confederate navy, concerns his role in commanding naval defenses on the James River (section 5). Letters in section 5 communicate lists of men serving in the navy on Jamestown Island and reports of crew and armaments on gunboats and discuss the construction of forts along the James River. Also in the collection are notes concerning naval light signals; a letter, 16 June 1861, from Robert E. Lee to Samuel Barron (1809–1888) of the Confederate Navy announcing the assignment of Gilbert V. Rambeaut (b. 1803?) and the Cockade Artillery Battery to Jamestown Island; special orders, May 1861, issued by Robert Selden Garnett regarding the defenses of the James River; and a requisition, 24 May 1861, for ordnance for Fort Powhatan, Prince George County (section 6).

Cocke Family Papers, 1794–1981. ca. 2,950 items. Mss1C6458dFA2. Microfilm reels C452–453.
Contains the papers of four generations of the Cocke family of Virginia. Included in the collection is a letter, 13 January 1862, from William Fauntleroy Cocke (1836–1863) of the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his brother, John Preston Cocke (1845–1917), discussing family news and describing life in winter quarters near Centreville (box 5). There is a guide to this collection in the Society's library.

Cocke Family Papers, 1861–1865. 28 items. Mss1C6458a. Microfilm reel C589.
The papers of the Cocke family of Portsmouth contain the correspondence of three Civil War soldiers. Letters, 1862–1865, of William Henry Cocke (1832–1865) of the 9th Virginia Infantry Regiment offer descriptions of camp life and his unit's participation in the battles of Malvern Hill, Antietam, and Gettysburg and the Suffolk campaign (section 1). Letters, 1862–1865, of John N. Cocke, also of the 9th Virginia, provide family news, descriptions of camp life and the battle of Seven Pines, and brief mention of his experience as prisoner of war at Point Lookout, Md. (section 2). Letters, 1861–1863, of Edgar Ashton of the 3d Virginia Infantry Regiment include brief descriptions of camp life and his participation in the Suffolk campaign (section 3).

Cogbill Family Papers, 1852–1889. 47 items. Mss1C6553a. Microfilm reel C453.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Cogbill family of Mecklenburg County. Included is a letter, 31 May 1861, from Robert R. Bowden of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his mother concerning life in camp near Norfolk (section 7).

Coghill, James Lindsay, Papers, 1861–1862. 18 items. Photocopies. Mss2C6565b.
Letters, 1861–1862, written by James Lindsay Coghill (1835–1862) while serving in the 90th Regiment of Virginia Militia and the 50th Virginia Infantry Regiment, to his wife, Mary Jane (Tucker) Coghill (of Pedlar Mills). Topics include family affairs, camp life in Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee, troop movements, the buying of slaves, and Coghill's disillusionment with army life (b1-10). Also, include two letters concerning Coghill's death in an army hospital in Clarksville, Tenn., following his wounding in the battle of Fort Donelson (b11-12); newspaper clippings concerning the battle of Fort Donelson and the death of J. L. Coghill (b13-16); and Coghill's commission as a Second Lieutenant of Riflemen in the 90th Regiment of Virginia Militia (signed by John Letcher [1813–1884]) (b17).

Coiner Family Papers, 1862–1986. 27 items. Mss2C6663b.
This collection consists primarily of the wartime letters of two members of the Coiner family of Virginia. Letters home, 1862–1865, from George Marion Coiner (1841–1912) concern his service in the 52d Virginia Infantry Regiment and in the 39th Virginia Cavalry Battalion and include descriptions of camp life, the 1862 Maryland campaign, his brother's capture at Gettysburg, Union shelling of Petersburg, troop movements around Petersburg, the battle of Hatcher's Run, and the military situation in February 1865 (section 2). Letters, 1862–1863, to family from George Coiner's brother, Martin Diller Coiner (1843–1863) of the 52d Virginia Infantry Regiment, offer descriptions of an execution of Confederate deserters, of the Second Bull Run campaign (including J. E. B. Stuart's raid on Catlett's Station), of camp life in February 1863, of the battle of Chancellorsville, and of the march into Pennsylvania in June 1863 (section 3). Also in the collection are letters, 1863–1865, from W. H. Hanlon and James K. McComb to Coiner family members concerning the Martin Coiner's capture at the battle of Gettysburg and his subsequent imprisonment at Fort Delaware, Del. (section 4).

Coit, William Henry, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2C6677a.
A letter, 15 May 1863, from William Henry Coit of the South Carolina Palmetto Light Artillery Battery to his family describing, in detail, the death of his brother, George Coit, during the Suffolk campaign, and the use of artillery and breastworks.

Coke, John O., Correspondence, 1863–1864. 4 items. Mss2C6695b.
Contains official letters and orders, 1863–1864, concerning John O. Coke's service in Henrico County as an enrolling officer in the Confederate Bureau of Conscription.

Coker, Hannah (Lide), Reminiscence, n.d. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:3E621C6695:1.
A typescript copy of an undated reminiscence, entitled "A Story of the Confederate War," by Hannah (Lide) Coker concerning the death of her son, Charles W. Coker of Company M of the 8th South Carolina Infantry Regiment, at the battle of Malvern Hill, and her experiences while nursing her son James L. Coker of Company E (2nd) of the 6th South Carolina Infantry Regiment in Confederate and Union hospitals in Tennessee following his wounding in a fight on Lookout Mountain on 28 October 1863.

Coleman, Beverly Mosby, Papers, 1852?–1983. 213 items. Mss1C6771a.
This collection contains the papers of Beverly Mosby Coleman (1899–1993) mostly concerning his grandfather, John S. Mosby (1833–1916). Section 3 consists of letters, 1862–1865, from John S. Mosby to the following individuals: the people of Middleburg (explaining that he will not stop his cavalry raids in the face of Union threats to burn down the town), Pauline (Clarke) Mosby ([1837–1876] concerning a June 1862 scouting raid proposed by Mosby and approved by Robert E. Lee and J. E. B. Stuart), Philip Henry Sheridan (regarding the incident of executing Union prisoners in retaliation for the execution of some of Mosby's men), and the men of the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion (concerning his farewell to the unit). Also included in section 3 are muster rolls and a clothing allowance account for the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion.

Section 4 contains postwar letters of John S. Mosby with the following correspondents: William Henry Fitzhugh Lee (concerning the battles of First and Second Bull Run), Lunsford Lindsay Lomax (discussing the movements of Confederate troops in June 1863 before the battle of Gettysburg), William Henry Payne ([1830–1904] concerning events leading up to the battle of Gettysburg), John Codman Ropes ([1836–1899] concerning J. E. B. Stuart's role in the Gettysburg campaign), and Marcus Joseph Wright ([1831–1922] discussing J. E. B. Stuart, James Longstreet, and the Gettysburg campaign).

Other items in the collection include research papers, speeches, and newspaper articles, 1899–1983, concerning John S. Mosby, compiled by Beverly M. Coleman (section 5); correspondence and research papers, 1921–1983, of Beverly Coleman concerning other prominent Confederate leaders (section 6); a letter, 19 July 1862, from J. E. B. Stuart to Thomas J. Jackson praising the skill of John S. Mosby (1833–1916) as a scout; and letters, 1880, from Henry Brainerd McClellan (1840–1904) to W. H. F. Lee concerning the battle of Gettysburg (section 8).

Coleman, Ethelbert Algernon, Papers, 1864–1865. 2 items. Mss2C6775b.
This small collection contains tax-in-kind receipts, 1864–1865, for agricultural products received from Ethelbert Algernon Coleman (1812–1892) of Halifax County.

183   Coles, Roberts, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2C6799a1.
A touching letter, 7 February 1862, from Roberts Coles (1838–1862) of the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment to Jane Cary Fairfax (b. 1840) of Richmond written on board a transport, in which Coles describes Confederate artillery fire against Union troops on Roanoke Island, N.C. Coles was killed the next day in the battle of Roanoke Island.

Collins, John Overton, papers, 1857–1865. 119 items. Mss1C6944a. Microfilm reel C589.
This collection contains the correspondence, 1857–1865, of John Overton Collins (1833?–1911) of Fluvanna County. Mostly wartime letters to his wife, Catherine (Scruggs) Collins (1840?–1882), the letters, 1861–1864, concern his service in the 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Collins describes, in detail, incidents of camp life, small cavalry skirmishes with Union troops in the Shenandoah Valley in 1861–1862, his constant battle with disease, and his imprisonment at Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C., and Point Lookout, Md. Included are descriptions of the battlefield of immediately following the first battle of Bull Run, fighting near Big Sewell Mountain in September 1861, and his regiment's participation in the Peninsula, Maryland, and Fredericksburg campaigns. Also of note are letters, 1864, to Collins's wife from Confederate officials concerning her efforts to obtain a prisoner of war exchange for him, and her attempt to draw his pay while he remained a prisoner.

Comfort Family Papers, 1848–1900. 174 items. Mss1C7345a. Microfilm reels C499–500.
Contains the papers of three generations of the Comfort family of Virginia. The largest section within the collection consists of the correspondence of David Comfort III (1837–1873), a teacher and Presbyterian minister. Letters written to Comfort by friends and family discuss aspects of the war. Topics include general and specific military news from Charlotte County, Va., and northern Georgia in 1864, the effect of war on the population in northern Georgia (draft laws and civilian care of Confederate wounded), and comments on the Confederate cause in general (section 4). Other items relating to David Comfort's experiences during the war include a discharge, 1861, from service in the 20th Virginia Infantry Regiment, a medical exemption, 1863, for tuberculosis, a commission, 1864, to serve as a member of the Thomas County, Ga., soldiers' relief committee, and an oath of allegiance, 1865, to the United States (section 5). Also included is a letter, 10 November 1861, from H. B. Robinson discussing his desire to move himself and several slaves from Brunswick, Ga., to a safer inland location (section 1); a letter, 24 February 1862, from James Lindsay Steward (1813–1886) of Thomasville, Ga., to Alexander Hamilton Stephens regarding a plan to send someone to Richmond to pick up currency engravings for the Cotton Planters Bank of Georgia (section 2); an oath of allegiance, 1865, of David Comfort's wife, Charlotte C. (McIntosh) Comfort (section 7); a letter, 26 September 1864, from J. Randolph Hardison of the 25th Texas Infantry Regiment to the "Ladies of Boston, Ga." concerning an appeal to the ladies to provide socks for the soldiers of Hiram Bronson Grandbury's Texas brigade; and letters, 1862–1864, from William Wallace McMillan (1834–1895) of the 17th Alabama Infantry Regiment discussing changes in command at Pensacola, Fla., and offering descriptions of camp life and the military situation at Rome and Kennesaw Mountain, Ga., in the spring and summer of 1864 (section 11).

Confederate Historical Association, Memphis, Tenn., Memorial. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss7:1W8317:1.
A photocopy of a memorial, 1908, presented by the Confederate Historical Association in Memphis, Tenn., concerning service of Frederick Wolf (1835–1908) in Company I of the 15th Tennessee Infantry Regiment. The memorial also includes a brief discussion regarding Jewish Confederates.

Confederate Memorial Association, Richmond, Records, 1896–1947. ca. 1,600 items. Mss3C7602aFA1.
Consists primarily of records of the organization of the Confederate Memorial Association, its operation of the Confederate Memorial Institute in Richmond, and its merger with the Virginia Historical Society. Some materials concern Confederate veterans' affairs and reunions. A room was added to the C.M.I. in 1920–1921 by the R. E. Lee Camp No. 1 of Confederate Veterans to house the camp's portrait gallery and "archives." In this collection , biographical sketches, correspondence, and speeches given at the Institute upon the presentation of portraits of some forty-one Confederate soldiers and officers to the Lee Camp gallery include reminiscences of the military service of those individuals (boxes 13–14). Also included is a reminiscence by Judge Robert White of West Virginia, chairman of the association's executive committee, concerning a skirmish at Harmon's Hill preceding the battle of Waynesboro on 2 March 1865 (box 14). A separate finding aid for this collection is available in the Society's library.

Confederate States of America, Miscellaneous Papers, 1862–1865. 11 items. Mss4C7a.
This collection contains Confederate military materials from several different official sources. Items include an account, 1865, for the service of George Ainsley Barksdale (1835–1910) paid by the Quartermaster's Department (a1); an account, 1864, of funds received by Samuel Cooper from George A. Barksdale (a2); a letter, 1863, from John Randolph Chambliss (1809–1875) to President Jefferson Davis concerning the impressment slaves to work on fortifications (photocopy) (a3); a receipt, 1864, from J. L. Agurs of the 6th South Carolina Infantry Regiment for 5,000 lbs. of wheat (a4); a broadside, 1861, from the Ordnance Office regarding the collection of usable arms for the Confederate army and a letter, 1861, from Richard William Noble Noland (b. 1822) concerning the transportation of arms for the army (a5); Special Order No. 256, 1864, detailing John T. Hicks for duty as a shoemaker (a6); an account, 1862, with Sarah Timberlake of Clarke County for two tons of hay (a7); a letterbook, 17–22 November 1861, from the Confederate Engineer's Office concerning Joseph E. Johnston, John Clifford Pemberton, and African-American laborers in the Confederate army (a8); a circular, 1864, from the Department of Richmond concerning furloughs (a9); an undated draft of a resolution by the Confederate Congress announcing the defeat of Union forces and expressing appreciation to Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia (a10); and a parole, 1865, issued at Appomattox Court House to Edward Garlick Gwathmey (1839–1931) of the Fredericksburg Artillery (a11).

Confederate States Army, Anderson's Brigade, Order Book, 1862. 1 volume. Mss12:1862 April 26:1. Microfilm reel C593.
This order book contains general and special orders, 26 April–28 May 1862, issued by Joseph Reid Anderson to troops under his command in Caroline, Spotsylvania, and Hanover counties. The orders concern troop movements, logistics, duties imposed on specific individuals and units, and courts martial.

Confederate States Army, Army of the Mississippi, General Orders, 1862. 1 p. Mss12:1862 April 12:1.
Official copy of General Order No. 14, 12 April 1862, praising the conduct of Elcon Jones of Company K of the 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment at the battle of New Madrid, Miss., while serving on detached duty with the Signal Corps.

Confederate States Army, Department of Henrico, papers, 1861–1864. 922 items. Mss3C7604a. Microfilm reels C589–591.
This collection contains correspondence and records, 1861–1864, generated by the Confederate Department of Henrico concerning Union and Confederate prisoners held in Richmond. The correspondence includes letters to Confederate Secretary of War James Alexander Seddon (1815–1880) and Adjutant and Inspector General Samuel Cooper seeking the release of Confederate prisoners incarcerated at Castle Thunder (sections 1–2); correspondence of John Henry Winder, commander of the Department of Henrico, regarding the disposition of individual prisoners' cases (section 3); official letters to and from Confederate officers in the Department of Henrico concerning the transfer and receipt of prisoners (sections 4–10); and letters from Union and Confederate prisoners kept at Belle Isle, Libby Prison, and Castle Thunder, presenting their cases and pleading for release (section 11). Also in the collection are miscellaneous records of Castle Thunder, Libby Prison, Winder General Hospital, Soldiers' Home, and General Hospitals No. 2, 5, 11, 12, and 13. These records include passes, orders, discharges, furloughs, petitions, lists of prisoners, hospital transfer and supply papers, and receipts for prisoners. Correspondents include Isaac Howell Carrington (1827–1887), Elias Griswold, George W. Alexander, Lucien W. Richardson, and James West Pegram (1839–1881).

Confederate States Army, Department of Henrico, Papers, 1863–1865. 5 items. Mss4C7e.
This collection primarily concerns the 20th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion. Materials include the morning report for the unit for May 1863; an ordnance stores list, 1863, for Company A; proceedings, 1863, of a board of survey on commissary stores at Battery No. 9 of the Richmond Defenses; Special Order No. 171, 1864, regarding the appointment of a garrison court martial; and a letter, 1865, concerning a requested leave of absence for G. W. Johnson of the 20th Artillery.

Confederate States Army, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, Order Book, 1863. 1 volume. Mss12:1863 February 10:1. Microfilm reel C592.
Order Book, 10 February–24 May 1863, containing general orders and circulars issued by John Clifford Pemberton. Most of the general orders report the findings of various courts martial.

Confederate States Army, Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, Order, n.d. 1 p. Mss12:1863 August 7:1.
An order, 7 August [1863?], issued by William Henry Chase Whiting concerning the use of the Wilmington and Weldon Railroad.

Confederate States Army, Department of Northern Virginia, Cavalry, Special Orders, 1863. 1 p. Mss12:1863 October 1:1.
An extract of Special Order No. 6, 1 October 1863, issued by J. E. B. Stuart assigning John Boursiquot Fontaine (1840–1864) to duty as medical director of the cavalry corps.

Confederate States Army, Department of Northern Virginia, Discharge, 1862. 1 p. Mss12:1862 November 20:1.
A medical discharge, 20 November 1862, granted to James Hannock Lee (1844–1865) of Company G of the 2d Virginia Infantry Battalion by the general hospital at Farmville.

Confederate States Army, Department of Northern Virginia, General Orders, 1863. 1 p. Photocopy. Mss12:1863 March 12:1.
A printed copy of an unnumbered general order, 12 March 1863, from J. E. B. Stuart commending John S. Mosby (1833–1916) on his capture of Edwin Henry Stoughton and several other Union soldiers at Fairfax Court House. The order bears an inscription and signature of Stuart.

Confederate States Army, Department of Northern Virginia, General Orders, 1863. 1 p. Photocopy. Mss12:1863 December 7:1.
General Order No. 103, 7 December 1863, issued by Robert E. Lee, announcing the suspension of all duties on 10 December to observe a day of fasting and prayer.

Confederate States Army, Department of Northern Virginia, Medical Director, General Orders, 1862. 1 p. Mss12:1862 June 21:1.
A handwritten copy of General Order No. 4, 21 June 1862, issued by Robert E. Lee, regarding standard procedures for recording and transporting sick soldiers from brigades and divisions to the general hospital at Richmond.

Confederate States Army, Department of Northern Virginia, Special Order, 1863. 1 p. Mss12:1863 January 24:1.
Special Order No. 24, 24 January 1863, to Williamson C. Jones of Company J of the 40th Virginia Infantry Regiment concerning the arrest of absentees and the procurement of conscripts and volunteers.

Confederate States Army, Department of Northern Virginia, 2d Corps, Receipts, 1864. 6 items. Mss12:1864:4.
This collection contains receipts, 20 May–30 September 1864, for hay and corn received by members of the 2d Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia while at Spotsylvania Court House and in the Shenandoah Valley.

Confederate States Army, Department of the Potomac, Cavalry, Discharge, 1861. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2St833a1.
A discharge, 24 June 1861, issued to Waddy Street at the Cavalry Camp of Instruction, Ashland.

Confederate States Army, Department of Richmond, Special Order, 1865. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss12:1865 March 12:1.
Special Order No. 14, 12 March 1865, issued to Zachary Taylor Chenoweth (1849–1893) of the 18th Virginia Cavalry Regiment granting him a furlough.

Confederate States Army, Department of Richmond, Special Orders, 1865. 1 item. Mss2D7206a1.
Special orders, 18 March 1865, authorized by Richard Stoddert Ewell, granting leave to J. M. Dooley of Company I of the 22d Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, General Order, 1863. 1 p. Mss12:1863 November 29:1.
General Order No. 120, 29 November 1863, issued by Pierre G. T. Beauregard, announcing the brave actions of several members of Companies B and D of the 27th South Carolina Infantry Regiment during Union operations against Fort Sumter, S.C.

Confederate States Army, Department of Southwestern Virginia, 1st Brigade, Letterbook, 1863-1865. 1 volume. Mss12:1863 August 11:1.
Letterbook, 11 August 1863–16 February 1865, kept in Dublin, Va., and Lewisburg, W. Va., containing copies of letters written by E. C. Gordon (while serving as ordnance officer of the 1st Brigade of the Confederate Army of Southwestern Virginia) concerning the status of ordnance supplies (i.e., rifles and ammunition) in the brigade. Also, includes tables of ordnance supplies of the brigade.

Confederate States Army, Department of the Trans-Mississippi, Surrender Agreement, 1865. 1 item. Mss12:1865 May 26:1.
Handwritten agreement, 26 May 1865, signed by Simon Boliver Buckner and Edmund Kirby Smith, formally surrendering the Confederate Army of the Trans-Mississippi to Edward Richard Sprigg Canby and his Union Army of West Mississippi. Printed in the Official Records, ser. 1, 48: pt. ii, 600-01.

Confederate States Army, Discharge, 1862. 1 item. Mss12:1862 November 20:1.
The discharge, 1862, issued by the General Hospital in Farmville to James Hannock Lee (1844–1865) of the 22d Virginia Infantry Battalion.

Confederate States of Army, Discharges, 1862. 4 items. Mss4C7f.
Consist of physical disability or overage discharges issued to Walker Fewgitt ([i.e., Fugitt] of the 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment), John A. Greenstreet ([b. 1830?] of the 55th Virginia Infantry Regiment), Churchill Jones (of the 47th Virginia Infantry), and George H. Mothershead (of the 55th Virginia Infantry).

Confederate States Army, District of the Gulf, Order, 1865. 1 item. Mss12:1865 May 7:1.
The order, 7 May 1865, issued by Dabney Herndon Maury surrendering forces under his command to the Union army.

Confederate States Army, Drewry's Virginia Artillery Battery, Pass, 1862. 1 item. Mss2B2475a1.
A pass, 21 May 1862, granting George Ainsley Barksdale (1835–1910) permission to visit the battery at Drewry's Bluff.

Confederate States Army, Engineer's Office, Topographical Department, Drawings, 1861–1865. 11 items. Mss4C7d oversize.
This collection contains drawings of bridges, batteries, and ordnance in Virginia received for approval by Jeremy Francis Gilmer (1818–1883).

Confederate States Army, 1st Missouri Brigade, Letterbook, 1862–1863. 1 volume. Mss12:1862 August 6:1. Microfilm reel C592.
This letterbook, 6 August 1862–1 December 1863, contains copies of official letters and reports concerning the operations of the 1st Missouri Brigade during the Vicksburg campaign. Specific engagements described include the brigade's fight with the Union navy at Grand Gulf and the unit's participation in the battle of Port Gibson, Miss. Correspondents in the letterbook include John Stevens Bowen (1830–1863), Francis Marion Cockrell (1834–1915), and Martin Edwin Green (1815–1863). Some of the reports and letters are printed in the Official Records, ser. 1, 24.

Confederate States Army, 28th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Guard Register, 1861–1862. 1 volume. Mss12:1861 September 6:1.
This guard register, 6 September 1861–13 March 1862, contains the names of guards and prisoners, and the daily countersigns for the 28th North Carolina Infantry Regiment. Kept in camps in North Carolina and Virginia, the register bears the endorsements of James Henry Lane and Charles Cochrane Lee (1834–1862). The register also bears an inscription written by a member of the 21st Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, indicating that the volume fell into Union hands on 14 March 1862 after the battle of New Bern, N.C.

Confederate States Army, 43d North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, n.d. 13 pp. Mss12:1861:7.
This handwritten copy of a roster of Company A of the 43d North Carolina Infantry Regiment includes the names and brief service records of the members of the unit, a list of those who surrendered at Appomattox Court House, total casualty figures, and a brief history of the company's organization in 1861.

Confederate States Army, 20th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion, Records, 1862–1864. 287 items. Mss12:1862:1. Microfilm reel C592.
The records, 1862–1864, of the 20th Virginia Heavy Artillery Battalion consist primarily of pay records, forage and equipment accounts, and muster rolls. Also in the collection is the official correspondence of William Whitehurst Old (1840–1911) concerning his duties as assistant quartermaster of the battalion.

Confederate States Army, 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Pass, 1865. 1 item. Mss2R1867a1.
The parole, 10 April 1865, issued to William T. Ratcliffe of Company F of the 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment at Appomattox Court House.

Confederate States Army, 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Muster Rolls, 1861–1862. 4 items. Mss12:1861 December 31:1–4 oversize.
Muster rolls, 31 December 1861–31 August 1862, of Company F of the 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1862–1865. 2 pp. Mss12:1862:2.
A muster roll, 1862–1865, of Company H of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 11th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Descriptive Roll, 1863. 2 pp. Mss12:1863:3.
The Descriptive Roll of Company I of the 11th Va. Cavalry Regiment. The roll includes names, physical descriptions, occupations, and enlistment information for the members of Company I.

Confederate States Army, 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1862. 1 item. Mss12:1862 August 31:4 oversize.
A muster roll, 31 August–31 October 1862, of Company B of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1862. 2 pp. Mss12:1862 October 31:7 oversize.
A muster roll, 31 October–31 December 1862, of Company H of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 15th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Muster Roll, n.d. Typescript copy. Mss12:1861:1.
This typed copy of the undated muster roll of Company B of the 15th Virginia Cavalry Regiment includes the name and rank of each member of the company.

Confederate States Army, 15th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Muster Roll, n.d. Typescript copy. Mss12:1861:4.
This typed copy of the undated muster roll of Company I of the 15th Virginia Cavalry Regiment includes the name, rank, and enlistment information for each member of the unit.

Confederate States Army, 20th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1863. 2 pp. Mss12:1863 July 1:1 oversize.
A fragment of a muster roll, 1 July–1 September 1863, of Company A of the 20th Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 21st Virginia Cavalry, Muster Roll, 1863. 2 pp. Mss12:1863 December 31:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 31 December 1863, of Company C of the 21st Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 35th Virginia Cavalry Battalion, Pay Roll, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 April 8:1.
A pay roll and clothing account, 8 April 1864, for David F. Spiker (b. 1836?) of Company E of the 35th Virginia Cavalry Battalion.

Confederate States Army, 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion, Order, 1865. 1 item. Mss12:1865 April 21:1.
A handwritten copy of the order, 21 April 1865, issued by John S. Mosby (1833–1916) disbanding the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion.

Confederate States Army, 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion, Roll Book, 1864–1865. 1 volume. Mss12:1864:5.
This volume, kept by Edgar Mantlebert Crutchfield (1840–1896), contains a roll of Company F of the 43d Virginia Cavalry Regiment and a list of uniform jackets distributed to members of the unit.

Confederate States Army, Jackson's Virginia Cavalry Battalion, Order, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 October 27:1.
An order, 27 October 1864, concerning the procurement of horses for the cavalry unit.

Confederate States Army, 1st Virginia Engineers Regiment, Letterbook, 1864. 1 volume. Mss5:2D7462:1. Microfilm reel C593.
This letterbook, 13 July–5 August 1864, contains the official letters and reports of Hugh Thomas Douglas of the 1st Virginia Engineers Regiment concerning Confederate mining operations at Petersburg. Most of the letterbook is printed in the Official Records, ser. 1, 40: pt. iii, 772–821 and ser. 1, 42: pt. ii, 1155–63.

Confederate States Army, 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1861. 1 item. Mss12:1861 April 21:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 21 April–30 June 1861, of Company E of the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment (later Company A of the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment).

Confederate States Army, 1st Virginia Reserve Infantry Battalion, Muster Roll, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 November:1.
A roll, November 1864, listing members of the 1st Virginia Reserve Infantry Battalion by company.

Confederate States Army, 3d Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1862. 1 item. Mss12:1862 April 30:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 30 April–1 July 1862, of Company C of the 3d Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 4th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Rolls, 1863. 2 items. Mss12:1863 April 30:1–2 oversize.
Muster rolls, 30 April–30 June 1863, for Companies D and H of the 4th Virginia Infantry Regiment completed while in Pennsylvania during the Gettysburg campaign. Included on the rolls are remarks concerning the companies' activities from the battle of Chancellorsville through their march into Pennsylvania.

Confederate States Army, 5th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Rolls, 1863. 3 items. Mss12:1863 June 30:1–3 oversize.
Muster rolls, 30 June–31 August 1863, for Companies C, H, and I of the 5th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1861. 1 item. Mss12:1861 April 19:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 19 April–30 June 1861, for the Field and Staff of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Roster, compiled ca. 1916. 9 pp. Typescript copy. Mss12:1861:9.
This roster, 1861–1865, contains a list of the members of Companies A, C, and F of the 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, n.d. 24 pp. Mss12:1861 April:1.
This "Roll of the Military organization in Alexandria," n.d., concerns the distribution of arms delivered by William S. Kemper. Included in the list is the name of each soldier and the type of weapon(s) he received. The cover of this item bears the designation "Home Guard."

Confederate States Army, 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Rolls, 1861. 8 items. Mss12:1861 June 30:1–8 oversize.
The muster rolls, 30 June–31 August 1861, of Companies A, B, C, D, E, H, I, and K of the 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1861. 1 item. Mss12:1861 July 1:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 1 July–1 September 1861, of Company G of the 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Included are the names, enlistment information, and pay records for each soldier.

Confederate States Army, 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Descriptive Roll, 1861. 6 pp. Photocopy. Mss12:1861 May 24:1.
A descriptive roll, 1861, of Company B of the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment. Also included is an abstract describing the company's formation and service in 1861.

Confederate States Army, 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1861. 1 item. Mss12:1861 August 31:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 31 August–1 November 1861, containing the names, enlistment information, and pay records for the members of Company E of the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 24th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Petition, ca. 1898. 1 item. Mss12:1898:2.
A petition, ca. 1898, presented to the Court of Henry County by surviving members of Company H of the 24th Virginia Infantry Regiment to have the company roster recorded in the county records. The typescript petition includes the names of the members of the company and information regarding those wounded or killed during the war.

Confederate States Army, 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1862. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss12:1862 February 28:1.
A muster roll, 28 February–30 April 1862, of Company B of the 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment at Camp McIntosh.

Confederate States Army, 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Morning Report, 1863. 1 p. Mss12:1863 December 20:1.
Morning reports, 20–21 December 1863, containing the total number of present and absent men in the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Rolls, 1862–1863. 3 items. Mss12:1862 August 31:1–3 oversize.
Items in this collection include two muster rolls, 31 August 1862–31 August 1863, of Company A and a muster roll, 31 August–31 October 1862, of Company G of the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 33d Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Rolls, 1862–1863. 6 items. Mss12:1862 October 31:1–6 oversize.
The muster rolls, 31 October 1862–30 June 1863, of Companies A, C, D, E, F, and H of the 33d Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 35th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Order Book, 1861. 22 pp. Photocopy. Mss12:1861 August 13:1.
This order book, 13 August–12 October 1861, contains copies of orders issued by Alfred Beckley concerning the brigade of militia under his command.

Confederate States Army, 36th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1863–1864. Mss12:1863 December 31:2 oversize.
A muster roll, 31 December 1863–30 April 1864, for Company C of the 36th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 February 28:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 28 February–30 April 1864, of Company A of the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment recorded at Adam's Run, S.C.

Confederate States Army, 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 August 31:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 31 August–30 October 1864, for Company G (1st) of the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1861. 1 item. Mss12:1861:8 oversize.
A muster roll, 1861, of Company H (the Essex Sharpshooters) of the 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1861. 1 item. Mss12:1861 June 21:1 oversize.
A muster roll, 21 June 1861, of Company E of the 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1863–1864. 1 item. Mss12:1863:2 oversize.
A muster roll, 31 October 1863–31 October 1864, of Company D of the 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Confederate States Army, 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Record Book, 1864. 1 volume. Mss12:1864:3. Microfilm reel C593.
This volume, 1864, primarily consists of lists of arms and equipment distributed to the members of Company D of the 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment. Kept by Rufus James Woolwine (1840–1908), the record book also includes casualty lists for the battles of New Market and Third Winchester, and a brief diary of the regiment’s participation in the battles of New Market, Totopotomoy Creek, Cold Harbor, and Lynchburg. Also in the Society's collection are the papers, including a diary, of Rufus James Woolwine regarding his service in the 51st Virginia (Mss2W8885b–c).

Confederate States Army, 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Report, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 November 5:1.
A letter, 5 November 1864, concerning charges brought against three members of Company D of the 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment for the loss of ordnance stores in fighting east of Richmond in the fall of 1864.

Confederate States Army, 53d Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, n.d. 3 pp. Mss12:1861:10.
This roster, covering 1861–1865, includes the name and rank of each member of Company C of the 53d Virginia Infantry Regiment. This undated copy was made by Creed Henry Harper, a member of the unit.

Confederate States Army, 59th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Letterbooks, 1863. 2 volumes. Mss5:2T1127:1–2. Microfilm reel C593.
The letterbooks, 4 January–6 March 1863, of the 59th Virginia Infantry Regiment contain official letters and reports written by William Barksdale Tabb (1840–1874) and the regimental adjutant J. S. Hood (d. 1865) concerning scouting operations of the unit in New Kent County. Included in the second volume is Tabb's report of a skirmish at Olive Branch Church. The report is printed in the Official Records, ser. 1, 18:152–53. Typescript copies of both volumes are available.

Confederate States Army, 60th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Pay Record, 1863. 1 p. Mss12:1863 November 14:1.
This pay record, 14 November 1863, contains a list of clothing items purchased by U. F. Crawford of Company F of the 60th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Also included is a detailed physical description of Crawford and the amount of money owed him by the Confederate government for his clothing expenses.

Confederate States Army, 61st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Muster Roll, 1861–1865. 1 item. Mss12:1861:6 oversize.
A postwar muster roll for Company C of the 61st Virginia Infantry Regiment. Included on the roll are remarks concerning the service record of each soldier.

Confederate States Army, Mountain District, North Carolina, Return, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 December:1 oversize.
A return, December 1864, for provisions secured and distributed in the Mountain District in North Carolina.

Confederate States Army, Muster Roll, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 May 6:1.
A muster roll, 6–16 May 1864, containing the names, physical description, and occupation of 58 Confederate soldiers from a variety of units.

Confederate States Army, Powhatan Artillery Battery, Roll Book, 1861–1865. 1 volume. Mss12:1861:5.
This roll book, 1861–1865, of the Powhatan Artillery Battery, kept by William Wesley Palmore, includes records of enlistments, engagements, furloughs, and casualties.

Confederate States Army, Provost Marshal, Pass, 1865. 1 item. Mss2K324a1.
A pass, 1 April 1865, issued by the provost marshal in Petersburg to James C. Kemp granting him permission to visit Chesterfield.

Confederate States Army, Quartermaster's Department, Account, 1863. 1 item. Mss4C7602a1.
An account, 27 February 1863, with the quartermaster's office for 10,000 pounds each of hay and corn.

Confederate States Army, Richmond Howitzers, 1st Company, Muster Roll, n.d. 118 pp. Mss12:1861:2.
This memorandum book (many of the pages of which are blank), n.d., contains a list of the names and ranks of the members of the 1st Company of Richmond Howitzers. Also included are notes concerning overall casualty totals, 1861–1865, prisoners captured at the battles of Williamsburg and Gettysburg, and a brief history of the unit's enlistment in April 1861. This item is currently cataloged under the heading "Virginia. Militia."

Confederate States Army, Richmond Howitzers, 1st Company, Order Book, 1861–1862. 1 volume. Mss12:1861 May 11:1. Microfilm reel C592.
The order book, 11 May 1861–24 February 1862, of the 1st Company of Richmond Howitzers contains a detailed summary of the artillery unit's operations while serving in the Confederate Army of the Potomac. Written by William Price Palmer (1821–1896), the 1st Company's second commander, the summary includes descriptions of an action at Fairfax Court House and the battles of First Bull Run and Ball's Bluff. Also in the order book are equipment inventories, general orders relating to the battery, and a copy of Pierre G. T. Beauregard's farewell address to the Confederate Army of the Potomac. Beauregard's address is printed in the Official Records, ser. 1, 51: pt. ii, 445–46.

Confederate States Army, Richmond Howitzers, 2d Company, Records, 1863–1864. 95 items. Mss12:1863:1 oversize. Microfilm reel C592.
The records, 1863–1864, of the 2d Company of Richmond Howitzers primarily consists of ordnance, clothing, and equipment returns and invoices. Also in the collection are two muster rolls covering the following dates: 30 April–30 June 1863 and 31 August–31 October 1863.

Confederate States Army, Tomlin's Infantry Battalion, Letterbook, 1861. 1 volume. Mss12:1861 May 3:1. Microfilm reel C593.
This letterbook, 3 May–11 October 1861, contains copies of the official correspondence of Harrison Ball Tomlin (1815–1897) while serving as commander of Confederate forces at West Point. The letters mostly concern the raising of volunteer troops in the area, requests for supplies from Confederate forces at Yorktown and military operations on the Pamunkey River. Correspondents include Robert E. Lee, Robert Selden Garnett, John B. Magruder, and John Letcher (1813–1884), among others.

Confederate States Army, Virginia Military Institute Corps, Requisition, 1864. 1 item. Mss12:1864 November 29:1.
Special requisition (no. 40), 29 November 1864, for 63 pairs of shoes for Company A of the Virginia Military Institute Corps.

Confederate States Army, Walker's Brigade, Special Order, 1864. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss12:1864 December 24:1.
A copy of special order no. 316, 24 December 1864, issued by authority of Robert E. Lee concerning the movement of Henry Harrison Walker's brigade (the 40th, 47th, and 55th Virginia infantry regiments and the 22d Virginia Infantry Battalion) from Petersburg to the north side of the James River. The order is signed by Lee's aide, Walter Herron Taylor (1838–1916).

Confederate States Commissioner, Agreement, 1861. 1 item. Mss4C7603a1.
Agreement, 24 April 1861, between the Commonwealth of Virginia and the Confederate States of America concerning the use of Virginia's military forces and public property before the state's formal entry into the Confederacy. The document bears the signatures of Lewis Edwin Harvie (1809–1887), James Philemon Holcombe (1820–1883), William Ballard Preston (1805–1862), and former president John Tyler (1790–1862).

Confederate States Congress, House of Representatives, Vote, 1862. 1 item. Mss13:1862 February 27:1.
A handwritten copy of a vote, 27 February 1862, taken by the Confederate House of Representatives on a bill to suspend the writ of habeas corpus.

Confederate States Customs Administration, District and Port of New Orleans, Clearance Papers, 1862. 1 item. Mss4C7604a1.
Papers, 2 January 1862, issued by the Confederate customs collector in New Orleans, La., to the SS Cuba clearing it for a voyage to Havana, Cuba.

Confederate States District Court, Virginia, Eastern District, Records, 1864–1865. 24 items. Mss4C7b.
This collection contains the printed title pages of books submitted for copyright. Also includes the copyright request filed for oil painting entitled The Burial of Latané by William Dickinson Washington (1834–1870). Printed in VMHB 20 (1912): 425–29.

Confederate States Navy, Bureau of Orders and Detail, Order, 1863. 1 item. Mss4C76062a1.
The order, 20 May 1863, transferring James West Pegram (1839–1881) from the James River Squadron to duty in Charleston, S.C.

Confederate States President, Commission, 1861. 1 item. Mss4C7607a2.
A blank commission, 1861, from President Jefferson Davis authorizing privateering activities.

Confederate States President, Commission, 1863. 1 item. Mss4C7607a3.
A commission, 14 May 1863, appointing George Tarry Sinclair (1816–1885) a commander in the provisional navy.

Confederate States Quartermaster General's Office, Letters, 1864. 2 items. Mss4C76075a1–2.
Includes a glass plate negative copy of a letter, 15 November 1864, concerning the appointment of John Langbourne Williams (1831–1915) of Richmond as an agent to purchase United States currency (a1), and a letter, 18 March 1864, from Alexander Robert Lawton to Sewall L. Fremont (1823?–1886), chief engineer and superintendent of the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, offering an explanation for the temporary discontinuance of passenger and non-military freight trains on that rail line.

Confederate States Treasury Department, Letter, 1864. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2En366a1.
A letter, 8 August 1864, to Robert Emmett English (1846–1922) of the Second Auditor's Office concerning a leave of absence.

Confederate States Treasury Department, Lighthouse Bureau, Letter, 1861. 1 item. Mss2M3654a1.
A letter, 9 November 1861, to A. B. Noyes of St. Marks, Fla., regarding the operation of lighthouses under Noyes's authority.

Confederate States Treasury Department, Miscellaneous Papers, 1863. 11 items. Mss4C7608a.
This collection contains receipts, certificates, and warrants for payment from the Confederate Treasury Department. Included are warrants for payment to, among others, the Richmond City Gas Works (a3), J. R. Anderson & Co. (a10), and Jefferson Davis for compensation as president.

Confederate States Treasury Department, Receipts, 1864. 11 items. Mss4C7608b.
Contains receipts, 28–30 June 1864, issued to the Citizens Savings Bank, Lynchburg, for the purchase of registered Confederate bonds.

Confederate States Treasury Department, Treasurer, Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss4C76085a1.
A letter, 1 August 1864, to Secretary of the Treasury George Alfred Trenholm (1806–1876), concerning the extension of an exemption from military service for G. W. Butler, a former teller in the Treasury Department.

Confederate States War Department, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, General Orders, 1862. 2 items. Original and typescript copy. Mss12:1862 March 13:1.
General Order No. 14, 13 March 1862, placing Robert E. Lee in command of military operations of the armies of the Confederacy. The order is signed by Samuel Cooper, Confederate adjutant and inspector general. Printed in the Official Records, ser. 1, 5:1099.

Confederate States War Department, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, Special Orders, 1863. 1 p. Mss12:1863 January 5:1.
Special Order No. 3, 5 January 1863, disbanding the 24th Battalion Virginia Partisan Rangers, under the command of John Scott.

Confederate States War Department, Adjutant and Inspector General's Office, Special Orders, 1863. 1 p. Mss12:1863 June 15:1.
Special Order No. 142, 15 June 1863, detailing Pvt. W. F. Baxter of Company A of the 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry for temporary duty with the War Department.

Confederate States War Department, Bureau of Conscription, Enrolling Book, 1863–1864. 1 volume. Mss3C7608a. Microfilm reel C593.
This enrolling book, 19 March 1863–6 February 1864, kept by Charles Parkhill (b. 1845), contains the names of enlistees enrolled by Samuel Thomas Bayly (1830–1872); Special Orders Nos. 1–41, 10 July–26 August 1863, assigning enlistees to their units; and a listing, 7 November 1863–5 July 1864, of horses and equipment, including valuations, belonging to individual soldiers. The Society has prepared a transcript and index of enlistees and a record of military units entered by the enlistees.

Confederate States War Department, Bureau of Conscription, Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss4C76093a1.
A letter, 6 May 1864, to John Camden Shields (1820?–1904) at Camp Lee, Richmond, concerning the conscription of Virginia militia into the Confederate army.

Confederate States War Department, Letter, 1861. 1 item. Mss2M3177a2.
A letter, 24 December 1861, to John William Mansfield (1835–1862) from Judah Philip Benjamin (1811–1884) concerning a request for a copy of the regulations of the War Department in regard to reenlistment and organization for the war.

Confederate States War Department, Miscellaneous Papers, 1862–1865. 8 items. Mss4C7609a.
This collection contains a variety of materials generated by the Confederate War Department. Individual items include a pass, 1865, issued to Bob, a slave, granting him permission to visit King and Queen County (a1); a letter, 1862, requesting John Hudson Pottenger, a Richmond physician, to appear for an examination for the position of surgeon in the Confederate army (a2); a letter, 1863, from James Alexander Seddon (1815–1880) concerning the rental of property in Richmond by James Thomas (1806–1882) (a4); a letter, 1862, signed by George Wythe Randolph (1818–1867) concerning appointment of Robert Temple Taylor (1836–1876) to major in the Confederate army (a5); an agreement, 1864, between the Confederate States and the Florida, Atlantic and Gulf Railroad regarding the use of iron, rails, chains, and spikes between Baldwin and Jacksonville, Fla. (a6); a letter, 1863, from James A. Seddon concerning a rejected application for the position of drill master in the army from Herbert Smith (a7); and a letter, 1862, from George W. Randolph placing an unidentified sick boy in the hospital at Camp Winder in Richmond (a8).

Confederate States War Department, Subsistence Department, Papers, 1863–1864. 7 items. Mss4C76095b.
This collection consists of invoices and provision returns, 1863–1864, received by Robert Brank Vance (1828–1899) and the 20th Tennessee Infantry Regiment at Asheville and Marshall, N.C., Anderson, S.C., and Tullahoma, Tenn.

Confederate States War Department, Surgeon General's Department, Certificate, 1862. 1 p. Photocopy. Mss12:1862 January 1:1.
A copy of a handwritten certificate, 1 January 1862, issued to William S. Noyes of the 5th Maine Infantry Regiment, for his "efficient and faithful" discharge of his duties as hospital steward at prison hospitals in Richmond. Noyes served in this capacity following his capture at the first battle of Bull Run. The document is signed by Confederate prison officials.

Confederate States War Department, Surgeon General's Department, Letter, 1865. 1 item. Mss4C76096a1.
A letter, 13 January 1865, to William C. Kloman of Richmond requesting him to appear before the Army Medical Board for an examination for the position of surgeon in the Confederate army.

Confederate States War Department, Surgeon General's Department, Muster Roll, 1863. 1 item. Mss12:1863:4 oversize.
A muster roll, 1863, of patients at a Confederate hospital in Lynchburg. The alphabetical roll includes each soldier's unit, enlistment information, and pay record.

Conolly, Thomas, Diary, 1865. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss1C7635a.
This collection consists of a photocopy of a diary, 23 February–26 May 1865, kept by Thomas Conolly (1823–1876), a member of the British Parliament from County Kildare, Ireland. Conolly's diary chronicles his journey from the Bahamas to the coast of North Carolina and up through Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, and finally back to Ireland. Included are descriptions of Conolly's voyage aboard the Confederate blockade runner CSS Owl and his visits to Fayetteville, Raleigh, and Greensboro, N.C., Richmond and Petersburg, Va., and Philadelphia, Pa. The March and early April entries offer accounts of Conolly's social visits with Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and other Confederate officers including Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox and Henry Heth. Also included are descriptions of the chaotic atmosphere in Richmond during the evacuation fire and of northern reactions to Abraham Lincoln's assassination. The diary has been published as An Irishman in Dixie: Thomas Conolly's Diary of the Fall of the Confederacy (Columbia, S.C., 1988), edited by Nelson D. Lankford.

Conrad, Holmes, Papers, 1794–1959. 392 items. Mss1C7637a. Microfilm reel B13.
Consists of the papers of members of the Conrad family of Winchester. The wartime correspondence of Robert Young Conrad (1805–1875) includes letters to and from the following individuals: David Holmes Conrad ([1800–1877] regarding secession sentiment in Virginia in February 1861); Holmes Conrad ([1840–1915] concerning the Virginia secession convention of 1861, Confederate defensive preparations in Winchester and Union army activities in the area in September 1861, and the parole of Virginia Confederates after the surrender at Appomattox Court House); Powell Conrad ([1833–1862] describing the capture of William Selby Harney by Virginia militia troops at Harpers Ferry [now W.Va.], in April 1861, and Union troop occupation of Winchester in February 1862); Jubal A. Early (discussing the treatment of Union-sympathizing southerners in Winchester); Mary L. Fendall (concerning Robert Young Conrad's arrest and imprisonment at Fort McHenry, Md., in 1864); John Daniel Imboden (asking Conrad for Winchester civilian aid in arresting rowdy Confederate soldiers); Thomas J. Jackson (complaining about the conduct of Jackson's army while stationed in Winchester); Edwin McMasters Stanton (attesting to the loyalty to the United States of the Winchester Home Manufacturing Company); and Doctor Wynne (regarding Robert Conrad's wife's involvement in manufacturing clothing and bedding for the Winchester hospitals) (section 16).

The correspondence of Elizabeth Whiting (Powell) Conrad (1809–1872) includes letters to and from the following individuals: Anne Addison (Carr) Conrad (regarding news, 1861–1862, of family members in the Confederate army); David Holmes Conrad (concerning the death of Powell Conrad from typhoid fever and the imprisonment of Robert Young Conrad); Powell Conrad (describing life and the preparations for war at Harpers Ferry in April 1861); [?] Gorringe (concerning a request from the ladies of Winchester to allow them to tend to Confederate wounded in private homes); J. W. Mann and E. B. Parsons (regarding the offer of fodder for Elizabeth Conrad's cow); and Philip Henry Sheridan (concerning the release from prison and return to Winchester of Robert Young Conrad in December 1864) (section 17).

Also in the collection are letters from various individuals including David Holmes Conrad (concerning the effect of the war on his family and on Winchester in general in the spring of 1861 and the death of two of his sons at the first battle of Bull Run); Powell Conrad (describing the raising of Confederate troops in Winchester in May 1861); and A. W. MacDonald ([b. 1829] requesting Powell Conrad to use tin to manufacture canister for the Confederate artillery) (section 18). Other wartime items include letters from William Lowther Jackson (discussing Union troop movements in the Shenandoah Valley in 1865); Lunsford Lindsay Lomax (concerning Confederate troops movements in the Valley in the fall of 1864); Hunter Holmes McGuire ([1835–1900] regarding food supplied to a hospital in Winchester in 1861); James D. Robison (noting the supply of whiskey for Confederate wounded); and James Alexander Seddon ([1815–1880] concerning the commission of William Shelton as second lieutenant of Company H of the 58th Virginia Infantry Regiment) (section 19). Also includes passes, 1861–1865, issued to Elizabeth Whiting (Powell) Conrad and Robert Young Conrad by Confederate and United States authorities granting them permission to travel around the Winchester area, oaths of allegiance, 1865, to the United States government sworn by Robert Conrad (section 28), secession resolutions written by Robert Conrad at the Virginia secession convention of 1861, and notes, 1862, concerning Robert Conrad's arrest by the Union army in Winchester (section 29).

Conrad, Holmes, Papers, 1812–1950. 408 items. Mss1C7637b.
Contains the papers of members of the Conrad family of Winchester. The correspondence of Holmes Conrad (1840–1915) includes letters, 1861–1864, to and from his mother, Elizabeth Whiting (Powell) Conrad (1809–1872), concerning camp life as a member of the 1st and the 11th Virginia cavalry regiments, news of Thomas J. Jackson's troops at Romney (now W.Va.), and rumors regarding the possibility of Union attacks in the Winchester area; letters, 1861–1864, to and from his father, Robert Young Conrad (1805–1875), regarding Jackson's effect on the citizens of Winchester, rumors of Union advances in the region, a cavalry skirmish near Falls Church in August 1861, and camp life in winter quarters; and a letter, 2 January 1865, from Thomas Lafayette Rosser requesting Samuel Cooper to appoint Holmes Conrad assistant adjutant and inspector general on Rosser's staff (section 2). Also included in section 2 is a pass, 1861, issued to Holmes Conrad, and a parole of honor, 1865, signed by Conrad. The correspondence of Robert Young Conrad includes letters, 1862, to his son, Daniel Burr Conrad (1831–1898), concerning the advance of Jackson's troops on Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.), during the 1862 Maryland campaign, the care of Confederate wounded in Winchester in late September 1862, and Conrad's speculations on the overall effect of the Maryland campaign on the course of the war; a letter, 1865, to his brother, David Holmes Conrad (1800–1877), describing his health and the conditions at Fort McHenry, Md.; letters, 1861–1864, to his wife, Elizabeth Conrad, concerning the secession convention of 1861, growing war fever in Richmond in April 1861, Jubal A. Early's Shenandoah Valley campaign, and his hopes regarding his release from Fort McHenry in November 1864; and a letter, 20 March 1862, to Alpheus Starkey Williams concerning the confiscation of two of Conrad's slaves, with notes describing his confrontation with Williams and Nathaniel Prentiss Banks over the matter (section 5).

Conway, Catlett Fitzhugh, Memoir, ca. 1911. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1C7695:1.
Contains a photocopy of a typescript of a memoir, entitled the "Autobiography of Catlett Fitzhugh Conway," written ca. 1911 by Catlett Fitzhugh Conway (1840–1929) of Green County. The memoir includes a brief record of Conway's service in Company A of the 7th Virginia Infantry Regiment.

Conway, William Buchanan, Memoir, 1908. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1C7697:1.
Consists of a photocopy of a typescript of a memoir, 1908, written by William Buchanan Conway (1845–1920) of Madison County, concerning his early life and his service in Company C of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Included in the brief record of his military service is an account of his wounding in a cavalry fight near Mitchell's Shop on 9 May 1864.

Cook, Lelian M., Diary, 1865. 1 item. Mss9:3E470.2C7723:1.
This collection contains a published copy of a diary, 2–18 April 1865, kept by Lelian M. Cook (b. 1848?) of Blackstone while in Richmond. The diary, printed in the 3 April 1935 issue of the Richmond News Leader, offers a detailed account of the evacuation fire and the subsequent occupation of the city by Union troops.

Cooke Family Papers, 1823–1953. 87 items. Mss1C774a.
Consist primarily of correspondence and materials relating to the military careers of Philip St. George Cooke (of the U.S. Army) and his son John Rogers Cooke (of the Confederate States Army). Include the correspondence of Philip St. George Cooke with Edward Bates ([1793#8211;1869] concerning Cooke's assignment to command regular troops in the U.S. Army in 1861), William H. Collins (regarding Cooke's wartime reputation as presented in articles published by Century Magazine>), Rachel Wilt (Herzog) Cooke (concerning Philip Cooke's criticism of the leadership and strategy of the U.S. Army of the Potomac during the Seven Days' Battles), L. C. Dumas (regarding Cooke's complaint concerning the inclusion in a volume of the Army Official Records of a letter written during the Civil War by Fitz-John Porter to George Brinton McClellan recommending Cooke's removal from command of the cavalry of the U.S. Army of the Potomac), Abraham Lincoln (concerning a request by Cooke in November 1861 for an appointment to brigadier general in the U.S. Army), Wesley Merritt (regarding Cooke's abilities as a cavalry commander), and William Tecumseh Sherman (concerning Sherman's cavalry tactics during the Atlanta Campaign and Sherman's response to a postwar article written about the battle of Shiloh) (Section 1).

Also, contain the correspondence of John Rogers Cooke with John G. Cooke (concerning John G. Cooke's recollections of the treatment he received as a civilian by Union troops during the Fredericksburg Campaign), Rachel Wilt (Herzog) Cooke (regarding the secession of Virginia and the situation at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in April 1861), Robert Edward Lee (concerning orders for Cooke to prepare his troops to move on Lee's command during the Bristoe Campaign in October 1863), James Longstreet (regarding Longstreet's effort to reform his scattered corps in mid-May 1863), Flora (Cooke) Stuart ([1836#8211;1923] concerning Cooke's service in the Confederate Army as chief of artillery of the Aquia District in the fall of 1861, and his role in action near Petersburg, Va., in December 1864), and Jeb Stuart (concerning cavalry actions near Fredericksburg, Va., in February 1863, U.S. Army troop movements near New Bern, N.C., and Stuart's Horse Artillery under John Pelham [1838#8211;1863]) (Section 2); and military commissions, 1861 and 1865, of Philip St. George Cooke in the U.S. Army (Section 4).

Cooke Family Papers, 1835–1878. 8 items. Mss1C774b.
Items in this small collection relate primarily to the military service of John Rogers Cooke (1833–1891). Included here are Cooke's commissions, 1861–1862, in the Confederate army as lieutenant colonel and brigadier general; a letter, 1865, of tribute presented to Cooke by members of his brigade following the surrender at Appomattox; and Cooke's parole, 1865, issued at Appomattox Court House. Also in the collection is a letter, 1877, to Philip St. George Cooke (1809–1895) from the Comte de Paris (1838–1894) concerning Cooke's cavalry charge at the battle of Gaines' Mill.

Cooke Family Papers, 1855–1949. 50 items. Mss1C774c.
This collection consists primarily of materials relating to the Civil War service of John Rogers Cooke (1833–1891) as colonel of the 27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment and as a brigadier general in the Army of Northern Virginia. Cooke's correspondence includes a letter, 22 June 1863, from Robert Hall Chilton (1816–1879) acknowledging Cooke's offer to reinforce Robert E. Lee's army with his brigade; a letter, 3 June 1863, from Alfred Holt Colquitt concerning the transportation, by rail, of Cooke's brigade from Kinston, N.C., to Richmond; a letter, 21 April 1862, to Cooke's mother, Rachel Witt (Hertzog) Cooke, discussing the secession of Virginia and rumors of fighting in St. Louis, Mo.; letters, 1863, from Daniel Harvey Hill regarding the transfer of a member of the 27th North Carolina to Hill’s command to serve as a courier, and Cooke's imminent transfer from North Carolina to Virginia; a letter, 8 October 1863, from Robert E. Lee to Cooke, on the eve of the battle of Bristoe Station ordering him to prepare his brigade to move at any moment; letters, 1861, to his sister, Flora (Cooke) Stuart (1836–1923), concerning his desire to serve in the cavalry of the Confederate army, and describing life in the army near Fredericksburg in July 1861; and letters, 1863, to and from J. E. B. Stuart discussing the course of the war in North Carolina and Stuart's attitude toward promotion and several of his fellow Confederate officers (section 1).

Other items in the collection include Cooke's amnesty oath, 1865, and several 1863 Confederate bonds (section 2); an undated newspaper article containing a printed 1862 letter by Joseph C. Webb offering a detailed description of the experience of the 27th North Carolina at the battle of Antietam (section 3); an undated map of the battle of Fredericksburg, showing, among other things, the location of Cooke's wounding, and a sketch, 1862, of the Holly Shelter Creek, N.C., vicinity (section 4); and a handwritten copy of General Order No. 9, made by V. Latrobe, and currency issued by the Confederacy (1864) and North Carolina (1862) (section 5).

Cooke, Giles Buckner, Diary, 1861–1865. 19 volumes. Mss5:1C7745:1–19. Microfilm reels C593–594.
This diary, 1861–1865, kept by Giles Buckner Cooke (1838–1937) chronicles his service during the war. In nineteen volumes, Cooke describes daily duties and events throughout the war as an officer on the staffs of Philip St. George Cocke, Pierre G. T. Beauregard, Braxton Bragg, Samuel Jones, William Montgomery Gardner, Thomas Jordan (1819–1895), and Robert E. Lee. Of particular note are Cooke's descriptions of the battle of Shiloh and the retreat of the Army of Northern Virginia to Appomattox Court House (volumes 2 and 19). The diary reflects Cooke's service in the following Confederate armies: the Army of the Potomac, the Army of the Mississippi, the Army of East Tennessee, the Army of Western Virginia, the Army of North Carolina and Southern Virginia, the Army of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, and the Army of Northern Virginia.

Cooke, Giles Buckner, Papers, 1829–1946. 334 items. Mss1C7752b.
Contains papers of Giles Buckner Cooke (1838–1937) relating to his service in the Confederate army on the staffs of Pierre G. T. Beauregard and Robert E. Lee, his activities as a Confederate veteran, and his service as an Episcopal clergyman in Virginia and Maryland. Civil War-related materials consist primarily of postwar correspondence with the following individuals: Homer Atkinson ([b. 1848] concerning the Confederate defense of Fort Gregg near Petersburg on 2 April 1865), Thomas Charles Cheney ([b. 1868] concerning the attack on Fort Gregg), Frederick Mason Colston ([1836?–1922] regarding the Hampton Roads Peace Conference), Bertram Grey Foster ([b. 1876] concerning Abraham Lincoln), Douglas Southall Freeman ([1886–1953] concerning Robert E. Lee during the Appomattox campaign, George Taylor Lee ([1848–1933] regarding Robert E. Lee after the war), Thomas Taylor Munford ([1831–1919] concerning the battle of the Wilderness), and Braxton Harrison Tabb ([1869–1933] discussing southern attitudes toward the memory of Abraham Lincoln) (section 1). Also included in the collection are materials relating to Cooke's wartime service, including photocopies of his service records (b152–158); typescript copies of orders and letters written by or concerning Cooke (b159–166); and personal reminiscences by Cooke concerning his service with Beauregard and Braxton Bragg (b169–178), the battle of Shiloh (b179), Jefferson Davis (b180), Robert E. Lee (b181–183), the siege of Petersburg (b184–187), and the surrender at Appomattox Court House (b188–189) (section 2).

Cooke, Giles Buckner, Papers, 1864–1937. 157 items. Mss1C7752a.
Contains the papers of Giles Buckner Cooke (1838–1937), Confederate staff officer and Episcopal clergyman. Civil War materials in the collection include a letter, 21 May 1864, from Cooke to Pierre G. T. Beauregard concerning Cooke's and William Henry Chase Whiting's roles in the 1864 battle of Drewry's Bluff (section 2) and undated notes on the surrender of Robert E. Lee to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House (section 6).

Cooley Family Papers, 1811–1882. 99 items. Photocopies. Mss1C7768a.
This collection contains photocopies of the papers of members of the Cooley family of southwestern Virginia. The correspondence of Julia Ann (Cooley) Price (1831–1916) includes a letter, 12 May 1863, to her sister-in-law, Caroline (Higgins) Cooley, concerning, in part, the death of Thomas J. Jackson, and letters, 1864, from her cousin, John T. Cooley, describing the execution of Confederate deserters and his service in the 51st Virginia Infantry Regiment during the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign (section 6).

Coons Family Papers, 1828–1982. 1,208 items. Mss1C7835a.
This collection contains the papers of the Coons family of Culpeper County. The correspondence of Susan Elizabeth (Slaughter) Coons Hoge (1833–1907) includes letters, 1863–1864, from members of the 119th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment concerning the exchange of food supplies between Hoge and Union troops stationed in Culpeper County (section 6). The correspondence of Mary Dillard (Coons) Corbin (1838–1910) of North Cliff, Culpeper County, consists primarily of letters to and from friends and family members describing life in the county during the war, Union activities in the region, and news of military events near Richmond in 1862 (section 10). Included in Mary Corbin's correspondence are letters, 1862–1865, from her husband, Lemuel Armistead Corbin (1824–1907), regarding rumors of Union advances in the Shenandoah Valley in the spring of 1862 and his service in the 43d Virginia Cavalry Battalion. The correspondence of Martha Elizabeth Coons (1839–1863) includes letters, 1862–1863, from Frank Alexander Coons (1846–1912), Lemuel Corbin, and Mary Ann B. (Singleton) Payne concerning, in part, the presence of Union soldiers in Culpeper County (section 16). The correspondence of Henry Wilkins Coons (1841–1862) of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment includes a letter, 22 November 1861, to Winfield Scott Coons (1815–1889) describing camp life, and letters, 1862, to Mary Corbin regarding cavalry operations during the Peninsula campaign, the Seven Days' battles, and the first battle of Bull Run (section 19).

Other Civil War related materials in the collection include a memorandum, written ca. 1906, by Lemuel Armistead Corbin describing a skirmish involving the 43rd Virginia Cavalry Battalion that took place at Adamstown, Md., on 13 October 1864 (Section 14); a record, 1861, of subscriptions collected to buy uniforms for the "Little Fork Rangers" (Company D of the 4th Virginia Cavalry); a list, 1861, of those in the 4th Virginia who received their enlistment bounty; a certificate, 1861, of enlistment in the "Little Fork Rangers" for Henry Wilkins Coons and George Dallas Coons (1842–1895) (section 23); a commission, 1861, of Clarke Hume Thompson (1835–1912) as first lieutenant in the 3d Regiment of Virginia Militia; and a pass, 1862, issued to Clarke Thompson (section 27).

Corson, William Clark, Papers, 1861–1865. 64 items. Mss1C8184a.
This collection contains the wartime correspondence, 1861–1865, of William Clark Corson (1837–1895) of Company G of the 3d Virginia Cavalry Regiment. In letters to Jennie Hill (Caldwell) Corson (1844–1899), William Corson describes, in detail, incidents of camp life (including daily duties, entertainments, and drill) and his participation in the October 1862 cavalry raid into Pennsylvania and the Peninsula, Bristoe, Petersburg, and 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaigns. Also in the collection is a letter, 8 March 1865, to William from Jennie Corson concerning the impending arrival of Union soldiers and her view of the Confederate cause in March 1865. The entire collection is printed in Blake W. Corson, Jr., ed., My Dear Jennie (Richmond, 1982).

Cosby Family Papers, 1859–1916. 17 items. Photocopies. Mss2C8203b.
Contains the papers of the Cosby family of Powhatan. Wartime items include letters, 1862–1863, of Andrew Napoleon Bonaparte Cosby (1843–1916) of the 22d Virginia Infantry Battalion, offering brief descriptions of the second battle of Bull Run, fighting near Orange Court House in September 1863, and a religious camp meeting (section 2); and a letter, 22 May 1862, from Josephine Cumings of Richmond, briefly mentioning the fighting east of the city (section 4).

Cottrell Family Papers, 1806–1862. 3 items. Photocopies. Mss2C8297b.
This small collection includes a letter, 16 October 1862, from Edward Denton Cottrell (1842–1878) of the 10th Virginia Cavalry Regiment offering a detailed description of his participation in J. E. B. Stuart's raid on Chambersburg, Pa.

Cox, E. L., Diary, 1864–1865. 1 volume. Mss5:1C8394:1. Microfilm reel C594.
The diary of E. L. Cox of the 68th North Carolina Infantry Regiment documents the life of a Confederate prisoner of war. In his diary, 1 July 1864–22 June 1865, Cox describes his capture by members of the 20th New York Cavalry Regiment and his subsequent imprisonment at Camp Hamilton, Va., Point Lookout, Md., Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D.C., and Fort Delaware, Del. In great detail, Cox records incidents of his daily life in prison including observations on the weather, the exchange and release of fellow prisoners, the presence of disease, and news concerning the war in Virginia.

Cox, Leroy Wesley, Memoirs, 1934. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1C8397:1.
A typed transcript of a memoir dictated in 1934 by Leroy Wesley Cox (1845–1938) of Albemarle County. Included are brief descriptions of his service in Company D (2nd) of the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment in western Virginia (now W.Va.) and North Carolina in 1861 and in Petersburg in 1864. Of particular note are his more detailed descriptions of his experiences as a member of the Charlottesville Artillery Battery in the battles of Port Republic, Malvern Hill, and Chancellorsville.

Crafts, George J., Papers, 1856–1866. 7 items. Mss2C8425b.
Contains the papers of George J. Crafts and includes a letter, 16 December 1863, to Crafts, while serving as an assistant quartermaster in the Confederate Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, ordering him to transport men and cargo to Fort Johnson and Fort Sumter, S.C.

Craig, John Anthony, Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss2C8444a1.
A letter, 15 October 1864, from John Anthony Craig (1843–1901) of Company F of the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment concerning the military situation in the Shenandoah Valley on the eve of the battle of Cedar Creek and his opinion of the Confederate cavalry operating in the Valley.

Cravens, Addison, Affidavit, 1863. 1 item. Mss2C8557a1.
An affidavit, 15 December 1863, concerning the enlistment of Addison Cravens (b. 1819?) of Tazewell County in the 2d Colored Kansas Infantry Regiment.

Crump Family Papers, 1800–1930. 344 items. Mss1C8884a.
Contains the papers of the Crump family of Richmond. Wartime materials include passes, 1864–1865, issued by the Confederate army to William Wood Crump (1819–1897), while serving as assistant secretary of the Confederate Treasury, permitting him to travel freely throughout Virginia and the rest of the Confederacy; a railroad pass, 2 September 1864, issued to Crump; a printed copy of General Order No. 16, 27 March 1865, allowing the transportation of cotton and tobacco to areas outside the Confederacy (section 6); and a letter, 28 March 1865, from George Alfred Trenholm (1806–1876), as Confederate secretary of the treasury, to the presidents of banks of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, regarding the recently passed act concerning the raising of coin by the government for the use of purchasing supplies for the army (section 16).

Crutchfield, Gilmer W., Commonplace Books, 1861–1864. 2 volumes. Mss5:5C8895:1–2.
This collection consists of commonplace books, 1861–1864, kept by Gilmer W. Crutchfield (b. 1845) of King and Queen County. The first volume, 1861–1862, contains diary entries, 28 April–31 December 1862, offering descriptions of farm life, a visit to his farm by Union troops (31 May), and the 1862 Maryland campaign (while he served briefly in the 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment). Also included is a newspaper clipping of Jefferson Davis's inaugural address. The second volume, 1864, kept while Crutchfield served in Company B of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, contains handwritten copies of southern songs.

Culpeper Court House, List of Confederate States Army Interments, 1866. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss9:2C8994:1.
Consists of a photocopy of portion of an issue, 22 June 1866, of the Culpeper Weekly Observer and General Advertiser containing a list of Confederate soldiers (including their regiments) buried at Culpeper Court House.

Cummings, Wilber F. (1835–1895), Letters, 1863. 2 items. Mss1C8993a.
Contains letters written in May 1863 by Wilber F. Cummings (of Westerville, Oneida County, N.Y.), a soldier in the 117th New York Infantry Regiment, to his wife, Charlotte (Boyd) Cummings, discussing the siege of Vicksburg and his recovery from wounds at St. Elizabeth's Hospital in Washington, D.C.

Cuninghame (William) & Co., Glasgow, Scotland, Papers, 1753–1863. 239 items. Mss3C9154a. Microfilm reel C225.
This collection contains papers relating to the Falmouth operations of the tobacco merchant William Cuninghame & Co., of Glasgow, Scotland. Included is a list, ca. 1863, of hospitals of the 9th Corps of the Army of the Potomac located in Fredericksburg. The list contains the location of each division's hospital, the names of United States Christian Commission agents on duty, and the number of patients located at each hospital at that time (section 36).

Cunningham, Richard Hoope, Letter, 1861. 1 item. Mss2C9178a1.
A letter, 1 August 1861, from Richard Hoope Cunningham (1834–1862) of the 21st Virginia Infantry Regiment to his mother concerning the unit's activities in northwestern Virginia in late July 1861, his reaction to the Confederate victory at the first battle of Bull Run, and his opinion of the generalship of Joseph E. Johnston.

Curd, Samuella (Hart), Diary, 1860–1863. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1C9228:1.
This collection contains a photocopy of a typed transcript of a diary, 3 May 1860–15 June 1863, kept by Samuella (Hart) Curd of Richmond, Va., and Fulton, Mo. Entries discuss mostly family news and social events but also include brief descriptions of the atmosphere in Richmond after the fall of Fort Sumter, news of military events such as the battles of Big Bethel, Va., and Fort Donelson, Tenn., and the ongoing struggle between Union and Confederate forces in Missouri.

Cushwa, Daniel G., Papers, 1850–1891. 15 items. Mss2C9597b.
Consists primarily of the wartime papers of Daniel G. Cushwa (b. 1840?) of Company B of the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Letters home, 1861–1864, from Cushwa include brief descriptions of his regiment's participation in the first battle of Bull Run and in a skirmish at Lewinsville, of picket duty near Alexandria (including a review attended by Governor John Letcher), of bad weather conditions in Prince William County in January 1862, and of the condition of his mount in July 1864 (section 1). Other items include a pass, 1864, issued to B. Cushwa by the provost marshal of Martinsburg (now W.Va.); a pass, 1865, issued to Daniel Cushwa to visit Albemarle County to attend to horses; and a parole of honor, 1865, of Daniel Cushwa (section 2).

Cuthbert, C. A., Letter, 1864. 1 item. Mss2C9725a1.
A letter, 12 March 1864, from C. A. Cuthbert to John Mercer Brooke (1826–1906) of the Confederate Naval Ordnance Department concerning the sale of two privateers.

Updated December 17, 2009