"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
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Quesenberry Family Papers - Rutherfoord Family Papers

Quesenberry Family Papers, 1827–1913. 209 items. Mss1Q375a. Microfilm reel C578.
Contains the papers of the Quesenberry family of King George County. Included in this collection is an undated memorandum concerning the confiscation of W. P. Quesenberry's (b. 1833?) mare by the 1st New Jersey Cavalry Regiment (section 15).

Quinn, William, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2Q4495a1.
A letter, 29 June 1863, from William Quinn, chief engineer in the Confederate navy, to Stephen Russell Mallory (1813–1873) concerning experiments with coal use in boilers and the cupola of the Confederate Naval Works, Richmond.

Ragsdale, Ann Coleman (Boswell), Papers, 1864–1866. 4 items. Mss2R1283b.
This collection contains primarily Confederate Tax in kind returns, 28 October 1864–31 January 1865, for agricultural products (including tobacco, wheat, oats, wool, and fodder) kept by Ann Coleman (Boswell) Ragsdale (1792–1870) of Riverside, Halifax County.

Raine, Frances Rebecca Bouldin (Spraggins) Brown, Memoir, 1903. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1R1346:1.
Contains a typescript copy of the memoirs of Frances Rebecca Bouldin (Spraggins) Brown Raine (1816–1907) primarily concerning her early life in Virginia and Texas. Also included is a brief account of her life in Charlotte County during the Civil War and her Union sympathies in regard to Jefferson Davis's role in bringing on the war.

Randolph, Charles Carter, Papers, 1862–1889. 5 items. Mss2R1527b.
Contains the papers of Charles Carter Randolph (1846–1925) of Albemarle County. Wartime items consist of letters, 1863, to Francis Henney Smith (1812–1890) from Thomas J. Jackson, Hunter Holmes McGuire (1835–1900), and Alexander Swift Pendleton (1840–1864) recommending Randolph for appointment as a cadet in the Virginia Military Institute based on his service in Company F of the 6th Virginia Cavalry Regiment and as a courier on Jackson's staff (b1–3). Also in the collection is Carter's discharge, 3 December 1862, from the Confederate army on the grounds of being under age (b4).

Randolph Family Papers, 1786–1970. 217 items. Mss1R1586b.
This collection contains the papers of members of the Randolph family of Fauquier County. The correspondence of Mary Buckner Thruston (Magill) Randolph (1809–1890) includes an undated statement made to an unidentified individual by Mary Randolph concerning the theft and destruction of personal property from her Fauquier County home during the war; a letter, 11 January [?], from Landonia (Randolph) Minor (1830–1912) regarding family members in Confederate service and as prisoners of war; and a letter, 1864, from Buckner Magill Randolph (1842–1903) of the 49th Virginia Infantry Regiment offering a detailed account of the battle of Fisher's Hill (section 5). The correspondence of Alfred Magill Randolph (1836–1918) contains letters, 1863–1864, to Sarah Griffith (Hoxton) Randolph (1840–1923) concerning the occupation of homes in Fredericksburg and Caroline County by Confederate soldiers and military activities near Fredericksburg in April 1864 (section 7). The correspondence of Sarah Randolph includes letters, 1863–1865, from her brother, William Hoxton (1844–1876) of the 1st Company of the Stuart Horse Artillery Battery, concerning the use of a newly arrived cannon by the unit in February 1863, Confederate cavalry organization in the Army of Northern Virginia in March 1863, fighting in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864, and the capture of Confederate guns at the battle of Waynesboro (section 8).

Also in the collection is a diary, 1 January–24 November 1862, kept by John Stevens of Company E of the 6th New Hampshire Infantry Regiment and Buckner Magill Randolph of the 49th Virginia Infantry (section 9). The entries from 1 January to 29 August, kept by Stevens, concern camp life at Washington, D.C., and in North Carolina, and the second Bull Run campaign. The remaining entries, written by Buckner Randolph, offer brief descriptions of the 1862 Maryland campaign, camp life, and military operations near Winchester in October and November 1862.

Other wartime items include a diary, 12 April 1864–13 January 1865, kept by Buckner Randolph offering brief descriptions of the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, North Anna, and Cold Harbor and the 1864 Shenandoah Valley campaign (section 10); a letter, 16 July 1863, from Buckner Randolph to Mary Magill (Randolph) Turner (1833–1910) concerning, in part, the fall of Vicksburg, Miss. (section 11); a muster roll, 1862, of Company G of the 49th Virginia Infantry (see oversize); an order, 12 April 1865, issued to Buckner Randolph by Lunsford Lindsay Lomax commanding Randolph to collect all cavalry units at Lynchburg and send them to Joseph E. Johnston's army in North Carolina; a photocopy of a pass, 12 April 1865, issued to Randolph by the Union army permitting him to travel to his Fauquier County home; and an autobiographical sketch by Randolph concerning his wartime service (section 13).

Randolph Family Papers, 1838–1926. 46 items. Mss1R1586c.
Contains the papers of the Randolph family of Virginia. Included is a letter, 28 August 1861, from Mrs. J. S. Kennedy to Janet Cleland (Horner) Weaver (1822–1895) expressing gratitude to Weaver for providing medical aid to her son, Archer Kennedy of Company C of the 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment, following the first battle of Bull Run (section 2).

Randolph Family Papers, 1858–1961. 113 items. Mss1R1586d.
Contains the papers of the Randolph family of Fauquier County. Civil War-related materials consist of undated postwar notes on the 49th Virginia Infantry Regiment's experiences in the battles of First Bull Run and Spotsylvania Court House by Buckner Magill Randolph (1842–1903), formerly a member of Company C; an undated roll of Company C of the 49th Virginia (section 1); an undated memoir by Llewellyn Griffith Hoxton (1838?–1891), formerly a member of the Tennessee Memphis Light Artillery Battery and of William Joseph Hardee's staff, concerning his service in the Confederate Army of Tennessee throughout the war; and a memoir, 1909, by William Fitzhugh Randolph (1831–1914) concerning the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic (section 17).

Read Family Papers, 1828–1914. 87 items. Mss1R2205a.
This collection contains the papers of the Read family of Richmond and Vermont. Civil War items include letters, 1861–1865, from Julia Porter Read (1835–1914) to Harriet Sublett (Read) Berry (1827–1871) concerning the coming of war to Virginia and the early wartime changes to the city of Richmond in May 1861, and the fall of Richmond in April 1865 and the immediate postwar life in the captured city; a letter, 7 March 1861, from Lucy Elizabeth Read (1822–1911) to Harriet Berry concerning, in part, the Virginia secession convention and opinions of Abraham Lincoln and his family by former neighbors (section 4); a letter, 19 August 1862, from Emma Sophia (Read) Berry (1837–1924) to Christopher Gustavus Memminger (1803–1888) concerning her application for a position as a "lady-clerk" in the Confederate Treasury Department; and a pass, 29 December 1864, issued to Julia Porter Read by the Confederate Army Provost Marshal's Office permitting her to travel from Richmond to Gordonsville on the Virginia Central Railroad (section 5).

Rennolds, Elizabeth (Gordon), Recollections, ca. 1860–1863. 1 item. Mss5:1R2955:1.
Contains the wartime recollections of Elizabeth (Gordon) Rennolds of Spotsylvania County. Included are descriptions of the Union occupation of the family farm and of her father's arrest and imprisonment at Fort Delaware, Del.

Rice, John W., Account Book, 1856–1866. 1 volume. Mss5:3R3635:1. Microfilm reel C435.
An account book, kept near New Market by John W. Rice (1798–1862) and others concerning the sale of general merchandise. Included in the book are accounts in March 1862 with the 7th Virginia Cavalry Regiment for the purchase of corn, flour, and hay (pp. 151–53).

Rice, Marie Gordon (Pryor), Reminiscences, ca. 1920. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1R3652:1.
Contains a typescript copy of the reminiscences of Marie Gordon (Pryor) Rice of South Isle, Charlotte County. Primarily a discussion of race relations in postbellum Charlotte County, Rice's reminiscences also offer a brief account of the effects of the war on life at South Isle.

Richardson, F., Sketchbooks, 1865. 2 vols. Mss5:10R3942:1-2.
This collection contains sketchbooks kept by F. Richardson while traveling through Maryland and Virginia presumably during May and June 1865. Volume I includes images of locations along the James River (City Point, Harrison's Landing, Fort Darling, Chaffin's Bluff, Drewry's Bluff, Dutch Gap) and Rappahannock River (showing ships), as well as sites in Petersburg (Fort Morton, Fort Sedgwick, Fort Stedman, the tunnel leading to the Crater) and Richmond (following the evacuation fire, including Gamble's Hill and Libby Prison). Volume II contains images of scenery along Cameron Run and of Fort Ellsworth in Fairfax County, and of the headquarters of General Gustavus Adolphus De Russy; Fort Willard, Washington, D.C., and the D.C. skyline; Norfolk and Newport News; General Godfrey Weitzel's headquarters (i.e., the former White House of the Confederacy) and the executive mansion in Richmond; and Federal Hill, Baltimore, Md. Also, includes a rough sketch of the trial of the conspirators in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in Washington, D.C.

Richmond, Enrolling Office, Enrolling Book, 1864. 1 volume. Mss4R414a2.
An enrolling book, 1 June–14 October 1864, containing a roll of individuals between the ages of 18 and 45 conscripted by members of the Confederate Bureau of Conscription at Richmond. Information on each conscript includes the individual's name, residence, occupation, and physical description.

Riddick Family Papers, 1785–1895. 19 items. Mss1R4313a.
This collection contains the papers of the Riddick family of Suffolk. Included is a letter, 20 June 1864, from Thomas Edmund Upshaw (1828–1906) of Company C of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment to Martha Riddick (Disosway) Tudor (b. 1835?) concerning his imprisonment at Fort Delaware, Del., and a request for food (section 4).

Riddle Family Papers, 1836–1897. 213 items. Mss1R4315a.
Contains the papers of the Riddle family of Petersburg. Civil War items consist of letters, 1864–1865, from James Craig Riddle (1834–1909) of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his wife, Josephine O'Reilly (McIllwaine) Riddle (1836–1882), concerning his capture in October 1864 and subsequent imprisonment at Point Lookout, Md. (section 1); and a typescript copy of a letter, 7 August 1862, from Robert Dunn McIllwaine (1828–1875) of Company B of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment describing a cavalry engagement, known as the battle of Cox's Mill, fought near Sycamore Church, Prince George County, on 3 August 1862 (section 9).

Ridley Family Papers, 1776–1897. 45 items. Mss1R4377b. Microfilm reel C288.
Contains the papers of the Ridley family of Southampton County. Civil War materials include letters, 1861–1862, from William Goodwyn Ridley (1842–1862) of Company G of the 6th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his sister, Elizabeth Norfleet (Ridley) Neely (b. 1847?), discussing camp life at Craney Island (section 4) and unidentified postwar newspaper clippings concerning Mahone's brigade at the second battle of Bull Run and the death of William G. Ridley in that battle (section 5).

Ridley Family Papers, 1853–1863. 30 items. Mss1R4377a. Microfilm reel C288.
Contains the papers of the Ridley family of Southampton County. Wartime materials consist of letters, 1861–1862, from William Goodwyn Ridley (1842–1862) of Company G of the 6th Virginia Infantry Regiment to family members concerning camp life at Craney Island and brief accounts of his experiences during the Peninsula campaign (section 2).

Ringler, John Wesley, Papers, 1864–1865. 16 items. Mss2R4735b.
Contain letters written by John Wesley Ringler ([b. 1844] while serving in Battery D of the Pennsylvania Independent Light Artillery [known as "Durrell's Battery"]) to his father, Israel Wilson Ringler, concerning John Ringler's life in the army during the Petersburg Campaign. Of particular note are his descriptions of the construction of the mine prior to the battle of the Crater and of the final Union assaults against Confederate lines southeast of Petersburg on 2 April 1865.

Ripley, Edward Hastings, Speech, 1897. 1 item. Typescript. Mss2R4825a1.
A speech, delivered to the United Service Club, New York, N.Y., by Edward Hastings Ripley (1839–1915), formerly of the 9th Vermont Infantry Regiment, concerning the defense and surrender of Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.), by Union forces in September 1862.

Rives Family Papers, 1843–1895. 97 items. Mss1R5247b. Microfilm reel B35.
This collection contains the papers of the Rives family of Albemarle County. The correspondence of Alfred Landon Rives (1830–1903) of the Confederate Corps of Engineers concerns his service and includes letters from the following individuals: James Keith Boswell ([1838–1863] concerning the construction of a bridge on the Rapidan River and the battle of Shepherdstown), Jeremy Francis Gilmer ([1818–1883] discussing military operations on the coast of South Carolina in January 1864), Josiah Gorgas ([1818–1883] concerning the purchase of knapsacks for Wise's Legion), and R. Lowndes Poor (regarding the construction of fortifications near Williamsburg in 1861) (section 6). Other wartime items include a letter, 18 August 1862, from Wade Hampton to Lafayette McLaws concerning Union troop movements on the Peninsula (section 7), and a letter, 23 April 1863, from Richard Channing Macmurdo (b. 1834) of Company D of Walker's Artillery Battalion to his sister, Sarah Catherine (Macmurdo) Rives (1833–1909), regarding his duties while attached to a regimental court (section 9).

Rives, William Cabell, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2R5248a5.
A letter, 16 July 1863, from William Cabell Rives (1793–1868) of Castle Hill, Albemarle County, to his son, Alfred Landon Rives (1830–1903), acting chief of the Confederate Engineer Bureau, concerning, in part, the capture of Vicksburg, Miss., and Port Hudson, La., and its effect on the Confederacy. The collection includes a typed transcript of the letter.

Roach, Mahal Perkins Harding (Eggleston), Diary, 1851–1865. 3 volumes. Mss5:1R5306:1–3. Microfilm reel C507.
Kept at Vicksburg, Miss., by Mahal Perkins Harding (Eggleston) Roach (1825–1905), this three-volume diary, 1851–1865, concerns primarily family news and social life. Volume 3, 15 October 1864–25 December 1865, offers descriptions of Mahal Roach's interactions with Union soldiers and of life in Vicksburg under Union occupation.

Roberts, Samuel, Papers, 1864. 3 items. Typescript copies. Mss2R5443b.
This small collection contains typed transcripts of the correspondence, 1864, of Samuel Roberts (1830–1921) of the 152d Ohio Infantry Regiment. Letters to his wife, Magdalena Bowersox Roberts (1837–1910), discuss camp life (including sickness in the unit) and the presence of Confederates under Jubal A. Early in the lower Shenandoah Valley in August 1864. The letter to Roberts from his wife concerns conditions at home and news of Confederates under John McCausland plundering in Pennsylvania in August 1864.

Robertson Family Papers, 1786–1930. 1,051 items. Mss1R5498b.
Contains the papers of the Stuart and Robertson families of Staunton. Included in the collection is a letter, 27 February 1864, from Briscoe Gerard Baldwin (1828–1898), while serving on Robert E. Lee's staff, to his aunt and uncle expressing, in behalf of Lee, gratitude upon receiving a package from them and commenting on the condition of the Confederate army (section 33).

Robertson, Francis Smith, Reminiscences, 1926. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss5:1R5462:1.
This collection consists of a photocopy of the reminiscences of Francis Smith Robertson (1841–1926) concerning his service in the 48th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Included are detailed descriptions of his experiences in western Virginia (now W.Va.) in 1861 and at the battles of Chancellorsville, Brandy Station, and Five Forks.

Robertson, Littleton Tazewell, Papers, 1846–1869. 95 items. Mss2R5474b.
The papers of Littleton Tazewell Robertson (1825?–1862) of Nottoway County include letters, 1861–1862, to his wife, Martha S. Robertson (b. 1828?), concerning his service in Company C of the 18th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Topics in the letters include camp life in Richmond, Centreville, Manassas, and near Yorktown and the first battle of Bull Run.

Robertson, William Joseph, Papers, 1904–1931. 25 items. Mss1R54955a.
This collection contains the papers of William Joseph Robertson (1888–1955) of Wilmington, Del., primarily concerning A. P. Hill. Included are Robertson's correspondence regarding Hill's life and biographical sketches of Hill's life and service in the Union and Confederate armies. Also included is a typescript copy of an article by Murray Forbes Taylor (1843–1909), former member of Hill's staff, concerning Thomas J. Jackson's mortal wounding at the battle of Chancellorsville. Forbes's article is printed in the Confederate Veteran 12 (October 1904): 492–94.

Robins Family Papers, 1784–1939. 4,290 items. Mss1R5595a.
This collection contains the papers of the Robins family of Gloucester County. Included is a letter, 18 March 1865, to Thomas Coleman Robins (1804–1888) from his son, William Augustus Robins (1837–1926) of the 24th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, concerning the purchase of a horse (at a high cost) and the movement of the Confederate Quartermaster's Department and the Post Office from Richmond to Danville and Lynchburg (section 35).

Robinson Family Papers, 1836–1899. 68 items. Typescript copies. Mss1R5685c.
Contains the papers of the Robinson family of Virginia. Section 2 consists of the correspondence of Conway Robinson (1805–1884) with the following individuals: Robert L. Archer of Company G of the 6th Virginia Infantry Regiment (concerning the battle of Bristoe Station), George Harrison Byrd ([1827–1910] regarding a search for the grave of Benjamin Watkins Leigh [1831–1863] at Gettysburg, Pa.), George E. Ferebee (concerning the death of Cary Robinson [1843–1864] of Company G of the 6th Virginia Infantry at the battle of Burgess's Mill), John A. Logan ([b. 1833] of the 14th Virginia Infantry Regiment concerning his efforts to secure an exchange from Point Lookout, Md.), and Franklin Thomas (concerning efforts to secure a release from Camp Chase, Ohio). Section 3 contains letters to Mary Susan Selden (Leigh) Robinson (1816–1900) from Mary Elizabeth (Maury) Hill (1819–1868) concerning news of the 6th Virginia Infantry at the battle of Chancellorsville, and from Mary (Carter) Minnigerode (1820–1898) regarding Cary Robinson's death. Sections 5 through 9 consist of letters between Robert E. Lee, Louisa Triplett (Haxall) Harrison (b. 1847), and Cary Robinson concerning a request for a leave of absence for Robinson in December 1863. Section 10 contains a letter, 17 October 1863, from William Wilson Chamberlaine (1836–1923) describing the death of William Colston Robinson (1845–1863) at the battle of Bristoe Station and an undated postwar letter from Lawrence Wilson (1842–1922), formerly of Company D of the 7th Ohio Infantry Regiment, concerning the death of Benjamin Watkins Leigh at the battle of Gettysburg.

Robinson, Leiper Moore, Reminiscences, 1896. 1 item. Typescript. Mss5:1R5642:1.
This collection contains a typed transcript of the reminiscences of Leiper Moore Robinson (1845–1910), formerly of Company H of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment. Included are descriptions of a cavalry review for Robert E. Lee at Brandy Station in 1863 and Robinson's experiences at the battle of Yellow Tavern and during the Petersburg campaign.

Robinson, Moncure, Papers, 1863–1865. 16 items. Mss2R56424b.
This collection consists of letters from Moncure Robinson (1802–1891) of Philadelphia, Pa., to Walker Peyton Moncure (1842–1916) of Company A of the 47th Virginia Infantry Regiment, while a prisoner at Johnson's Island, Ohio, concerning packages and Robinson's efforts to secure a "special" exchange for Moncure.

Rochelle Family Papers, 1817–1967. 70 items. Mss1R5854a.
Contains the papers of the Rochelle family of Southampton County. Included in the collection is a scrapbook, compiled in 1888 by James Henry Rochelle (1826–1889), containing letters, 1885–1886, concerning the naval battles of Hampton Roads and Drewry's Bluff (pp. 161–73) and an autobiographical letter, 1887, from Rochelle describing his service in the Confederate navy (pp. 191–206) (section 4).

Rockingham County, Enrolling Office, Enrolling Books, 1862–1864. 2 volumes. Mss3R5915a.
This collection consists of two enrolling books, kept by John M. Locke of the Rockingham County Enrolling Office. Volume 1 contains rolls of detailed men from the county and rolls of exempted individuals (including blacksmiths, Dunkards, Mennonites, millers, ministers, physicians, printers, shoemakers, surgeons, tanners, teachers, and wagon makers). Also in this volume are copies of correspondence, 6 December 1862–3 March 1864, with the Conscript Office and the Camp of Instruction, Richmond, concerning office operations. Volume 2 contains lists of enrolled reserves and exemptions (including each individual's name, physical description, and reason for exemption), and office correspondence, 15 September–17 November 1864, regarding conscripts and exemptions.

Roler, Addison Brown, Diary, 1860–1861. 1 volume. Mss5:1R6435:1. Microfilm reel C620.
This diary, 12 March 1860–1 September 1861, kept by Addison Brown Roler (1835–1910), documents his life as a student at the University of Virginia and as a Confederate soldier. Roler's entries, beginning on 4 July 1861, describe, in detail, camp life and marches as a member of the 2d Virginia Infantry Regiment, Wise's Legion (later the 59th Virginia Infantry Regiment) in Alleghany County and Greenbrier County (now W.Va.).

Roler, Addison Brown, Scrapbook, 1861. 1 volume. Mss5:7R6435:1.
A scrapbook containing newspaper clippings, kept at the University of Virginia by Addison Brown Roler (1835–1910). Included in the scrapbook are clippings concerning the secession of Virginia, Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address, the Union naval blockade, and foreign opinion of secession. Also included are printed maps of Fort Pickens, Fla., Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.), and the Virginia, Maryland, southern Pennsylvania region.

Roller Family Papers, 1837–1917. ca. 850 items. Mss1R6498aFA2. Microfilm reels C131–133.
Contains the papers of three generations of the Roller family of Rockingham County and Harrisonburg. Boxes 1–3 include the correspondence of Peter Samuel Roller (1823–1894) of Pleasant Grove, Rockingham County, with Thomas Burwell, S. Alice Cowan, Catherine Hume, and William B. McGilvray (concerning a search for a teacher for Pleasant Grove Academy), William M. Tate of the Confederate Subsistence Office in Staunton (concerning supplying flour to the Virginia Military Institute in 1864), an unidentified neighbor of Roller's (concerning military activity in the Shenandoah Valley in October 1862), Reuben N. Harrison (concerning his opposition to secession and campaigning for a wartime seat in the House of Delegates in 1861, and the sale of salt in Virginia in 1862), and W. D. Tompkins & Bro., Richmond (concerning the shipment of salt to Roller in 1862); loose accounts, 1863–1864, regarding the payment of taxes and the purchase of oxen, a horse, and slaves; a pass, 1863, issued to Peter Roller by the provost marshal in Staunton; receipts, 1863–1864, issued by the Confederate Subsistence Department for agricultural supplies; affidavits, 1864, of John Daniel Imboden concerning flour and fodder; exemption certificates, 1865, issued to Roller as a justice of the peace in Rockingham County; and a parole, 1865, issued by the provost marshal of the Union Army of the Shenandoah.

Boxes 5–7 contain wartime letters to John Edwin Roller (1844–1918) from S. Alice Cowan (concerning the closing of the unnamed college for women she was attending, refugeeing in Henry County, and the lack of communication with Richmond in 1864), Libbie V. Kite (concerning social life in Brownsburg [Va.?], in 1863), and John Samuel Crawn (concerning wartime conditions in Mt. Crawford). Boxes 8–10 contain four postwar scrapbooks, 1871–1915, including newspaper clippings regarding Civil War battles, leaders, soldiers, and reminiscences.

Box 10 contains materials relating to the military service of Charles Norborne Berkeley Minor (1842–1930). Included are extracts from his diary, kept while a member of Company H of the 2d Regiment of Engineers, during the Petersburg and Appomattox campaigns, and reminiscences of his service in the Rockbridge Artillery Battery in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign (particularly at the battle of Port Republic) and in the battles of Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. Also in box 10 is a speech, 1897, delivered by John Edwin Roller to the Confederate veterans at McDowell, regarding Henry Kyd Douglas (1838–1903). A separate finding aid for this collection is available in the Society's library.

Rosene, August W., Papers, 1860–1875. 29 items. Mss1R7243a.
This small collection contains the papers of August W. Rosene (1848?–1904) of Richmond. Civil War items include a letter, 4 April 1865, from W. Guerin and C. Horveth concerning their capture by Union troops and subsequent imprisonment at Libby Prison (section 1); passes, 1863–1864, issued to August Rosene permitting him to travel throughout Richmond and Henrico County; a pass, 1864, issued to Charles Rosene (b. 1846?) of the Enrolled Militia of the Union Army of the District of Memphis, Tenn., granting him a sixty-day leave of absence (section 3); a receipt, 5 March 1864, issued to the Farmers Bank of Virginia for Confederate bonds; and a muster roll, [?] January 1865, listing C. Horvath as assigned to the medical inspector of the Confederate Surgeon General's Office in Richmond (section 5).

Rosier Family Papers, 1828–1928. 766 items. Mss1 R7305a.
This collection contains the correspondence and other papers of the Rosier family (of London, England, and New York, N.Y.). Most of the correspondence is between Fitz William Rosier (1808–1882) of Richmond, Va., and New York, N.Y., a music instructor and translator of German, French, and Italian music, and his pupil and later wife, Sarah Catherine (Walthall) Rosier (1838–1928). The collection contains scattered references to the Civil War.

Section 1, the correspondence of Fitz William Rosier, includes an 1865 letter from his sister Jane (Rosier) Clark (of London, England) discussing the war, and an 1861 letter from his friend Frederick Nicholls Crouch relating details about camp life while serving with the Richmond Howitzers. In section 2, some lyrics and poetry by Fitz William Rosier feature Civil War themes. Section 7 includes an undated letter from Francis Lockett Walthall to his wife, Sarah, written during the war describing camp life; Walthall was a member of Company F of the 1st Virginia Reserve Infantry.

Rousseau, B. C., Account Book, 1855–1857. 1 volume. Mss5:3R7628:1. Microfilm reel C578.
This collection contains an account book concerning the operations of a general store at Fairfax Court House, kept by B. C. Rousseau. Included in the book are printed maps, 1861, of the first battle of Bull Run and Union advances against Confederate defenses at Fairfax Court House (front end cover); a list, 1861, of sick in the hospital from Company B of the 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment (p. 4); and provision returns, 25 June 1861, for companies B and H of the 6th Louisiana Infantry Regiment (p. 105).

Rowland, Kate Mason, Papers, 1899. 7 items. Mss2R7964b.
This collection consists primarily of letters, 1899, to Kate Mason Rowland (1839?–1916) of Richmond and Warrenton, concerning the massacre of black Union troops at Fort Pillow by Confederates under Nathan Bedford Forrest (b1–6). Correspondents include John Cussons (1838–1912), Bennett Henderson Young (1843–1919), Herbert Wrigley Wilson (b. 1866), and John Allan Wyeth (1845–1922). Also included in the collection are notes, 1899, by an unidentified author concerning Richard Taylor's opinion on the massacre.

Royall, John Blair, Letters, 1861. 2 items. Mss2R8126a.
This small collection contains letters, 1861, from John Blair Royall (d. 1864) of the 3d Company of Richmond Howitzers to his grandmother regarding inactivity near Yorktown and early war optimism in August 1861 (a1) and to his father, John Martin Royall (1815–1871), concerning Union naval blockaders near Yorktown in July 1861 and the decision of his brother, Robert William Royall (1843–1928), to enlist in the Confederate army (a2).

Ruffin, Edmund, Papers, 1818–1865. 826 items. Mss1R8385a. Microfilm reels C366–369.
This collection contains the papers of Edmund Ruffin (1794–1865) of Prince George County. Primarily concerning agricultural operations at Beechwood and Shellbanks in Prince George County and Marlbourne in Hanover County. Ruffin's papers include letters, 1861–1864, from family members discussing the secession crisis in Virginia and South Carolina, military events on the Peninsula in the spring of 1862, and descriptions of camp life in the Confederate army (sections 22–25). Prominent correspondents include Edmund Ruffin (1814–1876) of the 5th Virginia Cavalry Regiment and Thomas Smith Ruffin (1843–1873) of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment.

Ruffin Family Papers, 1859–1865. 13 items. Mss2R8389b.
This collection contains papers relating to members of the Ruffin family of Prince George and Amelia counties. Wartime items include an undated sketch of Fort Sumter, S.C., by Edmund Ruffin (1794–1865) (b1); military passes, 1861–1863, issued to Ruffin by the Confederate Army Provost Marshal's Office and by the mayor of Charleston, S.C. (b2–6); and a parole of honor, 23 June 1865, issued to Edmund Ruffin (1814–1876) of Amelia County (b12).

Ruffin, Francis Gildart, Papers, 1861–1865. 59 items. Mss1R8386a. Microfilm reel C620.
This collection contains materials relating to the operation of the Confederate Subsistence Department. Included in the papers are the correspondence, 1861–1865, of Francis Gildart Ruffin (1816–1892) and Lucius Bellinger Northrop (1811–1894) concerning issues of subsistence supply for the various Confederate armies (sections 1 and 2); miscellaneous letters, 1862–1864, regarding, among other things, the state of subsistence stores in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana (section 3); extracts from letterbooks, 2 January–31 December 1864, of the Subsistence Department containing copies of telegrams and letters (section 4); accounts, 1865, for wheat, cotton, beef, flour, and corn (section 5); miscellaneous materials, 1862–1865, from the Subsistence Department including an unexecuted agreement for the exchange of cotton for bacon, testimony of Francis G. Ruffin concerning the operation of the department, a circular regarding the prohibition of exchanging Confederate cotton with the Union army for supplies (section 6), a report by Lucius B. Northrop concerning the procurement of supplies from the western Confederacy, a report, 1863, of rations at Port Hudson, La., and Jackson, Snyder's Bluff, and Vicksburg, Miss., and an 1864 report of meat supplies at depots and posts in the Confederacy (section 7); and memoranda, 1864–1865, concerning blockade running and Robert E. Lee's request for bread rations for the Army of Northern Virginia (section 8). Correspondents in the collection include, among others, Pierre G. T. Beauregard, Braxton Bragg, Jefferson Davis, Josiah Gorgas, A. P. Hill, Robert E. Lee, and James Alexander Seddon.

Rust, George Thomas, Papers, 1859–1971. 27 items. Mss2R9245b.
This collection contains the papers of George Thomas Rust (1826–1900) of Montresor, Loudoun County. Included are letters from Rust, while serving as a courier on the staff of Robert Emmett Rodes, to his wife, Rebecca Coleman (Yellet) Rust, concerning life at Camp Lee in Richmond, news of Union troop movements near Martinsburg (now W.Va.) in October 1862, his opinion of Robert Rodes and the regiment of partisan rangers of John Singleton Mosby (1833–1916), and brief descriptions of the Bristoe Station and Gettysburg campaigns (b1–16). Other items include a letter, 24 November 1863, to Rebecca Rust from Armistead Thomson Mason Rust (1820–1887) regarding, in part, George Rust's capture and imprisonment at Rock Island, Ill. (b17), and an undated typed transcript of Rebecca Rust's wartime recollections (b20). The collection contains typed transcripts of George T. Rust's letters to his wife.

Rutherfoord Family Papers, 1811–1946. 200 items. Mss1R9337b. Microfilm reel B36.
This collection contains the papers of the Rutherfoord family of Richmond and Goochland County. Civil War materials consist of a letter, 1861, to John Rutherfoord (1792–1866) from his nephew, Roberts Coles (1838–1862) of the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment, Wise's Legion (later the 46th Virginia Infantry Regiment), concerning his reasons for volunteering in the Confederate army, and military operations and the condition of the Confederate army in western Virginia (now W.Va.) in 1861 (section 2); a diary, 17 October 1858–7 September 1863, kept at Rock Castle, Goochland County, by John Coles Rutherfoord (1825–1866), concerning his service in the Virginia House of Delegates and the General Assembly, his observations on the Virginia Convention of 1861 and the Confederate Congress, and wartime activities in Richmond (section 11); a diary, [?] November 1859–9 June 1866, kept by John C. Rutherfoord, containing entries describing the evacuation of Richmond and the chaotic atmosphere throughout Virginia in April 1865 (section 12); notes, ca. 1861, of John C. Rutherfoord regarding secession and slavery (section 14); oaths of allegiance, 1865, to the United States government sworn by John C. Rutherfoord (section 18); and a letter, 15 September 1862, from John Letcher (1813–1884) to the Confederate Congress concerning the laws regarding the representation of districts in Virginia under Union control (section 26).

Updated December 17, 2009