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Talbott & Brother, Richmond - Tyler, Julia (Gardiner)

Talbott & Brother, Richmond, Papers, 1831–1880. 86 items. Mss3T1425a. Microfilm reel C530.
This collection contains papers concerning the operations of Talbott & Brother, a Richmond iron manufacturing firm. Civil War materials include leases, 1862–1865, of Talbott & Brother to Matthew Fontaine Maury (1806–1873) and Stephen Russell Mallory (1813–1873) for the use of the Shockoe Works by the Confederate Navy Department and a letter, 2 June 1865, from James Parker of the Union navy regarding its confiscation of the iron manufacturing equipment at the Shockoe Works (section 14).

Talcott Family Papers, 1751–1951. 411 items. Mss1T1434c.
This collection of Talcott family papers consists primarily of the papers of Andrew Talcott (1797–1883) and his son, Thomas Mann Randolph Talcott (1838–1920). Civil War-related items include a letter, 19 July 1886, from T. M. R. Talcott to Armistead Lindsay Long offering a description of the last meeting between Robert E. Lee and Thomas J. Jackson at the battle of Chancellorsville and a typescript copy of a letter, 21 April 1862, from George Wythe Randolph (1818–1867) announcing T. M. R. Talcott's appointment as aide-de-camp in the Confederate cavalry (section 9).

Talcott Family Papers, 1814–1890. 51 items. Mss1T1434a. Microfilm reel C551.
This collection of Talcott family papers contains materials pertaining to the military service of Andrew Talcott (1797–1883) and his son, Thomas Mann Randolph Talcott (1838–1920). Letters, 1861–1890, to T. M. R. Talcott, concerning his service in the Confederate Corps of Engineers, include commissions, 1861–1862, in the Confederate army, and orders, 1862–1863, to report for duty as aide-de-camp to Robert E. Lee and as an engineer under Benjamin Huger (section 5). Other items in the collection include Talcott's commission, 1861, in the Virginia provisional army (section 6); his parole, 1865, issued at Appomattox Court House (section 6); and several affidavits, 1861–1865, from officers, including Lee, attesting to Talcott's character and abilities (sections 7–9).

Talcott Family Papers, 1816–1915. 932 items. Mss1T1434b. Microfilm reels C551–558.
The Talcott family papers consist primarily of materials, 1816–1915, concerning the military engineering careers of Andrew Talcott (1797–1883) and his son, Thomas Mann Randolph Talcott (1838–1920). Those materials relating specifically to Andrew Talcott's service in the Confederate Corps of Engineers include a diary, 1861, with entries describing Talcott's inspection of fortifications and batteries at Norfolk and on the James River (section 28), and official correspondence, 1861, with Confederate officers (including, among others, Robert E. Lee, T. M. R. Talcott, and Robert Randolph Carter [1825–1888]) regarding Confederate defenses on the Peninsula (section 45). The correspondence, 1861–1915, of T. M. R. Talcott consists of wartime letters concerning the supply and personnel of James River batteries and fortifications and the conscription of and medical care for African American laborers. Talcott's postwar correspondence includes detailed notes on Robert E. Lee's wartime staff (of which Talcott was a member), and letters to and from Talcott as a member of the R. E. Lee Camp No. 1 veterans organization in Richmond, offering descriptions of the different Confederate uniforms (section 76). Other Civil War related materials in the collection consist of official records of the 1st Engineers Regiment of the Army of Northern Virginia (including orders, circulars, muster rolls, lists of casualties, conscripts and supplies, pay records, and furloughs) (sections 78–83); the correspondence, 1863–1865, of George W. Robertson (b. 1827?) of Company K of the 1st Regiment of Engineers, concerning personnel and duties of the unit and Union activities in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864 (section 84); the correspondence, 1863–1864, of David P. Woodruff of the 1st Engineers Regiment regarding his assignment to duty with the unit (section 85); the correspondence, 1824–1910, of George Arnold of Richmond, concerning engineering duties and the defenses at Norfolk (section 89); and postwar notes and reports, 1909, on the uniforms worn by Confederate officers (section 87).

Also in the collection are letters written by George Arnold (concerning T. M. R. Talcott and requests for C.S. Corps of Engineers), R. B. Baker (regarding possible Confederate defensive positions against future Union attacks near Norfolk in late April 1861), John J. Clarke (discussing construction of pontoon bridges on the Roanoke River in March 1865), Jubal Anderson Early (regarding the placement of Robert Emmett Rodes's Division of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Mine Run Campaign), Joseph Farley (concerning a duty assignment in the 1st Engineers Regiment), George G. Garrison (concerning orders to construct a bombproof at Fort Boykin, Va., in March 1862), Walter Gwynn ([1802–1882] concerning possible employment in the C.S. Corps of Engineers), Edgar Eilbeck Mason ([1828–1907] regarding termination of A. S. Boyd's service in the C.S. Corps of Engineers), Dr. Russell J. Murdock (concerning unfitness for duty in the 1st Engineers Regiment of George P. C. Rumbough), Alfred Landon Rives ([1830–1903] regarding free African Americans at Petersburg, Va., available for labor with the Confederate Army Corps of Engineers in May 1862), George P. C. Rumbough (of the 1st Engineers Regiment, concerning a deserter from the regiment and Rumbough's request for retirement from the unit in January 1865), Robert W. Shand (concerning Confederate deserters in South Carolina), Rufus R. Speed (discussing the need for a Confederate engineer to superintend construction of a fort near Elizabeth City, N.C., in April 1861), John W. Stokes (regarding a request that Columbus Washington McCrackin [b. 1848] be relieved from duty with the 1st Engineers Regiment because of his being underaged), James L. Taylor (concerning personnel serving and supplies received at Fort Boykin in 1861), Walter Herron Taylor ([1838–1916] regarding Samuel Sherman, a deserter from the 1st Engineers Regiment), T. M. Topp (describing the condition of a pontoon bridge at Petersburg in October 1864), Walter Gwynn Turpin (concerning three named African Americans who are absent without leave from Fort Boykin in November 1861), John Robinson Waddy ([1839–1903] regarding John C. Pemberton's request to borrow instruments to map part of Isle of Wight County east of Smithfield in October 1861), Samuel Watts ([1799–1848] regarding David Jones's assignment to duty with the C.S. Army Corps of Engineers in April 1861), and J. N. Withers (concerning the arrest of a Confederate conscript for theft) (Section 89).

Taliaferro Family Papers, 1810–2004. 1,328 folders. Mss1T1438b.
Papers of the Taliaferro family of Gloucester County, including Civil War letters of the Taliaferro sons, who served as officers in the Confederate Army. Section 6 contains speeches concerning Warner T. Taliaferro's fears over the election of Abraham Lincoln and the outbreak of Civil War (speech, 1872, discusses African American politics during Reconstruction and the candidacy of Horace Greeley for president). Section 8 contains correspondence of Leah (Seddon) Taliaferro (of Belleville, Gloucester County) with son Edwin Taliaferro (concerning his work as a Confederate staff officer; letter of 4 January 1863 describes the destruction of Fredericksburg and his view of the Emancipation Proclamation), son Philip Alexander Taliaferro (letter of April 1862 contrasts his experiences as an officer with those of enlisted men in the Confederate Army). Section 9 includes correspondence of Major Thomas Seddon Taliaferro, chiefly with his wife, Harriotte Hopkins "Hally" (Lee) Taliaferro (discussing Thomas's role in the Yorktown campaign, politics in Alexandria, Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign, the battles of Seven Pines and Fredericksburg and the Gettysburg Campaign, the flight of family slaves, and Hally's attempts to keep order at home; letter of 22 January 1863 concerns Thomas's appointment as provost marshal and care for his servants; letter of 6 February 1864, from Hally, mentions Northern soldiers conscripting white people and African Americans in her neighborhood). Section 12 contains miscellaneous writings, 1855–1892, of Thomas Seddon Taliaferro (of Gloucester County), including a Civil War sketch (which mentions his meeting with Stonewall Jackson shortly after the battle of Fredericksburg). Section 15 contains miscellaneous items, including a certificate, 1865, concerning Thomas's parole following the Civil War and a military pass (1863, issued while he was an officer in the Army of Northern Virginia).

Taliaferro, William Booth, Papers, 1847–1864. 6 items. Mss2T1438c.
This small collection contains papers relating to William Booth Taliaferro's service in the United States and Confederate armies. Included is a letter, 19 April 1864, from Taliaferro to Pierre G. T. Beauregard concerning a congressional vote of thanks for the Confederate defense of Fort Wagner, Charleston, S.C., on 18 July 1863.

Talley, Henry M., Papers, 1858–1865. 49 items. Photocopies. Mss2T1455b.
This collection consists primarily of photocopies of letters, 1861–1865, from Henry M. Talley of Company I of the 38th Virginia Infantry Regiment and of Company G of the 14th Virginia Infantry Regiment to his mother, Jane (Yancey) Talley of Mecklenburg County. The letters offer brief descriptions of the Peninsula campaign (including fighting on the Warwick River line, the retreat to the Chickahominy River, and the battle of Williamsburg), of the battles of Seven Pines and the Seven Days (in particular the battle of Malvern Hill), of the 1862 Maryland campaign, of his wound received at the battle of Gettysburg (and his subsequent capture and imprisonment at David's Island, N.Y.), of camp life and skirmishing on the Bermuda Hundred line during the Petersburg campaign, and of skirmishing near Dinwiddie Court House in March 1865.

Tatum, William Henry, Papers, 1861–1864. 49 items. Mss2T1896b.
This collection contains the papers of William Henry Tatum (1838–1903) of the 1st Company of Richmond Howitzers and consists primarily of letters to his family. Tatum's letters discuss life in camp at locations throughout Virginia, the first battle of Bull Run, skirmishes on the Warwick River line near Yorktown in April 1862, the battle of Fredericksburg, general morale in the Confederacy outside the army in the spring of 1863, the march toward Gettysburg in June 1863, religious revivals in the army, the battles of Spotsylvania Court House and Cold Harbor, and life in the Bermuda Hundred lines in July 1864. Also included is Tatum's diary, 23–31 May 1864, written on an envelope, briefly describing movements of the Richmond Howitzers from the North Anna River toward Cold Harbor. A typed transcript of the letters and the diary is included in the collection.

Tayloe Family Papers, 1756–1902. 1,363 items. Mss1T2118f. Microfilm reels C215–216.
Contains the papers of the Tayloe family of Washington, D.C. Included is a letterbook, 3 August 1863–29 January 1864, of the store ship USS Fredonia concerning payment of accounts and operations of the vessel (section 10); a report, 1864, of Roger Perry (1814–1880) to the United States Navy Examining Board to establish and equalize grade of line officers; and photographs of Charles Thomas (d. 1891) and Charles A. Brown (d. 1867) of the United States navy (section 12).

Taylor, Erasmus, Reminiscences, ca. 1900. 1 volume. Mss5:1T2135:1.
Contains the reminiscences of Erasmus Taylor (1830–1907) of Orange County. Included are descriptions of his service on the staffs of David Rumph Jones and James Longstreet at the battle of the Wilderness and in the East Tennessee and Appomattox campaigns. A typed transcript of the reminiscences is included in the collection.

Taylor Family Papers, 1751–1902. 61 items. Mss1T2197a.
This collection contains the papers of the Taylor family of Springsbury, Clarke County. The correspondence of William Taylor (1827–1891) of the 11th Virginia Cavalry Regiment includes a letter, 17 September 1863, to his mother, Hannah (McCormick) Taylor (1796–1879), offering her advice against accepting Confederate currency and describing the reorganization of the cavalry, and a letter, 24 September 1863, from Peter Hanger Woodward (1822–1902) conveying an order from J. E. B. Stuart regarding wagons assigned to the regiment (section 1).

Taylor, Murray Forbes, Essay, 1904. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss7:1H5502:1.
Contains a photocopy of a typed transcript of an article written by Murray Forbes Taylor (1843–1909), formerly a member of A. P. Hill's staff. Taylor's article discusses, in detail, the events surrounding the wounding of Thomas J. Jackson and A. P. Hill at the battle of Chancellorsville. The article is printed, in a slightly different form, in Confederate Veteran 12 (1904): 492–94.

Taylor, Murray Forbes, Papers, 1860–1940. 8 items. Mss2T2165c. Microfilm reel C622.
This collection contains materials concerning the life of Murray Forbes Taylor (1843–1909) as a cadet at the Virginia Military Institute and as a member of the staff of A. P. Hill. Wartime items include a letter, 1864, to David Sterling Forbes concerning family news (c1); a letter, 1865, to his mother, Elizabeth Fitzgerald (Forbes) Taylor (b. 1820?), in which he mentions the state of A. P. Hill's health (c2); and letters, 1864, to his cousin, Catherine Muray (Willis) Williams, regarding Taylor's social life in Petersburg (c4–5).

Taylor, Murray Forbes, Papers, 1861–1902. 5 items. Mss2T2165b. Microfilm reel C622.
This small collection consists of materials relating to the Civil War in general and to the service of Murray Forbes Taylor (1843–1909) as a cadet at the Virginia Military Institute and as a member of the 13th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Items include a letter, 1902, to Forbes from William Henry Palmer (1835–1926) concerning the Hampton Roads Peace Conference of 1865 and the Appomattox campaign (b1); letters from Forbes to his father, John Roberts Forbes (1803–1888), regarding the drilling of recruits at V.M.I. in April 1861 and the atmosphere at Harpers Ferry (now W.Va.) in May 1861 (b2–3); an official letter, 1861, from A. P. Hill (endorsed by Joseph E. Johnston) concerning Forbes's conduct (b4); and a copy of General Order No. 9 (b5).

Taylor, Walter Herron, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2T2194a1.
A letter, 4 July 1863, from Walter Herron Taylor (1838–1916), assistant adjutant general on Robert E. Lee's staff, to William Nelson Pendleton requesting Pendleton to send two artillery batteries to John Daniel Imboden at Cashtown, Pa.

Taylor, William, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss2T2196a1.
A typed transcript of a letter, 17 September 1863, from William Taylor (1827–1891) possibly of Company D of the 6th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, to his mother, Hannah (McCormick) Taylor (d. 1879) of Springsbury, Clarke County, offering her farming instructions, advising her not to except Confederate currency (despite his devotion to the cause), and briefly describing changes in the organization of a portion of the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry in September 1863.

Temple Family Papers, 1675–1901. 175 items. Mss1T2478b.
Contains the papers of the Temple and Robinson families of Chesterfield and Middlesex counties. Civil War items consist of a "List of Negroes belonging to Benj. Temple taken by the Yankees," ca. 1865, compiled by Benjamin Temple (1801–1872) of Locust Grove, Middlesex County, recording 106 male and female slaves confiscated by Union authorities (section 18); a letter, 29 September 1863, from Edward Buckey Smith (1833–1890) of the Confederate War Department Ordnance Bureau in Richmond to Charles Wellford Temple (1834–1889) in Goldsboro, N.C., concerning the disposal of unserviceable ordnance stores and the lack of promotions for Virginians in the Ordnance Bureau (section 21); and a letter, [?] March 1865, from Ludwell Robinson Temple (1846–1876) to Walter Herron Taylor (1838–1916) regarding a request for a transfer from Company B of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment to Company B of the 30th Virginia Infantry Regiment (section 21).

Tennent, George W., Exercise Book. 1 volume. Mss5:4T2565.
Consists of a book containing notes, exercises, and diagrams concerning the study of marine engineering, kept by George W. Tennant while serving as an assistant engineer in the Confederate navy. Included in the book are sketches of the CSS Atlanta and Fort Pulaski, Ga., and a list of Confederate officers captured at Fort Pulaski on 11 April 1862.

Terry, John James, Letter, 1911. 1 item. Mss2Sy255a1.
A letter, 20 February 1911, from John James Terry (1844–1919) to Walter Sydnor (1846–1927) containing a detailed description of Terry's experiences as a member of Company G of the 4th Virginia Cavalry Regiment at the battle of Kelly's Ford.

Terry, Mary M. (Stockton), Diary, 1864–1865. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1T2795:1.
Contains a typed transcript of a diary, 28 May 1864–27 January 1865, kept by Mary M. (Stockton) Terry (b. 1823) of Lynchburg, while imprisoned at City Prison, Baltimore, Md., and at Salem and Fitchburg, Mass., for being a spy and a blockade runner. Mary Terry offers detailed descriptions of her experiences and emotions while imprisoned.

Thom Family Papers, 1834–1867. 152 items. Mss1T3602c.
This collection contains the papers of the Thom family of Maryland and Virginia. Civil War materials include the correspondence of William Henry DeCourcy Wright, an American diplomat and importer of Baltimore and Blakeford, Queen Anne's County, Md., with the following: an unidentified Norfolk citizen (concerning debts of unnamed sons of Wright in December 1863), Ann Burrell, a freedwoman in Troy, N.Y. (requesting clothes from her former owner and recalling her relationship with Wright family members), Anne Gertrude (Stratton) Parker (concerning her family's health and mentioning the experiences of Reuben Thom and his daughters during the battle of Fredericksburg), Anne (Parker) Thom (regarding protecting her property in Northampton County and taking the loyalty oath), Joseph Pembrook Thom ([1828–1899] concerning the care of Thom's children while he recuperates in Europe from wounds sustained during his Confederate service, his travels in Europe, and war news), and Knowles & Foster, London, Eng. (concerning the introduction and establishment of a line of credit for J. P. Thom) (section 1).

Other wartime items include letters to Joseph Pembrook Thom, while in Europe recovering from illness and war wounds, from the following individuals: William E. Evans (discussing a blockade runner headed to North Carolina in April 1863), Charles Merriwether Fry ([1822–1892] concerning the death of Benjamin Watkins Leigh, Jr. (1831–1863), at the battle of Gettysburg), Mary Jane Fulton (discussing wartime conditions in Richmond and family slaves), Mrs. C. A. Hathwell (concerning the journey of Cameron Thom from California to Virginia, a privateer being outfitted in San Francisco, Calif., for Confederate service, and southern sympathizers in California), Mary Helmsley (regarding wartime Baltimore in 1863), Marion G. Howard (concerning wartime Baltimore in November 1863), Janet Marion (Thom) Labuzan ([b. 1818] concerning the wounding of Catesby Labuzan at the battle of Missionary Ridge; also bears a letter from William Alexander Thom [1820–1899] discussing southern attitudes toward the war and the care of property in territory under Union control), Victoria (Wright) Levering (regarding wartime Baltimore), Charles Slaughter Morehead, former governor of Kentucky (concerning southern attitudes toward the war, war news, and Confederates going to Mexico), Elizabeth Mayo (Thom) Ross (regarding immediate postwar conditions in Richmond and Culpeper County in July 1865), John Seddon ([1826–1863] concerning a post promised to Thom when he has recovered his health), Ella Wickham Tazewell ([1826–1888] discussing the battle of Fredericksburg and life in Union-occupied Norfolk (the Society also has a manuscript, drawn by Frank Maynicke of the 99th New York State Volunteers, U.S.A., of Camp Greble, located near Norfolk [Map F234 N8 1862:1]); includes a copy of a letter, 7 May 1863, from Robert E. Lee to Jefferson Davis concerning Thomas J. Jackson and the battle of Chancellorsville), Cameron Erskine Thom ([b. 1825] concerning his service as a volunteer aide-de-camp in the Army of Northern Virginia, the French in Mexico, and general war news), William Alexander Thom (concerning conditions in wartime Culpeper County, the battle of Fredericksburg [8 January 1863], blockade running [22 April 1863], Cameron E. Thom's military service [30 June 1863], a potential appointment for Joseph P. Thom in the Confederate marines [31 August 1863], and William Thom's capture while inspecting Confederate medical purveyor's offices in the Trans-Mississippi Department [1 August 1864]), Nathaniel Beverley Tucker ([1820–1890] regarding the death of St. George Tucker, and French aid for the Confederacy), and Robert Clinton Wright of Baltimore (concerning the price of gold during the war, general financial conditions, and war news) (section 3).

Also included in the collection is a commonplace book, August 1861, kept by Joseph Pembrook Thom at Big Spring, Loudoun County, while serving in the Confederate Army of the Potomac, containing instructions for notification of his family in the event of his death (section 5); newspaper clipping, 1863, concerning the Thom family plantation, Berry Hill, Culpeper County, following the battle of Brandy Station (section 6); letters, 1863–1864, from Elizabeth Mayo (Thom) Ross concerning her son's service in the Confederate Medical Corps, the death of her first grandchild, and Alexander Ross as a prisoner of war; a letter, 7 September 1863, from Anne (Parker) Thom discussing relatives in Confederate service and Union troops on Virginia's Eastern Shore; and a letter, 9 May 1865, from Mary Thom (d. 1894) to her brother, Reuben Triplett Thom, concerning immediate postwar conditions in Virginia (section 7).

Thomas, Abel C., Letter, 1862. 1 item. Mss2T3611a1.
Letter, 8 January 1862, written by Abel C. Thomas (of Philadelphia, Pa.) to his friend, Samuel S. Ford (at Camp Franklin, Alexandria, while serving in Company C of the 95th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment), containing Thomas's reaction to news of a Union soldier's execution for desertion. Also, includes news of Thomas's family and an expression of anxiety over the approaching military campaigning season in Virginia.

Thomas, Joseph W., Papers, 1860–1904. 7 items. Mss2T3642b.
This small collection contains the papers of members of the Thomas family of Caroline County. Wartime items include an affidavit, 1904, concerning Joseph W. Thomas's service in Company B of the 9th Virginia Cavalry Regiment (including a list of engagements in which he participated) (b1); pass, 20 April 1865, issued to Joseph Thomas by the Union provost marshal allowing him to travel to Caroline County (b2); a railroad pass, 13 January 1865, issued to Robert N. Thomas by the Confederate War Department permitting him to visit Milford Station (b3); and a pass, 17 September 1864, issued to W. Thomas and two ladies by the Confederate War Department to travel from Richmond to Caroline County (b4).

Thompson, Gordon, Papers, 1861–1863. 12 items. Photocopies. Mss2T3735b.
This collection consists primarily of photocopies of letters to family members from Gordon Thompson (d. 1864) of Company H of the 60th Virginia Infantry Regiment. Topics include the impending Confederate draft in early 1862, disease in the regiment in October 1861, news of the Burnside expedition and the battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn., Thompson's wound suffered during the Seven Days' battles, deserters from the 60th Virginia in July 1862, and a brief description of a skirmish near Fayetteville, W.Va., in May 1863. Also in the collection is a letter, 20 April 1862, to Thompson from his wife, Louisa I. (Bailey) Thompson of Mercer County (now W.Va.), concerning life at home and Union military activity in the area.

Thompson, John Reuben, Papers, 1861–1910. 55 items. Mss1T3745a.
Contains the papers of John Reuben Thompson (1823–1873) of Richmond. Wartime items include letters, 1862, to Thompson from "Lucy Ashton" [pseudonym] of Miller's Tavern, Essex County, concerning his poems memorializing Turner Ashby and the death and burial of William Latané (1833–1862) (section 1).

Thompson, Joseph Louis, Papers, 1913–1935. 12 items. Mss2T3746b.
This collection contains materials concerning the service of Joseph Louis Thompson (1840–1927) in Company D of the 38th Virginia Light Artillery Battalion. Items include a letter, 1927, concerning Thompson's role in the Petersburg campaign, an undated reminiscence of the battle of Plymouth, N.C. (typescript available), and a carte de visite of the commander of the unit, James Dearing.

Thornhill Family Papers, 1748–1955. 1,306 items. Mss1T3937a.
Contain correspondence (section 2) of Joshua Thornhill ([1800–1873] of Campbell and Charlotte counties, Va., and Henry County, Ala.) with daughter-in-law Cornelia J. (Bibb) Thornhill (letter of 7 May 1861 concerns his son George W. Thornhill's enlistment in the Confederate army and the possibility of Cornelia's removal to Joshua's home). Also includes Dr. George W. Thornhill's correspondence with his brother-in-law Horace Bramham "Dock" Bibb (letter of 8 July 1861 discusses military activity near Winchester), uncle-in-law Dr. W. W. Hamner (requesting George's help in obtaining a position in a Confederate near Charlottesville), and sister-in-law Emma Jane (Bibb) Harris (long letter from George to Emma, 28 September 1862, written from camp near Winchester discusses love and marriage). Also contains letters written to his wife while George W. Thornhill served as a surgeon in Confederate hospitals in central Virginia and Lynchburg (letters discuss camp life in detail, sickness and injuries he treated, as well as wartime life in Charlottesville; letter of January 1862 from George teases Cornelia about her pregnancy; letter of 13 May 1862 from George tells of being behind Yankee lines treating Confederate wounded following the battle of Williamsburg). Section 2 also includes correspondence of Cornelia J. (Bibb) Thornhill with Ellen G. Booker (letter of 2 December 1861 to Cornelia while at Centreville visiting George, asking for her to look after a wounded relative), and W. W. Jones (at Camp Talbot near Norfolk, 9 September 1861, discussing mutual friends and war rumors). Section 8 contains materials relating to Dr. George W. Thornhill's service as a surgeon in the 11th Virginia Infantry Regiment while stationed in the Manassas area. Items concern requests for medical discharges.

Thornton Family Papers, 1744–1945. 1,248 items. Mss1T3977b. Microfilm reels C508–512.
This collection contains the papers of the Thornton family of Tennessee. Civil War materials consist of the correspondence of Susan Hancock (Lee) Gordon Thornton (1792–1867) concerning family news and life on the home front (section 10); the correspondence of James Bankhead Thornton (1806–1867) concerning family news and his service in the Confederate Army of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana (section 21); passes, 1861–1864, issued to James B. Thornton permitting him to travel to Meridian, Miss., and Knoxville, Tenn. (section 25); the correspondence of Felicia Lee Cary (Thornton) Shover (1816–1898) concerning, in part, life on the home front (section 39); passes, 1862–1863, issued by the Union army to Mary Jacqueline Thornton (d. 1896) allowing her to visit Memphis, Tenn.; oaths of allegiance, 1863, to the United States government sworn by Mary Thornton (section 48); and orders, 1865, issued to Alfred Horner Thornton by the Confederate army concerning a detail with the Quartermaster's Department (section 52).

Thornton, Lucy (Battaile), Papers, 1798–1862. 14 items. Typescript. Mss2T3959b.
Contain the papers of Lucy (Battaile) Thornton (1767–1840) of Fredericksburg. Included in the collection is a transcript of a letter, 18 December 1862, from Robert E. Lee to Howell Cobb (1815–1868) concerning the death of his brother, Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, at the battle of Fredericksburg (b14).

Tiemann, William Francis, Memoir, 1894. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1T4432:1.
Consists of a photocopy of a typed transcript of a memoir by William Francis Tiemann, formerly of the 159th New York Infantry Regiment. Entitled "Prison Life in Dixie," Tiemann's memoir describes, in detail, his capture at the third battle of Winchester and his subsequent imprisonment at Salisbury, N.C., and at Danville, Va., and Libby Prison, Richmond.

Timberlake, John Corbett, Letter, 1887. 3 items. Photocopies. Mss2T4816a1.
This collection contains photocopies of three drafts of a letter, 29 October 1887, from John Corbett Timberlake (b. 1828?) of Porto Bello, York County, to the editor of the Richmond Times-Dispatch offering a detailed account of the 53d Virginia Infantry Regiment's role in the battle of Gettysburg (particularly in Pickett's Charge) and of the death of Lewis Addison Armistead.

Tinsley, Fanny W. Gaines, Memoir, 1912. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1T4977:1.
This collection contains the memoir of Fanny W. Gaines Tinsley (1836–1891) of Hanover County. Included are descriptions of life under Union occupation at the home of her parents (Powhite, Hanover County), of Union balloon operations during the Seven Days' battles, and of her family's experiences during the battle of Gaines' Mill. A slightly different version of the memoir is printed in the VMHB 35 (1927): 393–404.

Todd Family Papers, 1825–1865. 38 items. Photocopies. Mss1T5662a.
Contains the papers of the Todd family of King and Queen County. Civil War items consist of a presidential pardon, 9 September 1865, issued to Marius Pendleton Todd (d. 1866) and an invitation, 8 June 1863, issued to W. H. and M. L. Sale to attend a picnic given by members of the King and Queen Artillery Battery at Chaffin's Bluff (section 5).

Tompkins, Ellen (Wilkins), Papers, 1861. 26 items. Mss2T5996b.
This collection consists primarily of letters from Ellen (Wilkins) Tompkins (1818–1901) of Gauley Mount, Fayette County (now W.Va.), to her husband, Christopher Quarles Tompkins (1813–1877) of the 22d Virginia Infantry Regiment, and her sister, Sarah W. Gooch, during the period when Union soldiers occupied the Tompkins farm. Letters to her sister describe, in detail, life under Union occupation and skirmishes in the region. Also in the collection are letters from Jacob Dolson Cox and William Starke Rosecrans to Ellen Tompkins and Christopher Tompkins regarding their intention to protect the farm and family while under Union control; passes issued to Ellen Tompkins by the Union army allowing her and her family to travel to and from Richmond; and a part of a drawing of Gauley Mount depicting Union tents in the yard. The entire collection is printed in the VMHB 69 (1961): 387–419.

Tompkins Family Papers, 1792–1869. 2,930 items. Mss1T5996a. Microfilm reels C530–537.
This collection consists primarily of the papers of Christopher Tompkins (1778–1838) and his son, Christopher Quarles Tompkins (1813–1877). Section 19 contains the correspondence of Christopher Q. Tompkins, while serving in the 22d Virginia Infantry Regiment, with the following individuals: Charles Boyd of the Albemarle Artillery Battery (concerning the battle of Gettysburg, the siege of Yorktown, and Boyd's desire to serve with the Confederate marines), Lewis von Buchholtz (regarding his service in western Virginia [now W.Va.]), John Buchanan Floyd (announcing troop movement orders for the Confederate Army of the Kanawha, and an order, signed by Robert E. Lee, concerning the formation of units in the Army of the Kanawha), and Henry Alexander Wise (regarding military operations in western Virginia [now W.Va.] in the summer and fall of 1861).

Section 43 contains the wartime correspondence of Henry Alexander Wise with the following individuals: John Buchanan Floyd (concerning operations in the Kanawha River Valley), E. S. Miller (regarding the formation of the 187th Regiment of Virginia Militia), James M. Neibling of the Union army (concerning an exchange of Confederate prisoners for named Union prisoners in Christopher Q. Tompkins's custody), and William Harvie Richardson ([1795–1876] concerning the resignation of several Confederate officers from the service).

Section 46 consists of a scrapbook, 1862–1863, compiled in Richmond by Ellen (Tompkins) Wise (1846–1931), containing newspaper clippings on numerous military events in the eastern and western theaters of the war.

Tompkins Family Papers, 1800–1871. 107 items. Mss1T5996d. Microfilm reel C539.
This collection contains the papers of the Tompkins family of Virginia and West Virginia. Civil War items consist of a diary, 1 January–22 September 1863, kept in Richmond by Christopher Quarles Tompkins (1813–1877), concerning operations at the Tredegar Iron Works and his service in the Virginia Militia (section 6); the correspondence of Christopher Q. Tompkins with Jack Foster (regarding Foster's service as a servant in the Confederate army in 1864), Robert E. Lee (concerning Tompkins’s desire to resign from the command of the 22d Virginia Infantry Regiment in September 1861), George Smith Patton ([1833–1864] concerning a picket skirmish in western Virginia [now W.Va.] in July 1861), and Henry Alexander Wise (regarding troops and equipment available for Tompkins's use in July 1861) (section 7); general orders, 17 July 1861, concerning troop movements of the Confederate Army of the Kanawha; a pass, 30 June 1862, issued to Christopher Q. Tompkins granting him permission to tend to wounded soldiers on a battlefield near Richmond (section 8); letters, 1870–1871, to Ellen (Wilkins) Tompkins (1818–1901) from Jacob Dolson Cox and William Starke Rosecrans discussing the occupation of her home, Gauley Mount, Fayette County (now W.Va.), by Union troops in the fall of 1861 and her activities during that period; a petition, 26 November 1869, to the United States secretary of war concerning Ellen Tompkins's request for compensation from the Union army for its use of her home during the war (section 9); an undated essay on the inauguration of Jefferson Davis on 22 February 1862 (section 10); and letters, 1863–1864, from Jack Foster, a Tompkins family slave serving with the 36th Virginia Infantry Regiment, to Christopher Tompkins (1848–1918) discussing his life as a servant in the regiment (section 11).

Tompkins Family Papers, 1801–1862. 12 items. Mss1T5996b. Microfilm reel C537.
This small collection contains the papers of Christopher Tompkins (1778–1838) and his son, Christopher Quarles Tompkins (1813–1877). Included is an essay, 1862, by Christopher Quarles Tompkins of the 22d Virginia Infantry Regiment, entitled "Record of the Revolution," concerning John Buchanan Floyd, Henry Alexander Wise, and operations of the Confederate Army of the Kanawha in Fayette and Kanawha counties (now W.Va.) in the fall of 1861 (section 9).

Tompkins Family Papers, 1850–1904. 31 items. Mss1T5996e.
Contains the papers of the Tompkins family of Virginia. Included is a letter, 20 December 1864, from Richmond Terrell Minor (b. 1844) of Company H of the 57th Virginia Infantry Regiment concerning the death of his horse and news of military operations in the Shenandoah Valley (section 2).

Tower, Morton, Memoir, n.d. 1 item. Typescript. Mss7:3E612T65:1.
Contains a typed transcript of an undated memoir written by Morton Tower, formerly a member of the 13th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Included in the memoir are descriptions of Tower's capture at the battle of Gettysburg, of his imprisonment at Libby Prison, Richmond, of his escape from the prison on 9 February 1864, and of his journey to rejoin the Union army.

Trahern, William Eustace, Memoir, 1926. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1T6787:1.
This collection contains a photocopy of a typed transcript of the memoir of William Eustace Trahern (1838–1927) of Jackson, Miss. Trahern offers descriptions of his enlistment in Company D of the 6th Louisiana Infantry Regiment in 1861, of his duties as a clerk at Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, in 1863, and of his experiences at the battles of First Bull Run, the Wilderness, and Cedar Creek and in the Petersburg campaign.

Trapnell, Frederica Holmes, Papers, 1753–1991. ca. 3,909 items. Mss1T6895a. Microfilm reel C489.
This collection consists primarily of genealogical notes compiled by Frederica Holmes Trapnell (b. 1909) of Wilmington, Del. Civil War materials include the recollections, 1862, of Joseph Edward Beatty (1839–1914), a surgeon in the Union 2d Maryland Infantry Regiment, discussing the second battle of Bull Run and an encounter with J. E. B. Stuart after the battle (section 2); a letter, [?] April 1861, from William Lucas (1832–1862) to Daniel Bedinger Lucas (1836–1909), both of Rion Hall, Jefferson County (now W.Va.), concerning troop movements, William Lucas's efforts in raising troops, the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, and the secession of Virginia (section 10); a diary, 17 June 1863–28 September 1876, kept by Frederika (Mackey) White (1816–1891), containing mostly poetry and prayers concerning the death of her son, Benjamin Smith White (1842–1863) of Company G of the 2d Virginia Infantry Regiment at the battle of Chancellorsville (included in the diary are Benjamin White's notes, transcribed into the diary by Frederika White, regarding Thomas J. Jackson and his farewell address to his brigade at Centreville in November 1861) (section 36); and a typescript copy of the recollections, ca. 1914, of William Brockenbrough Colston (1836–1919), formerly a member of Company E of the 2d Virginia Infantry, describing his experiences at the battle of Fredericksburg and in the 1862 Shenandoah Valley, Second Bull Run, and Mine Run campaigns (section 41).

Traylor, Robert Lee, Papers, 1752–1920. 352 items. Mss1T6995a. Microfilm reel B46.
This collection contains manuscripts collected by Robert Lee Traylor (1864–1907) of Richmond. Civil War items include passes, 1862, issued to Albert Washington Traylor (1822–1902) of Richmond by the Confederate War Department permitting him to visit Chesterfield and Nelson counties; an impressment certificate, 1864, issued to Albert Traylor, as an agent for the milling firm of Haxall & Crenshaw, for mules (section 1); a commission, February 1865, issued to Henry G. Traylor as escheater of the city of Richmond; an oath of allegiance to the United States, 17 April 1865, sworn by Henry Traylor (section 2); and a letter, 1899, to Robert Traylor from M. G. Hunter of Danville, enclosing an eight-page printed annual message to Congress, 18 November 1861, delivered by Jefferson Davis (section 3).

Other wartime items include materials, 1864, relating to the suit of the Confederate States of America v. Edward D. Eacho (1819?–1895) in the Confederate District Court for Eastern Virginia regarding the sequestering of land of John J. Osborne in Richmond (section 7); a letter, 22 September 1862, from Thomas J. Jackson to Samuel Cooper concerning the promotion to major general of Isaac Ridgeway Trimble for his actions at the second battle of Bull Run (section 18); a Confederate bond, 1863, issued to Susan Monroe Grayson (Hedgman) Rawlings (1790–1879); certificates, 1864, issued to Susan Rawlings by Confederate depositories for payments totaling $1,300 toward the issuance of new bonds (section 30); a letter, 3 February 1865, from Edward Jordan, solicitor of the United States Treasury, to William H. Barry, clerk of the United States District Court in Alexandria, concerning the submission of deposits from confiscation cases; a letter, 26 January 1865, from Francis Harrison Pierpont (1814–1899) as governor of the restored government of Virginia in Alexandria to [?] Davies concerning purchases from confiscation sales in Norfolk (section 39); and a certificate, 1864, issued to E. Millsaps of Dalton, Ga., by the Confederacy for payment of $100 toward the purchase of government bonds (section 43).

Also includes a North Carolina treasury bond, 1863, for $1,000, signed but not executed (section 45); a provision return, 1862, for the Johnson Artillery Battery (Jackson's Flying Artillery); a pardon, 1865, issued by Andrew Johnson to John Anthony Robinson (1818?–1873) of Richmond; undated typescript notes concerning the war record of the USS Montauk (section 51); conductor's report, 8 March 1865, of tickets sold to passengers on the Piedmont Railroad (including numbers of Confederate soldiers) (section 52); a printed Virginia state presidential electoral ballot for Jefferson Davis and Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812–1883); a contemporary printing of Robert E. Lee's General Order No. 9 to the Army of Northern Virginia (section 56); a cartoon, 12 October 1861, of the "Jeff Davis Mess," Richmond Light Infantry Blues, Camp Defiance, Sewell Mountain; and a color engraving, entitled "The First of May 1865 or Genl. Moving Day in Richmond, Va.," showing a Confederate officer and a government worker leaving a public building with former soldiers and freedmen looking on (section 60).

Tredway, Moses Edward, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2T7147a1.
A photocopy of a letter, 7 February 1862, from Moses Edward Tredway (1822–1895) of Company H of the 2d Virginia Artillery Regiment to his wife, Mary Poindexter (Winston) Tredway (1834–1897) of Goochland Court House, concerning life at Camp Winder in Richmond.

Tucker, James Ellis, Letter, 1910. 3 items. Mss2T7967a1.
A letter, 6 May 1910, from James Ellis Tucker (1844–1924) of San Francisco, Calif., to Cary Breckinridge (b. 1839) of Fincastle (both formerly of the 2d Virginia Cavalry Regiment) concerning a request for information on the activities of the regiment from 1862 to 1864. Included in this collection is a letter, April 1910, from Breckinridge outlining the operations of the 2d Virginia from 1864 to 1865 (including brief descriptions of its role in the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, Haw's Shop, Cold Harbor, and the 1864 Shenandoah Valley and Petersburg campaigns), and an undated, detailed account, written by Breckinridge, of the 2d Virginia's experiences from the battle of Five Forks to the surrender at Appomattox Court House.

Turner, John McLeod, Letter, 1863. 1 item. Mss2T85445a1.
A letter, 28 June 1863, from John McLeod Turner (b. 1840) of the 7th North Carolina Infantry Regiment to "Emilie" concerning Confederate troop movements in Pennsylvania before the battle of Gettysburg and plundering by certain Confederate units. A typed transcript of the letter is included in the collection.

Turner, Robert H., Recollections, ca. 1897. 2 volumes. Mss7:3E458T857:1–2.
This collection contains the recollections of Robert H. Turner (1833?–1900). Written at the request of the executive committee of the Virginia Historical Society, Turner's recollections offer a discussion of the causes of the Civil War and a detailed account of the Virginia secession convention of 1861. The second volume is a typescript copy of the first with slight textual variations.

Turner, Thomas Pratt, Letter, 1900. 1 item. Mss2T8582a1.
A letter, 6 January 1900, from Thomas Pratt Turner (b. 1840?) of Memphis, Tenn., to Edith Dabney (Tunis) Sale (1876–1932) concerning Turner's role as supervisor of the Confederate military prisons in Richmond (Libby and Belle Isle prisons) and including brief descriptions of the following members of his staff: Virginius Bossieux, John Latouche (1820–1890), Erasmus W. Ross (1841–1871), and Richard R. Turner.

Turner, Thomas Pratt, Receipts, 1863. 4 items. Mss2T8582b.
Receipts, 1863, signed by Thomas Pratt Turner (b. 1840?), issued to Union soldiers for money confiscated while imprisoned at Libby Prison, Richmond.

Turrentine, James Alexander, Diary, 1865. 1 item. Typescript copy. Mss5:1T8665:1.
This diary, 1 January–20 May 1865, kept by James Alexander Turrentine of Company I of the 13th Virginia Cavalry Regiment, contains brief entries concerning camp life and the unit's movements in Southside Virginia and North Carolina.

Tyler, John Steele, Letter, 1862. 1 item. Photocopy. Mss2T97162a1.
A photocopy of a letter, 4 July 1862, from John Steele Tyler (1833–1864) of Company C of the 2d Vermont Infantry Regiment, to his uncle, Royall Tyler of Brattleboro, Vt., offering a brief description of the battles of Gaines' Mill, Savage Station, Frayser's Farm, and Malvern Hill.

Tyler, Julia (Gardiner), Papers, 1844–1946. 297 items. Mss1T9715b. Microfilm reel C290.
This collection contains the papers of Julia (Gardiner) Tyler (1820–1889), wife and widow of President John Tyler (1790–1862), and her children of New York and Virginia. Civil War materials consist of a letter, 29 May 1864, from Benjamin Franklin Butler concerning the case of a Mr. Clopton before the judge advocate general and the protection of one of the Tyler girls should she decide to leave Virginia; a letter, 7 March 1864, from Julia Tyler, while at Castleton Hill, Staten Island, N.Y., to a Major Cabot concerning a request for permission for her to communicate with Richard Haynesworth Gayle (1832–1873), a Confederate navy prisoner of war; and a letter, 4 May 1864, from Julia Tyler to her son, John Alexander Tyler (1848–1883), concerning his unsuccessful attempts to return to Virginia during the Wilderness campaign (section 6).

Updated December 17, 2009