"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
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Toys of the ‘50s, ‘60s and ‘70s

Selected Accessions (2016)

Manuscripts 

  1. Papers, 1758–1932, of the Mercer family (of London, England, and Fredericksburg and Loudoun County, Virginia). Include correspondence, financial accounts, and legal records of George Mercer, his brother James Mercer (attorney and judge) and James’s son Charles Fenton Mercer (United States congressman). Some materials concern the supplying of Virginia troops in the French and Indian War. 53 items. Gift of George A. Harrison in memory of Mary Anderson Harrison.

  2. Papers, 1791–1899, of the Tayloe and related families of Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Primarily concern Benjamin Ogle Tayloe, Capt. Roger Perry (U.S. Navy), and Mary Calmes (Perry) Evans. 35 items. Gift of Wendy K. Taylor.

  3. Ledger, 1808–20, of the mercantile firm of Digges & Pickett of Warrenton, c. 800 p.: handwritten; 10 x 16 1/2 in. Bound volume. Concerns the operations conducted by Edward Digges and George Pickett in agricultural supplies, alcoholic beverages, dry goods, and groceries and includes records of an unnamed distillery. Gift of Frederick W. Franck.

  4. Grant, 1809 June 25, issued by the Virginia Land Office to John Drake for 100 acres in Russell County. 1 p.: printed form with handwritten completions; 12 3/4 x 15 in. Parchment with seal. Issued by virtue of Treasury Warrant No. 1,855 dated 1796 March 18 and signed by John Tyler, Sr., as governor of Virginia. Gift of Janet Streett in memory of Nancy Elizabeth Ratcliff Keen, daughter of William Howard and Jerusha Jean Lester Ratcliff.

  5. Ledger, 1814–22, of the Clover Hill Mill, Fauquier County. c. 200 p.: handwritten; 6 1/2 x 15 3/4 in. Bound volume. Concerns the grist milling operations of brothers Joseph and William Morgan and William Skinker at Clover Hill plantation. Gift of Frederick W. Franck.

  6. Papers, 1830–1934, of the family of Dr. Thomas Massie (of “Three Springs,” Nelson County) including correspondence, estate records, and related materials, some of which also concern Major Thomas Massie (1747–1834) of “Level Green,” Nelson County. 160 items. Gift of David T. Massie.

  7. Student notebook, 1833–34, kept by William Frazier at the University of Virginia. Bound volume. [192] p.: holograph; 8 x 6 1/2 in. Includes lecture notes on courses taught by Henry St. George Tucker. Gift of Henry Frazier III.

  8. Diary, 1843 January 1 – December 31, kept by Emily S. Andrews Coleman in Orange. [50] p.: holograph; 13 x 8 in. Bound volume. Kept while living with her parents and siblings and primarily concerns family news, social and church activities, her work as a teacher, and her courtship with her future husband. Gift of Ellen C. Coleman and Rhonda L. Graves.

  9. Ledger, 1844–53, kept by Joseph Morgan, at Ashby’s, Fauquier County. c. 100 p.: holograph; 8 x 12 1/2 in. Bound volume. Concerns the sale of agricultural supplies, primarily seeds, and groceries, and also includes accounts of shoemaking and shoe repair. Gift of Frederick W. Franck.

  10. Cash account book, 1846–60, kept by Charles Hamilton Taverner (of Warrenton). [142] p.: handwritten; 5 x 7 1/2 in. Bound volume. Appears to cover expenses associated with Taverner’s management of a hotel in Warrenton. Gift of Frederick W. Franck.

  11. Historical manuscripts, 1853–1980, compiled by Stuart Ellett Brown of Berryville, including circular letters of the Wednesday Club of Richmond, a 1906 letter concerning the 17th Reunion of the United Confederate Veterans and financing the event, news clippings on Nat Turner’s Insurrection and the pedigree of Nathaniel Bacon, and notes on the Fenwick and Bland families. 20 items. Gift of Stuart E. Brown, Jr.

  12. Commonplace book, 1858–71, kept presumably by Sarah Ann Kerr (later Bailey) of Mercer County, Va. (later W. Va.), including essays, diary entries, pupil records for an unidentified school, hand-drawn maps, French language exercises, and related items. Bound volume. 92 leaves: handwritten; 6 1/2 x 7 1/4 in. Gift of the Atlanta Historical Society through the courtesy of Kathryn W. Kemp, archivist.

  13. Letters, 1862, of Abby Byrd Nelson (Page) Hopkins (of Winchester) concerning claims against the estate of her son, Dr. John Page Hopkins. 2 items. Gift of Dr. W. Hamilton Bryson.

  14. Papers, 1865–1934, of George Chahoon (of Richmond, Va., and AuSable Forks, N.Y.) including correspondence, a scrapbook and miscellany concerning Chahoon’s term as the military- appointed mayor of Richmond following the fall of the city at the end of the Civil War. Correspondence is primarily with his wife, Mary Jane (Rogers) Chahoon, in Clinton County, N.Y. The scrapbook contains clippings concerning Chahoon’s administration, his policies, the contested mayoral election of 1870 and the Virginia State Capitol disaster of the same year. 123 items. Gift of D. Joan Hancock.

  15. Genealogical notes and materials, 1865–1987, compiled by Suzanne H. Freeman, concerning the Akers, Freeman, Hill, Inge, Jewett and Knight families in Virginia, including military papers of Charles E. Freeman’s World War II service and records, 1907–10, of Charles E. Jewett’s U.S. military service in the Philippines. 43 items. Gift of Suzanne H. Freeman.

  16. Account book, 1866–77, kept by John Drake Parkes (of Accomack County). 96 p.: handwritten; 9 x 13 in. Serves as both an account book and memoranda book for this Accomack County farmer and carpenter. Gift of Betty Lambeth Gereau.

  17. Records, 1873–1998, of M. F. Neal & Company, Inc., Richmond. Concern the spice and flavoring production operations founded and managed by Miles F. Neal, primary local supplier to the Richmond tobacco industry in the late nineteenth century. Include notes on clients and products, as well as personal papers of later company president T. D. Neal. 4.0 linear feet. Gift of Julia Neal Rose and T. David Neal.

  18. List, c. 1875, of African American voters in the Court House, New Hope and Sutherlands districts of Dinwiddie County. [22] p.: handwritten; 8 x 14 in. Bound volume (covers missing). Compiler unknown. Includes names, ages, occupations and residences in rough alphabetical order by precinct. Gift of William D. Crawford and Margaret E. Crawford.

  19. Miscellaneous Richmond, Virginia, business records, 1879–1965, collected by William David Eppes of New York City and Peterborough, N.H. Include items related to the Life Insurance Company of Virginia, Tri-County Bank, Thalhimers Bros., Inc., the Virginia Bankers Association, and Reynolds Metals Company. 21 items. Gift of the late William David Eppes.

  20. Record book, 1887–1962, kept by Alpheus J. Chewning (of Richmond). c. 200 p.: holograph; 5 1/2 x 8 1/2 in. Bound volume. Kept as a real estate and insurance agent and attorney to track deeds recorded and includes type of deed, grantor, grantee, address of property, value, and related information. Gift of Charles W. Smith, Jr.

  21. Records, 1882–2009, of Owens & Minor, Inc., of Richmond, pharmaceutical firm. Materials concern the founding of the company and operations through its 125th anniversary and include historical items and corporate documents, as well personal papers of firm officers, records relating to three corporate buildings from 1946 to 1991, and documentation of the acquisition of a number of subsidiaries. 23 linear feet. Gift of Owens & Minor, Inc., Richmond. Processed through the auspices of a grant from the National Historic Publications and Records Commission.

  22. Letter, 1890 September 11, of the Duel City Collection Bureau, St. Paul, Minn., to James Alston Cabell, attorney of Richmond. 1 p.: typescript; 5 3/8 x 8 1/4 in. Seeks information about a claim in the case of E. V. Harman v. George H. Scott. Gift of Dr. W. Hamilton Bryson.

  23. Account books, undated, 1896–1900, and 1905–10, kept by W. H. Sizemore & Son, Buffalo Lithia Springs. Concern a general store operated in Mecklenburg County that provided goods to the hotel run at the Springs by Colonel Thomas F. Goode and to guests and local purchasers. 3 volumes. Gift of Betty Lambeth Gereau.

  24. Papers, 1900–74, of Edwin Fisher Conger ([1887–1974] of New Jersey and Staunton) concerning his education, personal life, and career in forestry and the manufacturing of treated poles for telephone and utilities service in the middle decades of the twentieth century. 165 folders. Gift of the estate of Vivion Randolph Conger LeBow. Processed through a grant from the National Historic Publications and Records Commission.

  25. Records, 1901–14, of Longdale Iron Company, Alleghany County, in particular an account book covering the entire period tracking the purchase of raw materials and supplies for mining operations. 7 items. Gift of Richard C. Edmunds.

  26. Courtship letters, 1912–16, of Shelton Vaiden to Irma Pearce (of Richmond). Vaiden, a buyer for the American Tobacco Company, traveled throughout North Carolina and Virginia. 15 items. Gift of Sommer Wickham.

  27. Selden-Grandy Fund account book, 1915–37. 552 p.: handwritten; 11 1/2 x 16 in. Bound volume. Apparently kept by Dr. Charles Rollin Grandy and his brother Cyrus Wiley Grandy, banker and cotton broker of Norfolk to monitor investments made on the behalf of heirs to several local estates. Gift of Debbie Lou Hague.

  28. Records, 1920–2009, of Jewell Ridge Coal Corporation of Tazewell County. Primarily consist of legal materials relating to a lawsuit on behalf of a number of stockholders regarding corporate operations and property acquisitions. 4.5 linear feet. Gift of Robert H. Moore, Jr. Processed through the auspices of a grant from the National Historic Publications and Records Commission.

  29. Papers, 1929–65, of Emily Vance (Pancake) Smith including correspondence with architects Arthur A. Shurtleff and William Lawrence Bottomley concerning plans for the interior and the gardens at “Waverley Hill,” Staunton, and records of Mrs. Smith’s service on the Buildings and Grounds Committee of the University of Virginia’s Board of Visitors, 1954–65. 53 items. Gift of McKelden Smith.

  30. Scrapbook, 1941, compiled by Robert Thomas Barton, Jr., concerning Civil Defense activities in Richmond. 1 v.: mounted clippings; 12 x 19 in. Gift of Edith S. Patterson.

  31. Letters, 1941–43, of Ernest W. Bishop (1916–1944) and 1945 [i.e., 1944], of Harry B. Bishop to their sisters in Charlottesville while the two men were serving in the U.S. Army during World War II. 12 items. Gift of Jenny Ryalls.

  32. Scrapbook, 1948–49, concerning the successful campaign of State Senator John Stewart Battle for governor of Virginia. 1 v.: 18 x 27 1/2 in. Includes newspaper clippings and related materials. Gift of the Battle family through the courtesy of Anne Battle.

  33. Letter, 1950 July 25, of Chester D. Bradley (of Newport News) to Mrs. Martha Woodroof Hiden. 2 p. on 1 l.: holograph signed; 8 1/2 x 11 in. Concerns the names Fort Monroe and Fortress Monroe and the Chapel of the Centurion. Gift of Chester D. Bradley.

  34. Papers, 1950–51, compiled by James Ernest Hart concerning the Walter Russell Foundation and Swannanoa, Waynesboro. 8 items. Purchase.

  35. Materials, 1984, compiled by Robert H. Moore concerning the organization “Mercer Countians for Better Government.” Include speeches, correspondence, meeting minutes and newspaper coverage of the movement to force Mercer County, W.Va., to secede and rejoin the Commonwealth of Virginia. c. 110 items. Gift of Robert H. Moore, Jr.

  36. Papers, 1995–2001, compiled by Brian E. Gordineer, including correspondence, meeting agenda, applications and miscellany related to the efforts of the Charles City County Historical Society to obtain approval for historical highway markers from the Virginia Department of Transportation. 46 items. Gift of Brian E. Gordineer.

  37. Essay, 2011, “Memories of McGuire Hospital,” by Jim Scott. 8 l.: typescript, illustrated; 8 1/2 x 11 in. Concerns life at McGuire Veterans’ Hospital [now Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center], Richmond, Va., c. 1955–61, while the author’s father was director of professional services and later hospital director. Includes contemporaneous illustrations of the hospital grounds. Gift of Jim Scott.

  38. Study, 2013, “Uncovering the History of Bath County’s Segregated Schools: The Story of Two Rosenwald Schools for the Black Community,” by Cynthia Boteler. [v], vi, 116 p.: printed; 8 1/2 x 11 in. Contains background research and oral histories of African Americans who attended Switchback School (later Union Hurst), Hot Springs, and Millboro School (later T. C. Walker), Millboro. Sponsored by the Bath County Historical Society and the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. Also, includes DVD. Gift of Cynthia Boteler.

Published Materials

  1. ­­­­­Academy of Music, Richmond. Society Vaudeville Benefit: Belle Bryan Day Nursery, Academy of Music, Richmond, Va., Tuesday and Wednesday, February 6th and 7th 1912. Richmond, 1912. The Belle Bryan Day Nursery was founded by Mrs. Joseph Bryan in the late nineteenth century and operated in downtown Richmond to provide child care for needy families. Gift of Michael Trotti.

  2. Aden, Roger C. Upon the Ruins of Liberty: Slavery, the President’s House at Independence National Historical Park, and Public Memory. Philadelphia, 2015. Observations on the conflict between liberty and slavery in this study of America’s first presidential residence, which also housed the slaves of George Washington. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  3. Allemong, J. Edwin. “Sunshine (For I Love Her Best of All).” Roanoke, 1916. In addition to being a noted composer and music critic, Allemong was a lawyer who graduated from Washington and Lee University and set up his first law practice in Salem in 1891. Gift of William Cole.

  4. American Bible Society. The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ Translated Out of the Original Greek and with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised. New York, 1849. Bears the signature of Joseph Bryan dated February 7, 1850, as well as a presentation inscription to his son George. Gift of Robert and Wanda Balducci.

  5. Bailey, Pearl. Pearl’s Kitchen: An Extraordinary Cookbook. New York, 1973. Born in Southampton County and raised in Newport News, Pearl Bailey produced this cookbook, which not only contains her family recipes but also anecdotes of her life. Bears her signature and presentation inscription to “Celia”. Purchased through the Nancy Carter Crump Fund.

  6. Baptist Young People’s Union (Richmond) B.Y.P.U. Hymns. Richmond, 1899. This hymn book was compiled for use at the Baptist Young People’s Union annual convention, which was held in Richmond in 1899. It bears the signatures of Mrs. August F. Schultz and Harleigh Bridges Schultz on the front cover. Gift of Gwynn Litchfield and the Schultz and McLelland families.

  7. Barringer, Sheridan. Fighting for General Lee: General Rufus Barringer and the North Carolina Cavalry Brigade. El Dorado Hills, Calif., 2016. Barringer and his unit fought in the Virginia Civil War battles of Beaver Dam Creek, Brandy Station, Dinwiddie Court House, Five Forks, Gaines’ Mill, Malvern Hill, Ream’s Station, Savage’s Station, White Oak Swamp, the Wilderness, and the Wilson-Kautz Raid. Gift of the author.

  8. Bassard, Katherine Clay. Sketches of Slave Life; and, From Slave Cabin to the Pulpit. Morgantown, W.Va., 2016. Compilation of the writings of Peter Randolph, who was a freed slave from Virginia who relocated to Boston, where he became a pastor, abolitionist and community leader. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  9. Bassett, John D., III. Making It in America: A 12-Point Plan for Growing Your Business and Keeping Jobs At Home. New York, 2016. Bassett, a “3rd generation factory man,” presents his experience at Vaughan-Bassett Furniture as an example of values that can allow any organization to achieve success. Purchased through the Betty Sams Christian Fund.

  10. Belko, W. Stephen. Philip Pendleton Barbour in Jacksonian America: An Old Republican in King Andrew’s Court. Tuscaloosa, 2016. The first comprehensive biography of the Virginia lawyer who served as the twelfth Speaker of the House of Representatives and an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court. Gift of the author.

  11. Bertilorenzi, Marco. The International Aluminum Cartel, 1886–1978: The Business and Politics of a Cooperative Industrial Institution. New York, 2016. Written by a researcher who used the collections of the Reynolds Metals Company and papers of the Reynolds family at the VHS to create this comprehensive history. Purchased though the Betty Sams Christian Fund.

  12. Bilder, Mary Sarah. Madison’s Hand: Revising the Constitutional Convention. Cambridge, Mass., 2015. Bilder uses digital technology and textual analysis to illustrate the changes to and evolution of Madison’s notes on the federal Constitutional Convention. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  13. Bingham, Warren L. George Washington’s 1791 Southern Tour. Charleston, S.C., 2016. Bears author’s presentation inscription to the Virginia Historical Society and contains an image of the Washington diary kept daily during the southern tour from the VHS collections. Gift of the author.

  14. Bledsoe, Andrew S. Citizen-Officers: The Union and Confederate Volunteer Junior Officer Corps in the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, 2015. Lives and experiences of 2,600 junior officers are examined to reveal the pressures placed on these young leaders who were strongly criticized by career military officers. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  15. Breen, Patrick. The Land Shall Be Deluged in Blood: A New History of the Nat Turner Revolt. New York, 2015. Breen not only presents the story of Nat Turner’s rebellion but also analyzes its effects on disaffected whites, slaveholders, and the local black community. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  16. Britto Garcia, Luis. Discovering the Wealthy, Great and Elegant Pirate of El Dorado, Sir Walter Raleigh. Caracas, S.A., 2015. A promotional publication about the life and deeds of Sir Walter Raleigh, which includes an image of “Tribal Chieftains in Virginia” by Theodor De Bry from the rare book collection of the Virginia Historical Society. Gift of Bridgeman Images.

  17. Brown, Herbert C. History of E Company, 37th U.S. Engineers. Boston, 1919. The 37th Engineer Regiment as organized January 1918 at Fort Myer and served overseas during WWI from June 1918 to May 1919. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  18. Brown, Rebecca Sonnenberg. The Converts. New York, 1953. The author was born in Poland and came to Richmond, where she worked as a reporter for the Richmond Virginian during World War I. She later moved to Norfolk and this novel about Nazi spies in a peaceful Virginia community is based on her experiences there. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  19. Buntin, Robert William. A Long Way Home With the 14th Armored Division in WWII’s Battle for Europe. Alexander, N.C., 2008. Bears signature of the author, who was a German prisoner of war and a recipient of the Bronze Star, Purple Heart and French Medal of Freedom. Gift of Robert William Buntin.

  20. C. F. Sauer Company. Choice Recipes for Flavoring Prepared Expressly for the C.F. Sauer Co. Richmond, 1914. This small cookbook contains color covers that show the manufacturing plant that moved to its current location at 2000 West Broad Street in 1911. Gift of Icer Litvin.

  21. Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Company. Rules Governing Employees of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway Co., in Effect January 1, 1899: Issued in Accordance with the Recommendation of the American Railway Association. Richmond, 1907. This was issued before the Federal Employers’ Liability Act, in which railroad workers were protected from and compensated for injuries on the job. Gift of Betty Stinson.

  22. Christian Music Association of Virginia Beach. Masterpieces From Our Kitchen. Kearney, Nebr., 2001. Fundraising cookbook from a choral singing society in Virginia Beach. Gift of Jay Taylor in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  23. Clapp, Elizabeth J. A Notorious Woman: Anne Royall in Jacksonian America. Charlottesville, 2016. Widowed in 1812 and living at Sweet Springs, Monroe County, Virginia (now West Virginia), Anne Royall turned to writing to support herself and became America’s first woman journalist. Purchased through the St. Gertrude’s Fund for Students of American History.

  24. Cohen, Adam. Imbeciles: The Supreme Court, American Eugenics, and the Sterilization of Carrie Buck. New York, 2016. Mass sterilization of “undesirables for the greater good of the country” resulted in the violation of the civil rights of between sixty and seventy thousand Americans during the twentieth century. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  25. Confederate States of America. War Department. Regulations for the Army of the Confederate States and for the Quartermaster’s and Pay Departments; the Uniform and Dress of the Army as Published by Authority of the Secretary of War; the Articles of War, as Amended by Act of Congress; Also, All the Laws Appertaining to the Army. New Orleans, 1861. A “liberated” book, which bears the signature of Lt. Col. G. W. Logan, Jr., of the Chalmette Regiment and the manuscript note that it was “captured by the U. S. Gun Boat Cayuga at Camp Lovell, La. 24 April 1862.” Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Harry L. Watson III.

  26. Conservative Party of Virginia. “To the Voters of Giles County.” Giles County, 1871? This election broadside is signed in print by Major John Chapman Snidow (1839–1876), who was nominated in 1871 by the Conservative Party for the House of Delegates of Virginia. He was elected and served in the 1871/72 and 1872/73 sessions of the Virginia General Assembly. Purchased through the Charles G. Thalhimer Fund.

  27. Copeland, Pamela C. and Richard K. MacMaster. The Five George Masons: Patriots and Planters of Virginia and Maryland.” Fairfax, 2016. The second edition of this comprehensive overview of five generations of the Mason family contains new material, photographs and maps, as well as the original genealogical charts of the Mason family. Gift of George Mason University Press.

  28. Cowper, William. The Task and Other Poems. New York, 1831. This work of the popular eighteenth-century English poet was published after his death and contains the bookplate of George H. Pendleton, King and Queen County, as well as the signature of Philip B. Pendleton, Bethany College, Brooke County, Va. [later W. Va.] dated “Sept. 17th 1842.” Gift of Ursula B. Baxley.

  29. Cox, Caroline. Boy Soldiers of the American Revolution. Chapel Hill, 2016. Using diaries, letters and memoirs, the author recreates the experiences of boys from the ages of nine to sixteen who served in the Revolutionary Army. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  30. Daugherity, Brian J. Keep on Keeping on: The NAACP and the Implementation of Brown v. Board of Education in Virginia. Charlottesville, 2016. Comprehensive work on the struggle of African Americans to achieve educational equality in the battleground state of Virginia, where they met opposition from both segregationists and the Democratic Party. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  31. Davis, D. Webster. Weh Down Souf, and Other Poems. Cleveland, Ohio, 1897. Davis was born into slavery and became a teacher, minister, poet and lecturer in Richmond. Collections of his papers are housed at the Virginia Historical Society. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  32. Davis, David A. and Tara Powell. Writing in the Kitchen: Essays on Southern Literature and Foodways. Jackson, Miss. 2014. Essays on common southern food include Thomas Jefferson’s observations on the importance of reading to learn about agricultural innovations. Purchased through the Nancy Carter Crump Fund.

  33. Dew, Charles B. The Making of a Racist: A Southerner Reflects on Family, History, and the Slave Trade. Charlottesville, 2016. One of America’s most respected historians reflects on the influence of his family heritage in the age of Jim Crow. His rejection of his upbringing allowed him to become a leading scholar of the American South and slavery. Gift of the University of Virginia Press.

  34. Doddridge, Philip. Speech of Mr. Doddridge, in the Case of Samuel Houston, Charged with a Contempt and Breach of the Privileges of the House, By Assaulting the Hon. William Stanberry, a Member from the State of Ohio, For the Words Used in Debate: Delivered in the House of Representatives, May 9, 1832. Washington, D.C., 1832. Doddridge served as one of Virginia’s members of the House of Representatives from 1829 until his death in November 1832. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  35. Ehrenberg, Ralph E. and Herman J. Viola. Mapping the West with Lewis and Clark. Delray Beach, Fla., 2015. This beautiful atlas illustrates Thomas Jefferson’s vision of the western United States. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  36. El-Hai, Jack. Services Rendered: The Story of Valley Proteins. Old Lyme, Conn., 2009. For three generations, Valley Proteins has recycled animal waste to create feed and biofuel products with an eye to creating a healthier environment. Gift of Valley Proteins.

  37. Fairfield, Edmund Burke. Letters on Baptism. Boston, 1893. The author, born in Parkersburg, Va. (now W.Va.), left the Baptist church to become a Congregationalist pastor. His views on baptism were published and distributed by the Virginia Conference Depository in Richmond. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  38. Ferguson, James. Astronomy Explained Upon Sir Isaac Newton’s Principles, and Made Easy to Those Who Have Not Studied Mathematics. Philadelphia, 1809. Bears signature of William Bradshaw Beverley, Essex County. Gift of Ursula B. Baxley.

  39. Flavel, John. The Touchstone of Sincerity, or, Trial of True and False Religion. New York, 1836. Flavel was a seventeenth-century Presbyterian clergyman and author who whose works were widely read in America. This work bears the ownership marks of James Addams, Bernice Lyons McAllister, Hugh M. McAllister, and Lydia M. McAllister. Gift of Dr. Charles M. McAllister.

  40. Foner, Philip Sheldon and George E. Walker. Proceedings of the Black State Conventions, 1840–1865, Volume 2. Philadelphia, 1979–1980. Edited by Foner and Walker, this volume contains the account of the “Proceedings of the Convention of Colored People of Virginia” held in the city of Alexandria on August 2–5, 1865. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  41. Forrester, Margaret Lumpkin. Northumberland County, Virginia, Records of Slaves. Heathsville, 2015? Compilation of court cases, wills and estate inventories concerning slaves and their owners from 1650 to 1865. Gift of Margaret Lumpkin Forrester.

  42. Forret, Jeff and Christine E. Sears. New Directions in Slavery Studies: Commodification, Community, and Comparison. Baton Rouge, 2015. Twelve essays edited by Forret and Sears explore the topic that enslaved peoples were regarded as a commodity for sale. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  43. Fraser, Flora. The Washingtons: George and Martha, Join’d by Friendship, Crown’d by Love. New York, 2015. The marriage and family relationships of the father and mother of our country. This volume bears a presentation inscription by the author and contains two images from the VHS collections. Gift of Flora Fraser.

  44. Fry, Edmund. Pantographia; Containing Accurate Copies of All the Known Alphabets in the World, Together With an English Explanation of the Peculiar Force or Power of Each Letter, to Which Are Added, Specimens of All Well Authenticated Oral Languages Forming A Comprehensive Digest of Phonology. London, 1799. Contains a list of Virginia subscribers and the Lord’s Prayer in the Algonquin language. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund and in honor of Carole M. Weinstein for her years of support and service as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Virginia Historical Society.

  45. Fuller, Andrew Samuel. The Grape Culturist: A Treatise on the Cultivation of the Native Grape. New York, 1867. This popular nineteenth-century manual on growing grapes contains information on the Norton grape, believed to be discovered by Dr. Daniel Norton near Richmond in the 1820s. Purchased in honor of E. Claiborne Robins, Jr., for his years of support and service as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Virginia Historical Society.

  46. Gaines, R. E. Woman’s Relation to Stewardship. Richmond, 1919. Mrs. R. E. Gaines, active in organizations such as the Baptist Home for Aged Women, speaks to the shared responsibility of women to encourage family charity, especially when the husband is gaining financially. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  47. Gallagher, Gary W., and Caroline E. Janney. Cold Harbor to the Crater: The End of the Overland Campaign. Chapel Hill, N.C., 2015. The brutal combat of the Overland Campaign flowed into the Battle of the Crater. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  48. Gaskill, Malcolm. Between Two Worlds: How the English Became Americans. New York, 2014. In the seventeenth century, more than 350,000 persons of English descent migrated to a challenging environment in America, where they developed an adaptive nature of independence. Gift of John Hugel.

  49. Geroux, William. The Mathews Men: Seven Brothers and the War Against Hitler’s U-Boats. New York, 2016. Merchant Marine ships were torpedoed in sight of American beaches because the U.S. Navy lacked the resources to protect them. This is the story of seven Hodges brothers from Mathews County who served in the Merchant Marine. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  50. Glover, Lorri. The Fate of the Revolution: Virginians Debate the Constitution. Baltimore, 2016. In May 1788, representatives flocked to Richmond for the Virginia Ratification Convention while the rest of the nation watched knowing that without Virginia’s endorsement, the Constitution would not survive. Purchased through the Leo. J. Wellhouse Fund.

  51. Gordon-Reed, Annette and Peter S. Onuf. Most Blessed of the Patriarchs: Thomas Jefferson and the Empire of Imagination. New York, 2016. The authors’ painstaking research into Jefferson’s public and private life provides a fresh assessment of his career and accomplishments. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  52. Gottfried, Bradley M. The Maps of the Wilderness: An Atlas of the Wilderness Campaign, Including All Cavalry Operations, May 2–6, 1864. El Dorado Hills, Calif., 2016. Outstanding maps and texts of these inaccessible battlegrounds provide details of the campaign including the troop units, troop movements, quotes from eyewitnesses, and an order of battle. Purchased through the Frank F. Byram Fund.

  53. Green, Sharony Andrews. Remember Me to Miss Louisa: Hidden Black-White Intimacies in Antebellum America. DeKalb, Ill., 2015. The relationship between Rice C. Ballard, a wealthy Virginia planter and slave trader, and Avenia White, one of his former slaves, is featured in this work. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  54. Halsey, Brenton S. Riverfront Renaissance: The Story of the Rebirth of the Richmond Riverfront. Manakin-Sabot, 2016. The redevelopment of the James River waterfront has been an economic success and model for the entire Richmond region. Gift of the author.

  55. Harrison, Adrienne M. A Powerful Mind: The Self-Education of George Washington. When his formal educated ended at the age of eleven, George Washington pursued his studies through a “dedicated process of self-directed learning through reading.” Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  56. Hayden-Smith, Rose. Sowing the Seeds of Victory: American Gardening Programs of World War I. Jefferson, N.C., 2014. Roots of the World War II victory gardens can be found in the World War I programs of the National War Garden Commission, United States School Garden Army, and the Woman’s Land Army of America. Purchased through the Charles and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  57. Haviland, Sara Rzeszutek. James and Esther Cooper Jackson: Love and Courage in the Black Freedom Movement. Lexington, Ky., 2015. Esther Cooper Jackson was born in Arlington and was married to James Jackson, a labor activist from Richmond. Over their sixty-year marriage they fought for racial equality through the Communist Party. Gift of the University Press of Kentucky.

  58. Heinrich, Robert. From Slave to Statesman: The Life of Educator, Editor, and Civil Rights Activist William M. Carter of Virginia. Baton Rouge, La., 2016. Born a slave in Virginia in 1852, Carter became a teacher and principal in Staunton, as well as editor of the Staunton Tribune. He opposed Virginia’s 1902 constitution, which placed restrictions on African American voters and established a system of racial segregation in public schools. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  59. Hemphill, C. Dallett. Siblings: Brothers and Sisters in American History. Oxford, Eng., 2011. Hemphill studies American families from the colonial through the early republic eras to discern the effect of sibling relationships on larger family systems. Virginians studied include the Bland, Byrd, Custis, Lee, Madison and Tucker families. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  60. Hervieux, Linda. Forgotten: The Untold Story of D-Day's Black Heroes, at Home and at War. New York, 2015. The 320th Barrage Balloon Battalion was directed to deter enemy aircraft after landing on the beaches of Normandy. Many of the members of this unit of African American soldiers were from Virginia, and the author tells the stories of these unrecognized men for the first time. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  61. Hitz, Mary Buford. For Love of the Land: A History of the Wintergreen Community. Wintergreen, Va., 2016. The natural beauty of Wintergreen has been preserved while creating a resort area in Nelson County. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  62. Hobbs, Allyson Vanessa. A Chosen Exile: A History of Racial Passing in American Life. Cambridge, Mass., 2014. For some African Americans, passing as white initially became a way to escape slavery and later to escape the harsh discrimination in the post–Civil War era. The stories of eight Virginia African Americans who “passed” illustrate the grief, loss and isolation that accompanied their new lifestyles. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  63. Holcomb, Dorothy Ann Lockett. Educated in Spite of . . . : A Promise Kept.” Farmville, 2012. As a result of the closure of Prince Edward County Schools, when she was in the fourth grade, the author was tutored for two years in a church basement. When her family moved across the line to Appomattox County, their home became the official residence for up to twenty-one children so they could receive an education. Gift of the author.

  64. Homer. Homeri Ilias: Graece et Latine. London, 1768. Bears inscription: “This book was presented to Harry Lee by Gen. Geo. Washington, 1795 AD” and “Geo. Washington, his book, 1788,” but neither is in the hand of George Washington (1732–1799). Gift of Ruby Anderson Robinson.

  65. Hoth, David R., editor. The Papers of George Washington, Presidential Series, Volume 19, 1 October 1795–31 March 1796. Charlottesville, 2016. Anticipating retirement, Washington must deal with the ratification of treaties, promoting peace on the frontier, financial shortages, acquisition of land for a federal armory and the appointment of two cabinet positions and two Supreme Court vacancies. Gift of Joan Albert in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  66. Hyde, Samuel C. The Engmatic South: Toward Civil War and Its Legacies. Baton Rouge, La., 2014. Contains a chapter by Christopher Childers on Virginia’s Old Republicans and their role in the Compromise of 1820. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  67. Jager, Rebecca K. Malinche, Pocahontas, and Sacagawea: Indian Women as Cultural Intermediaries and National Symbols. Norman, Okla., 2015. Native American women often served in complex diplomatic roles and were key players in establishing relationships between the native and European cultures. Purchased through the St. Gertrude’s Fund for Students of American History.

  68. John Rolfe Players. John Rolfe Players Cookbook. Lenexa, Kan., 1980. The John Rolfe Players were the oldest community theater company in central Virginia and had a production history that spanned four decades until it disbanded in 1995 after its 36th season. Gift of Nancy Carter Crump.

  69. Johnston, Mary. Audrey. Boston and New York, 1902. Mary Johnston was born in Botetourt County and began writing to supplement her family’s income. She became the first woman in the twentieth century to top the bestseller list. Audrey is one of her typical romantic novels and its cast of characters includes Alexander Spotswood and William Byrd of Westover. Gift of Sommerville Wickham, Jr.

  70. Jordan, A. Shepherd. Gone . . . But Not Forgotten: Virginia Beach. Virginia Beach, 2008. Seashore narratives relay the importance of remembering the many twentieth-century landmarks that have disappeared from the Virginia Beach landscape. Gift of Jacob J. Sherman.

  71. Kayaselcuk, Mary LaPrade. Heroes Forever: The Story of the Newport News Victory Arch. Newport News, 1986. The Victory Arch was first constructed in 1918 as a memorial to American armed forces serving during periods of war. This copy bears the signature of Lucile M. Epes on the half-title page. Gift of Charles C. Epes III.

  72. Kilmeade, Brian. Thomas Jefferson and the Tripoli Pirates: The Forgotten War That Changed American History. New York, 2015. Jefferson stood up to the Barbary States as president after years of failed diplomacy while secretary of state. By sending U.S. Navy ships to blockade Tripoli, he launched the Barbary War. Purchased through the John A. C. Keith Fund.

  73. Kindred Spirits in the Cause of Liberty: Woodrow Wilson, A. Lincoln, G. Washington. Baltimore, 1917. This patriotic broadside was produced six days after the United States entered World War I. The images of these three presidents were reproduced on celluloid pins that may have been used for fundraising. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  74. Kushnir, Andrei. Oh, Shenandoah: Paintings of the Historic Valley and River. Staunton, 2016. Based on an exhibition by Kushnir of 71 paintings entitled “Painting the Valley.” Includes essays by William M. S. Rasmussen (of the Virginia Historical Society) and Warren Hofstra. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  75. Kytle, Ethan J. Romantic Reformers and the Antislavery Struggle in the Civil War Era. New York, 2014. Includes information on Martin Robinson Delany, who was born free in Charles Town, Va. (now W.Va.) and learned to read and write using a primer during a time when Virginia prohibited the education of African Americans. When the book was discovered in September 1822, his mother fled with her children to Pennsylvania. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  76. Landis, Charles A. The Virginia Eastern Shore, An Introduction to the History of the Virginia Eastern Shore: A Collection of Essays on Important Events and Persons, 1614–2014. Berlin, Md., 2016. The stories of 400 years of the Eastern Shore provide a concise history of the region. Includes an image of General John Cropper from the museum collections of the Virginia Historical Society. Gift of Salt Water Media.

  77. Larson, Edward J. George Washington, Nationalist. Charlottesville, 2016. Washington’s leadership during a critical period following the Revolutionary War provided a firm foundation for a strong and enduring government. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  78. Law Quibbles, or, A Treatise of the Evasions, Tricks, Turns and Quibbles, Commonly Used in the Profession of the Law . . . London, 1736. Bears the signature of James Campbell and his manuscript notes on quit rents. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  79. Lee Shetterly, Margot. Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race. New York, 2016. These talented black women served as human computers at the NASA Langley Research Center in Hampton. Their brilliant mathematical calculations allowed the United States to move forward in the race to put men into space. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard for her years of support and service as a member of the staff of the Virginia Historical Society.

  80. LeHuray, Joshua R. Virginians Will Dance or Die!: The Importance of Music in Pre-Revolutionary Virginia. Music filled the air in colonial-era Williamsburg and its theatre brought many performances to the public. Contains images of the 1781 Victory Ball and Robert Carter of Nomini Hall from the collections of the Virginia Historical Society. Gift of the author.

  81. Lender, Mark Edward and Gary Wheeler Stone. Fatal Sunday: George Washington and the Monmouth Campaign, and the Politics of Battle. Norman, Okla., 2016. A comprehensive account of this battle, which served as a turning point in Washington’s military career. Gift of Mark Edward Lender.

  82. Lowdermilk, William Harrison. History of Cumberland (Maryland) From the Time of the Indian Town, Caiuctucuc, in 1728, Up to the Present Day: Embracing an Account of Washington’s First Campaign, and the Battle of Fort Necessity Together With a History of Braddock’s Expedition… Washington, D.C., 1878. From the library of Virginia historian and educator Garland R. Quarles. Purchased in honor of Thomas N. Allen for his years of support and service as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Virginia Historical Society.

  83. McDonald, Robert M. S. Confounding Father: Thomas Jefferson’s Image in His Own Time. Charlottesville, 2016. Contrasts the images of this pivotal Founding Father, which range from love to hate and revered to reviled. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  84. Manchester Volunteer Rescue Squad (Richmond). Manchester Volunteer Rescue Squad 50th Anniversary Celebration: July 31, 2004. Richmond, 2004. The Manchester Volunteer Rescue Squad was formed on June 15, 1954, with 38 charter members trained in advanced first aid. Their first ambulance was a converted 1945 Cadillac hearse and their first uniform was simply a red baseball cap. Gift of Patricia E. Andrews.

  85. Martin, Pete. I Call on the Reynolds Brothers. Richmond, 1961. Editor of the Saturday Evening Post, Pete Martin visited Richmond with the intent of interviewing the four Reynolds brothers who managed Reynolds Metals Company after the death of their father, R. S. Reynolds, Sr. This copy contains a presentation inscription and signature of R. S. Reynolds, Jr. Gift of Charles H. Kenney.

  86. Matthews, Judy Firestone and Ann Handy Beardshall. 3 Hots and a Cot: CCC Camp (Unit 1388) P53-VA, Bastian (Bland County), VA June 4 1933–December 9, 1942. Bland, 2012. Camp Bastian was established as a model camp and its occupants undertook work on the trail, tower and bridge in the Jefferson National Forest as part of the New Deal programs of Franklin Roosevelt. Gift of Judy Firestone Matthews.

  87. Maudlin, Daniel and Bernard L. Herman. Building the British Atlantic World: Spaces, Places, and Material Culture, 1600–1850. Chapel Hill, 2016. Includes an essay by Anna Marley entitled “Landscapes of the New Republic at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello.” Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  88. Maury, Matthew Fontaine. El Rio Amazonas las Regiones Que Forman su Hoya y las Vertientes Atlanticas de Sud-America. La Paz, Bolivia, 1854. Maury regarded the Amazon River as a place where Southern slaveowners might sell or resettle their slaves. Gift of W. Hamilton Bryson.

  89. Minnich, Harvey C. William Holmes McGuffey and His Readers. New York, 1936. William Holmes McGuffey was a Professor of Philosophy at the University of Virginia from 1845 until his death in 1873. His readers were widely used in American schools from the mid-nineteenth until the mid-twentieth centuries and are still used by some private schools and home schools today. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  90. Montagu, Basil. A Summary of the Law of Lien. Exeter, N.H., 1822. Bears the signature of John H. Peyton on the title page. Peyton was a notable Staunton lawyer and state legislator who served as the Deputy Assistant Attorney for the Western District of Virginia. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  91. Morton, Jeremiah. Eulogy Upon the Late Gov. Barbour of Virginia. Richmond, 1842. Memorial to James Barbour that bears the signature of Col. J. Barbour (John Strode Barbour). Gift of Dr. Ferdinand D. Yates, Jr.

  92. Mulligan, James A. The Hanoi Commitment. Virginia Beach, 1981. Jim Mulligan was shot down over Vietnam and imprisoned for almost seven years in the “Hanoi Hilton” and other infamous North Vietnamese prisoner of war camps. He retired from the military to Virginia Beach and wrote this memoir there. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  93. Nagy, John A. George Washington’s Secret Spy War: The Making of America’s First Spymaster. New York, 2016. Nagy uses Washington’s diary to illustrate that his career as a spymaster actually began in the French and Indian War. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  94. Neiberg, Michael S. The Path to War: How the First World War Created Modern America. Describes the transformation of the United States from an isolationist country to a financial powerhouse and a global presence. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  95. Newcomb, John Foster. A Bunch of Plumbers: How One Country Boy’s Dream Led Him into Two of the Most Successful Space Missions of the Twentieth Century. Deltaville, 2015. A tribute to the Viking Project and Lunar Orbiter teams at the NASA Research Center written by one of its young engineers. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  96. Oast, Jennifer. Institutional Slavery: Slaveholding Churches, Schools, Colleges, and Businesses in Virginia, 1680–1860. New York, 2016. This work focuses on the institutional ownership of slaves as practiced by the Anglican and Presbyterian churches; free schools; the colleges of William and Mary, Hampden-Sydney, and Hollins; and the University of Virginia. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  97. O’Conor, Charles. Negro Slavery Not Unjust: Speech of Charles O’Conor, Esq., at the Union Meeting at the Academy of Music, New York City, Dec. 19, 1859. New York, 1859. O’Conor represented the state of Virginia in the Lemmon case, an 1852 court case in which eight slaves were freed in New York while in transit from Virginia to Texas. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  98. O’Neill, Lindsay. The Opened Letter: Networking in the Early Modern British World. Philadelphia, 2015. Focuses on 10,000 letters produced by members of the English elite and includes the correspondence of William Byrd I and his son William Byrd II. Purchased through the First Settlers Fund.

  99. Ossman, Laurie and Debra A. McClane. The Gentleman’s Farm: Elegant Country House Living. New York, 2016. The American Country House style is inspired by four centuries of restoration of Virginia plantations, retreats, farms, estates, and private homes. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  100. Ozanam, Jacques. Methode de Lever les Plans et les Cartes de Terre et de Mer, Avec Toutes Sortes D’Instrumens & Sans Instrumens. Paris, 1716. Surveying and map-making book that was common in early American libraries, including those of William Byrd of Westover and John Mercer of Marlborough. Purchased in honor of Conrad M. Hall for his years of support and service as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Virginia Historical Society.

  101. Pezzoni, J. Daniel. The Architecture of Historic Rockbridge. Charlottesville, 2015. This companion volume to The Architecture of Historic Lexington includes the architecture of farms, schools, churches, mills, and other buildings located in the smaller communities outside Lexington. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  102. Phelps, Nicholas A. Sequel to Suburbia: Glimpses of American’s Post-Suburban Future. Cambridge, Mass., 2015. Post World War II suburbs have become edge cities and the author uses Tysons Corner in Virginia as an example of the necessity to rework suburban spaces. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  103. Poe, Edgar Allan. The Complete Works of Edgar Allan Poe, edited by James A. Harrison, Professor in the University of Virginia, Virginia Edition. New York, 1902. Each volume has an ornamental title page with “Virginia Edition” placed in the center. Housed in the original publisher’s cloth covered wood box stamped on the lid in gilt “Edgar Allan Poe’s Complete Works, Virginia Edition.” Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  104. Poe, Edgar Allen. Tales of Mystery & Imagination. London, 1935. Contains illustrations by the noted British illustrator Arthur Rackham, whose work was often used in gift books. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund and Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  105. Polasky, Janet L. Revolutions Without Borders: The Call to Liberty in the Atlantic World. New Haven, Conn., 2015. Ideas about revolution flowed throughout the Atlantic world during the Age of Jefferson with new thought about liberty and equality being spread both by travelers and the written word. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  106. Post, David G. In Search of Jefferson’s Moose: Notes on the State of Cyberspace. Oxford, Eng., 2009. The author compares Jefferson’s shipment of a “complete skeleton, skin & horns of an American moose” to Paris and its display in his residence as symbol of possibilities to the exploration of cyberspace. He uses Jefferson’s views on the natural world in Notes on the State of Virginia to illustrate the complexities of the internet. Gift of Paul A. Levengood.

  107. Rable, George C. Damn Yankees!: Demonization and Defiance in the Confederate South. Baton Rouge, 2015. Writing in the Confederate States vilified the North, creating a spirit of hatred and resistance that became a persistent legacy. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  108. Rex, Cathy. Anglo-American Women Writers and the Representation of Indianness, 1629–1824. Burlington, Vt., 2015. Images of Native Americans as represented by a number of writers from the late seventeenth to early nineteenth centuries can be seen as portrayals designed to address the broader treatment of women. Gift of Ashgate Publishing.

  109. Richmond Board of Fire Commissioners. “Office Board Fire Commissioners, Richmond, June 21, 1888. To the Officers and Members Fire and Fire-Alarm Departments . . .” Richmond, 1888. A broadside that states the terms of employment for members of the departments will expire at midnight on July 1, 1888. Gift of the United States Library of Congress.

  110. Riley, Padraig. Slavery and the Democratic Conscience: Political Life in Jeffersonian America. Philadelphia, 2016. Argues that the alliance between Southern slaveholders and Northern Jeffersonian Republicans created an environment that contributed to political racism. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  111. Robb, Bernard. Welcum Hinges. New York, 1942. Tribute by the author to “Uncle Woodson,” born a slave at the family’s estate, “Gay Mount” in Caroline County. Laid in this copy are a photograph of Uncle Woodson and of the plantation house at “Gay Mount.” Gift of David Dennis Stacey.

  112. Robertson, James I., Jr. Civil War Echoes: Voices from Virginia, 1860–1891. Richmond, 2016. Robertson presents observations and reflections on the 35,000 images scanned through the Civil War 150 Legacy Project. Gift of the Virginia Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War Commission.

  113. Roediger, David R. Seizing Freedom: Slave Emancipation and Liberty for All. New York, 2015. “As slaves acted to change things for themselves, horizons broadened for almost everyone” (page 106) and women, laborers, Native Americans, and immigrants found hope in their struggles. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  114. Sands, Robert Charles. The Executioner: Being a True, Impartial, and Most Extraordinary Account of What Happened to the Man Who Burnt the Rev. John Rogers. Philadelphia, 1845? A fictional account based on historical incidents during the reign of Queen Mary. John Rogers, a clergyman, Bible translator and commentator and the first English Protestant martyr, was burned at the stake in 1555. His fictitious executioner (depicted in a haunting woodcut illustration), James Rogers, travels with the first colonists to Virginia and confesses his role in the minister’s death. Purchased through the First Settlers Fund.

  115. Schermerhorn, Calvin. The Business of Slavery and the Rise of American Capitalism, 1815–1860. New Haven, Conn., 2015. Focuses on the networks that moved slaves and the goods and staples they produced from suppliers to buyers. Includes information on the Franklin & Armfield firm in Alexandria and the John M. Saunders firm in Warrenton. Purchased through the Betty Sams Christian Fund.

  116. Schultz, James. Crafting Flight: Aircraft Pioneers and the Contributions of the Men and Women of NASA Langley Research Center. Washington, D.C., 2003. Written in commemoration of one hundred years of flight. Langley Field began in 1917 and served as the nation’s first civilian aeronautical research laboratory. Gift of The Honorable Gerald L. Baliles.

  117. Settle, Frank A. General George C. Marshall and the Atomic Bomb. Santa Barbara, Calif., 2016. Marshall was initially skeptical about atomic weapons, but in the aftermath of World War II he recognized that “the bomb” was a “weapon of such dire consequence that it should never be used again.” Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  118. Shapiro, Clare Osdene. Stories and Recipes from Clare’s Kitchen. Richmond, 2016. Based on her columns in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, Shapiro shares not only her recipes but also memories of the communities created when sharing a meal. Gift of Paulette Schwarting in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  119. Sheehan, Colleen A. The Mind of James Madison: The Legacy of Classical Republicanism. New York, 2015. Madison crafted the Constitution in light of his concern for liberty, republican justice and civic education for each citizen. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  120. Shefveland, Kristalyn Marie. Anglo-Native Virginia: Trade, Conversion, and Indian Slavery in the Old Dominion, 1646–1722. Athens, Ga., 2016. Beginning with the 1646 Treaty of Peace with Necotowance in Virginia a tributary system was established for Native Americans. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  121. Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve. When the Fences Come Down: Twenty-First Century Lessons from Metropolitan School Desegregation. Chapel Hill, N.C., 2016. A graduate of Thomas Jefferson High School in Richmond relates the story of the educational divides that still exist in four Southern cities (including Richmond) because of school district boundaries and the need for consolidation of urban and suburban schools. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  122. Slap, Andrew L. and Frank Towers. Confederate Cities: The Urban South during the Civil War Era. Chicago, 2015. Includes an essay by John Majewski on the environment and economy of nineteenth-century Hampton Roads. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  123. Smith, Lee. Dimestore. Chapel Hill, N.C., 2016. Memoir of the award-winning southern novelist born in Grundy. Thirteen charming essays relay the story of her beginnings in a small coal town, working in her father’s five and dime store, and writing her first story at the age of nine. Purchased through the St. Gertrude’s Fund for Students of American History.

  124. Spaniol, William J. Virginia Invades Cartagena: A Collection of Essays. Petersburg, 2004. Includes an essay by Charles F. Bryan, Jr., entitled “The Colony of Virginia and Siege of Cartegena, 1741.” Gift of Jay Taylor.

  125. Stehl Silks Corporation, Waynesboro, Va. By-Laws of the Employees’ Mutual Benefit Association of the Stehli Silks Corporation. Waynesboro, 1930? The Stehli Silks Corporation was a Swiss company that established a factory in Waynesboro in 1925 to produce yarns and threads. The company closed the Waynesboro facility in 1941 when it consolidated its operations in its Pennsylvania plant. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  126. Stoddard, Christine. Hispanic & Latino Heritage in Virginia. Charleston, S.C., 2016. The Spanish first came to Virginia in 1570 to establish a Jesuit mission, but it was not until the 1980s that the Latin American population surged in the Commonwealth. This pictorial work traces the history and culture of Hispanics and Latinos in Virginia. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  127. Stuart, Hal. Virginia Sectional Furniture: 1800–1860. Bowling Green, 2016. Virginia sectional furniture of the nineteenth century developed at the same time that extreme sectionalism grew in the United States, which was reflected in styles. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  128. Tarter, Brent. A Saga of the New South: Race, law, and Public Debt in Virginia. Charlottesville, 2016. Staggering debt from the Civil War generated political and legal contests over repayment and created a changing political climate in Virginia. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  129. Thornton, Mary Elizabeth. Letters from Edgar’s Trunk: Tell Them All to Write. Washington, D.C., 2016. The correspondence of James Edgar Thornton, an African American soldier from Loudoun County who served in World War I, was compiled and edited by his granddaughter. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  130. Tipton-Martin, Toni. The Jemima Code: Two Centuries of African American Cookbooks. Austin, Texas, 2015. Includes information on Virginia African American cooks including Fred D. Crawford, Edna Lewis, Ruth L. Gaskins, Viola Lampkin, Carrie Alberta Lyford, Blanche Elbert Moncure, Lena Richard, Malinda Russell, and Pearl Bailey. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  131. Turner, Charles Wilson. Jack Campbell’s War Diary: (1918–1919). Verona, Va., 1982. The edited diary of a World War I soldier from Lexington, which contains accounts of the German occupation and American campaigns in France. Gift of William M. S. Rasmussen.

  132. United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces. Yanks: A Book of A. E. F. Verse. [Paris?], 1918. Poems written by members of the American Expeditionary Forces dedicated to the children of France. Includes a presentation inscription of Lieutenant E. J. Robertson, 9th Infantry, Bendorf, Germany, dated February 28, 1919. Gift of the Estate of G. Dallas Coons.

  133. United States. Army. Field Artillery Regiment, 314th. History of the 314th Field Artillery. Story of this Virginia unit between 1919 and 1929. An uncommon World War I regimental history illustrated with many photographs, memories, anecdotes, and rosters. The unit, composed primarily of recruits from Virginia, mustered out at Fort Lee. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  134. United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Digest and Manual of the Rules and Practice of the House of Representatives, in Which is Included the Constitution of the United States of America with the Amendments Thereto and So Much of Jefferson’s Manual of Parliamentary Practice as Under Rule XLIV Governs the House. Washington, D.C., 1886. This book was expressly bound for John Randolph Tucker, who served in the House from 1875 to 1885. Gift of Elizabeth A. Strode.

  135. United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Committee on the District of Columbia. Report of the Committee for the District of Columbia, on the Petitions of Sundry Unchartered Banking Associations in Said District, March 25, 1816. Washington, D.C., 1816. Includes information on the Franklin Bank of Alexandria, Merchants Bank of Alexandria, and the Union Bank of Alexandria while the city was part of the District of Columbia. Purchased in honor of Gary M. Gore for his years of support and service as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Virginia Historical Society.

  136. United States. Marine Corps. Identification of Aircraft. Quantico, 1942. Published for the instructional purposes of the Marine Corps Schools at Quantico, this book is composed primarily of illustrations of airplanes and their components and was used to train aircraft spotters during World War II. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  137. Virginia. Auditor of Public Accounts. Auditor’s Office, Richmond, May 16, 1820: Sir, The Act of Assembly included in the late revisal, for enforcing the payment of fines into the public treasury . . . Richmond, 1820. This broadside, signed in print by Virginia Auditor James Heath, expresses his frustration with the lack of attention by county clerks to legislated procedures and the consequent delay in the settlement of tax accounts. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  138. Virginia. General Assembly. Sketches of the Acts and Joint Resolutions of the General Assembly of Virginia, 1859–1860. Richmond, 1860. Ends with a resolution to delay the execution of the sentence of the court pronounced upon certain prisoners for crimes committed at Harpers Ferry. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Harry L. Watson III.

  139. Wallmeyer, August. The Extremes of Virginia: Southwest; Southside and the Eastern Shore: Two Separated and Unequal Commonwealths, Rural, Poor and Largely Unknown. Manakin Sabot, Va., 2016. Explores the poverty, lack of educational opportunities and limited economic development that characterizes these geographically separated communities. Gift of August Wallmeyer.

  140. Walters, B. Frank and Ednor Rossiter. They Pray for Us at Home: Song and Chorus. Philadelphia, 1863. Sheet music composed in response to the 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain. “As our wounded soldiers were lying in a church, at Culpeper, which had been taken for a hospital; one of the mortally wounded, whispered to a dying companion ‘I wish there was someone here to pray for us!’ to which his companion replied, ‘they are praying for us at home.’” Gift of William W. Cole.

  141. Weaver, Jeffrey C. Virginia Regimental History Series Index. Saltville, 2005. More than 100 volumes were produced in this Civil War series, published by H. E. Howard. Weaver compiled a four-volume index of the soldiers serving in Virginia Confederate units. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  142. Wenzel, Edward T. Chronology of the Civil War in Fairfax County, or, Battles, Skirmishes, Incidents and Events of the War Between the States Occurring in Fairfax County, Virginia, Part One. Centreville, Va., 2015. This initial volume contains information on the war in this border county through December 1863 and includes numerous images from the collections of Robert Knox Sneden housed at the Virginia Historical Society. Gift of the Bull Run Civil War Roundtable.

  143. Westfall, Carroll William. Architecture, Liberty and Civic Order: Architectural Theories from Vitruvius to Jefferson and Beyond. Burlington, Vt., 2015. The role of imitation in the creation of new architectural styles, such as the classical tradition embraced by Thomas Jefferson. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  144. Wharton, H. M. A Picnic in Palestine. Baltimore, 1892. Wharton, a Presbyterian minister in Richmond, visited the Holy Land with 30 other people, including Mr. & Mrs. Thomas J. Nottingham from Norfolk, Tillie Barlow and Hattie Minter from Portsmouth and R. C. Phillips from Tappahannock, and recounted their experiences. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  145. Whiting, Richard A. and Raymond B. Egan. Little Black Buddie: Song. New York, 1924. Sheet music composed during the Roaring Twenties, which “caused easier feelings between blacks and whites that were accepted in some songs. Little Black Buddie…emphasized acceptance of blacks.” (p. 225, American History in Song: Lyrics from 1900–1945). Gift of Georgia Straton.

  146. Wilder, Lawrence Douglas. Son of Virginia: A Life in America’s Political Arena. Guilford, Conn., 2015. African American voter support of the Democratic Party in Virginia led to L. Doug Wilder‘s election to the post of lieutenant governor in 1985 and as the state’s first African American governor in 1989. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  147. Wilson, Thomas. Sacra Privata: The Private Meditations and Prayers of The Right Reverend Thomas Wilson, D.D., Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, Accommodated to General Use. Trenton, N.J., 1805. Bears the bookplate of Margaret Douglas (1768–1826) of Leesburg, Virginia, as well as a manuscript inscription on the front flyleaf from Galatians 5:22–25. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  148. Woods, Michael E. Emotional and Sectional Conflict in the Antebellum United States. New York, 2014. Woods uses the concept of emotion to discover a new way to look at the conflict over slavery that resulted in the Civil War. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

Museum Objects

  1. Seventy-one pieces of Virginia silver from the collections of Charles H. Cuthbert and Hibernia H. Cuthbert, late 18th to mid-19th century. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Cuthbert IV.

  2. Oil on canvas portraits of Major Lawrence Lewis (1767–1839) and Eleanor (“Nelly”) Parke Custis Lewis (1779–1852), artist unidentified, early nineteenth century. Gift of Colonel Edward F. Twiss.

  3. Counterpane with candlewick decoration made in Louisa County, by Fannie Gibson, c. 1819. Gift of Jane B. Schmitt.

  4. Two watercolor paintings by Augustus Köllner identified as “Farm on the New River, c. 1845,” and “New River, 1845.” Purchased through the Willcox Decorative Arts Fund.

  5. United States Naval Officer’s Model 1852 sword and scabbard engraved on hilt “Calvin Gibbs Hutchinson / 1862.” Hutchinson was acting assistant paymaster in the U.S. Navy from 1862 to 1866 and spent much of his active duty in Virginia and North Carolina. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  6. Lithograph of “Slash Cottage and Grounds, Hanover County, Virginia: The Birth Place of Patrick Henry & Henry Clay / On the Line of the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Rail Road” by Ritchie & Dunnavant, 1854. Purchased through the Willcox Decorative Arts Fund.

  7. Field officer’s sword manufactured by Martin, Carroll & Co., Tilton, Georgia, 1861. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund; partial gift of Estelle Ford-Williamson.

  8. Ambrotype, Captain Thaddeus Constantine Leake (1829–1904), Indiana Coles Shelton Leake (1830–1868), Thaddeus Constantine Leake, Jr. (1854–1889) and Eveline Archer Leake (1856–1918), c. 1861. Gift of Edward A. Leake, Jr.

  9. Violin, case, and accessories of Edward Samuel Duffey (1841–1926), carried by him during his service in Kemper’s and Parker’s Virginia Artillery Batteries, C.S.A. Gift of Amanda Duffey Rutledge and James E. Rutledge.

  10. Oil on canvas portrait of Joseph Reid Anderson (1813–1892), by John Adams Elder, 1871. Gift of Joseph Reid Anderson Freeman.

  11. Photograph album containing thirty-four cyanotype snapshots of people, architecture, and scenes around Richmond and Hampton Roads, Virginia, 1897. Gift of the estate of Edward John Gautsch.

  12. Crayon enlargement photographic prints of Lewis and Luzette Drumgoole, members of a prominent African American family of Brunswick County, late nineteenth century. Gift of Delois Alexander.

  13. Treadle sewing machine manufactured by Standard Sewing Machine Company, Cleveland, Ohio, for R. M. Swimley’s Furniture Store in Winchester, early 20th century. Gift of Patricia and Paul Wilmoth in memory of the Swimley girls: Frances, Charlotte, Elizabeth, and Nancy.

  14. Four press photographs of Paul Mellon, dating from about 1927 to 1935. Gift of Sommerville Wickham, Jr.

  15. Press photograph of Sen. Harry F. Byrd, Sr., Alexander W. Weddell, and Gov. John Garland Pollard leaving the White House after meeting with President Franklin D. Roosevelt, March 18, 1933. Gift of Sommerville Wickham, Jr.

  16. Autographed baseball postcards featuring players from the Richmond Virginians, c. 1950s; press photograph of Joe DiMaggio with unidentified sailors from the U.S. Navy taken in Norfolk during an exhibition game between the Yankees and Dodgers, April 13, 1939; photographic print of the Medical College of Virginia (MCV) baseball team, 1950. Gift of Sommerville Wickham, Jr.

  17. Game cleats, jersey, and pants worn by Blake DeChristopher, a Virginia Tech Offensive Tackle (#62), selected first-team All-ACC (2011), and recipient of the ACC Jacobs Blocking Trophy (2011). Mr. DeChristopher also played football for Clover Hill High School in Midlothian. Gift of David G. Dickson.

  18. “Monster Mouth” chair carved by Virginia chainsaw artist Glenn Richardson during a demonstration held at the Virginia Historical Society on April 16, 2016, in conjunction with The Art of Seating: 200 Years of American Design exhibition. Purchased through the Willcox Decorative Arts Fund.