"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
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Selected Accessions (2017)

Manuscripts 

  1. Papers, 1761–1947, of the Baylor family of Caroline County and Richmond, chiefly of George Robert Baylor (1820–1878), his brother Dr. Warner Lewis Baylor (1825–1894) and Warner’s son Bernard Hoskins Baylor. 88 items. Gift of William B. Baylor of Richmond.

  2. Proclamation, 1781 March 20, issued by Colonel Henry Lee as commander of Lee’s Legion of the United States Continental Army to commanders of the militia of Mecklenburg, Roane and Surry counties, North Carolina, recounting recent military events and urging the aid of their troops to harass the army under British general Lord Cornwallis in the aftermath of the battle of Guilford Court House. [4] p. on 2 l.: handwritten; 8 x 12 in. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund and the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  3. Collection, 1783–1931, of Harry A. Walton Collection concerning of Alleghany County regional history. Includes extensive records regarding enslaved persons in those localities, as well as business transactions, debt collection, the administration of justice, and estate settlements. 495 items. Gift of Harriet W. and Donald C. Woodward, Covington; Jeanne W. and John M. Bradley III, Reston; Dawn W. Wilson, Covington; Carol W. Stafford, Roanoke; and Mary W. and Dale E. Stevens, Pocomoke City, Md., in memory of Virginia R. and Harry A. Walton, Jr.

  4. Indenture, 1784 October 5, of Robert Gordon, Powhatan County, to James Lyle, Chesterfield County, for land in Powhatan and Bedford counties and five slaves. This copy was used as evidence in the suit of Lyle V. Gordon in the Superior Court of Chancery for the Richmond Circuit, 1843 January 29. Gift of S. Strother Smith, Jr., of Goochland.

  5. Papers, 1810–47, of the Booker family of “Laurel Grove,” Essex County. Included is Lewis Booker (1754–1814), Revolutionary War veteran, planter, and justice of the peace for Essex County. 38 items. Gift of William H. Booker.

  6. Papers, 1821, 1851–52,of Phebe Joynes, Accomack County, Va., and Philadelphia, Pa. Printed and handwritten items concerning the efforts of Joynes, a free African American woman, to raise funds to purchase her daughter Jane and grandchild from owner Thomas R. Joynes of Accomack County. 7 items. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund and the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  7. Papers, 1829–1917, of the Carter Family of “Pampatike,” King William County, primarily reflecting the post–Civil War experiences of Thomas Henry Carter, his wife Susan Elizabeth (Roy) Carter, and their children. 63 items. Gift of Eda Williams Martin of Williamsburg.

  8. Papers, 1851–1931, of the Powell family (of Shepherdstown, Va. [now W.Va.]) consisting primarily of the correspondence of John Simms Powell during the Civil War while posted to the Confederate Quartermaster General’s Offices at Danville, Gordonsville, and Lynchburg. 235 items. Gift of Julia P. Grehan.

  9. Papers, 1861–65, collected by Paul Baldwin Beverly (of Holiday, Fla.) concerning the Civil War. Include a roster of Company B of the 55th Virginia Infantry Regiment, kept by Captain William Christopher Fleet, an order book, 1864–65, of Fleet’s detail with the 1st Congressional District of Virginia’s Conscription Office, and a register, 1864–65, of the North Carolina Soldiers’ Home in Richmond. 55 items. Gift of the estate of Paul B. Beverly through the courtesy of Bettye J. Beverly.

  10. Robertson family letters, 1861–90, primarily of John Thomson Robertson, Sr. (of Petersburg), A. Sidney Robertson (of Assumption Parish, La.) and John Thomson Robertson, Jr., and Stanhope B. Robertson (while serving in Company E of the 12th Virginia Infantry Regiment, Confederate States Army. 9 items. Gift of Edward Avery Wyatt.

  11. Letters, 1862–65, of Orrin S. Allen to his wife Frances E. (Wade) Allen and family reflecting military service in Company H, 112th New York Volunteer Infantry, U.S.A. 175 items. Gift of William L. Rockwell, Jr., Elgin, Tex., and the descendants of Orrin Sweet Allen.

  12. Contents, 1863–1912, of the cornerstone of the Confederate Memorial Institute, Richmond. Items contained in the cornerstone of the Confederate Memorial Institute, also known as "Battle Abbey," Richmond. The cornerstone was buried as part of a ground breaking ceremony for the building held on May 20, 1912. Removed and opened in 2012, the lead box was found to contain materials relating to the organization and work of the Confederate Memorial Association and the construction of the Institute building, the Confederate States of America, Confederate veterans, and Richmond cultural, historical, and religious institutions. Included are architectural plans, correspondence, newspapers, postcards, programs, speeches, and ephemera. 189 items.

  13. Correspondence, 1864–65, of Gustavus Washington Wright, Hanover County, consisting of letters written between Wright and his wife, Nancy Rislie (Anderson) Wright, while he was a member of Company I, 15th Virginia Infantry, C.S.A., attached to the Ordnance Department of Corse’s Battalion, Army of Northern Virginia. 4 items. Gift of Janet Chalkley of Midlothian.

  14. Papers, 1864–97, of Thomas Muldrup Logan consisting chiefly of letters, 1864–65, recommending the promotion of Colonel Logan of Company A, Hampton Legion, Confederate States Army, to the rank of brigadier general. 7 items. Gift of Richard F. Holladay.

  15. Essay, 1883 October 1, “Our Forest Trees, Their Structure, Uses and Effects upon Climate,” written by Sarah Fort Hughes. [1], 11 p.: holograph; 8 x 10 in. Bound. This is an early document regarding conservation written by a Virginia woman. Gift of Peter S. Bridges.

  16. Records, 1883–2008, of the Richmond Home for Ladies records, including minutes, administrative and financial records, applications and medical records, and photographs and scrapbooks. 33 linear feet. Gift of Covenant Woods of Mechanicsville.

  17. Account book, 1901–3 and 1913–20, of the Dietz Printing Company, Richmond. 3 volumes. Gift of Farley P. Katz of San Antonio, Tex.

  18. Photograph album, c. 1946–47, of “Oak Spring,” Upperville,  produced by Gottscho-Schleisner, Inc., includes black and white images of the interior and exterior of the Upperville home of philanthropist Paul Mellon. 1 volume. Gift of the Preservation Commission of Brookline, Mass.

  19. Records, 1955–2013, of the Virginia Society of Health-System Pharmacists, consisting of documents relating to programming sponsored by the organization, organizational operations, minutes of meetings, correspondence and newsletters. 7 linear feet. Deposited by the Virginia Society of Health-System Pharmacists.

  20. Papers, 1967–68, of Kenneth S. Marshall concerning military service in Vietnam, chiefly letters describing day-to-day military life while stationed near Hue City and in Happy Valley and participation in Operation Allen Brook. 12 items. Gift of William Bailey Wilkerson of Richmond and Kenneth S. Marshall of Windsor.

  21. The U.S. Constitution and fascinating facts about it, with supplemental text by Terry L. Jordan. This copy of the pocket Constitution was carried by Khizr Khan when he and his wife Ghazala addressed the Democratic National Convention, July 28, 2016, Philadelphia. 1 item. Gift of Khizr and Ghazala Khan.

Published Materials

  1. ­­­­­American Legion. Department of Virginia. Lynchburg Post No. 16. A Tribute to the Veterans of World War II. Lynchburg, 1946. Prepared in gratitude by the Lynchburg WWI veterans to welcome the 7,000 veterans returning home from WWII. Purchased through the Douglas A. Gordon Fund.

  2. Apprey, Maurice, and Shelli M. Poe. The Key to the Door: Experiences of Early African American Students at the University of Virginia. Charlottesville, 2017. The gradual desegregation of the University of Virginia is documented in first person narratives of its black students and employees. Purchased through the Douglas A. Gordon Fund.

  3. Ayling, Augustus D. A Yankee at Arms: The Diary of Lieutenant Augustus D. Ayling, 29th Massachusetts Volunteers. Knoxville, 1990. A Massachusetts soldier who served in Civil War Virginia compiled an eloquent diary, edited by Charles F. Herberger, which includes information on Fort Monroe, Newport News, and Fredericksburg and his postwar duty in Richmond. Gift of the Estate of Paul C. Penrod.

  4. Baldwin-Felts Detectives, Inc. “$2,800.00 Reward.” Roanoke, 1912. Unique wanted poster for the fugitives of the Hillsville Massacre in which five people were killed in a Carroll County courthouse. Issued on March 23, 1912, nine days after the gunfight, the poster includes manuscript notations noting the fate of each man after they were captured. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Fund.

  5. Bayliss, Mary Lynn. The Dooley’s of Richmond: An Irish Immigrant Family in the Old and New South. Charlottesville, 2017. Two generation of this philanthropic Catholic family lost everything during the Civil War and were instrumental in rebuilding the South during Reconstruction. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  6. Bechtel, Laten Ervin. In Their Words: Growing Up in Segregated Staunton and Augusta County, Virginia. Staunton, 2017. Interviews of thirty African Americans who exhibited resilience and courage while being educated in segregated schools in Staunton and Augusta County. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  7. Bell, James B. Empire, Religion and Revolution in Early Virginia, 1607–1786. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hamspshire, England, 2013. The Virginia Company of London established civil, military, and ecclesiastical precedents for a colony located more than 3,000 miles from England until their charter was revoked and Virginia became a royal colony. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  8. Bergner, Daniel. Sing for Your Life: A Story of Race, Music, and Family. New York, 2016. Ryan Speedo Green grew up in trailer parks and neighborhoods frequented by drug dealers in southeastern Virginia. He was sent to a juvenile detention facility at the age of twelve but by the age of twenty-four he had become a rising star at New York’s Metropolitan Opera. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  9. Billings, Warren M., and Brent Tarter. “Esteemed Bookes of Lawe” and the Legal Culture of Early Virginia. Charlottesville, 2017. The libraries of Virginia lawyers are examined in order to gain an understanding of both colonial and Revolutionary War Virginia history and culture. Purchased through the Douglas A. Gordon Fund.

  10. Brandt, Lydia Mattice. First in the Homes of His Countrymen: George Washington’s Mount Vernon in the American Imagination. Charlottesville, 2016. The American obsession with Mount Vernon has resulted in its reproduction in more advertising, prints, paintings, popular literature and architectural replications than any historic building in this country. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  11. Brock, Macon and Earl Swift. One Buck at a Time: An Insider’s Account of how Dollar Tree Remade American Retail. Virginia Beach, 2017. The cofounder of Dollar Tree recounts how a five-and-dime store in Norfolk blossoms into a “mercantile miracle” by employing unique organizational concepts. Purchased through the Betty Sams Christian Fund.

  12. Brook Hill School. Parent Teacher Association. Handbook of the Parent-Teacher Association of Brook Hill School. Henrico County, 1938–41. Brook Hill School was acquired by annexation by the city of Richmond in 1942. Gift of Deborah Taylor Richardson and Emily Richardson Cruz.

  13. Burnridge, Cara Lea. A Peaceful Conquest: Woodrow Wilson, Religion, and the New World Order. Chicago, 2016. Analysis of Wilson’s views on politics and social Christianity, which he used to create a new role for America in world affairs. Purchased through the Donald Haynes Memorial Fund.

  14. Butterfield, L. H. John Adams: A Biography in His Own Words. New York, 1973. Bears an inscription to Elizabeth Brown Pryor dated Christmas 1974. Gift of Beverly Louise Brown in memory of Elizabeth Brown Pryor.

  15. Casey, James W. The Glory of Jamestown: The Exposition March (1607–1907). New York, 1907. Music written for the Jamestown Tercentennial Exposition by a popular composer to be performed by a brass band. Gift of William W. Cole.

  16. Chambers, Mark A. From Research to Relevance: Significant Achievements in Aeronautical Research at Langley Research Center, 1917–2002. Hampton, 2002. The Langley Research Center was established in 1917 as the laboratory for finding solutions to the many challenges of aviation. Gift of the Honorable Gerald L. Baliles.

  17. Charlottesville Land Company. Charlottesville, Virginia. New York, 1891. Citizens of Charlottesville purchased 1,200 acres of land and formed the Charlottesville Land Company for investment purposes. Charming illustrations on the covers and throughout the text of this promotional piece were designed to attract the interest of other investors in the Charlottesville community. Gift of Lucy Wallace.

  18. A Collection of Virginia Recipes. Richmond, 1890. This nineteenth-century community cookbook was published for the benefit of the Richmond YMCA building fund and contains a handwritten recipe for eggnog. Purchased through the Battle Abbey Council Fund.

  19. Community Builders. Community Builders of Norfolk, Virginia. Norfolk, 1942. Biographical entries for the civic leaders of Norfolk commissioned by Henry G. Barbee, president of the Norfolk-Tidewater Association. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  20. Cooke, John Esten. Lederstrumpf und Seide . . . [Leather Stocking and Silk]. Leipzig, Ger., 1857. This German edition of John Esten Cooke’s first historical romance was set in the Shenandoah Valley and first published by Harper and Brothers in 1854. Gift of W. Hamilton Bryson.

  21. Crowther, Edward R. and Keith Harper. Between Fetters and Freedom: African American Baptist Since Emancipation. Macon, Ga., 2015. After the Civil War, many African American Baptist institutions formed, but 30 to 50 percent of the congregants remained in biracial churches. Featured in this book is Nannie Helen Burroughs who was born in Orange, Virginia, and who spoke at the Virginia Women’s Missionary Union at Richmond in 1933 with the address “How White and Colored Women Can Cooperate in Building a Christian Civilization.” Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Fund.

  22. Delany, Martin Robison. Blake: or, The Huts of Amerca: A Corrected Edition. Cambridge, Mass., 2017. The first correct printing of this novel written by Martin Delany whose free black mother argued for his freedom in Winchester and moved to Pennsylvania when her efforts to teach reading were discovered. Delany was a pioneering abolitionist and was the first black field officer commissioned by the U.S. Army. Gift of Harvard University Press.

  23. Dillard, Philip D. Jefferson Davis’s Final Campaign: Confederate Nationalism and the Fight to Arm Slaves. Macon, Ga., 2017. Strong divisions existed within the Confederacy over the issue of arming slaves. Virginians sided with Jefferson Davis, who believed the Confederate nation was more important than the institution of slavery. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  24. Dowland, Seth. Family Values and the Rise of the Christian Right. Philadelphia, 2015. Includes information on Jerry Falwell’s Lynchburg Christian Academy, which began as a private segregated school in 1967 and began admitting black students in 1969. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  25. Dunbar, Erica Armstrong. Never Caught: The Washingtons’ Relentless Pursuit of Their Runaway Slave. New York, 2017. Oney Judge escaped from Philadelphia while the Washington family lived there during our first president’s administration. A detailed examination of this fugitive woman’s life illustrates the lure of freedom for all enslaved persons. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  26. Dunbar, Paul Laurence. Li’l Gal. New York, 1904. This book of American poetry by the famous African American author is illustrated with photographs by Leigh Richmond Miner of the Hampton Institute Camera Club. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  27. Fennell, Christopher. Broken Chains and Subverted Plans: Ethnicity, Race and Commodities. Gainesville, Fla., 2017. Examines a marginalized community of German Americans in Loudoun County who purchased goods produced in their local area rather than manufactured items produced in urban centers. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  28. Fireman’s Mutual Aid Association, Richmond. Constitution and By-Laws of the Fireman’s Mutual Aid Association of the City of Richmond. Richmond, 1912. Chartered in 1912 and dissolved in 1971, this association was organized to provide pensions for retired fire fighters. Gift of the United States Library of Congress.

  29. Gabrial, Brian. The Press and Slavery in America, 1791–1859: The Melancholy Effect of Popular Excitement. Columbia, S.C., 2016. News accounts of the five major slave rebellions, including those of Gabriel Prosser, Nat Turner, and John Brown, are examined and portrayed by the southern press as threats to social order. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  30. Gibbon, Edward. The Student’s Gibbon: the History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. New York, 1873. Bears the signature of Parke Poindexter of Edge Hill, 1876–77, and a decorative leather cover. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Locke H. Trigg.

  31. Gravely, William Henry. Can the Water Be Made Fine?: Southern Politics and Women: Primaries, Prohibition, Labor, the Negro Question and Remedy. Roanoke, 1921. Gravely was a prominent lawyer in Henry County and a member of the Virginia legislature. He broke with family tradition in 1893 when he joined the Populist Party. Purchased through the Douglas A. Gordon Fund.

  32. Graves, F. Lee. Charlottesville Beer: Brewing in Jefferson’s Shadow. Charleston, S.C., 2017. History of the craft brewing movement in Charlottesville beginning with Jefferson through the establishment of the Brew Ridge Trail. Gift of F. Lee Graves.

  33. Gutzman, Kevin Raeder. Thomas Jefferson, Revolutionary: A Radical’s Struggle to Remake America. New York, 2017. Jefferson’s contradictory views are examined to reveal a person “who brought about radical change . . . by thinking deeply and acting decisively.” Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  34. Harper, Matthew. The End of Days: African American Religion and Politics in the Age of Emancipation. Chapel Hill, 2016. Newly emancipated people were profoundly influenced and found hope in the Old Testament story of the Jewish nation’s delivery from slavery and arrival in the Promised Land. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  35. Haskell, Alexander B. For God, King, and People: Forging Commonwealth Bonds in Renaissance Virginia. Chapel Hill, 2017. Attention is turned from economic establishment of English colonies to the idea that they were these colonies were “an exercise in divinely inspired and approved commonwealth creation.” Purchased through the Kirbye First Settlers Fund.

  36. Haselby, Sam. The Origins of American Religious Nationalism. New York, 2017. Contains discussion of Jefferson’s religious wall of separation of church and state and Madison’s disestablishment as contained in his “Memorial and Remonstrance Against Religious Assessments.” Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  37. Hayter, Julian Maxwell. The Dream is Lost: Voting Rights and the Politics of Race in Richmond, Virginia. Lexington, Ky., 2017. Major civil rights legislation of the 1960s profoundly influenced national and local politics in Richmond. “Economic forces beyond the realm of politics” resulted in the loss of the dream of black empowerment. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Fund.

  38. Kelly, Catherine E. Republic of Taste: Art, Politics, and Everyday Life in Early America. Philadelphia, 2016. A chapter in this book is devoted to an examination of the visual representations of George Washington, which attempt to balance the idea of republican values with an image of a ruler. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  39. Kelso, William M. Jamestown, the Truth Revealed. Charlottesville, 2017. Kelso’s continuing excavations at Jamestown using 21st-century technological tools reveal a new and complex picture of life in the English settlement. Purchased through the Kirbye First Settlers Fund.

  40. Kierner, Cynthia A., and Sandra Gioia Treadway. Virginia Women, Their Lives and Times, Volume 2. Athens, Ga., 2017. The second volume of this biographical series contains seventeen essays that include stories of diverse women from slaves to lesbians. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  41. Klarman, Michael J. The Framers’ Coup: The Making of the United States Constitution. New York, 2016. Difficulties in the production and ratification of this document include George Washington’s indecision about attendance at the Philadelphia convention and Patrick Henry’s efforts to defeat ratification in Virginia. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  42. Kukla, Jon. Patrick Henry: Champion of Liberty. New York, 2017. Considered the first founding father, Patrick Henry chose liberty over death and after the Revolutionary War opposed both the Constitution and slavery. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  43. Letts, Elizabeth. The Perfect Horse: The Daring U.S. Mission to Rescue the Priceless Stallions Kidnapped by the Nazis. New York, 2016. Charles Hancock Reed, an accomplished horseman from Richmond, led the raid that rescued the famous Lipizzaner stallions during World War II. Gift of Dr. W. Reed Johnson.

  44. McBride, Spencer W. Pulpit and Nation: Clergymen and the Politics of Revolutionary America. Charlottesville, 2016. This discussion of the relationships between religion and politics concludes with an examination of the false rumors of Jefferson’s conversion to devout Christianity. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Memorial Fund.

  45. Mangold, Ferdinand Franz. Der Feldzug in Nord-Virginien im August 1862. Hannover, Germany, 1881. A German immigrant’s account of the events leading up to the Second Battle of Bull Run. Gift of W. Hamilton Bryson.

  46. Martinsville Bulletin. Martinsville Bulletin: 100th Anniversary Edition, Sunday, June 4, 1989. Martinsville, 1989. Collection of reprints of leading newspaper stories of the last 100 years from Martinsville, Patrick County, and Henry County. Gift of the Honorable Gerald Baliles.

  47. Meaker, JoAnn. Stories Beneath the Stones: Richmond National Cemetery. Staunton, 2017. Richmond National Cemetery is located in Henrico County and was established in 1866 for the burial of primarily Union soldiers. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  48. Melvin, Leland. Chasing Space: An Astronaut’s Story of Grit, Grace, and Second Chances. New York, 2017. The inspiring story of an African American chemist, professional football player, astronaut, and University of Richmond and University of Virginia alumni who triumphed over a hearing loss to achieve his dream of space travel. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  49. Miller, Adria. The President’s Kitchen Cabinet: The Story of the African Americans Who Fed Our First Families. Chapel Hill, 2017. Includes information on the talented cooks who served George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Harrison, and William Henry Harrison. Gift of the University of North Carolina Press.

  50. Morland, Thomas Hornby. The Genealogy of the English Race Hose: With the Natural History of his Progenitors. . . . London, 1810. Bears the bookplate, signature, caricatures and manuscript notes of John Wickham of Virginia. The back flyleaf has extensive notes about Sir Harry who was brought to Virginia for breeding. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

  51. Myles, Scott. Scott Myles: Spiral Bound. Berlin, Ger., 2015. Exhibition catalog of a Mellon Fellow that includes an image of a letter written by Sydney Lewis and numerous images of Best Products showrooms from VHS collections. Gift of Scott Myles.

  52. O’Brien William E. Landscapes of Exclusion: State Parks and Jim Crow in the American South. Amherst, Mass., 2016. Includes information on Pocahontas State Park, Prince Edward State Park, Prince William State Park, Seashore State Park, Staunton River State Park, and the Swift Creek natural area. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

  53. Petty, Miriam J. Stealing the Show: African American Performers and Audiences in 1930s Hollywood. Oakland, 2016. Focuses on five noted African American performers, including Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, who is examined through the eyes of African American children. Purchased through the Douglas H. Gordon Fund.

  54. Pryor, Elizabeth Stordeur. Colored Travelers: Mobility and the Fight for Citizenship Before the Civil War. Chapel Hill, 2016. The battle for equal rights started long before the Civil War when African American travelers such as William Wells Brown challenged discrimination in travel accommodations and transportation practices. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  55. Rhodehamel, John H. George Washington: The Wonder of the Age. New Haven, 2017. The author is regarded as the authority on Washington and has created a brief biography that portrays the amazing qualities and abilities that allow him to be ranked as one of the best presidents of the United States. Purchased through the Leo J. Wellhouse Fund.

  56. Rice, Connie Park and Marie Tedesco. Women of the Mountain South: Identity, Work and Activism. Athens, Ga., 2015. Includes the story of Ethel New, a pregnant woman from Lynch, Ky., who miscarried after being violently removed from a segregated bus in Virginia in 1944. Purchased by Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  57. Rose, Lisle A. America’s Sailors in the Great War: Seas, Skies, and Submarines. Columbia, Mo., 2017. The German U-boat created a new threat level for the U.S. Navy, which developed the convoy escort system to protect American ships. Purchased through the John A. C. Keith Memorial Fund.

  58. Sampson, Emma Speed. Miss Minerva’s Cook Book. Chicago, 1931. Emma Speed Sampson, a white author from Richmond, adopted a black dialect to share recipes and explore the reputation of African American women as excellent cooks. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  59. Schwartz, Marie Jenkins. Ties That Bind: Founding First Ladies and Slaves. Chicago, 2017. Martha Washington, Martha Jefferson, and Dolley Madison all owned slaves who became their companions as well as domestic workers. Purchased through the Carrie Wheeler Buck Fund.

  60. Smith, Claudine Curry and Mildred H. B. Roberson. My Bag Was Always Packed: The Life and Times of a Black Virginia Midwife. Bloomington, 2003. Claudine Curry Smith delivered more than 500 babies as a midwife, and in this book, she tells the amazing story of her life. She was an African American woman born in the Northern Neck in 1918 who grew up experiencing segregation, drove a school bus for thirty-seven years, and was married for sixty-seven years. Her narrative was given historical context by her coauthor Mildred Roberson. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  61. Smith, Robert F. Manufacturing Independence: Industrial Innovation in the American Revolution. Yardley, Penn., 2016. This publication tells the interwoven narrative of the Industrial Revolution and the making of weapons for George Washington’s Continental Army. Purchased through the Betty Sams Christian Fund.

  62. Snyder, Terri L. Power to Die: Slavery and Suicide in British North America. Chicago, 2015. Includes information on Virginia’s enslaved people and some of their owners, including William Byrd II, William Byrd III, Landon Carter, Thomas Jefferson, William Mayo, John Randolph, George Washington, and George Wythe. Purchased through the Douglas Huntly Gordon Fund.

  63. Swarns, Rachel L. American Tapestry: The Story of the Black, White and Multiracial Ancestors of Michelle Obama. New York, 2012. Michelle Obama’s mixed raced ancestry is traced back to Henry County. Gift of Marta Jean Hofacre in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  64. Thompson, Douglas E. Richmond’s Priests and Prophets: Race, Religion, and Social Change in the Civil Rights Era. Tuscaloosa, 2017. Richmond’s religious leaders carefully walked through the whitewater of desegregation issues as their congregations wrestled with reconciling the ideals of Christianity with segregation. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Fund.

  65. Thornton, Rosemary Fuller. Penniman: Virginia’s Own Ghost City. Portsmouth, Va., 2016. From 1916 to 1921, the town of Penniman existed solely to support a Dupont munitions plant, before it became a ghost city in 1921. Many of the houses located there were not destroyed but moved. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  66. Twitty, Michael. The Cooking Gene: A Journey Through African American Culinary History in the Old South. New York, 2017. In his quest to find himself, Michael Twitty uncovers his roots in Virginia through his paternal grandparents. Purchased in honor of Frances S. Pollard.

  67. United States Post Office (Richmond). “Yuletide Greetings, 1931.” Richmond, 1931. This illustrated Christmas card broadside sent to postal patrons of the city includes a list of postal workers and the date they began working at the post office. Gift of Carolyn N. Bodenheimer.

  68. Van Horn, Jennifer. The Power of Objects in Eighteenth- Century British America. Chapel Hill, 2017. Includes numerous portrait images from VHS collections, including Mary Willing Byrd, Robert Carter III, and Jane Bowles Wormeley. Gift of the University of North Carolina Press.

  69. Virginia State Firemen’s Association. Virginia State Firemen’s Association 80th Convention. . . . Virginia, 1966. The 80th convention was held in Hampton in 1966 and this title includes officers, members, and histories of the Buckroe Beach, Phoebus, Wythe, and Northampton fire companies as well images of a 1966 plane crash near Buckroe Beach. Gift of the Library of Congress.

  70. Williams, Glenn F. Dunmore’s War: The Last Conflict of America’s Colonial Era. Yardley, Penn., 2017. The royal governor of Virginia leads a band of soldiers that includes George Rogers Clark, Daniel Morgan, Michael Cresap, Adam Stephen, and Andrew Lewis in a battle to secure the western border of Virginia. Purchased through the William Anderson Hagey Fund.

  71. Williams, Jai and Charlene Giannetti . Plantations of Virginia. Guilford, Conn., 2017. Pictorial study of the forty Virginia plantations that still exist in Virginia today. Purchased through the John and Diana Dudley Memorial Fund.

  72. Worrell, Anne Rowell. Let Me Tell You About . . . Friends I Have Known. Charlottesville, 2010. Charming memories of Surry County by the author, beginning with her grandmother, Carrie Virginia Rowell Gray. Gift of Anne Rowell Worrell.

  73. Yancey, Thomas Layton. Masonic Oration, At the Laying of the Corner Stone of the Masonic Temple in Harrisionburg, Va: July 4th A.L. 5856 A.D., 1860. Harrisonbug, 1860. This Fourth of July oration was written by Yancey, who later became a captain in the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment during the Civil War. He enlisted in the Confederate Army on May 22, 1861, and died at his home of typhoid fever on February 11, 1862. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Fund.

  74. Young and Gallaway. “Young and Gallaway, Cabinet-makers and Undertakers, Abingdon, Virginia: Keep Always on Hand a Large Stock of Furniture, of Every Description and Price.” Abingdon, 1857. This unique broadside contains manuscript notes that were used to announce the change in business name to George C. Gallaway in 1858. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Fund.

  75. Zeller, Bob. Fighting the Second Civil War: A History of Battlefield Preservation and the Emergence of the Civil War Trust. Washington, D.C., 2017. This 30th anniversary edition contains information on Manassas National Battlefield Park and on the proposed Disney’s America park in Prince William County, which was never built. Purchased through the Charles S. Hutzler Fund.

Museum Objects

  1. Three silhouettes of members of the Garnett family (Elizabeth Buckner Garnett, her son Judge Muscoe Garnett, and his son Lewis Henry Garnett) of Essex County cut in the early nineteenth century by Martha Ann Honeywell. Purchased through the Willcox Decorative Arts Fund.

  2. Oil on canvas portrait of Martha Stith Bolling Slaughter (1803–1866) attributed to Rembrandt Peale (1778–1860), early 19th century. Gift of the Nicholas Family.

  3. Oil on canvas portraits, 1849, of Major Lewis Littlepage (1807–1863) and his wife, Caroline Baker Ellett Littlepage (d. 1870), with their infant daughter, Lucy N. “Pigeo,” by John Toole (1815–1860). Gift of Richard and Susan Wight.

  4. Survey transit of William Mahone (1826–1895) manufactured by Edmund Draper of Philadelphia and inscribed “Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad Co. No. 1,” c. 1853–60; Red leather bound copy of Charles H. Haswell’s Engineers’ and Mechanics’ Pocket Book inscribed inside front page “Wm Mahone of Virginia,” 1848. Purchased through the Elis Olsson Memorial Foundation Fund.

  5. Lithograph, U. S. General Hospital, Hampton, VA. Organized August 14th 1863 by Endicott & Co., New York, c. 1863. Purchased through the Willcox Decorative Arts Fund.

  6. Collection of thirty-seven miniature sewing machines by various manufacturers, late 19th through 20th century. Gift of Ellen Hofheimer.

  7. Memorabilia of Walter Spencer Robertson (1893–1970), including a flying helmet and goggles, uniform buttons and insignia, a dog tag, protective leggings, a photograph of Robertson in uniform, and a flying scarf for the 8th Fighter Bomber Wing. Gift of Catherine R. Claiborne.

  8. Collection of photographs, letters, and memorabilia related to WWII naval pilot and Richmond native John Davis Wingfield (1916–1942) and the destroyer escort named in his honor, the USS Wingfield (DE-194). Gift in memory of John Davis Wingfield, ENS, USNR.

  9. Autographed pair of game-used Puma athletic shoes worn by NBA player Ralph Sampson in his rookie year for the Houston Rockets, 1983. Purchased through the Charles G. Thalhimer Fund.

  10. Monoprint of Patsy Cline by Jim Sherraden of Hatch Show Print in Nashville, Tennessee, signed in lower right corner “Jim Sherraden #54 – 2007.” Gift of Tim Timberlake.

  11. Sign “We Are America / Moms Against Hate” created by Suzanne Summers LaPierre for the Women’s March on Washington, January 21, 2017. Gift of Suzanne Summers LaPierre.

  12. Pink hand-knit “Pussyhat” worn during the Women’s March on Washington in Washington, D.C., January 21, 2017. Gift of Alyssa Murray.