April 2, 1865 Robert E. Lee orders the evacuation of the city of Richmond, and Union forces occupy the Confederate capital the next day.
April 3, 1950 Carter G. Woodson, native of Buckingham County and "Father of Black History," dies at the age of seventy-four. Woodson's achievements include publishing the Journal for Negro History and the creation of Negro History Week, now known as Black History Month.
April 4, 1865 President Abraham Lincoln tours Richmond with his son Tad just after Union troops occupy the former Confederate capital.
April 4, 1927 A grand opening ceremony is held for the Cavalier Hotel in Virginia Beach. It becomes a landmark, drawing vacationers from around the country.
April 6, 1917 Under President Woodrow Wilson, a Virginia native, the United States declares war on Germany and enters World War I.
April 9, 1865 Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at the McLean farm house at Appomattox Court House, essentially ending the Civil War.
April 13, 1743 The third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson, is born at Shadwell in Albemarle County.
April 15, 1964 The Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel opens, linking the Eastern Shore with mainland Virginia. The tunnel takes three and a half years to complete.
April 18, 1644 More than 500 settlers are killed in the second major Powhatan uprising. This event touched off a two-year war between Native Americans and the colonists, ending in the capture and execution of Powhatan chief Opechancanough.
April 17, 1861 Prompted by the April 12 attack on Fort Sumter and President Lincoln's call for troops, Virginia's convention votes to secede.
April 18, 1780 As more of Virginia's population moves west, Richmond replaces Williamsburg as the state capital. The central location of Richmond provides better routes for commerce and isolates it better from attacks by the English.
April 22, 1875 Ellen Glasgow, Pulitzer Prize-winning author, is born in Richmond.
April 23, 1951 Students at all-black Robert Russa Moton High School in Prince Edward County stage a walk out and two-week strike to protest the conditions at their school. The resulting NAACP lawsuit, Davis v. Prince Edward County, is included as a part of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court case that was decided in 1954.
April 25, 1775 The House of Burgesses protests Governor Dunmore's removal of fifteen barrels of gunpowder from Williamsburg's powder magazine.
April 25, 1917 Ella Fitzgerald, American jazz icon, is born in Newport News.
April 26, 1607 Three shiploads of English settlers arrive on the shore of present-day Virginia. The settlement of Jamestown is founded less than three weeks later. Sent by the Virginia Company of London, the colonists arrive hoping to find gold and other valuable resources.
April, 29 1963 In its Johnson v. Virginia decision, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that racial segregation in courtrooms is unconstitutional.
April 30, 1774 White settlers kill nine unarmed family members of the Mingo chief, Logan, on the western side of the Ohio River. Logan vows revenge, killing between thirteen and thirty settlers the following summer. This violence helped precipitate the conflict known as Lord Dunmore's War.