"In the Beginning, all America was Virginia."
William Byrd II
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A reassessment of Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant, who have come to symbolize the two nations that fought the Civil War.

Grant and Lee

Waging War - The Battlefront

William Thomas ElmoreThe easiest way to destroy the secessionist movement seemed to be to capture Richmond, the seat of the Confederate government, only a hundred miles from Washington. “On to Richmond” became not only a popular recruitment slogan in the North but in fact the military objective of Union commanders. For four years, a succession of generals moved against Richmond, only to be thwarted by tenacious southern defenders. Capture of the enemy’s capital was eventually replaced by a more attainable objective sought by both sides: destruction of the enemy’s army. The long conflict turned large portions of the Virginia landscape into a setting of death and desolation.

The Waging War section of the exhibition asks a series of questions relating to the war in Virginia. These questions appear in the menu to the left.

Go to next chapter - Surviving War – The Home Front